• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Follicular Fluid

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인간체외수정시술시 다낭성난포종 난포액이 정자의 운동성에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Polycystic Ovarian Follicular Fluid on Sperm Motility in Human in vitro Fertilization)

  • 김연희;이상훈;허민
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.151-157
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    • 2000
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of polycystic ovarian follicular fluid on sperm motility in human in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods: From May, 1998 to July, 1999, 55 patients who complained of infertility were involved in this study. We obtained ovarian follicular fluids from the patients by ultrasono-guided aspiration. Subjects were divided into two groups. 20 patients who had polycystic ovarian disease were belong to study group, and 25 patients who had normal ovarian follicular fluid were belong to control group. The follicular fluid dilution was done with Ham's fluid as 10%, 20%, 50%, 100%. The sperm motility was analyzed by CASA at 6hr and 12hr after incubation in follicular fluids. Results: The levels of average path velocity (VAP) in all concentration fluid didn't show significant difference between study and control group. The other parameters including curvilinear velocity (VCL), amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH), and linerity (LIN) were didn't show any significant difference between both groups. Conclusion: PCOD fluid had seemed to have an adverse effect on the sperm biological function. But, this study showed that PCOD fluid had no different effect on sperm motility with normal follicular fluid.

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체외배양 기술로 생산된 초기배에 의한 한우 송아지 생산 기술 개발 I. 소 난포액의 Fraction이 난모세포의 성숙, 수정 및 배발생에 미치는 효과 (Development of Production Techniques for Korean Native Cattles Calves from Early Embryos by In Vitro Technology I. The Effects of Follicular Fluid Fractions on In Vitro Maturation, Fertilization and Development of Bovine Oocytes)

  • 서경덕;김호중;김광식
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 1997
  • We determined the effects of follicular fluid fractions in the maturation medium on bovine oocyte maturation, fertilization and subsequent development, as well as on number of cells in blastocysts following culture. Follicular fluid and oocytes from bovine follicles less than 5 mm in diameter were collected from the ovaries of slaughtered cows. Follicular fluid was separated into different molecular weight fractions by untrafiltration through a membrane using a centrifuge at 500$\times$g, for 2h. For the maturation medium, follicular fluid fractions (30%, v/v), whole fluid (30%) or PVP(3mg/ml) were added to TCM 199(0.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml estradiol-17$\beta$, 100IU hCG). After maturation for 24h, oocytes were fertilized in vitro with bull frozen-thawed spermatozoa and cultured on a monolayer of granulosa cells for 9 days after fertilization. There were no differences in maturation rates or fertilization rates among any maturation conditions. The rates of development to >2-cell stage of the oocytes were significantly decreased when fraction of follicular fluid below 10,000 MW were added into maturation medium, compared with control and fraction above 10,000 MW(26.0% vs 40.8% to 64.0%, respectveily. p<0.01). Likewise, the rates of development to blastocysts of fertilized oocytes were significantly decreased in maturation medium containing fraction of follicular fluid (<10,000 MW). The average cell number of blastocysts derived from oocytes that matured in the fraction(>10,000 MW) of follicular fluid was 154.7$\pm$13.7. These embryos contained more cells than those matured in whole follicular fluid, or the fraction(<10, 000 MW) of follicular fluid or control(107.0$\pm$8.4, 91.8$\pm$11.8 and 95.8$\pm$6.2, respectively). In conclusion, we found that fractions of follicular fluid contained factors stimulating or inhibiting oocyte cytoplasmic matruation. These suggest that a factor(s) inducing cytoplasmic maturation of oocytes may exist in >10,000 MW fraction of follicular fluid.

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돼지 난포액내 난구세포 난자복합체 팽창 억제 성분 (Cumulus Oocyte Complex Expansion Inhibiting Ingredient in Porcine Follicular Fluid)

  • 오현주;김은희;손채은;이은주;박영식
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2000
  • The objective of this study was to identify a follicular fluid ingredient inhibiting the cumulus oocyte complex (COC) expansion. Thus, follicular fluid or liquid chromatographic fractions of follicular fluid was supplemented in COC culture medium. And COCs were incubated for 48 hours to investigate about cumulus expansion and also the first polar body extrusion. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The fluid of medium follicle significantly inhibited the COC expansion. 2. The fluid of large follicle inhibited the COC expansion. 3. Follicular fluid showed six major fractions at retention volumes (RVs) 1.83, 1.91, 2.15, 2.34, 2.53 and 2.74 ml after separation with Superose 12 column. Of the major fractions, fractions RV2.15, RV2.34, RV2.53 and RV2.74 inhibited both COC expansion and polar body extrusion. Especially, fractions of RV2.15 and RV2.53 significantly inhibited COC expansion, oocyte denudation and polar body extrusion. In conclusion, porcine follicular fluid contained a COC expansion inhibiting ingredient (CEI) that may be contained largely in fractions RV2.15 and RV2.53. And CEI may inhibit oocyte maturation by inhibition of oocyte denudation and extrusion of the first polar body.

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소 정자의 운동성에 영향을 미치는 난포액 성분에 관한 연구 (Study on Components of Bovine Follicular Fluid Affecting on Sperm Movement)

  • 박영식
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.219-226
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    • 1997
  • Follicular fluid influxed into the oviduct during ovulation may affect movement of sperm for fertilization Thus, in this study, the effect of follicular fluid, obtained from follicles of l0mm in diameter, on number and quality of sperm recovered by swim-up separation was investigated and sperm-movement stimulating components extracted from follicular fluid with methanol and isooctane were separated by gel filtration with Sepadex G-1O, G-25 and G-1OO gels, and were isolated by electrophoresis with SDS-PAGE mini gel. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Diluted follicular fluid stimulated sperm movement. 2. Sperm-movement stimulating factors were in methanol extract. 3. Sperm-movement stimulating effect of methanol extract appeared in fraction I among fractions recovered after gel filtration. And the fraction I contained proteins indicating 4 major bands as about 47, 43, 25 and 14 kilodaldons and 5 minor bands as about 67, 58, 23, 22 and 21 kilodaldons. 4. The fraction I recovered from G-100 gel showed significantly low percentage of motile sperm and had no protein indicating the band of 67 kilodaldons among the minor bands.

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폐쇄에 따른 돼지 여포액내 단백질의 전기영동 양상에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Pattern of Proteins on Electrophoresis in the Porcine Follicular Fluid During Atresia)

  • 김종흡;윤용달;김문규
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 1986
  • This experiment has been done to evaluate the relationship between the follicular atresia and the protein patterns on electrophoreais of the follicular fluids in porcine ovary. The protein concentration of the follicular fluids was lower than that of serum, and gradually decreased as the follicle siae became larger. The number of protein bands of follicular fluid on electrophoresis was less than that of serum, and gradually increased as follicle size became larger. Three specific bands were detected on disc PAGE and one band(M W. 75,000) on SDS PAGE in the follicular fluids, while not in serum. One band (A) at ${\beta}$-globulin region on disc PAGE became heavier, as follicles became atretic. Two bands less than(M. W. 20,000) were detected only in the large follicular fluid. Another band(M. W. 43,000) was not detected in necrotic group, whereas all other groups showed it. It could be concluded that the component and composition of the proteins follicular fluids changes according to the follicular size during atresia. Therefore detection of the changing pattern of proteins in the follicular fluid can be used as a basic criterion for the identification of follicular atretic stage.

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여포성숙의 대사에 관한 생화학적인 연구 II. 돼지 난소내 중여포액에 존재하는 단백질의 조성 및 동일여포액내 스테로이드 호르몬의 농도 (Biochemical studies on the metabolism of follicular maturation II. Protein composition and stenoid concentration in individually isolated medium-sized follicular fluid of pig ovary)

  • 윤용달;이창주;도병록;김종흡
    • 한국동물학회지
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1990
  • 포유류의 난소내 여포의 폐쇄기작을 알아보기 위하여 본 실험을 행하였다. 정상과 폐쇄를 형태적으로 판정한 돼지의 난소내 개개 중여포의 여표액내 스테로이드 호르몬과 단백질을 방사면역측정법과 SDS-전기영동으로 각각 분석하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. Progesterone은 여포성숙기의 여포액내 폐쇄여포에서 높은 농도를 나타내었고testosterone의 경우 황체기의 정상여포 및 여포성숙기의 폐쇄여포에서 높은 농도를 나타내었다. estradiol은 여포성숙기의 폐쇄여포에서 정상여포에 비해 현저히 낮았다. 여포액내 존재하는 단백질의 SDS-PAGE 결과, 혈청에 존재하지 않는 4종의 단백질을 확인하였다. 난소주기에 따라 112K, 141K의 단백질이 확인되었고, 폐쇄여포액내 특이하게 존재하는 23K, 24K의 단백질도 확인할 수 있었다. 이상의 결과로 보아 난소주기에 따라 여포액재에 존재하는 스테로이드 호르몬의 농도와 단백질의 조성이 서로 같지 않음을 알 수 있었으며 여포의 폐쇄기작에 있어서도 난소주기에 따라 분명한 차이가 있음을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 이들 폐쇄여포에 존재하는 단백질들의 생리적인 역할을 이해하기 위하여는 많은 연구가 수행되어야 한다고 사료된다.

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돼지 여포액내(慮胞液內) 단백질(蛋白質)의 검출(檢出)과 배양중(培養中)인 생쥐란자(卵子)의 성숙(成熟)에 미치는 그의 영향에 관하여 (Detection of Proteins from Porcine Follicular Fluid and Their Effect on the Maturation of Mouse Oocytes in vitro)

  • 배인하;황성윤;정순오;조완규
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1981
  • 면역학적인 방법을 사용하여 가돈 여포액내의 특이단백질의 존재여부와 이들을 추출하여 난자성숙에 미치는 영향을 조사한 결과 다음과 같았다. 1. 가돈 혈청 및 혈장에는 존재하지 않는 면역학적으로 특이한 두 단백질이 가돈 여포액내에서 검출되었다. 2. 이들 두 단백질은 전기영동적으로 각각 fast alpha-I globulin 과 beta-globulin 의 이동성을 나타냈다. 3. 이들 두 단백질은 생쥐 여포난자의 성숙을 억제시켰다. 본 실험의 결과로 미루어 가돈 여포액내에는 난자성숙을 억제시키는 특이단백질이 존재하는 것으로 사료된다.

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Isolation of an Oocyte Stimulatory Peptide from the Ovarian Follicular Fluid of Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

  • Gupta, P.S.P.;Ravindra, J.P.;Nandi, S.;Raghu, H.M.;Ramesha, K.P.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1557-1563
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    • 2005
  • Ovarian follicular fluid contains both stimulatory and inhibitory agents that influence the growth and maturation of oocyte. In the present study, an attempt was made to isolate and study the biological properties of ovarian follicular fluid peptide(s) in buffaloes. Bubaline ovarian follicular was made steroid- and cell-free. A protein fraction was obtained by saturation (30-35% level) of the follicular fluid with ammonium sulfate. The protein fraction was purified with Sephadex-G 50 gel filtration chromatography and a single peak was obtained in the eluant volume, which was lyophilized. SDS-PAGE of the lyophilized fraction revealed a single band and the molecular weight of the peptide was 26.6 kDa. The peptide stimulated the cumulus cell expansion and in vitro maturation rate of oocytes in buffaloes in a dose dependent manner when it was incorporated at different dose levels (0, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 1,000 ng $ml^{-1}$ of maturation medium). The basic culture medium consisted of TCM 199 with Bovine serum albumin (0.3%). The in vitro maturation rates were comparable to those obtained with a positive control medium (TCM 199+20 ng EGF $ml^{-1}$+steer serum (20%)). Further purification and biological assays may throw more light on the nature and functions of this peptide.

체외성숙 돼지난포란의 체외수정과 배발달에 관한 연구 I. 배양액, 수정능획득 방법이 체외성숙 난포란의 체외성숙에 미치는 영향 (Studies on In Vitro Fertilization and Development of In Vitro Matured Porcine Follicular Oocytes I. Effect of Media and Capacitation Procedure on In Vitro Fertilization)

  • 정형민;엄상준;승경록;이훈택;정길생
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 1993
  • These experiments were undertaken to establish the optimal culture systems for in vitro maturation, fertilization and subsequently embryonic development of porcine immature follicular oocytes isolated from the ovary of slaughtered pigs. Porcine ovaries were brought to the laboratory from local slaughter house within 1 hour after slaughtering and cumulus oocytes complexes were recovered from antral follicles (3~5mm) with 23 gauge needle. To maturate follicular oocytes, cumulus oocytes complexes were washed three times with TCM-199 containing 25mM HEPES and incubated (39$^{\circ}C$, 5% CO2 in air) for 42hrs. Ejaculated and liquid storaged boar spermatozoa capacitated with different sperm capacitation methods and media were prepared forfertilizaing of matured follicular oocytes in vitro. Fertilization was performed by adding 5~10${mu}ell$ of capacitated spermatozoa containing 1~5$\times$105 sperm/ml to droplets. Eighteen to twenty-eight hours after sperm insemination, fertilized eggs were washed three times with culture media and transferred to the culture media. The fertilization rates of in vitro matured follicular oocytes cultured in B. O., TCM-HEPES, m-KRB, and TALP-II media were 61.3%, 83.0%, 88.9% and 89.2%, respectively. In addition, the polyspermy rates were 60.7%, 66.5%, 53.8%, and 43.9%, respectively. These data indicated that the highest of fertilization and the lowest of polyspermy rate was shown in TALP-II medium. Spermatozoa capacitated by caffeine, heparin, and percoll density gradient treatment in the 4 different media, the fertilization rates were 33.0~57.2%, 39.9~90.2%, and 52.6~92.8%, respectively, showing the lowest rate in caffeine treatment. The development rate of follicular oocytes, fertilized with the spermatozoa capacitated by caffeine, heparin, and percoll gradient in the TALP-II medium, upto 2 to 4-cell stages were 32.6%, 74.5% and 70.9%, respectively. Finally, fertilization rates of follicular oocytes cultured with follicular fluid containing medium from 10 to 100% were 61.2~94.1% and the rates (90~94%) with 10~20% follicular fluids were significantly higher than those (85.3%) of cultured in the media without follicular fluid. In addition, the rates of pronucleus formation were also higher in follicular fluid treated group (73.1~83.0%) than those (64.7%) of oocytes cultured without follicular fluid. The highest fertilization and pronucleus formation rates was found in oocytes cultured with 10% follicular fluid. These results suggest that the addition of heparin or percoll density gradient method is better capacitation method. Furthermore, the addition of porcine follicular fluid to the fertilization medium may improve the fertilization rates and formation of pronucleus.

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난포액내 정자유인물질의 분석 (Analysis of Sperm Chemoattractant in Follicular Fluid)

  • 박영식
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 1999
  • Among proteins separated from methanol extract of follicular fluid with superose column, the components inducing sperm swim-up separation through sucrose layer were analysed with superose column in Smart system and SDS-PAGE. And the results obtained were as follows; The fractions of retention volume (RV) 0.83ml and RV 1.36ml separated with superose column should stimulate sperm migration and movement. However, RV 0.83 fraction was consisted of complex materials containing RV 1.36 component. RV 1.36 fraction contained a BSA analogue of 67 kilodaltons (Kd) and showed identical peak pattern with BSA fraction V. In conclusion, the protein of 67 Kd in follicular fluid should stimulate sperm migration and movement.

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