• Title, Summary, Keyword: Food Deprivation

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Effects of Food Deprivation and Feeding Ratio on the Growth, Feed Utilization and Body Composition of Juvenile Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus

  • Cho, Sung Hwoan
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.449-454
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    • 2014
  • The effects of food deprivation and feeding ratio on the growth, feed utilization and body composition of juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus were investigated in 810 juvenile fish averaging 6.4 g in weight randomly distributed in 27 400-L flow-through tanks. A 3 [food deprivation: 8-week feeding without food deprivation (8W), 7-week feeding after 1-week food deprivation (7W) and 6-week feeding after 2-week food deprivation (6W)]${\time}3$ (feeding ratio: 100%, 95% and 90% of satiation, hereafter denoted by 100, 95 and 90, respectively) factorial design was applied. The weight gain of the fish was significantly affected by both food deprivation and feeding ratio. The weight gain of the fish under the 8W-100 treatment was higher than that of those under the 7W-95, 7W-90, 6W-100, 6W-95 and 6W-90 treatments, but did not differ from those of fish under the 8W-95, 8W-90 and 7W-100 treatments. The specific growth rate (SGR) and the feed intake of the fish were affected by both food deprivation and feeding ratio. However, the feed conversion ratio (FCR) was unaffected by both food deprivation and feeding ratio. The protein efficiency ratio (PER) was affected by the feeding ratio, but not by food deprivation. The protein retention (PR) was affected by food deprivation, but not by feeding ratio. Juvenile olive flounder subjected to 1-week food deprivation at 100% satiation (7W-100 treatment) achieved full compensatory growth.

Nutritional Efficiency in Antheraea mylitta D. during Food Deprivation

  • Rath, S.S.;Sinha, B.R.R.P.;Thangavelu, K.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 2004
  • Nutrition plays an important role in maintaining the larval health, cocoon quality and reproductive potential in Antheraea mylitta D. Nutritional efficiency greatly influenced if food is not adequate and of quality. A. mylitta silkworms were subjected to food deprivation for the period of 0 hr to 12 hrs /day to assess its effect on various nutritional parameters and indices, and its manifestation at different levels. Food ingesta, digesta, gain in body weight declined significantly at each level of deprivation, so also food utilization efficiency like consumption index (CI), growth rate (GR), approximate digestibility (AD), and efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI). This stress leads to decline in mean daily food ingesta by 16.73% to 39.76% and digesta by 28.98% to 54.01 % following a significant reduction in average daily body weight gain (27.68% to 55.09%). Food deprivation a1so caused significant loss in the silk gland weight, cocoon and shell weight (14.37% to 53.69%), lowered the fecundity (35.86 % to 83.59%) and in number of eggs laid per gram body weight, but simultaneously the number of non-chorionated eggs increased significantly.

Effects of Repeated Food Deprivation on Growth and Survival of the Juvenile Olive Flounder Paralichthys olivaceus (넙치 Paralichthys olivaceus 치어의 성장과 생존에 미치는 반복적 절식의 영향)

  • Kim, Hyo-Chan;Kang, Duk-Young;Chang, Young-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.125-133
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    • 2008
  • To investigate the effect of repeated food deprivation and refeeding on the hyperphagia, compensatory growth, feed efficiency, body composition, hepatosomatic index (HSI), and survival rate of the juvenile olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus, an experiment was conducted for 90 days. Feeding treatments consisted of the following five regimes for 90 days from August to October, 2005: C: daily satiation feeding (control), S1: 1-day satiation feeding after 1-day food deprivation, S2: 1-day satiation feeding after 2-day food deprivation, S3: 1-day satiation feeding after 3-day food deprivation and S4: 1-day satiation feeding after 4-day food deprivation, respectively. Although the monthly feed intake (MFI) of the control was significantly higher than that of all of the starved groups, the daily feed intake (DFI) was more higher in S1, S2, and S3 than that in the control as a result of hyperphagia after starvation. While the feed efficiency in the summer (to day 30) decreased in all of the starved groups with prolongation of the starvation period, the feed efficiency in the autumn (to day 90) was increased with prolongation of the starvation period. The whole body proximate composition and HSI were also affected by starvation. The crude protein, lipid, and HSI decreased with prolongation of the starvation period, whereas the crude ash and moisture increased. The growth rate and condition factor also decreased in proportion to the starvation period. The survival rate was highest in the control and was the lowest in S4. In this study, although hyperphagia occurred in the deprived groups, we knew that the compensatory growth did not always occur.

Comparison of Level of Consumption Deprivation by the Patterns of Consumption Deprivation of Urban Poor Households in Inchon, Korea (도시빈곤가계의 소비박탈유형에 따른 소비박탈수준의 비교 : 인천시를 중심으로)

  • 윤정혜
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.49-64
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to classify the patterns of consumption deprivation and to compare the level of consumption deprivation by them. For empirical analysis, this study used the data on 563 households in the city of Inchon collected by the researchers through interviews. The statistical methods used in this study were cluster analysis, oneway ANOVA, and crosstabs. four clusters were classified: 'Overall satisfied Pattern (OSP)', 'Food satisfid with Others deprived Pattern (FS-ODP)', Food Extremely deprived with Food Deprive Pattern (HED-FDP)'. Those I FED-HSP tended to be old aged, and those in GED-FDP tended to be urban unstable workers. The results imply that welfare policy for urban poor households should be differentiated by the characteristics of consumption of each pattern of consumption deprivation.

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Neuroprotective Effect of Scopoletin from Angelica dahurica on Oxygen and Glucose Deprivation-exposed Rat Organotypic Hippocampal Slice Culture

  • Son, Dong-Wook;Lee, Pyeong-Jae;Lee, Jong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Jong-Won;Kim, Sun-Yeou
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.632-635
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the neuroprotective effect of scopoletin from Angelica dahurica against oxygen and glucose deprivation-induced neurotoxicity in a rat organotypic hippocampal slice culture. Scopoletin reduced the propidium iodide (PI) uptake, which is an indication of impaired cell membrane integrity. In addition, it inhibited the loss of NeuN, which represents the viability of neuronal cells. The results suggests that scopoletin from A. dahurica protects neuronal cells from the damage caused by oxygen and glucose deprivation.

The Effects of Elderly's Socio-economic Deprivation Experience on Suicidal Ideation (사회경제적 박탈 경험이 노인의 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 6가지 박탈 유형을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Dong Hoon;Kim, Yun Tae
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.271-290
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    • 2018
  • The study aims to analyze the effects of socio-economic deprivation on suicidal ideation. The analysis data were used as a guide for Korea Welfare Panel Study 9. the frequency analysis, mean difference analysis, correlation analysis, and logistic regression were performed by SPSS programs. The results of analysis are as follows. First, The results of frequency analysis by deprivation type showed a high frequency of deprivation in the following order. Experience of not receiving a public pension, experience of being able to work but unemployed, experience of not being able to eat a balanced diet due to financial difficulties, and experience where you had nothing to eat but no more money to buy. Second, the average difference analysis shows that when a person does not have a spouse, the lower the academic background and the income level, the higher the likelihood of suicide. Third, regression analysis shows that the following deprivation patterns have a statistically significant effect on older adults' thoughts of suicide. Experience in which the respondents or their family could not go to hospital because they had no money, experience that move house because is back rent more than 2 months or can not pay rent, experience that they could not afford to buy food and eat well-balanced meals, experience of failing to pay your bills on time, experience of being able to work but not having a job, and experience in which financial difficulties left them short of food and no money to live. Based on such research results, some policy measures, such as the expanding management of medical care benefits cases, the improvement of elderly housing, residential conditions and the diet survey for the elderly, and the expansion of measures to support elderly people's tax rates, were proposed.

The Effect of Food Deprivation Length of Pair House Pigs on the Running Speed and Feeding Activity in Solitary and Social Conditions

  • Hsia, L.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this experiment was to study the feeding behavior and running speed under various feed deprivation lengths and social environments. Three trials were conducted. Trial 1: ten pigs were trained individually to run a course and eat their feed at the end of the course. The pigs were deprived feed for 1, 5, 10 or 20 h. Trial 2: 1. Two pigs ran and ate together. Both pigs had 5 h of feed deprivation before the run (D5). 2. Two pigs ran and ate alone, but both pigs had 5 h of feed deprivation before the run (S5). 3. Two pigs ran and ate together. Both had 1 h of feed deprivation before the run (D1). 4. Two pigs ran and ate alone and both pigs had 1 h of feed deprivation before the run (S1). 5. Two pigs ran together, one had 5 h of feed deprivation, and the other had 1 h of feed deprivation before the run (51). Trial 3: 1. On the 1st day 5 pairs of pigs had 5 h feed deprivation and could eat feed together at (B) point (D1). 2. On the 2nd day the pigs ran and ate alone at (B) point after 5 h of feed deprivation. Feed was obtainable (D2). On the 3rd to 6th days, the pigs ran in pairs after 5 h of feed deprivation and only the dominant pig ate feed at point (B). The inferior pig was chased back to room and fed there. This stage was continued for four consecutive days, d 3 to 6. In trial 1, the running speed of pigs increased with the length of feed deprivation until 10 h, then being stable afterwards. Total feeding time increased with the length of feed deprivation (p<0.001). Eating speed did not increase with the length of feed deprivation (p>0.05). In trial 2, nine of ten pigs in treatment D5 ran faster than those in S5. Seven of the ten pigs in treatment S1 ran faster than those in treatment D1. The pigs in treatment D5 had significantly higher feed intake (p<0.001) and eating speed (p<0.05) than the pigs in other treatments. In trial 3, there were significant differences on running speed between D1 and D6 (p<0.01) and between D2 and D1, D3, D4 and D5. The inferior pig ran faster in D2 but from 3 to 6 it was the dominant pig that showed the greatest speed in completing the whole course. The results demonstrated that the pigs with low feeding motivation may cause low running speed to feed and low feed intake of the neighbor when compared with pigs kept individually.

Glutamine Deprivation Inhibits Invasion of Human Prostate Carcinoma LnCap Cells through Inactivation of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Modulation of Tight Junctions (글루타민 결핍에 따른 Tight Junction 및 MMPs 활성 조절을 통한 전립선 암세포의 침윤 억제 현상)

  • Shin, Dong Yeok;Choi, Yung Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.8
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    • pp.1167-1174
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    • 2013
  • Cancer cells exhibit increased demand for glutamine-derived carbons to support anabolic processes. Indeed, the spectrum of glutamine-dependent tumors and the mechanisms through which glutamine supports cancer metabolism remain areas of active investigation. In the present study, we investigated the effects of glutamine deprivation on the correlation between tightening of tight junctions (TJs) and anti-invasive activity in human prostate carcinoma LnCap cells. Glutamine deprivation markedly inhibited cell motility and invasiveness in a time-dependent manner. The anti-invasive activity of glutamine deprivation was associated with an increased tightness of the TJ, which was demonstrated by an increase in transepithelial electrical resistance (TER). The activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were inhibited in a time-dependent fashion by glutamine deprivation, which was correlated with a decrease in expression of their mRNA and proteins and up-regulation of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) expression. Furthermore, glutamine deprivation repressed the levels of the claudin family members, which are major components of TJs that play a key role in the control and selectivity of paracellular transport. Moreover, the levels of E-cadherin, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, and snail, an epithelial to mesenchymal transition regulator and zinc finger transcription factor, were markedly modulated by glutamine deprivation. Taken together, these findings suggest that TJs and MMPs are critical targets of glutamine deprivation-induced anti-invasion in human prostate carcinoma LnCap cells.

Effects of Fasting on Hepatic Metabolism of Sulfur Amino Acids in Rats (절식이 랫트 간의 황함유 아미노산 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Kyum
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 2009
  • Food deprivation decreases hepatic glutathione (GSH) levels, which is ascribed to alterations in availability of hepatic cysteine, a rate limiting factor for the GSH synthesis. The present study examines the effects of food deprivation on hepatic metabolism of sulfur amino acid in male rats. In rats fasted for 24 or 48 hours, hepatic GSH levels were decreased from $6.70{\pm}0.16{\mu}mol/g$ liver to $4.02{\pm}0.20$ or $4.06{\pm}0.07{\mu}mol/g$ liver, respectively. Hepatic S-adenosylmethionine levels were also decreased in fasted rats, but S-adenosylhomocysteine levels were increased. Hepatic methionine levels were not changed by food deprivation for 48 hours. On the other hand, hepatic cysteine or taurine levels were increased from $106.2{\pm}4.1$ to $130.0{\pm}2.7$ nmol/g liver or from $2.45{\pm}0.43$ to $5.07{\pm}0.78{\mu}mol/g$ liver, respectively, in 48-hour fasted rats. Activity of cystathionine beta-synthase catalyzed homocysteine to cystathionine, was markedly decreased, but activity of betaine homocysteine methyltransferase was increased in fasted rats, indicating that methylation of homocysteine to methionine is activated. Also activity of cysteine dioxygenase, involved in taurine synthesis, was increased. These results suggested that hepatic methionine levels were maintained in rats fasted for 48 hours through increase in homocysteine methylation, and hepatic GSH may serve as a cysteine supplier reservoir in fasting state.

Mithramycin Inhibits Etoposide Resistance in Glucose-deprived HT-29 Human Colon Carcinoma Cells

  • Lee, Eun-Mi;Park, Hae-Ryong;Hwang, Ji-Hwan;Park, Dong-Jin;Chang, Kyu-Seob;Kim, Chang-Jin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.1856-1861
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    • 2007
  • Physiological cell conditions such as glucose deprivation and hypoxia play roles in the development of drug resistance in solid tumors. These tumor-specific conditions cause decreased expression of DNA topoisomerase $II{\alpha}$, rendering cells resistant to topo II target drugs such as etoposide. Thus, targeting tumor-specific conditions such as a low glucose environment may be a novel strategy in the development of anticancer drugs. On this basis, we established a novel screening program for anticancer agents with preferential cytotoxic activity in cancer cells under glucose-deprived conditions. We recently isolated an active compound, AA-98, from Streptomyces sp. AA030098 that can prevent stress-induced etoposide resistance in vitro. Furthermore, LC-MS and various NMR spectroscopic methods identified AA-98 as mithramycin, which belongs to the aureolic acid group of antitumor compounds. We found that mithramycin prevents the etoposide resistance that is induced by glucose deprivation. The etoposide-chemosensitive action of mithramycin was just dependent on strict low glucose conditions, and resulted in the selective cell death of etoposide-resistant HT-29 human colon cancer cells.