• Title, Summary, Keyword: Follicular Fluid

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Histochemical Study of the Atresia of Ovarian Follicles (생쥐, 쥐 및 돼지의 난소내 난포의 폐쇄에 관한 조직화학적 연구)

  • 김종흡;김성인;윤용달;김문규
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.165-173
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    • 1992
  • In order to study the mechanism of follicle growth and maturation, and also to supplement the criteria identifying the follicle state of normal of atretic, the histochemical investigation on the ovarian follicles according to the ovarian cycle of mouse, rat and pig has been done. The intercellular space of granulosa cells, especailly Call-Exner body, and follicular fluid in the antrum showed positive to PAS, and blue stain by trichrome dye. The resutls suggest that the mucous polysaccharide was synthesized by the granulosa cells, and secreted into the antrum through Call-Exner body so as to be the components of the follicular fluid as the follicles proceeded to growth and maturation. The further the follicles proceeded to atresia the more densely their theca externa were stained blue by follicles proceeded to atresia the more densely their theca externa were stained blue by trichrome dye, and the more densely the granulosa cells were stained red by oil red 0 dye. Therefore, these staining methods can be applied to the criteria identifying the follicle atresia.

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Alteration in Concentrations of Leptin and Insulin in Korean Cattle with Reproductive Disorders (번식장애 한우의 렙틴 및 인슐린 농도 변화)

  • Choe, Chang-Yong;Kang, Da-Won
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the changes in concentrations of leptin and insulin in serum of Korean cattle (Hanwoo) with reproductive disorders and to examine the relationship among leptin, insulin, and body condition score (BCS). The concentration of leptin in serum of pregnant Hanwoo showed insignificant difference from that in serum of Hanwoo with reproductive disorder, such as repeat breeding, follicular cyst, corpus luteum cyst, ovarian atrophy, and feeble estrus (p>0.05). However, the concentrations of leptin and insulin in serum were changed with different BCS value. In emaciated Hanwoo (BCS $2.0\sim2.9$), they were significantly decreased compared to BCS $3.0\sim3.4$ (p<0.05). The leptin showed different genotypes with different BCS value. In BCS $2.0\sim2.9$, C/T genotype was expressed (83.3%) more than C/C (16.7%) or T/T (0%) genotype, whereas C/C genotype was expressed (62.5%) more than C/T (25.0%) or T/T (12.5%) genotype in BCS $3.5\sim4.0$. The insulin concentration in follicular fluid obtained from ovary with follicular cyst which has follicles having diameter of $25\sim40 mm$ was significantly higher (p<0.05) than those in normal follicle fluid which has follicles having diameter of $3\sim10 mm$. These results showed that concentration of leptin and insulin in serum were related to BCS value and follicular size and suggest that the changes in concentration of leptin and/or insulin in serum could be a potent biomarker for diagnosis of bovine reproductive disorder.

The Effect of Antisperm Antibodies Detected by Immunobead Binding Assay on Fertilization and Cleavage of Human Oocytes In Vitro (Immunobead 검사로 검출된 항정자 항체가 인간 난자의 체외 수정 및 분할에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Dong-Geun;Shin, Chang-Jae;Moon, Shin-Yong;Chang, Yoon-Seok
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 1989
  • The effect of antisperm antibodies (ASA) on the human in vitro fertilization (lVF) process was evaluated by analyzing the IVF data between October and December 1988 at Seoul National University Hospital prospectively. The immunobead test (IBT) was used to identify Ig G, Ig A, and Ig M in the serum, semen, and follicular fluid from 93 couples undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (lVF-ET ) . The fertilization rate in couples with ASA to sperm head of at least one isotype in female serum (n= 10) was significantly less than that in couples without ASA to sperm head (n=83; 28.5% versus 45.3% , p=0.028). The presence of ASA to sperm head in follicular fluid (n=8) also reduced fertilization rate from 45.3% to 24.4% (p=O.0l3). However, ASA binding to sperm head in male serum and semen did not predict fertilization. Similarly, ASA binding to sperm tail and tail-tip did not reduced the oocyte fertilization rate significantly in any of the fluids tested. The zygote cleavage rate was not reduced in the presence of ASA. These results suggest that the presence of ASA to sperm head in female serum and follicular fluid is associated with reduced fertilization in IVF-ET. Another observation is that the oocyte that do fertilize in the presence of antisperm antibodies can subsequently proceed with normal cleavage. The results of this investigation therefore suggest that the IBT is a useful test forscreening of women participat.ing IVF-ET program.

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Effect of Purine on Meiotic Maturation of Mouse Immature Oocytes I. Actions of Purine, Human Fetal Cord Seruma and Human Mature Follicular Fluid in Germinal Vesicle Break Down (Purine이 생쥐 미성숙난자의 핵성숙에 미치는 영향 I. 난핵포붕괴(GVBD)에 대한 Purine, 인간태아제대혈청 및 인간성숙난포액의 작용)

  • 지희준;고정재;이훈택;정길생
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 1993
  • Purine has been identified in the preparation of follicular fluid and shown an activity in maintaining oocyte meiotic arrest. Therefore this study was performed to examine the inhibitory effect of purine on germinal vesicle break down(GVBD) in the presence and absence of human fetal cord serum(HFCS) or human mature follicular fluid(HMFF), as a protein source, in vitro culture. Immature oocytes(GV stage) were collected from ovaries of 21∼28 days old ICR mice by puncturing the antral follicles with a fine needle, at 48 hrs after PMSG injection. Some of the oocytes were denuded by drawing the cumulus-enclosed(complex) oocytes in and out of a pasteur pipet. Complex oocytes and denuded oocytes were cultured 3 hrs. in T6 media containing 0.75mM adenosine or/and 4mM hypoxanthine, with HFCS or HMFF. Their GVBD rates were observed at every 1 hr. during the culture time. Both adenosine and hypoxanthine have shown a time-dependent inhibitory effect on GVBD in complex and denuded oocytes and the inhibitory effect was maximized in culture medium containing hypoxanthine and adenosine. HFCS and HMFF increased the GVBD rates in the presence of the purines, thus HFCS and HMFF may contain a factor that could reverse the inhibitory effect of purines. Also complex oocytes were more sensitive to not only the inhibitory effect of purines but the promoting action of HMFF on GVBD than denuded oocytes. Therefore it was reconfirmed that granulosa cells play an important part in meiotic arrest and resumption.

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Effect of Buffalo Follicular Fluid Alone and in Combination with PMSG and M199 on in vitro Buffalo Oocyte Maturation

  • Gupta, P.S.P.;Nandi, S.;Ravindranatha, B.M.;Sarma, P.V.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.693-696
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    • 2001
  • The effect of replacement of in vitro maturation medium completely with the buffalo follicular fluid (buFF) on in vitro oocyte maturation of buffalo oocytes was studied. 5 to 8 buffalo cumulus oocyte complexes were cultured in a single drop with each of the eight media studied i.e., M199+steer serum (10% v/v), M199+steer serum (10% v/v)+PMSG, M199+buFF (10% v/v), M199+buFF (10% v/v)+PMSG, M199+buFF (50% v/v), M199+buFF (50% v/v)+ PMSG, buFF (100%) and buFF+PMSG at $39^{\circ}C$ and 5% $CO_2$ in air for 24 h. Supplementation of M199 with Steer serum alone resulted in IVM rate of 35% only. When the above medium was supplemented with PMSG, the maturation rate rallied to 82%. Significant increase in the maturation rates were observed when M199 was supplemented with increasing levels of buFF. A further increase in the maturation rate was also obtained when PMSG was incorporated into the medium of M199 supplemented with buFF. The rate of maturation was to the tune of 91% when oocytes were matured in buFF alone which was increased non significantly on the addition of PMSG. Highest maturation rate (97%) obtained with M199+buFF (50%v/v)+PMSG did not differ significantly from that obtained by either M199+buFF (10%v/v)+PMSG or buFF+PMSG. It is suggested that buFF alone without any supplementation can form the effective in vitro maturation medium for buffalo oocytes.

The Change of Protein Patterns in Follicular Fluid on Ovarian Response Following Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation (COH) of Human (사람의 과배란 유도 후 난소 반응별 난포액 내 단백질 변화)

  • Lee, Chae-Sik;Lee, Sang-Chan;Rho, Yong-Ho;Oh, Dae-Sik;Lee, Yong-Seung;Song, Eun-Ji;Cheong, Hee-Tae;Yang, Boo-Keun;Park, Choon-Keun
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2011
  • It was conducted the experiment, divided into three groups as normal, poor and polycystic ovary syndrome, to detect the change of protein patterns in follicular fluid on ovarian response following controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for human IVF outcome. In the normal group, it was confirmed reproducible 57 spots in the detected total 81 spots. Then 1 spot was not found in the other groups. In the poor responder group, it was found reproducible 53 spots in the detected total 98 spots. 6 spots were down-regulation and 7 spots were up-regulation comparable with normal group. There were not 5 spots in poor responder group comparable with other groups. In the polycystic ovary syndrome group, it was expressed reproducible 53 spots in the detected total 80 spots and 3 spots were just expressed in this group. However, 4 spots were not found in polycystic ovary syndrome. 9 spots were up-regulation comparable with normal group. Significant up and down-regulation spots among the each groups were identified. The results were a cytosolic carboxypeptidase, a signal-induced proliferation-associated protein 1, a ceruloplasmin, a keratin(type II cytoskeletal 1), a polypeptide N-acetylgalactosantinyltransferase 2, a serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 4 regulatory subunit 4. It was identified that 8 spots, 6 kinds of protein are corresponded with NCBInr database research, but 10 spots were failed in the identification. In conclusion, it has been confirmed change and expression of protein on the ovarian response following COH of human.

Pioglitazone treatment decreases follicular fluid levels of tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ and interleukin-6 in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

  • Kim, Chung-Hoon;Ahn, Jun-Woo;You, Rae-Mi;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Chae, Hee-Dong;Kang, Byung-Moon
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.98-102
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    • 2011
  • Objective: To investigate the effects of pioglitazone on controlled ovarian stimulation (COS), IVF outcomes, and follicular fluid (FF) cytokine concentrations in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Eighty-six infertile patients with PCOS resistant to clomiphene citrate were randomized to receive pioglitazone (30 mg/day) or placebo on the starting day of oral contraceptive (OC) pretreatment, followed by an IVF protocol using a GnRH antagonist. Pioglitazone or placebo was administered once daily from the starting day of OC to the day of hCG injection. Results: Total dose and days of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone administered, and the numbers of retrieved and mature oocytes, were significantly lower in the pioglitazone group than in the control group. FF tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations at oocyte retrieval were also significantly lower in the pioglitazone group. The clinical pregnancy rate was higher and the incidence of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome was lower in the pioglitazone group, but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Pioglitazone reduces FF TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 levels, and may improve ovarian response to COS in patients with PCOS.

Lower growth factor expression in follicular fluid undergone in-vitro fertilization

  • Han, Myoung-Seok;Park, Seung-Bin;Park, Bang-Ja
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2011
  • Objective: This study was performed to identify whether growth and differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) and transforming growth factor-${\beta}1$ (TGF-${\beta}1$) expressions would be lower in the follicular fluid (FF) of those over age 35 who underwent IVF than under age 35. Methods: A total of 24 IVF cycles (20 patients) were included in this study. All of patients were stimulated for IVF by the GnRH short protocol and divided into two groups for analysis, according to their age: <35 group (14 cycles, 11 patients) vs. ${\geq}35$ group (10 cycles, 9 patients). The expression levels of GDF-9 and TGF-${\beta}1$ were determined by western blotting and quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The numbers of retrieved oocytes and metaphase II oocytes were significantly lower in the ${\geq}35$ group. Lower expression of GDF-9 and TGF-${\beta}1$ by western blotting in the ${\geq}35$ group were observed as well. The mean GDF-9 and TGF-${\beta}1$ levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were lower in the ${\geq}35$ group. The values were $6,850.5{\pm}928.4$ ng/L vs. $3,333.3{\pm}1,089.2$ ng/L of GDF-9 ($p$ <0.05) and $3,844.1{\pm}571.1$ ng/L vs. $2,187.7{\pm}754.0$ ng/L of TGF-${\beta}1$ ($p$ <0.05). A negative correlation between GDF-9 and age was observed (r=-0.546, $p$=0.006). Conclusion: GDF-9 and TGF-${\beta}1$ production from stimulated ovaries during IVF appears to decrease with age.

Effect of Porcine Follicular Fluid on Donor Cell Characteristics and Quality of Porcine Cloned Blastocysts

  • Kwon, Dae-Jin;Oh, Keon Bong;Ock, Sun A;Lee, Jeong Woong;Lee, Sung-Soo;Park, Jin-Ki;Chang, Won-Kyong;Hwang, Seongsoo
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed at investigating whether a porcine follicular fluid (pFF) supplementation positively affects the characteristics of donor cells and the developmental competence of porcine cloned embryos. Ear fibroblast cells (donor cell) from an Massachusetts General Hospital miniature pig were cultured in different culture methods: (1) Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)+10% FBS (Control); (2) DMEM+0.5% FBS (SS); and (3) DMEM+10% FBS+10% pFF (pFF) for 72 h. In each conditioned medium, the concentrations of 4 amino acids (Thr, Glu, Pro, and Val) in the pFF group were significantly different from those in the control group (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The proliferation of the cells cultured in the SS group was significantly lower than that of the other treatment groups (p<0.01). The population of apoptotic and necrotic cells in the SS group was significantly higher than that of either the control or the pFF group (p<0.01). The number of embryos that cleaved (p<0.05) and developed into blastocysts (p<0.01) in the SS group was significantly lower than that of either the control or the pFF group. Compared to other groups, the blastocysts produced from the donor cells in the pFF group had higher total cells and lower apoptotic cells (p<0.05). It can be concluded that pFF supplementation in the donor cell culture medium positively affects cell death, cell cycle and quality of the cloned blastocyst.