• Title, Summary, Keyword: Foliar spray

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Effects of Number of Days After Urea Foliar Spray on Mulberry Leaf Components and Silkworms (요소 엽면시비후 경과일수가 뽕잎 화학성분과 누에에 미치는 영향)

  • 이원주;김삼은
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.86-88
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    • 1993
  • The effect of short term duration(1, 2 and 3 days) after urea foliar spray on leaf quality was investigated by chemical analysis of leaves and silkworm rearing with leaves treated with urea in autumn. Foliar spray increased water content by 0.4~0.7% and total nitrogen by 0.19~0.51% in leaves compared to the conventional treatment. Foliar spray increased NO3-N concentration in leaf 503~1107 ppm more than the conventional treatment. NO3-N concentration in leaf decreased with days after foliar spray. Whole cocoon weight and cocoon shell weight increased by 0.02~0.14g and 0.5~3.1 cg, respectively in foliar spray than in the conventional treatment. Though foliar spray raised NO3-N concentration in leaf, leaves harvested one day after foliar spray were no harmful to silkworm.

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Effects of Bioceramic Powder in the Nutrient Solution and Foliar Spray on the Growth and Fruit Quality of Aeroponically Grown Tomato (바이오세라믹 분말의 엽면살포와 배양액내 처리가 분무경재배 토마토의 생장과 과실품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정현;이범선;정순주
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 1996
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of new material, bioceramic powder in the nutrient solution(0.02%) and foliar spray(0.2%) on the growth and fruit quality of aeroponically grown tomato(Lycopersicon esculentum MILL. cv. Seokwang). Plant height was lowered, but root growth was increased both treatment of bioceramic powder into the nutrient solution and foliar spray. Cluster growth of tomato plants increased up to 14% over than that of control in the plot of foliar spray with bioceramic powder. Total plant dry weight also increased when bioceramic powder was treated both into the nutrient solution and foliar spray. T/R ratio was reduced by the treatment of bioceramic powder, but NAR and RGR showed the highest in the plot of foliar spray treated with 0.2% bioceramic powder than that of the other plots. Cumulative fruit fresh and dry weight were reduced when bioceramic powder was treated into nutrient solution but foliar spray produced more cumulative fruit fresh and dry weight than that of control. It was shown that treatment of bioceramic powder into the nutrient solution and foliar spray could be improved sugar degree without reducing fruit yields.

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Effects of Foliar Spray of Calcium Hydroxide on Shoot Growth and Fruit Quality in 'Daewol' Peach (Prunus persica Batsch) (수산화칼슘 엽면살포가 '대월' 복숭아의 신초 생육 및 과실 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ji-Young;Son, In-Chang;Kim, Dae-Il
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2010
  • The effects of foliar spray of calcium hydroxide ($Ca(OH)_2$) during fruit growth period was investigated by changes of the shoot growth and fruit quality in 'Daewol' peach (Prunus persica). Since foliar spray of $Ca(OH)_2$ 1, 2, 5, and 10 $g{\cdot}L^{-1}$ at 7 day-intervals after fruit thinning, shoot growth was remarkably decreased compared with control group. An average SPAD value of fifth leaf from proximal part of the shoot was higher as 42.1 specific color difference sensor value (SCDSV) of $Ca(OH)_2$ foliar spraying treatments than 40.9 SCDSV of control group. Photosynthesis rates were also significantly increased by treating $Ca(OH)_2$ of higher concentration. Among fruit characteristics affecting quality, fruit weight was increased depending on concentration of $Ca(OH)_2$ treatment. The soluble solids content was lowest in control group (8.78 $^{\circ}Brix$) compare with higher concentrations of $Ca(OH)_2$ foliar spraying treatment in each 9.17, 9.22, 9.71, 10.58 $^{\circ}Brix$. The acidity and anthocyanin contents were no significant differences among treatment, but firmness of pericarp and flesh of fruits was significantly increased by $Ca(OH)_2$ foliar spray treatment. As a results of morphological observation of leaf, thickness of palisade parenchyma was thinner in control group (63.5 ${\mu}m$) than those of each 86.5, 87.5, 93.6, 107.4 ${\mu}m$ in $Ca(OH)_2$ foliar spraying treatment. Higher $Ca(OH)_2$ foliar spray also increased the thickness of cell wall of epidermis and hypodermis in 'Daewol' fruit.

Elimination of Aster Yellows Phytoplasma from Dendranthema grandiflorum by Application of Oxytetracycline as a Foliar Spray

  • Chung, Bong-Nam;Park, Gug-Seoun
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2002
  • Aster yellows phytoplasma-infected chrysanthemums showing stunt, rosette, and excessive branching were treated with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline at three-day interval for 1,2,3 and 4 months. Two months after the final treatment, new shoots from the recovered chrysanthemums showed the recurrence of the disease symptoms. However, cuttings from chrysanthemums treated with oxytetracycline did not express any photoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months. Also, chrysanthemums dipped in 100 mg/I oxytetracycline solution combined with a foliar spray of 400 mg/I oxytetracycline for 4 weeks showed the same results. Using an electron microscope, ultrathin sections of leaf midribs of chrysanthemum cuttings treated with oxytetracycline for 4 months did not show phytoplasma bodies 10 months after treatment. Nucleic acids from chrysanthemums, which did not express phytoplasma infection symptoms for more than 10 months, did not amplify 16S rRNA gene of phytoplasma by polymerase chain reaction. These results may have implications in the propagation of phytoplasma-free healthy stocks for a wide range of plant species.

Effects of Urea Foliar Spray on Winter Defoliation, Shoot Growth and Fruit Setting in Satsuma Mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.) (요소 엽면시비가 온주밀감의 동계낙엽, 신초생장 및 착과에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Hae-Ryong;Kang, Jong-Hoon;Oh, Hyun-Woo;Kang, Sung-Geun;Park, Young Chul
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.514-516
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to observe the effects of urea foliar spray to replace soil fertilization on defoliation ratio, shoot growth and fruit setting in satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.). Twice foliar sprays of 1% urea after harvest increased N and chlorophyll contents in leaves, and decreased defoliation during the winter season. The growth of the ovary and spring shoot was stimulated by the twice 0.8% urea foliar spray around the time of bud emergence. In addition, the treatments increased the number of flowers and fruit setting, but didn't influence fruit quality.

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Nitrogen Recovery of Foliar Applied Urea by Satsuma Mandarins (요소 엽면시비에 따른 온주밀감의 질소회수율)

  • Kang, Young-Kil;U, Zang-Kual
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 1999
  • A field experiment was conducted at Cheju from early March 1998 to early March 1999 to evaluate the effects of foliar applied urea on leaf N content and N recovery in satsuma mandarins (Citrus unshiu Marc.). Seven years old 'Okitsu Wase' trees received foliar spray of urea (22 or 43 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$) or soil application of urea (86 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$). 56% of N was applied in spring, 11% in summer and 33% in fall. There were seven trees per N treatment and two trees per N treatment received $^{15}N$-labeled urea in spring and summer to determine N recovery. There were no differences between the treatments for fruit yield and its quality. Nitrogen content of spring flush leaf blades up to early September was greater for trees received foliar spray comparing with soil application but was not greatly affected by any treatment after mid-November. The recovery of fertilizer N in various parts of trees receiving foliar spray of 22 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$ was greatest, followed by receiving foliar spray of 43 g N and soil application of 86 g N. The recovery of fertilizer N in tree was 29.2 and 17.7% for foliar spray of 22 and 43 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$, respectively and 8.0% for soil application of 86 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$. The recovery of fertilizer N in the upper 40 cm of soil was 50.3, 45.6, and 51.8% for foliar spray of 22 and 43 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$, and soil application of 86 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$ respectively. The total (tree, fallen leaves, winter weeds, and soil) recovery of fertilizer N was 81.8, 65.1, and 60.6% for foliar spray of 22 and 43 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$, and soil application of 86 g N $tree^{-1}yr^{-1}$, respectively.

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Use of Sprinkler System for Control of the Pine Needle Gall Midge, Thecodiplosis japonensis Uchida et Inouye (분무장치(噴霧裝置)를 이용(利用)한 솔잎혹파리 방제(防除)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Chung, Sang Bae;Kim, Chul Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.83 no.3
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    • pp.311-321
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    • 1994
  • Experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of ground and foliar sprinkling of natural water for control of the pine needle gall midge, Thecodiplosis japonensis, by disturbing the reproductive behavior of adults such as copulation and oviposition. Diurnal ground spray for whole area application and foliar spray for single tree treatment were tested at day time during the period of adult emergence. The results obtained are as follows : 1. The population density of overwintering larvae in soil was not affected by the water spray during the adult emergence period. 2. Spraying the water showed no effect on the whole period and number of adult emergence, but retarded early emergence and facilitated Late emergence. The difference in the emerging time by 50% emergence day was approximately 7 days. 3. Ground spray was significantly different from control in gall formation rates but was not sufficient for effective control. As a single-tree treatment, the foliar spray was found to be highly effective for control of the pine needle gall midge, Average gall formation of spray plots and untreated ones were 2.6% and 38%, respectively ; control value exceeded 90%. 4. Ground spray of water was not effective in reducing larvae in gall of needle. Foliar spray, however, reduced 45% of larval numbers. 5. Foliar spray accelerated shoot growth by 15%-18%. 6. Foliar spray was highly effective for the control of sucking insects, such as mites and aphids on pine trees.

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Effect of Foliar Spray upon Mulberry Damaged by Late Frost (늦서리 피해 뽕나무의 엽면시비 효과)

  • 김종한;김동일
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 1990
  • Mulberry, damaged by a late frost on April 27, received a foliar spray of 0.5% Urea or Jambi(a foliar fertilizer). The sprays were applied once every 3 days from May 16 for 12 days. The results were : 1. Approximately 70 auxillary buds per tree sprouted after the frost. The difference between the lowest and highest number of buds was 3 to fold. 2. For the 25 days beginning May 18, shoot length increased 5.4 fold, leaf number 2.1 fold, and shoot weight 9.6 fold. 3. Yield from latent buds was about 5% of total yield. 4. Length of new shoots decreased 26% due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased shoot length 10% and 1%, respectively, compared to control. 5. Leaf number decreased by 5.2 due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased leaf number 18% and 5%, respectively, compared to control. 6. Weight of new shoot was decrease 43% by frost. Urea and Jambi spray increased shoot weight 7% and 6%, respectively, compared to control. 7. Net leaf yield decreased 47% due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased left yield 7% and 5%, respectively, compared to control. 8. Yield in an undamaged plot was 1,587kg, damaged 932kg, 1,070kg in urea spray, and 1,033kg/10a in Jambi spray. Yield of frost damaged plots was 59% of undamaged. Foliar spray increased this to 68% of undamaged. 9. Yield increased 3.5% daily by with postponement of harvest. Yield of four days postponement was expected 73% of undamaged. Urea spray with 4 days postponement expected to be increased this to 82% of undamaged.

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Growth of Chrysanthemum Cultivars as Affected by Silicon Source and Application Method

  • Sivanesan, Iyyakkannu;Son, Moon Sook;Soundararajan, Prabhakaran;Jeong, Byoung Ryong
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.544-551
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    • 2013
  • The effect of different silicon (Si) sources and methods of application on the growth of two chrysanthemum cultivars grown in a soilless substrate was investigated. Rooted terminal cuttings of Dendranthema grandiflorum 'Lemmon Eye' and 'Pink Eye' were transplanted into pots containing a coir-based substrate. A nutrient solution containing 0 or $50mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ Si from calcium silicate ($CaSiO_3$), potassium silicate ($K_2SiO_3$) or sodium silicate ($Na_2SiO_3$) was supplied once a day through an ebb-and-flood sub irrigation system. A foliar spray of 0 or $50mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ Si was applied twice a week. Cultivar and application method had a significant effect on plant height. Cultivar, application method, and Si source had a significant effect on plant width. Of the three Si sources studied, $K_2SiO_3$ was found to be the best for the increasing number of flowers, followed by $CaSiO_3$ and $Na_2SiO_3$. In both the cultivars, sub irrigational supply of Si developed necrotic lesions in the older leaves at the beginning of the flowering stage as compared to the control and foliar spray of Si. Cultivar, application method, Si source, and their interactions had significant influence on leaf tissue concentrations of calcium (Ca), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S), sodium (Na), boron (B), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn). The addition of Si to the nutrient solution decreased leaf tissue concentrations of Ca, Mg, S, Na, B, Cu, Fe, and Mn in both cultivars. The greatest Si concentration in leaf tissue was found in 'Lemmon Eye' ($1420{\mu}g{\cdot}g^{-1}$) and 'Pink Eye' ($1683{\mu}g{\cdot}g^{-1}$) when $K_2SiO_3$ was applied through a sub irrigation system and by foliar spray, respectively.

Effects of Foliar Spray of Kinetin (6-Furfurylaminopurine) on the Growth of Mulberry Tree and the Metabolic Activties in the Leaves (II) (Kinetin (6-Furfurylaminopurine)의 엽면살포가 상수의 생장 및 생체내 대사에 미치는 영향 (II))

  • 이재와;김문협;문재유
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 1978
  • The effects of foliar spray of Kinetin (6-Furfurylaminopurine) on the growth of mulberry tree and the metabolic activities in the leaves were measured. The results of this experimented are summarized as follows: 1. Foliar application of Kinetin was effective in increasing of leaf area, the fresh and dry weight of the leaves, the length and diameter of shoots. 2. Chlorophyll content was generally increased in all treated leaves. 3. All the treated leaves were higher in GOT activity than the control leaves but were lower in GPT activities. 4. The activities of the carbohydrate metabolism in the mulberry leaves were higher than that of the control in all treated leaves.

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