• Title, Summary, Keyword: Functional Status

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The Mediating Effects of Nutritional Status on the Relationship between Symptom Experience and Functional Status in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (만성 폐쇄성 폐질환 환자의 증상경험과 기능상태의 관계에 미치는 영양상태의 매개효과)

  • Jang, Jun Hee;Min, Hye Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.112-121
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the mediating effect of nutritional status on the relationship between symptom experience and functional status of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Methods: A total of 141 COPD patients visiting D hospital and I hospital in B city were enrolled in this study. Data were collected from January 2017 to July 2017. Outcome variables were measured by Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) for nutritional status, The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) for symptom experience, and The Functional Performance Inventory Short Form (FPI-SF) for functional status. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and path analysis using SPSS/WIN 21.0 and AMOS 25. Results: There was a significant negative correlation between symptom experience and nutritional status (r=-.61, p<.001), a significant negative correlation between symptom experience and functional status (r=-.40, p<.001), and significant positive correlation between nutritional status and functional status (r=.47, p<.001). Symptom experience had indirect effects on functional status through nutritional status. Conclusion: For enhancing functional status in COPD patients, it is necessary to develop nursing intervention programs to enhance symptom management as well as nutritional status.

Mediated Effects of Nutritional Status on the Relationship between Symptom Experience and Functional Status in Patients with Lung Cancer undergoing Chemotherapy (항암화학요법 폐암 환자의 증상경험과 기능상태간의 관계에 미치는 영양상태의 매개효과)

  • Jung, Kyoung-Sun;Min, Hye Sook;Yun, Mi-Jeong
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.130-139
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the mediating effect of nutritional status in the relationship between symptom experience and functional status among in patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Methods: Subject (N=139) were lung cancer patients visiting the D hospital in B city. Data collection was conducted from May 2016 to February 2017. Seven nutritional status measurement tools, 22 symptom experience tools, and 15 EORTC QLQ-C30 functional scales were used to measure nutritional, symptom, and functional levels. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS / WIN 21.0 using descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation, 3-step regression analysis of Baron and Kenny, and Sobel test. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between symptom experience and nutritional status, a significant negative correlation between symptom experience and functional status, and significant negative correlation between nutritional status and functional status. Symptom experience had direct effect and indirect effects on functional status through nutritional status. Conclusion: For enhancing functional status in lung cancer patients, it is necessary to develop nursing intervention programs to palliate symptoms and improve nutritional status.

A Survey on Functional Status among Low-Income Older Adults Living at Home (일개지역 저소득층 노인의 신체적 기능상태에 관한 연구)

  • 전경자;조윤미
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.749-758
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze the functional status of low income elderly living at home according to their socio-economic factors, sensory function, health status, medical service utilization, commodity and types of chronic disease. Method: Functional status was defined by the level of mobility, ADL and IADL categorized as independently functional, mildly impaired, moderately disabled, and severely disabled. The data was collected by home-visit interviews with 567 community dwelling adults who were 65 years of age or more with low a income status subsidized by government in ChonAn. Results: 9.9% of community dwelling older adults were severely disabled, and 44.4% were moderately disabled in their functional status. There were significant differences in the functional status by age, education, religion, and types of family structure. The older adults with hearing impairment or dental problems had a significantly higher rate of severe disability. Self-rated health status and medical service utilization were also significant factors to the differences in functional status. The functional status of older adults was also significantly related to the presence of chronic health problems such as chronic back pain, stroke, and Alzheimer-dementia. Conclusion: The results confirmed that community dwelling older adults with low income status were more functionally disabled in comparison to general older adults at national level, while the relating factors to their functional status seemed similar to other studies on older adults. Further studies were suggested to look into functional status longitudinally and focus on the changes of functional status by managing modifiable influencing factors.

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Relationship between Fatigue and Functional Status in Patients with Cancer (암환자의 피로와 기능상태의 관계)

  • Sohn, Sue-Kyung;Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.3-13
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of fatigue and functional status in patients with cancer. Method: The data were collected from August, 15 to October, 10, 2005. The subjects were recruited from three university hospitals and two general hospitals in B, U, and S cities in Korea. Fatigue was measured using the Fatigue Scale for Cancer Patients, and Functional Status was measured using the Karnofsky Performance Status Index. Result: 1) The mean score of fatigue was $79.72{\pm}21.25$(range: 26-130), and the mean score of functional status was $79.33{\pm}13.02$. 2) There were significant differences in the scores of fatigue by sex, age, marital status, employment, major care-giver, pain, and period after diagnosis. 3) There were significant differences in the scores of functional status by employment, major care-giver, pain, stage of cancer, period after diagnosis, and type of cancer. 4) There was a significant negative correlation between fatigue and functional status (r= -.472, p= .000). Conclusion: Increase in fatigue was associated with decrease in functional status in patients with cancer. Nurses must assess fatigue and functional status when caring for the cancer patients, and provide nursing intervention to relieve fatigue and to improve functional status.

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A Structural Relational Analysis of the Determinants of Functional Status in Korean Rural Elderly People (한국 일부 농촌지역 노인의 생활기능상태 결정요인의 구조적 관계 연구)

  • 공은숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.380-391
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to develop a theoretical model for the determinants of activities of daily living in Korean rural elderly people. The theoretical model was derived from Lawton's Ecological Model to explain human behavior. The model includes determinant variables for functional status such as age, sex, physical status, cognitive status, physical environment, social environment, and depression. Data for this study was collected from 189 elderly people in a rural district near Chonju City. The data was analyzed with SPSS PC/sup +/4.1 and LISREL 8. The analysis of the data showed that the first proposed theoretical model did not fit the collected data well. In order to increase the fit of the model to the data, the model was modified by deleting the exogenous variables of sex, physical environment, and social environment. The fit of the modified model to the data was increased and was move suitable. The results of this study show that the determinants of the activities of Korean rural elderly people were age, perceived physical condition, cognitive status, and depressional status. Age has a significant direct and indirect effect on the activities of daily living of rural elderly people. Perceived physical condition has a significant indirect effect through depression on activities of daily living. Cognitive status also has a significant indirect effect through depression on functional status. Depression has a significant direct effect on the functional status. Physical environment and social environment showed reversal relationships to functional status. In conclusion, the results of this study show that personal characteristic factors are more important than environmental characteristic factors for functional status of elderly people. However, the importance of depression to functional status in Korean rural elderly people and the reverse relationship between social environment and functional status, reflect Korean specificity. Korean nursing needs to focus more on this Korean specificity in order to develop nursing knowledge and practice appropriate to Korean people.

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Effect of Structured Information Provided on Self Care Knowledge, Self Care Performance, and Functional Status of Liver Cirrhosis Patients (구조화된 정보제공이 간경변증 환자의 자가간호 지식과 자가간호 수행, 기능상태에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Kyong-Sun;Min, Hye-Sook;Song, Young-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of structured information provided on self care knowledge, self care performance, and functional status. Method: The data were collected using self care knowledge and performance assessment tool, and functional status assessment tool from both group hospitalized patients at D hospital in Busan. Results: There was a significant improvement(p=.032) in self care knowledge in experimental group compared to the control group. But there were not improvement in self care performance and functional status in experimental group compared to the control group. But comparing to pretest and posttest in experimental group, There were significant improvement in self care performance (p=.003) and functional status(p=.013). Conclusion: Structured information provided showed increased in the degree of knowledge, self care performance, and functional status. But the effect size of program which had been developed in this study was estimated small, so there is needed to modify this program and to research repeatedly.

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Functional Status, Depression, and Family Support in Head and Neck Cancer Patients (두경부암 환자의 기능상태, 우울과 가족지지)

  • Park, Yong-Kyung
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the levels of functional status, depression, family support and their relationship among those variables in head and neck cancer patients. Method: The subjects were 100 patients with head and neck cancer patients who visited at outpatients clinic in one university hospital in Taegu. The instrument used for this study were Functional Status in Head & Neck Cancer - Self Report Scale developed by Baker(1995), Self-Rating Depression Scale by Zung(1965) and Family support assessment tool by Kang hyun-suk(1984). The data were analysed percentage, mean, t-test, ANOVA and pearson's corelation using SAS program. Result: There was significantly negative correlation between functional status and depression(r=-.71) and between depression and family support(r=-.56). The relationship of functional status and family support was significant as r= .33. Conclusion: It was found that functional status, depression and family support of head and neck cancer patient were closely related each other. Therefore it is necessary to design nursing intervention to enhance family support or decrease depression for improving quality of life in head and neck cancer patient.

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Functional Status in Lung Cancer Patients (폐암 환자의 기능상태에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Eui-Geum
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.491-500
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: To exam how functional status varied according to age, gender, stage, treatment protocols, and pathologic types of cancer in lung cancer patients. Method: A Cross-sectional and descriptive study was used. Functional status was measured with the Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36. A total of 106 lung cancer patients participated. Their mean age was 61 years. Majorities were male, in advanced stages, and receiving chemotherapy. Result: Functional status of the subjects were relatively low compared to the results of previous studies. Women had more severe functional limitations in Role-Emotion(t=2.17, p <.05). Generally, older patients(> 60 yrs.) had relatively more severe limitations in all subcategories, but the difference was not statistically significant. Subjects in late lung cancer stage(stage III & IV) had more severe functional limitation in all subcategories. But the statistical difference was found only in General Health(t=2.10, p<.05). In terms of treatment protocol, no-current treatment group had lower General Health than those of the chemotherapy group(F=3.42, p<.01). There were no statistical differences in functional status among pathological cancer cell types. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that effective management may be achieved when these factors are considered on individual basis in the clinical management of lung cancer patients.

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Functional Status and Psychosocial Adjustment in Gynecologic Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy (항암화학요법을 받는 부인암환자의 기능상태와 사회심리적 적응)

  • Chung, Chae-Weon;Kim, Moon-Jung;Rhee, Mee-Hyun;Do, Hyui-Gyung
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.58-66
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of activities of daily living (ADL) functional status and to examine the relationships between sense of coherence(SOC), depression, and uncertainty in gynecologic cancer patients who were receiving chemotherapy. Method: A prospective, longitudinal design with repeated measures was utilized. Women reported depression, SOC, and uncertainty at the beginning of the first cycle of chemotherapy, and they recorded ADL functional status everyday for two consecutive treatment cycles. the The instruments used were the Karnofsky Performance Status Index, Orientation to Life Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, and Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale-Adult Form. Result: Data from 42 women showed that the ADL functional status during the second cycle was better than that of the first cycle with significant improvement each week. However, it did not completely recover to the baseline level even three weeks after the treatment ended in both cycles. SOC was correlated with depression(r=-.64, p<.001) and uncertainty(r=-.62, p<.001). Uncertainty was related to depression (r=.66, p<.001) and to functional status during the second cycle(r=-.45, p<.05), while the scores of the functional status during the two cycles were not related. Conclusion: Changing patterns and level of functional status during the treatment phase would be useful information for cancer patients to prepare coping strategies for positive health outcomes.

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Functional Status and Related Factors of Disabled Persons Using WHODAS II (WHODAS II를 이용한 장애인의 기능상태와 관련 요인)

  • Park, Eun-Ok;Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Ji-Yun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.651-661
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify factors affecting the functional status in disabled persons in the Jeiu Province. Method: Data were collected from 318 disabled persons in the Jeiu province during the period from the 6th of July to the 11th of October in 2006. The functional status was assessed by the disability assessment schedule II (Whodas II) of the World Health Organization and collected data were analyzed using the SAS 8.0 program. Result: The mean score of WHODAS II was 29.9. According to the results of multiple regression, factors affecting the functional status were perceived health condition(t=3.44, p<.001), brain disorder disability(t=2.55, p<.001), treatment status(t=-1.95, p=.05), drinking(t=2.09, p=.04), stress(t=-2.72, p=.01), depression(t=-2.70, p=.01). heart disease(t=2.62. p=.01) and anemia(t=2.20, p=.03). Conclusion: The functional status was affected by health behaviors, diseases, and the type of disability. Thus, future efforts to promote the functional status of disabled persons may need to take into account all these factors.

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