• Title, Summary, Keyword: Free vibration

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Semi-analytical solutions of free and force vibration behaviors of GRC-FG cylindrical shells

  • Lei, Zuxiang;Tong, Lihong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.687-699
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, free and force vibration behaviors of graphene-reinforced composite functionally graded (GRC-FG) cylindrical shells in thermal environments are investigated based on Reddy's third-order shear deformation theory (HSDT). The GRC-FG cylindrical shells are composed of piece-wise pattern graphene-reinforced layers which have different volume fraction. Based on the extended Halpin-Tsai micromechanical model, the effective material properties of the resulting nanocomposites are evaluated. Using the Hamilton's principle and the assumed mode method, the motion equation of the GRC-FG cylindrical shells is formulated. Using the time- and frequency-domain methods, free and force vibration properties of the GRC-FG cylindrical shell are analyzed. Numerical cases are provided to study the effects of distribution of graphene, shell radius-to-thickness ratio and temperature changes on the free and force vibration responses of GRC-FG cylindrical shells.

On forced and free vibrations of cutout squared beams

  • Almitani, Khalid H.;Abdelrahman, Alaa A.;Eltaher, Mohamed A.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.643-655
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    • 2019
  • Perforation and cutouts of structures are compulsory in some modern applications such as in heat exchangers, nuclear power plants, filtration and microeletromicanical system (MEMS). This perforation complicates dynamic analyses of these structures. Thus, this work tends to introduce semi-analytical model capable of investigating the dynamic performance of perforated beam structure under free and forced conditions, for the first time. Closed forms for the equivalent geometrical and material characteristics of the regular square perforated beam regular square, are presented. The governing dynamical equation of motion is derived based on Euler-Bernoulli kinematic displacement. Closed forms for resonant frequencies, corresponding Eigen-mode functions and forced vibration time responses are derived. The proposed analytical procedure is proved and compared with both analytical and numerical analyses and good agreement is noticed. Parametric studies are conducted to illustrate effects of filling ratio and the number of holes on the free vibration characteristic, and forced vibration response of perforated beams. The obtained results are supportive in mechanical design of large devices and small systems (MEMS) based on perforated structure.

Vibration suppression of a double-beam system by a two-degree-of-freedom mass-spring system

  • Rezaiee-Pajand, Mohammad;Sani, Ahmad Aftabi;Hozhabrossadati, Seyed Mojtaba
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.349-358
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    • 2018
  • This paper investigates the free vibration analysis of double-beam system coupled by a two-degree-of-freedom mass-spring system. In order to generalize the model, the main beams are assumed to be elastically restrained against translation and rotation at one end and free at the other. Furthermore, the mass-spring system is elastically connected to the beams at adjustable positions by means of four translational and rotational springs. The governing differential equations of the beams and the mass-spring system are derived and analytically solved by using the Fourier transform method. Moreover, as a second way, a finite element solution is derived. The frequency parameters and mode shapes of some diverse cases are obtained using both methods. Comparison of obtained results by two methods shows the accuracy of both solutions. The influence of system parameters on the free vibration response of the studied mechanical system is examined.

Free vibration and buckling analysis of the impacted hybrid composite beams

  • Ergun, Emin;Yilmaz, Yasin;Callioglu, Hasan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.1055-1070
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this experimental study is to investigate the free vibration and buckling behaviors of hybrid composite beams having different span lengths and orientation angles subjected to different impact energy levels. The impact energies are applied in range from 10 J to 30 J. Free vibration and buckling behaviors of intact and impacted hybrid composite beams are compared with each other for different span lengths, orientation angles and impact levels. In free vibration analysis, the first three modes of hybrid beams are considered and natural frequencies are normalized. It is seen that first and second modes are mostly affected with increasing impact energy level. Also, the fundamental natural frequency is mostly affected with the usage of mold that have 40 mm span length (SP40). Moreover, as the impact energy increases, the normalized critical buckling loads decrease gradually for $0^{\circ}$ and $30^{\circ}$ oriented hybrid beams but they fluctuate for the other beams.

Axisymmetrical free-vibration analysis of liquid-storage tanks considering the liquid compressibility

  • Cho, Jin-Rae;Lee, Jin-Kyu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.355-368
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we address the numerical investigation on the effect of liquid compressibility onto the natural frequency of liquid-filled containers. Traditionally the liquid motion has been treated as an ideal fluid motion. However, from the numerical experiments for the axisymmetrical free-vibration of cylindrical liquid-storage tanks, we found that the relative difference in natural frequencies between ideal and compressible motions becomes remarkable, as the slenderness of tank or the relative liquid-fill height becomes larger. Therefore, in such cases of dynamic systems, the liquid compressibility becomes an important parameter, for the accurate vibration analysis. For the free-vibration analysis of compressible liquid-structure interaction we employed the coupled finite element formulation expressed in terms of the acoustic wave pressure and the structure deformation.

Vibration analysis of FGM beam: Effect of the micromechanical models

  • Hadji, Lazreg
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.265-280
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, a new refined hyperbolic shear deformation beam theory for the free vibration analysis of functionally graded beam is presented. The theory accounts for hyperbolic distribution of the transverse shear strains and satisfies the zero traction boundary conditions on the surfaces of the functionally graded beam without using shear correction factors. In addition, the effect of different micromechanical models on the free vibration response of these beams is studied. Various micromechanical models are used to evaluate the mechanical characteristics of the FG beams whose properties vary continuously across the thickness according to a simple power law. Based on the present theory, the equations of motion are derived from the Hamilton's principle. Navier type solution method was used to obtain frequencies, and the numerical results are compared with those available in the literature. A detailed parametric study is presented to show the effect of different micromechanical models on the free vibration response of a simply supported FG beams.

Effects of deformation of elastic constraints on free vibration characteristics of cantilever Bernoulli-Euler beams

  • Wang, Tong;He, Tao;Li, Hongjing
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.1139-1153
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    • 2016
  • Elastic constraints are usually simplified as "spring forces" exerted on beam ends without considering the "spring deformation". The partial differential equation governing the free vibrations of a cantilever Bernoulli-Euler beam considering the deformation of elastic constraints is firstly established, and is nondimensionalized to obtain two dimensionless factors, $k_v$ and $k_r$, describing the effects of elastically vertical and rotational end constraints, respectively. Then the frequency equation for the above Bernoulli-Euler beam model is derived using the method of separation of variables. A numerical analysis method is proposed to solve the transcendental frequency equation for the continuous change of the frequency with $k_v$ and $k_r$. Then the mode shape functions are given. Finally, effects of $k_v$ and $k_r$ on free vibration characteristics of the beam with different slenderness ratios are calculated and analyzed. The results indicate that the effects of $k_v$ are larger on higher-order free vibration characteristics than on lower-order ones, and the impact strength decreases with slenderness ratio. Under a relatively larger slenderness ratio, the effects of $k_v$ can be neglected for the fundamental frequency characteristics, while cannot for higher-order ones. However, the effects of $k_r$ are large on both higher- and lower-order free vibration characteristics, and cannot be neglected no matter the slenderness ratio is large or small.

Free Vibration Analysis of Arbitrarily Shaped Plates with Free Edges using Non-dimensional Dynamic Influence Functions (무차원 동영향 함수를 이용한 자유단 경계를 가진 임의 형상 평판의 자유진동해석)

  • Gang, S.W.;Kim, I.S.;Lee, J.M.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.740-745
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    • 2003
  • The so-called boundary node method (or NDIF method) that was developed by the authors has been extended for free vibration analysis of arbitrarily shaped plates with free edges. Since the proposed method is based on the collocation method, no integration procedure is needed on boundary edges of the plates and only a small amount of numerical calculation is required. A special coordinate transformation has been devised to consider the complicated free boundary conditions at boundary nodes. By the use of the special coordinate transformation, the radius of curvature involved in the free boundary conditions can be successfully dealt with. Finally, verification examples show that natural frequencies obtained by the present method agree well with those given by exact method and other analytical methods.

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Free Vibrations of Tapered Cantilever-Type Beams with Tip Mass at the Free End (자유단에 집중질량을 갖는 캔틸레버형 변단면 보의 자유진동)

  • Oh, Sang-Jin;Lee, Jae-Young;Park, Kwang-Kyou;Mo, Jeong-Man
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.965-970
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the free vibration characteristics of tapered beams with general boundary condition(translational and rotational elastic support) at one end and carrying a tip mass with translational elastic support at the other end. The beam model is based on the classical Bernoulli-Euler beam theory which neglects the effects of rotatory inertia and shear deformation. The governing differential equation for the free vibrations of linearly tapered beams is solved numerically using the corresponding boundary conditions. Numerical results are compared with existing solutions by other methods for cases in which they are available. The lowest four natural frequencies are calculated over a wide range of section ratio, dimensionless spring constant and mass ratio.

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