• Title, Summary, Keyword: Forest management

Search Result 2,145, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

A Study on the Forest Management Policy and Revitalization Alternatives of the Private Forest Management in Korea

  • Woo, Jong-Choon;Choi, In-Hwa
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-73
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study is tried to investigate and analyze the changing history of Korean forest management policy and revitalization alternatives of the private forest management. Korean forest management policy could be divided by two group periods, one is the forestry policy age through afforestation and reforestation, the other is the forestry policy age through forest management. Recently, the revitalization policy for the private forest management was evaluated through the result analysis of the 4th forest basic planning age for 10 years that is gone from 1998 to 2007, but it is not sufficient for the private forest management revitalization, and has still some fundamental problems. Therefore, this study is aimed to present various kinds of plans for the private forest management revitalization during the 5th forest basic planning age that has begun since the beginning of 2008.

  • PDF

Forest Ecosystem Management: Concepts, Principles and Applications (산림생태계 관리: 개념, 원칙 및 적용방법을 중심으로)

  • 손요환;김진수
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.201-216
    • /
    • 1997
  • Forest managers are increasingly being challenged to produce goods and services to society while managing for ecosystem sustainability. Forest ecosystem management is an emerging philosophy to achieve these objectives. We synthesized some basic concepts of forest ecosystem, sustainability in forests and forest ecosystem management, and described the importances of long-term ecological studies. Also we presented few relatively simple principles of forest ecosystem management, strategies, and case studies for integrating forest ecosystem management principles into the forest management planning process. It was emphasizd that in forest ecosystem management process, society, land managers, forest managers, and scientists be entered into a partnership to reshape management goals, redefine objectives, and redirect management actions in response to changing socioeconomic information and evolving bioogical, physical, chemical, and environmental conditions. Agreement or disagreement with our synthesis and opinions on forest ecosystem management is out of the primary objective of this paper, which is to stimulate new and creative approaches to forest ecosystem management as an emerging issue in forestry.

  • PDF

Development of a Government GIS for Forest Management at Hsinchu County in Taiwan

  • WU Mu-Lin;CHEN Shiann-Kai;FU Chi-Mei;FAN Jeng-Peng;FU Shyh-Shiou
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.68-71
    • /
    • 2004
  • Hsinchu Science Park, one of the most productive electronic sites in the world, is located at Hsinchu County. Hsinchu County Government is entitled for daily management to pursue the objectives of making every county citizen prosperous. Several web-based management information systems have been developed for county management and were widely implemented. However, forest management is one of several tasks which need development of web-based geographic information systems. The objectives of this paper are to develop GIS for forest management at Hsinchu County in order to solve problems encountered in the rapid changing circumstance. The objectives of forest management at Hsinchu County have been changed a little bit in the last decade. Now, it mainly focuses on public and private forest, tree planting, wind break forest management, and plane forest planting. The major ingredients of GIS for forest management are user-friendly, task-oriented, and direct linking to the existing GIS at Hsinchu County. AreIMS and ArcGIS were used for web-based GIS. Field operations of forest management depend on PDA and GPS such that ArcPAD is implemented both on personal computers and PDA. Computer programming is required for database management and development of application modules in forest management. Color digital orthophoto maps at scale of 1:5000 provide very useful background information. Forest management at Hsinchu County now is operated in an efficient way that GIS, remote sensing, GPS and PDA are working smoothly.

  • PDF

Estimation of Forest Management Ratio under Article 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol: A Case Study on the Chungcheongbuk-do (교토의정서 제3조 4항의 산림경영율 추정방안 및 사례분석 - 충청북도를 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Hyungho;Kang, Hyeondeug;Kim, Rae Hyun;Kim, Cheol Min;Koh, Kwang Chul;Lee, Kyeong Hak
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.102 no.4
    • /
    • pp.608-616
    • /
    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to suggest contingent valuation method, simple random sampling method, systematic sampling method, maximum practice area method, and overlay practice area method as the estimation methods for forest management area to estimate carbon dioxide sink by forest management as stated in Article 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol. A case study for Chungcheongbuk-do was performed using maximum practice area method which was thought of as the most rational method within MRV(Measurable, reportable and verifiable). The forest management ratio was defined as forest management area over the total forest area. Based on the definition of forest management activity, forest area was divided into practice forest land and non-practice forest land. The area of forest mangement for practices was based on the 'National Forest Management Information System' and the history of practices from the 'Proposals on Private Management Information Database'. The area of forest management for non-practices was based on the public used forest land from 'Categorial map of forest land'. It was shown that the forest management area of Chuncheongbuk-do was 115,566 ha for practice forest land, and 131,008 ha for non-practice forest land. The forest managent ratio was 49.7% of the total forest area of 495,806 ha. This study made possible to the estimation of the forest management ratio under Kyoto Protocol, and had an advantage in searching for a practical method of forest management plan in which the forest management ratio could be enhanced.

Collective Forest Management System in Japan: a Case Study in Osawa Property Ward Forest

  • De Zoysa, Mangala Premakumara;Inoue, Makoto;Yamashita, Utako;Hironori, Okuda
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.58-70
    • /
    • 2013
  • Iriai an Indigenous forest management system in Japan from the viewpoint of "common pool resources" was a success resilient institution and resulted with sustainable production system and environmental conservation. This study was conducted in Osawa of the Nagano prefecture through group discussions, field observations and an in-depth field survey. Osawa Property Ward Forest is managed under the concept very much similarly to traditional "Iriai". This study firstly examined the changes of collective forest management system in terms of awareness and interest in forest management; forest management activities; role of forest; and collection of forest products. Then it analyzed the current threats for collective forest management have been identified as: land abandonment due to loss of benefits and lack of active community participation; deterioration of forest environment particularly the micro-climate and aesthetic values; conflict with local government authorities restraining the use of money in property ward forest and conflict with outsiders on damping of the garbage. Community cantered forestry management rules; livelihood contribution; protection of environment; local initiatives for protection and economic activities are the prevailing opportunities for collective forest management. The main requirements for revitalization of collective forest management are explained as local reciprocity; imposition of community based forest rules; encouraging local innovations; and building partnerships with stakeholders. Collective forest management system addresses the limitations of conventional forestry models, which had invalidated traditional 'iriai' institutions, and key to restoring sustainable use of forest and environmental resources. Cross-institutional collaborations together with responsibilities of local communities would ensure the revitalization of forest resources.

The Impact of Community-Based Forest Management on Local People around the Forest: Case Study in Forest Management Unit Bogor, Indonesia

  • Fajar, Nugraha Cahya;Kim, Joon Soon
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.102-114
    • /
    • 2019
  • The issue of sustainable forest management (SFM) continues to emerge as part of the REDD+ mechanism mitigation efforts. Especially for some developing countries, such as Indonesia, forest management is required to provide benefits to the welfare of local communities in addition to forest conservation efforts. This study aims to identify the economic, social, and environmental impacts of community-based forest management (CBFM) implementation activities, which is one of the implementations of SFM at field level. The primary objectives were to find out the impacts of CBFM activities based on local people's perceptions and to identify what factors need to be considered to increase local people's satisfaction on CBFM activities. The data from 6 sub-villages was derived through surveys with local people involved in CBFM activities, interviews with a key informant, and supported by secondary data. The results of the study state that CBFM activities have increased the local people's income as well as their welfare, strengthening the local institution, and help to resolve conflicts in the study area. CBFM has also been successful in protecting forests by rehabilitating unproductive lands and increase forest cover area. By using binary logistic regression analysis, it found that income, business development opportunities, access to forests, conflict resolution, institutional strengthening, and forest rehabilitation variable significantly affected the local people's satisfaction of CBFM activities.

Study for new direction of Forest policy (한국임정(韓國林政)의 전환방향(轉換方向))

  • Chi, Yong Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.32-35
    • /
    • 1963
  • There are 3 kinds of forest managements: One of them is forest utilization management which collects abundant forest resources by felling the trees: the second of them is scientific forest management which cultivates forest resources; and the last one is emergency aid forest management, needed by the forest resources davastation, for the surposes of soil conservation and preventing the indirect damages. During the 36 years of Japanese occupation, they pillaged 600 to 800 million cubic meters of the forest resources, in the condition of the colonial system. After the emancipation from the Japanese occupation, the national soil conservation work has been practiced for 18 years without correcting the Japanese forest management (which means felling system); therefore the essential in the forest, conservation works is to get rid of imitating the Japanese pillage management so as to turn the direction of the forestry policy to the emergency aid management which means forest investment.

  • PDF

Collaborative and Participatory Model for Urban Forest Management: Case study of Daejisan in Korea

  • Kim, Jae Hyun;Park, Mi Sun;Tae, Yoo Lee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.95 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-154
    • /
    • 2006
  • Citizen's involvement in forest decision-making is recently acknowledged as a potential solution to forest management conflicts. Through participation, affected citizens become a part of the decision-making process. This paper focuses on the use of collaborative and participatory model(CPM) for urban forest management. The model, which is exemplified by the Daejisan case in Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, utilizes the collaborative decision-making structure and the gradual level of resident participation in urban forest management. As a result, the committee in the model contributed to building partnerships among different interest groups and then to constructing environmentally compatible urban park. Furthermore, an improvement in the levels of resident participation was manifested in the process. These characteristics of CPM can encourage participation and cooperation among stakeholders and ultimately contribute to realizing sustainable urban forest management.