• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Fracture behaviour

검색결과 174건 처리시간 0.034초

자동차용 폴리머 복합재료의 변형과 강도에 관한 연구 (A study on deformation and strength of polymer composites using automobiles)

  • 신재훈;임재규;박한주
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.238-243
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    • 2000
  • The effect of the temperature, the fatigue and the test speed on DEN(double edged notch) specimen which was made by the pp-rubber composites during fracture was stuied. DEN specimen was made on PP-rubber composites through the injection molding. With increasing temperature the fracture strength is linearly decrease and the fracture energy is first increase by $0^{\circ}C$ and after that decrease. In the same temperature the fracture strength during increasing the notch radius is hardly increase. The fracture behaviour at low and high test speed is different entirely. At high test speed plastic region is small and fracture behaviour was seen to brittle fracture tendency. The deformation mechanism of polypropylene-rubber composites during fracture was studied by SEM fractography. A strong plastic deformation of the matrix material ahead of the notch/crack occured. The deformation seem to be enhanced by a thermal blunting of the notch/crack.

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Bolted T-stubs: A refined model for flange and bolt fracture modes

  • Francavilla, Antonella B.;Latour, Massimo;Piluso, Vincenzo;Rizzano, Gianvittorio
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.267-293
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    • 2016
  • It is well known that, in order to accurately predict the behaviour of steel structures a requirement the definition of the mechanical behaviour of beam-to column joints is of primary importance. This goal can be achieved by means of the so-called component method, which, in order to obtain the whole behaviour of connections, provides to break up joints in basic components of deformability and resistance. One of the main joint components used to model bolted connections is the so-called equivalent T-stub in tension, which is normally used to predict the behaviour of bolted plates in bending starting from the behaviour of the single bolt rows. In past decades, significant research efforts have been devoted to the prediction of the behaviour of bolted T-stubs but, to date, no particular attention has been devoted to the characterization of their plastic deformation capacity. To this scope, the work presented in this paper, taking into account the existing technical literature, proposes a new theoretical model for predicting the whole behaviour up to failure of bolted T-stubs under monotonic loading conditions, including some complexities, such as the bolt/plate compatibility requirement and the bolt fracture, which are necessary to accurately evaluate the ultimate displacement. After presenting the advances of the proposed approach, a comparison between theoretical and experimental results is provided in order to verify its accuracy.

TMCP 고장력강 용접부의 피로파양 특성에 관한 연구 (A study on the fatigue fracture characteristics of TMCP high tensile strength steel welds)

  • 김영식;노재충;한명수;김윤해
    • 한국마린엔지니어링학회지
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 1988
  • TMCP steel manufactured by controlled rolling followed by accelerated cooling process is known to have extra-ordinary mechanical properties such as tensile strength and toughness. However, there is much uncertainty about the fatigue fracture characteristics of this steel. In this paper, the fatigue fracture behaviour of the TMCP steel in base metal and weldment were inspected through the Dynamic Implant test method. Those results were quantitavely compared with those of the ordinary normalized steel of same strength level. Moreover, the effect of the diffusible hydrogen included in the welded part on the fatigue fracture behaviour were made clear. As the experimental results, the fatigue fracture characteristics of the TMCP steel in case of base metal proved out to be superior to that of the normalized steel. However, the TMCP steel weldment including the diffusible hydrogen appeared to have inferior fatigue characteristics compared with the same conditioned normalized steel weldment.

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Influence of coarse aggregate properties on specific fracture energy of steel fiber reinforced self compacting concrete

  • Raja Rajeshwari, B.;Sivakumar, M.V.N.
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2020
  • Fracture properties of concrete depend on the mix proportions of the ingredients, specimen shape and size, type of testing method used for the evaluation of fracture properties. Aggregates play a key role for changes in the fracture behaviour of concrete as they constitute about 60-75 % of the total volume of the concrete. The present study deals with the effect of size and quantity of coarse aggregate on the fracture behaviour of steel fibre reinforced self compacting concrete (SFRSCC). Lower coarse aggregate and higher fine aggregate content in SCC results in the stronger interfacial transition zone and a weaker stiffness of concrete compared to vibrated concrete. As the fracture properties depend on the aggregates quantity and size particularly in SCC, three nominal sizes (20 mm, 16 mm and 12.5 mm) and three coarse to fine aggregate proportions (50-50, 45-55, 40-60) were chosen as parameters. Wedge Split Test (WST), a stable test method was adopted to arrive the requisite properties. Specimens without and with guide notch were investigated. The results are indicative of increase in fracture energy with increase in coarse aggregate size and quantity. The splitting force was maximum for specimens with 12.5 mm size which is associated with a brittle failure in the pre-ultimate stage followed by a ductile failure due to the presence of steel fibres in the post-peak stage.

Mechanical Properties of Carbon/Carbon Composites Densified by HIP Technique

  • Manocha, L.M.;Warrier, Ashish;Manocha, S.;Banerji, S.;Sathiyamoorthy, D.
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2005
  • The study of mechanical properties and fracture behaviour of carbon/carbon composites is significant to its application and development. These are dependent on microstructure and properties of reinforcing fibers and matrix, fiber/matrix interface and porosity/cracks present in the composites. In the present studies high-density carbon/carbon composites have been prepared using PAN and various pitch based carbon fibers as reinforcements and pitch as matrix with repeated densification cycles using high-pressure impregnation and carbonization technique. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to study the fracture behaviour of the highly dense composites and correlated with structure of the composites. The geometry of reinforcement and presence of unfilled voids/cracks was found to influence the path of crack propagation and thereby the strength of composites. The type of stresses (tensile or compressive) accumulated also plays an important role in fracture of composites.

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구치부(臼齒部) 수복용(修復用) Composite Resin의 파괴거동(破壞擧動)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (FRACTURE BEHAVIOUR OF POSTERIOR COMPOSITE RESINS)

  • 박영호;민병순;박상진;최호영
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 1987
  • The use of composite resin for the posterior teeth gives rise to clinical problem due to the lack of mechanical properties. The purpose of this study was to observe the fractured surfaces of light posterior composite resins which are P-10, Clearfil posterior, Adaptic anterior & posterior, P-30, Lite-fil posterior, Estilux posterior, Helio-molar, and Ful-fil com pules (Table 1). The failure of composite resin specimens of I, T and Y-Type (Fig. 1,2) occured under compression. Fractographical observations by SEM (JSM-T20, JEOL) were carried out in order to examine the fracture behaviour of eight composite resins in different types of specimens. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. Similar features were found in fractured surfaces of eight composite resins. 2. The crack growth was initiated at the regions of porosities. 3. The crack propagated on the filler-matrix interface. 4. As the crack increased in size, it accelerated to form secondary crack. 5. The fracture behaviour was dependent on the content, size, shape, and distribution of fillers.

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알루미늄 폼 복합재료로 된 접합된 DCB 시험편의 구조 해석에 관한 연구 (Study on Structural Analysis of DCB Specimen Bonded with Aluminum Foam Composite)

  • 최해규;김세환;조재웅
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1488-1495
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    • 2012
  • 본 논문에서는 알루미늄 폼 복합재료로 된 DCB(이중외팔보) 시험편의 파괴 거동을 시뮬레이션 해석하였다. 시뮬레이션 해석에 사용된 모델은 영국 공업규격과 ISO국제규격에 의거한 3D 형태로 하였다. 모델의 두께가 두꺼울수록 발생한 크랙의 길이가 길게 나타났고, 높은 하중이 발생하였다. 본 연구에서 얻어진 해석 결과를 알루미늄 폼재질로 접합된 실제 복합재 구조물에 적용시켜 파괴거동을 분석하고 그 기계적인 특성을 파악할 수 있다.

Anchorage Effects of Various Steel Fibre Architectures for Concrete Reinforcement

  • Abdallah, Sadoon;Fan, Mizi;Zhou, Xiangming;Geyt, Simon Le
    • International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.325-335
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    • 2016
  • This paper studies the effects of steel fibre geometry and architecture on the cracking behaviour of steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC), with the reinforcements being four types, namely 5DH ($Dramix^{(R)}$ hooked-end), 4DH, 3DH-60 and 3DH-35, of various hooked-end steel fibres at the fibre dosage of 40 and $80kg/m^3$. The test results show that the addition of steel fibres have little effect on the workability and compressive strength of SFRC, but the ultimate tensile loads, post-cracking behaviour, residual strength and the fracture energy of SFRC are closely related to the shapes of fibres which all increased with increasing fibre content. Results also revealed that the residual tensile strength is significantly influenced by the anchorage strength rather than the number of the fibres counted on the fracture surface. The 5DH steel fibre reinforced concretes have behaved in a manner of multiple crackings and more ductile compared to 3DH and 4DH ones, and the end-hooks of 4DH and 5DH fibres partially deformed in steel fibre reinforced self-compacting concrete (SFR-SCC). In practice, 5DH fibres should be used for reinforcing high or ultra-high performance matrixes to fully utilize their high mechanical anchorage.

Application of a mesh-free method to modelling brittle fracture and fragmentation of a concrete column during projectile impact

  • Das, Raj;Cleary, Paul W.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.933-961
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    • 2015
  • Damage by high-speed impact fracture is a dominant mode of failure in several applications of concrete structures. Numerical modelling can play a crucial role in understanding and predicting complex fracture processes. The commonly used mesh-based Finite Element Method has difficulties in accurately modelling the high deformation and disintegration associated with fracture, as this often distorts the mesh. Even with careful re-meshing FEM often fails to handle extreme deformations and results in poor accuracy. Moreover, simulating the mechanism of fragmentation requires detachment of elements along their boundaries, and this needs a fine mesh to allow the natural propagation of damage/cracks. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) is an alternative particle based (mesh-less) Lagrangian method that is particularly suitable for analysing fracture because of its capability to model large deformation and to track free surfaces generated due to fracturing. Here we demonstrate the capabilities of SPH for predicting brittle fracture by studying a slender concrete structure (column) under the impact of a high-speed projectile. To explore the effect of the projectile material behaviour on the fracture process, the projectile is assumed to be either perfectly-elastic or elastoplastic in two separate cases. The transient stress field and the resulting evolution of damage under impact are investigated. The nature of the collision and the constitutive behaviour are found to considerably affect the fracture process for the structure including the crack propagation rates, and the size and motion of the fragments. The progress of fracture is tracked by measuring the average damage level of the structure and the extent of energy dissipation, which depend strongly on the type of collision. The effect of fracture property (failure strain) of the concrete due to its various compositions is found to have a profound effect on the damage and fragmentation pattern of the structure.

표면적분법을 이용한 콘크리트 댐의 균열 해석 (Crack Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dam Using Surface Integral Method)

  • 진치섭;이영호;손기석
    • 한국콘크리트학회논문집
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2000
  • When a crack is produced in a concrete structure, a micro crack zone of fracture process zone (FPZ) appears at the crack tip. To investigate the behaviour of this the micro crack zone, nonlinear fracture mechanics (NLFM) must be applied. However, when a massive concrete structure such as a concrete gravity dam is considered, the micro crack zone can be neglected and the structure can be assumed to have linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) behaviour. This study is divided into two main topics : (1) Calculating stress intensity factor (SIF) at the crack tip by surface integral method and (2) Investigating the propagation of the initial crack. If the initial crack propagates, the angle of the propagation is calculated by using maximum circumferential tensile strength theory. This study, also, contains the effects of body forces and water pressures on the crack face.