• Title, Summary, Keyword: Freshwater fish

Search Result 431, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Intake of Freshwater Fish and Associated Fatty Acids and Risk of Breast Cancer

  • Gao, Chang-Ming;Ding, Jian-Hua;Li, Su-Ping;Liu, Yan-Ting;Tang, Jin-Hai;Tajima, Kazuo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.18
    • /
    • pp.7879-7884
    • /
    • 2014
  • To investigate the association between intake of freshwater fish and their fatty acids and the risk of breast cancer in Chinese women, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in Jiangsu Province of China. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit detailed information. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Total freshwater fish intake was linked to decrease in the adjusted OR for breast cancer, but without dose-dependence. Analyses by freshwater fish species showed that consumption of black carp and silver carp was inversely related to breast cancer risk, with adjusted-ORs for the highest intake category of black carp (${\geq}500g/month$) of 0.54 (95%CI=0.33-0.92; $P_{trend}$ <0.002) and for silver carp (${\geq}1000g/month$) of 0.19 (95%CI=0.11-0.33; $P_{trend}$ <0.001). In contrast, consumption of crucian carp was positively related to breast cancer risk, with an adjusted OR for the highest intake category (${\geq}1000g/month$) of 6.09 (95%CI=3.04-12.2; $P_{trend}$ <0.001). Moderate intakes of SFA, PUFA, n3-PUFA and n6-PUFA from freshwater fish may decrease the risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women. The findings of this study suggest that intake of freshwater fish and their fatty acids may modify risk of breast cancer, and that different species of freshwater fish could have a different actions on breast cancer risk. Future epidemiologic studies are needed to know the effects of freshwater fish intake on breast cancer risk and the cause of these effects.

Adequacy Evaluation of Fish Intake Parameter used for Human Health Risk Assessment to Derive Freshwater Quality Criteria in Korea (국내담수지역 인체위해성기반 준거치 산정에 활용되는 어류섭취량인자 타당성 평가)

  • An, Youn-Joo;Nam, Sun-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.364-370
    • /
    • 2011
  • Water quality criteria for human health protection are derived based on the human health risk assessment. Water quality criteria in Korean freshwater bodies have been derived according to the equations developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The equations include the fish intake parameter, which is very important factor that significantly influences on the criteria derivation. So far, several fish intake values were used in human health risk assessment for water quality standards and effluent standards. However, these values are not consistent and they refer to various sources. Therefore, there is a need to suggest the most appropriate value of fish intake parameter to derive freshwater quality criteria in Korea. In this study, national and international fish intake values were widely collected and evaluated to select the adequate value of fish intake parameter that can be applied in Korea. The USEPA presented fish intake parameter as the 17.5 g/day for general adults and sport fishers and 142.4 g/day for subsistence fishers. In Korean reports, wide range values of 2 to 67.7 g/day were suggested as fish intake value. These values included finfish and shellfish intakes in common but had various habits. This study found that the 52.4 g/day suggested in Korean Exposure Factors Handbook published by the Ministry of Environment in 2007 seemed to be the suitable fish intake parameter to derive the freshwater quality criteria in Korea. The value is based on water corrected intakes of finfish and shellfish present in freshwater and coastal areas. We expect that this report can be useful to select suitable fish intake value in human health risk assessment for establishing freshwater quality standard in Korea.

Ecological Function Assessment for a Fishways of Geumgang Estuary Dike (금강하구둑 어도의 생태적 기능 평가)

  • Kim, Jae-Ok;Jang, Kyu-Sang;Shin, Hyun-Sang;Yang, Hyun;Jang, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2010
  • The ichthyofauna and passing efficiency of fishways were surveyed in Geumgang estuary from May to October in 2009. The fishes collected were classified into 24 species, 23 genera belonging to 8 families. These 24 species consist of 17 freshwater fish species, 3 migration fish species and 4 peripheral freshwater fish species. Seasonal function of fishways showed the migration from May to June and returning to the reservoir of fishes be washed out to sea when sluice gate open by rainfall in July and August. Most of the fishes catched in fishways moved from middle tide to high tide except for July. Fishes ascended fishways between the middle ebb tide and the ebb tide only July, because small freshwater swim against the fishway for leaching the reservoir through the newly formed flow when the water level at the fishway kept dropping. Small fishes that body length less than 200 mm mainly used gabion type fishways and fishes over 200 mm utilized a cascade type fishways. Based on the total individuals collected, the efficiency of the fishway was 1 % for the anadromous fish and over 80 % for freshwater fish. Therefore, it is concluded that ecological function of the fishway in the Geumgang estuary dike be very important not only for fish migration but also freshwater fishes's returning.

Trials for the control of scuticociliatosis in the cultured olive flounder(paralkhthys olivaceus) by bath treatment

  • Jee, Bo-Young;Jo, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of fish pathology
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.93-97
    • /
    • 2002
  • The scuticociliate, a histophagous ciliate, is known to cause high cumulative mortalities in juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus rearing in land-based tank facilities. This study examined effects of bath treatment of 3 chemical agents including formalin, hydrogen peroxide and sodium chloride. and freshwater against scnricociliates infected olive flounder. Although 100 ppm formalin and freshwater did not completeIy eliminale ue scuticociliates within the internal organ of fish, chemicals were effective to prevent scuticociliatosis from spreading. It confirms the efficacy of the chemical with treating the diseased fish for at least 4 consecutive days.

Infection Status of Freshwater Fish with Metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis in Korea

  • Kim, Eun-Min;Kim, Jae-Lip;Choi, Sung-Yil;Kim, Jae-Whan;Kim, Si-Won;Choi, Min-Ho;Bae, Young-Mee;Lee, Soon-Hyung;Hong, Sung-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.46 no.4
    • /
    • pp.247-251
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study investigated freshwater fish for their current infection status with metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis in Korea. Twenty-one species of freshwater fish (n = 677) were collected from 34 regions nationwidely from February 2007 to June 2008. They were individually examined by digestion technique. Eight species of freshwater fish from 17 different regions were recognized positive for the metacercariae of C. sinensis. The positive rates (range of metacercariae number per fish) of fish by the species were as follows: 48% (1-1,142) in Pseudorasbora parva, 60% (1-412) in Pungtungia herzi, 15.7% (1-23) in Pseudogobio esocinus, 29% (1-7) in Acheilognathus intermedia, 21% (1-4) in Odontobutis interrupta, 33% (1-6) in Zacco temmincki, 3.6% (1-4) in Zacco platypus, and 26.3% (1) in Hemibarbus labeo. The two species, P. parva and P. herzi, are able to be the index fish for estimation of C. sinensis transmission in a certain locality. Still several species of freshwater fish are briskly transmitting C. sinensis infection in many riverside areas of southern Korea.

Fishborne Trematode Metacercariae in Freshwater Fish from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

  • Sohn, Woon-Mok;Eom, Keeseon S.;Min, Duk-Young;Rim, Han-Jong;Hoang, Eui-Hyug;Yang, Yichao;Li, Xueming
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.249-257
    • /
    • 2009
  • A survey was performed to investigate the infection status of fishborne trematode (FBT) metacercariae in freshwater fish from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. A total of 307 freshwater fish of 31 species were collected from 5 administrative regions of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. They were examined by artificial digestion method from July 2003 to August 2004. No metacercariae were detected in fish from Fusui-xian. In fish from Mashan-xian and a market in Nanning, 3 species of metacercariae, Haplorchis taichui, Haplorchis pumilio, and Centrocestus formosanus, were mainly detected. Metacercariae (8 in number) of Clonorchis sinensis were found in 1 Chanodichthys dabryi purchased from a market in Nanning. In fish from Yangshuo, Metagonimus yokogawai metacercariae were detected from all 18 fish species examined. Total 13 C. sinensis metacercariae were found in 3 out of 10 Hemibarbus maculatus from Yangshuo. All7 Zacco platypus from Yangshuo were infected with 8-112 Echinochasmus perfoliatus metacercariae. In fish from Binyang-xian, H. pumilo metacercariae were mainly detected in all 5 fish species examined, and only 1 metacercaria of C. sinensis was found in a Hemiculter leucisculus. From the above results, it was confirmed that some species of freshwater fish play a role of second intermediate hosts for FBT in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. In particular, 4 species of intestinal flukes, M. yokogawai, H. taichui, H. pumilio, and C. formosanus, were prevalent in fish hosts, whereas C.sinensis metacercariae were detected only in 3 fish species.

Comparison of Physiological Conditions on Black Porgy, Acanthopagrus schlegeli Acclimated and Reared in Freshwater and Seawater (담수 및 해수에서 순화 사육한 감성돔, Acanthopagrus schlegeli의 생리상태 비교)

  • Min Byung Hwa;Choi Cheol Young;Chang Young Jin
    • Journal of Aquaculture
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-44
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to compare the physiological conditions of black porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) when reared in freshwater (0 psu) and seawater (35 psu) during 90 days. In terms of stress response, there was no significant difference in cortisol levels of the fish reared either freshwater or seawater until 60 days. Although cortisol level of fish reared in freshwater(12.6$\pm$5.0 ng/ml) was significantly higher than in seawater (4.5$\pm$2.9 ng/ml) at the end of experiment, these values were stable levels as compared with that of non-stressed fish. No significant differences in plasma osmolalities were recognized between the fish reared in freshwater (346.7$\pm$4.6$\~$356.5$\pm$2.1 mOsm/kg) and seawater (350.0$\pm$2.0$\~$357.0$\pm$22.6 mOsm/kg). Normal structure of gill lamellae without histological damage or cell necrosis has been observed in the fish reared in freshwater. In connection with growth and survival rate, total length and body weight of fish reared in freshwater were slightly longer and higher than those of fish reared in seawater. Survival rate of black porgy reared in freshwater was slightly higher than that of fish reared in seawater, but there was no significant difference. The results suggest that black porgy is reared with normal growth rate in freshwater without stress.

Studies on the Tripartiella sp from three species of freshwater freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio, Crassius auratus and Parasilurus asotus in Korea (한국산 담수어에 기생하는 섬모충 Tripartiella sp에 관한 연구 -잉어, 금붕어 및 메기를 중심으로-)

  • 서형석;김영진;한규삼;김영길;이근광;김종태;도홍기
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.307-312
    • /
    • 1997
  • To investigate the species and infection rate of Tripartiella sp in three species of freshwater fish, carp(Cyprinus carpio), goldfish(Crassius auratus) and Korean catfish(Parasilurus asotus), fish cultured in the fish farms next to Yosu and in the western area of Chunbuk province in Korea was examined from April to June, 1996. The infection rate was evaluated after observing the gill and mucous from 130 fish under the microscope. The species of Tripartiella was identified on the basis of the shape and number of denticle according to methods of Bychowsky(1985) after staining the parasites with 2% methyene blue solution. All the detected-parasite was classified as Tripartiella differed from Trichodina reported previously in our country. T carassii, T californica, T rhombi from Goldfish, T rhombi from common carp, T californica from Israeli carp and T bychowsky from Korean catfish were observed. In the fish from the fish farms in the western area of Chunbuk province, the infection rate of Tripartiella sp was ranged from 6.7% to 100%, but in neither carp nor goldfish from the farms next to Yosu the parasite detected.

  • PDF

Evaluation offish Flesh and Profitability of Black Porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) Cultured in Freshwater (담수양식 감성돔(Acanthopagrus schlegeli)의 어육평가 및 수익성 분석)

  • Min, Byung-Hwa;Bang, In-Chul;Choi, Woon-Su;Chang, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Aquaculture
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-18
    • /
    • 2006
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate food value and profitability of black porgy (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) cultured in freshwater. In fish flesh, muscular hardness of black porgy reared in freshwater $(9210{\pm}1215g/cm^2)$ was slightly lower than those of fish in seawater $(9987{\pm}6549g/cm^2)$, but there was no significant difference. Also, there was no difference between muscular strength of fish reared in freshwater and seawater. When the flesh qualities of black porgy reared in freshwater was compared with those of fish reared in seawater through the questionnaire, there were no significant differences between fish reared in freshwater and seawater in appearance, texture, taste and flavor. For 10 months of black porgy culture in fresh water, the gross profit in culturing from juvenile (5.5 g) to adult size (100g), and from adult to marketable size (400 g) were 24,000,000 won (30.0%) and 53,870,000 won (36.9%), respectively.

Molecular Phylogenetics of Centrocestus formosanus (Digenea: Heterophyidae) Originated from Freshwater Fish from Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

  • Wongsawad, Chalobol;Wongsawad, Pheravut;Sukontason, Kom;Maneepitaksanti, Worawit;Nantarat, Nattawadee
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.55 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-37
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the morphology and reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships of Centrocestus formosanus originating from 5 species of freshwater fish, i.e., Esomus metallicus, Puntius brevis, Anabas testudineus, Parambassis siamensis, and Carassius auratus, in Chiang Mai province, Thailand. Sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and phylogeny based on internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) were performed. The results showed similar morphologies of adult C. formosanus from day 5 after infection in chicks. C. formosanus originated from 4 species of freshwater fish had the same number of circumoral spines on the oral sucker, except for those from C. auratus which revealed 34 circumoral spines. The phylogenetic tree obtained from SRAP profile and the combination of ITS2 and CO1 sequence showed similar results that were correlated with the number of circumoral spines in adult worms. Genetic variability of C. formosanus also occurred in different species of freshwater fish hosts. However, more details of adult worm morphologies and more sensitive genetic markers are needed to confirm the species validity of C. formosanus with 34 circumoral spines originating from C. auratus in the future.