• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Fundamental Habit

검색결과 20건 처리시간 0.039초

유아 기본생활습관 교육에 대한 예비유아교사의 인식 (The perception of pre-service kindergarten teacher toward children's fundamental habit education)

  • 윤진주
    • 한국생활과학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.583-595
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    • 2009
  • The study was to see if the perceptions of pre-service kindergarten teacher toward the education of children's fundamental habit would show different characteristics based on their school type, education learning experience, and practicum experience. Subjects were 200 students majoring in early childhood education who were attending 3-year colleges and 4-year universities in Jellabuk-do and Daejeon. Preceding researches were referenced to develop questionnaire for the research method. The collected data was analyzed through t-test and Chi-square test. The followings are results: First, the interest in education showed significant difference in school type, but not significant difference in education learning experience and practicum experience. Second, the recognition in educational goal showed significant difference in practicum experience, but not significant difference in school type and education learning experience. the educational content showed significant difference in education learning experience, but not in school type and practicum experience. the recognition in educational principal showed significant difference in school type, but not significant difference in education learning experience and practicum experience. the recognition in educational method showed no significant difference in school type, education learning experience and practicum experience. Third, the recognition in educational hardship toward teaching showed significant difference in school type, education learning experience and practicum experience. The results of study would provide the righteous cognitive establishment of children's fundamental habit education and serve the appropriate guidelines being professor for our perspective kindergarten teachers. Also, they would be utilized as basic information to plan the direction of children's fundamental habit education to develop the program of children's life guidance.

다문화가정 여성의 의생활착의습관에 관한 질적 연구 (A Qualitative Research on Clothing Habit of Women in Multicultural Families)

  • 이윤정
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.395-410
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    • 2010
  • This qualitative research on women in multi-cultural families aims to analyze their clothing weight, habit, management and purchasing of clothing as well as their children's in order to provide fundamental data or literature for their adjustment in Korean clothing culture and health management. The research was conducted by interviews to eleven married foreign women with nationality of various climates, and subsequently by categorical analysis and subject analysis. The final outcome in terms of subjects included 'heating/cooling system as to environmental temperature', 'scope of climate adaptation differences in the amount of clothing', 'sleepwear and bedding' and 'clothing purchasing behaviour'. The empirical survey showed that those who came from colder regions or warmer regions had difficulties adjusting to the climate. And their clothing weight & clothing habits, originated from their home countries, were found to be kept stable and to be systematically transferred to their children as well. When it comes to sleepwear and bedding, the women seemed to be less interested in them than normal outerwear, but they tended to like to cover the belly of their babies while they didn't have sufficient nightwear for themselves. And shopping and management of clothing were another area with differences between those women and Korean ones. These results imply that further research on the multicultural families, in particular on their clothing behavior, and on changeability of the behaviour through education or through evolution is needed.

비만도에 따른 초등학생의 식습관과 식생활 태도 비교 연구 (A Comparative Study on Eating Habit and Attitude of Elementary School Student by Obesity Indices)

  • 김귀남;박옥임;문희
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.629-638
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to provide fundamental data by degree of obesity which was necessary to nutritional education for the formation of right eating and dietary guideline by researching food habits of children. In order to achieve this purpose, a survey was conducted on 3, 4, 5, 6th grade of students from 4 schools in S and G city in Jeolla-Namdo. The results was as follows. There were 384(44.4%) students were normal weight, 193(22.3) were overweight, and 287(33.2) were low weight by obesity indices. Comparing the student's subjective health condition among the degree of obesity, 40.4% of overweight recognized they were healthy, 30.1% recognized ordinary, and 57.1% of lean recognized they were healthy, 34.5% recognized ordinary. It was turned out that most students who were overweight and lean recognized healthy and normal. Family was reported to be the most impact factor on student's diet habits, and then Multimedia such as TV seemed to have a effect on overweight and lean students, but nutrition teachers had a direct influence on normal weight students. The most thing which eating habits for a reform was unbalanced diet. The students in this research have breakfast everyday and regularly. Regarding dietary attitudes, overweight group enjoyed eating healthy food more than normal and low body weight group did, and tried to eat what they have never eaten before. In conclusion, it's necessary for elementary school students that increase the control ability of self perceived health condition with education for good eating habit and grasp their condition themselves through the nutrition education in school.

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역할 창조를 위한 '몸틀(body schema)' 형성 연구 (A Study on Forming 'Body Schema' for Role Creating)

  • 송효숙
    • 한국연극학
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    • no.52
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    • pp.319-357
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    • 2014
  • Formation of 'body schema' is the start for actor to create role and becomes the root and the foundation of existing as a role on the stage. For this, an actor needs to form 'scheme of role' with escaping from own 'body schema.' 'Schema of role' is formed by acquiring through synthesizing daily basic actions, namely, walking, standing, sitting, hand stretching, bending, and touching. The body schema, which was made with simple and usual actions, has fundamental significance in a sense of becoming the body in which the past traces in a role are habituated while energy as a role flows. As for the process of forming body schema, an actor first needs to obtain the visualized materials like photo, magazine, picture and image available for seeing a role specifically and clearly based on what analyzed a character. An actor needs to have three-dimensional image available for always recalling it in the head during acting. To do this, image data available for fundamentally capturing routine actions along with body structure are still more useful. Next, the body schema is formed by interaction with environment. Thus, there is a need of passing through the two-time process of forming body schema. Firstly, the body schema is made on routine actions in a role as physical condition of a role in actor's own everyday life. Secondly, the body schema is made on routine actions available for moving efficiently and economically in line with the environment of performance. A theatrical stage is the temporal space of rhythm and rule different from routine space. What forms body schema immediately in the second phase without body schema in the first phase ultimately becomes what exists as actor's own body, not the body of a role. The body schema, which was formed as the second process, is what truly has identity as a role in the ontological aspect, comes to experience the oppositional force in muscle, a qualitative change in energy, and emotional agitation in the physical aspect, and experiences perception, thinking, volition, and even consciousness with the entire body in the cognitive dimension. Thus, the formation of body schema can be known to be just a method of changing even spiritual and emotional layer. Body schema cannot be made if there is no process of embodiment and habit. Embodiment and habit are not simply the repeated, empty and mechanical action in the body. But, habit itself has very important meanings for forming body schema for role creating. First, habit allows the body itself to learn and understand a meaning. Second, habit relies upon environment, thereby allowing an actor of making the habituated body schema to recognize environment. Third, habit makes the mind. The habituated body schema is just the mind and the ego of a person who possesses the body schema. Fourth, habit comes to experience the expansion in energy and the expansion in existence. It may be experienced through interrelation among actor's body, tool, and environment. Fifth, habit makes identity of the body. Hence, this just becomes what secures identity of a role. These implications of habit are the formation of body schema, which is maintained with the body of being remembered firmly through being closely connected with the process of neural adaptation. Finally, it sought for possibility of practice as one method of forming body schema for role creating through Deleuze's '-becoming' theory. As 'actual animal-becoming' is real '-becoming' of forming structural transformation in the physical dimension, it meets with what the formation of body schema pursues actuality and reality. This was explained with a concept as saying of 'all '-becoming' molecular' by Deleuze/Guattari. 'Animal of having imitated animal's characteristic- becoming' is formed by which the body schema relies upon environment. In this way, relationship among the body, tool and environment has influence even upon a change in consciousness, thinking, and emotion, thereby being able to be useful for forming body schema in a sense of possibly experiencing ultimately expansion in role, namely, expansion in existence.

식생활교육을 위한 대구시 중학생의 교육 요구도 조사 (Analysis of Educational Demands for Diet Education of Middle School Students in Daegu)

  • 조은미;김미라
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.46 no.7
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    • pp.7-19
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to provide fundamental data for development of textbooks and guides on diet education for middle school students. A survey was conducted for 250 middle school students in Daegu, who have completed the nutrition courses. The data were collected from the results of a self-administered questionnaire. The results obtained by this research are as follows: 1) For the education for dietary habit and attitude at school, more than half of students answered 'not being done'(55.1%), and 'needed'(41.1%). 2) When educating food and nutrition at school, both boys and girls preferred 'classes using media such as movies and slides'. 3) The boys wanted to learn 'proper dining etiquettes'(23.5%), and girls wanted to learn 'weight management'(43.8%) for further courses of food and nutrition(p < .001) in the educational demand analysis.

유아 문제행동 척도 개발을 위한 기초 연구 (A Basic Study on Scale Development of Problem Behaviors for Young Children)

  • 김정겸;강영식
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.147-159
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 유아들의 문제행동 척도를 도출하는데 목적을 갖고 실증조사하였다. 조사대상은 어린이집 교사와 유치원 교사, 유아 교육전공 교수 세 그룹의 전문가를 대상으로 하였으며, 1970년대 부터 현재까지 유아 문제행동에 대한 측정척도는 문항 209개 문항을 대상으로 하였다. 연구결과 유아의 문제행동 척도 관련한 5개 영역 총 209개의 항목 가운데 96개가 주요항목으로 채택되었다. 이들 하위 요인별 채택된 내용을 보면 또래 관계의 40항목 중 17개가 채택되고 발달영역 또한 41개 항목 중 13개 항목이 기본생활습관 50항목 중 20개 항목, 도덕성이 38개 항목 중 22개 항목, 정서적 항목의 40개 항목 중 24개 항목이 채택되었다. 이 중 가장 많은 항목이 채택된 문항은 정서적 요인이었으며 가장 많이 기각된 것은 발달 영역인 것으로 나타났다. 이 같은 결과는 발달기 유아의 내면적으로 잠재되어 있는 부분은 부정적인 감정으로 인한 불안, 위축, 돌발 행동, 부모나 교사에 의존, 둔하된 저행동 등이 유아의 문제행동의 주요 원인인 것으로 판단된다.

A comparison of two differential methods for nutrition education in elementary school: lecture- and experience-based learning program

  • Jung, Lan-Hee;Choi, Jeong-Hwa;Bang, Hyun-Mi;Shin, Jun-Ho;Heo, Young-Ran
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to compare lecture- and experience-based methods of nutritional education as well as provide fundamental data for developing an effective nutritional education program in elementary schools. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 110 students in three elementary schools in Jeollanam-do were recruited and randomly distributed in lecture- and experience-based groups. The effects of education on students' dietary knowledge, dietary behaviors, and dietary habits were analyzed using a pre/post-test. RESULTS: Lecture- and experience-based methods did not significantly alter total scores for dietary knowledge in any group, although lecture-based method led to improvement for some detailed questions. In the experience-based group, subjects showed significant alteration of dietary behaviors, whereas lecture-based method showed alteration of dietary habits. CONCLUSIONS: These outcomes suggest that lecture- and experience-based methods led to differential improvement of students' dietary habits, behaviors, and knowledge. To obtain better nutritional education results, both lectures and experiential activities need to be considered.

초등학생을 위한 웹기반 환경교육 시스템 (A Web-based Environmental Education System for Elementary School Students)

  • 채영욱;전우천
    • 정보교육학회논문지
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2003
  • 환경문제의 해결을 위해서는 공학, 행정, 법률 등 여러 분야에서의 노력이 필요하지만 가장 근본적인 해결책은 국민 각자가 환경 보전에 대한 실천의지를 갖도록 하는 교육에서 찾아야 한다. 특히 유년기 즉 초등학생 시절부터 환경교육을 통하여 환경 보전 습관을 형성하는 것이 바로 환경을 지키는 최선의 방법이다. 본 논문에서는 초등학교 제7차 교육과정에 포함된 환경 관련 내용을 추출하여 글쓰기, 그리기, 자연의 소리듣기, 음악 듣기, 보고서 작성, 퀴즈 풀기 등의 다양한 활동을 통하여 환경에 관련된 지식, 기능을 습득하고 환경을 지키는 생활 습관과 태도를 형성하도록 하는 시스템을 설계하였다. 특히 최신의 적절한 학습자료를 제공하고 학생들의 창의성과 자율성이 충분히 발휘될 수 있도록 하기 위해 웹 기반 시스템으로 설계하였고, 구성주의 학습원리를 기반으로 학습자가 자기주도적으로 활동함으로써 환경을 지키려는 실천의지를 기르도록 하는 학습 모형을 설계하고 적용하였다. 또한 학습실, 환경 자료실, 환경 퀴즈실, 작품 전시실 등을 통하여 다양한 학습 활동과 동기유발을 지원할 수 있도록 하였고 교사는 학생들의 학습 상황을 쉽게 파악하고 평가할 수 있도록 구현하였다. 따라서 본 시스템은 학생들에게 환경과 관련된 지식, 기능, 태도, 참여 등의 환경교육의 목표를 달성하는데 있어서 그 효과가 기대된다.

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제7차 초등학교 교육과정에 제시된 보건교육 내용 분석 (An Analysis on the Health Education Content Suggested in the 7th Curriculum of Elementary School Education)

  • 김가옥;박영수
    • 한국학교ㆍ지역보건교육학회지
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.39-55
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the necessary fundamental data in composing a systematic text content of the public health by analyzing each text, domain, and teaching contents suggested in the textbooks as well as teachers' guides of the 7th elementary school education curriculum, while the study subjects were as follows. 1. The health education content suggested in the 7th physical education curriculum were analyzed and examined. 2. The health teaching content of each textbook in the 7th elementary school curriculum was to be analyzed and examined. In order to resolve the above research issues, the physical, spiritual, and social domain along with the (1) Proper living habit, (2) Health and nutrition, (3) Sex education, (4) Prevention of the sense-organic diseases, (5) Cleanliness of food, (6) Oral hygiene, (7) Individual health and public health, (8) Safety in living, (9) Abuse and usage of medication, educational content suggested in the 7tand (10) Environment pollution focused around the health of the elementary school education curriculum was analyzed and its outcome was as below First, compared with the 6th elementary school education curriculum, the health content suggested in the 7th elementary school education curriculum was decreased. Second, although each grade's teaching content of the health domain in the physical education was considered in its structure following after the according systems, they were preponderant in partial subjects such as the safety in living, nutrition, proper living habit, sport, and health in sport. oo. Third, the health education content was organized in 4 units such as the physical growth and development, prevention of diseases, safe living, and leisure living(leisure, spiritual health, and etc.) for the 3rd and 4th grade. Then, as for 5th and 6th grade, it was organized in 3 units such as the understanding the human body, prevention of disease, and leisure and safe living. Fourth, in the physical educational health domain, a strong point was constructed within the physical, spiritual, and social areas of the elementary school physical education. Fifth, the number of the public health education contents directly related with the health education was 43 as with 25 indirect contents. Sixth, each grade's domain unit structure of the public health content was heavy upon the physical and social area throughout every grade while in opposite, the spiritual domain' s unit structure was weak. In according to each grade, the physical domain was stressed in 4, 5, and 6 grades while the social domain was stressed in 1, 5, and 6 grades.

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우리나라 대학생들의 문헌 독해능력 평가 연구 - A대학 1학년생을 대상으로 - (A study on the Evaluation of Reading Ability for the Literature Reading of Korean College Students: the Freshmen of A University)

  • 이종문
    • 한국비블리아학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 대학생들의 문헌 독해 실태를 분석, 문제를 파악하여 개선방안을 제언하기 위해 수행되었다. A대학교 1학년생을 대상으로 지문을 읽는 시간 독해패턴 이해력 기억력 독해습관 및 태도 등을 분석한 결과, 첫째 수능평균을 기준으로는 조사대상 학생의 58%가 양호하고 42%가 미흡한 것으로 분석되었다. 둘째 조사대상 학생의 77%는 양호한 패턴을 가지 있으나 23%는 독서패턴에 문제가 있는 것으로 파악되었다. 셋째 이해력과 기억력을 평가한 결과 각각 전체의 69%와 67%가 양호한 것으로, 31%와 33%가 보통 또는 미흡으로 평가되었다. 넷째 평소 독서습관 및 태도를 조사한 결과, 문제가 없는 것으로 파악된 학생은 평균 77%, 문제가 있는 학생은 평균 23%로 파악되었다. 본 연구에서는 이 같은 문제를 해소하기 위해 첫째 대학생들의 독해평가를 위한 과학적이고 표준화된 평가도구를 개발할 것을, 둘째 입학전형과정 또는 입학 후에 독해능력과 독서습관 및 태도를 평가할 것을 제언하였다. 그리고 평가결과 미진한 학생들을 교육할 수 있는 가칭 기초학력교육원을 운영할 것을 제언하였다.