• Title, Summary, Keyword: Foam Flotation

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Recycling of Stainless Steel Grinding Sludge

  • Shimizu, Toru;Hanada, Kotarou;Adachi, Satoru;Katoh, Masahito;Hatsukano, Kanichi;Matsuzaki, Kunio
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.95-96
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    • 2006
  • Stainless steel sludge is generated as a waste in the grinding process, and the possibility of recycling stainless steel is considered here. In this study, we considered the possibility of using the stainless steel sludge as metal powder for MIM or raw material for metal foam. For the MIM process, the metal powder will need some improvement, and flotation and spheroidizing processes of the sludge are necessary. For fabrication of the metal foam, untreated sludge can be used, and steel foam about 90% porosity is produced.

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Removal of Cobalt Ions by Precipitate Foam Flotation (침전 포말부선법에 의한 Cobalt Ion의 제거)

  • 정인하;이정원
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 1998
  • Simulated waste liquid containing 50 ppm cobalt ion was t$\xi$sted by precipitate flotation using a sodium lauryl sulfate as a c collector. The effects of initial cobalt ion concentration, pH, surfactant concentration, flotation time, gas flow rate and foreign i ions on removal efficiency of cobalt ion were studied. Pretreatment of the waste liquid with 35% $H_2O_2$, prior to precipitate f flotation made shin of optimal flotation pH from the strong alkalinity to weak alkaline range and made a favorable flotation of c cobalt ion in wide range of pH. For the result of this experiment, 99.8% removal efficiency was obtained on the conditions of initial coball ion concentration 50 ppm, pH 9.5 gas flow rate 70 mllmin, flotation time 30 min. The simulate ion was fanned t to be the most harmful ion against removal of cobalt by precipitate flotation of the species which were tested The presence of 0.1 M of $SO_4^{2-}$ ion decreased remo,때 $\xi$폐iciency of cobalt to 90% while the cobalt were almost entirely removed in the a absence of sulfate ion.

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Removal of Cobalt ion by Foam Flotation(I): Precipitate Flotation (거품부상법을 이용한 코발트이온제거(I): 침전부상법)

  • Jung, In Ha;Park, Hee Seoung;Moon, Je Sun;Yim, Sung Paal;Bae, Ki Kwang
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 1999
  • Simulated liquid waste containing 50 ppm cobalt ion was treated by precipitate flotation using the surfactant of sodium lauryl sulfate. The effects of initial cobalt ion concentration, pH, surfactant concentration, removal time, gas flow rate and foreign ions were estimated on removal efficiency. 35% $H_2O_2$ was added for pre-treatment stage before precipitate flotation. As the result of pre-treatment, optimum removal pH and the pH of treated water being discharged were lowed and optimum removal pH range was broadened. For the result of this experiment, 99.8% removal efficiency was obtained at the condition of 50ppm of initial cobalt ion concentration, pH 9.5, 70 mL/min of gas flow rate, and 30 min of removal time. Attraction between precipitate and surfactant was supposed to be influenced by solubility and chemical affinity among species in sloution as well as zeta potential. The influence of foreign ions such as, $NO_3{^-}$, ${SO_4}^{-2}$, $Na^+$, $Ca^{+2}$ on the removal efficiency was also observed. Removal efficiency by precipitate flotation containing 0.1 M of ${SO_4}^{-2}$ ion decreased to 90% due to the decrease of zeta potential and interruption of precipitation.

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Preconcentration and Determination of Trace Cd(II) and Pb(II) in a Water Sample by Organic Precipitate Flotation with 8-Hydroxyquinoline

  • 김영상;김기찬;이치우
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.431-435
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    • 1999
  • An organic precipitate flotation of Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) was investigated by the coprecipitation with lanthanum 8-hydroxyquinolinate. Trace amounts of Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) with a significantly large amount of La(Ⅲ) were simultaneously precipitated in a 1,000 mL sample solution with the ethanolic 8-hydroxyquinoline solution. The pH was adjusted to 9.0 with 2 M ammonia solution. The precipitates were floated with the aid of tiny nitrogen bubbles and supported by the stable foam layer of sodium lauryl sulfate. The floats were collected on the fritted glass filter by a suction. The material collected was dissolved with 5.0 mL of ethanol and 1.5 mL of concentrated nitric acid, and then diluted to 25.0 mL with a deionized water. The analytes were determined by a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The recoveries of the analytes spiked in the sample were 94.8% for Pb(Ⅱ) and 92.0% for Cd(Ⅱ). This flotation technique is simple and rapid, and also applicable to the determination of trace Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) at lew ppb levels.

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Removal of Cobalt Ion by adsorbing Colloidal Flotation (흡착 교질 포말부선법에 의한 Cobalt Ion의 제거)

  • 정인하;이정원
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 1998
  • Simulated waste liquid containing 50 ppm cobalt ion was treated by adsorbing colloidal flotation using Fe(III) or Al(IlI) as flocclant and a sodium lamyl sulfate as a collector. Parameters such as pH, surfactant concentration, Fe(III) or Al(III) concentration, gas flow rate, etc., W앙e considered. The flotation with Fe(III) showed 99.8% removal efficiency of cohalt on the conditions of initial cobalt ion concentration 50 ppm, pH 9.5, gas flow rate 70 ml/min, and flotation time 30 min. When the waste solution, was treated with 35% $H_2O_2$ prior to adsorbing colloidal flotation, the optimal pH for removing cobalt shifted m to weak alkaline range and flotation could be applied in wider range of pH as compared to non-use of $H_2O_2$. Additional use of 20 ppm Al(III) after precipitation of 50 ppm Co(II) with 50 ppm Fe(III) made the optimal pH range for preferable flotation w wider. Foreign ions such as, $NO_3^-$, $SO_4^{2-}$, $Na^+$, $Ca^{2+}$ were adopted and their effects were observed. Of which sulfate ion was f found to be detrimental to removal of cob퍼t ion by flotation. Coprecipitation of Co ion with Fe(III) and Al(III) resulted in b better removal efficiency of cobalt IOn 피 the presence of sulfate ion.

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Deinking of Computer Printed Out and White Ledger (백상지 고지의 탈묵)

  • 한신호
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2000
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the enzymatic deinking technology. Office recycled papers such as computer printed out(CPO) and white ledger(WL) were used in the evaluation of four different deinking conditions ; alkaline deinking , neutral deinking and enzymatic deinking at alkaline and neutral pH. Filltering pads were prepared after flotation deinking to measure brighteness gain and ink removal efficiency. Three different surfactants were also used in the evaluation of deinking efficiency including surface chemical properties by measuring foam height and stability, surface tension and cloud point of views. The results indicated that the neutral deinking method with enzyme and surfactant addition showed highest deinking efficiency of office recycled papers.

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Collecting of Hanji Fibrous Sludge with Surfactant (계면활성제를 이용한 한지 섬유질 슬러지의 제거)

  • Choi, Hee-Seon;Kim, Tai-Jin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2001
  • The technique that could collect efficiently the hanji fibrous sludge from wastewater using surfactants was developed. When fibrous sludge of which concentration was about 80mg/L, was floated and collected, the optimum concentration of sodium oleate, the pore size of glass filter and the air flow rate were 10mg/L, $5-10{\mu}m$ and 200mL/min., respectively. The behavior of sodium oleate might be interfered by polyvalent cations such as $Ca^{2+}$. But when the concentration of $Ca^{2+}$ was less than 100mg/L, the interference effect did not appear. And when a typical cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide(CTAB), was used, the collecting yield was less than that of sodium oleate, and the amount of foam was higher than sodium oleate. When 1mg/L of CTAB was added to the hanji sludge sample contained 1mg/L of $PAMID^{(R)}$, a dispersant, fibrous sludge was effectively coagulated, the flotation time was very short and the collecting yield was above 95%. But in the case, sodium oleate was inefficient.

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