• Title, Summary, Keyword: Flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter(SFCL)

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Analysis on Current Limiting Characteristics of a Fault-lock Type SFCL Applied into a Simulated Power System (모의전력계통에 적용된 자속구속형 초전도 전류제한기의 전류제한 특성 분석)

  • Han, Tae-Hee;Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 2011
  • When the current of the superconducting element exceeds its critical current by the fault occurrence, the quench of the high-$T_C$ superconducting fault current limiter (HTSC) comprising the flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) occurs. Simultaneously, the magnetic flux in the iron core induces the voltage in each coil, which contributes to limit the fault current. In this paper, the fault current limiting characteristics of the flux-lock type SFCL as well as the load voltage sag suppressing characteristics according to the flux-lock type SFCL's winding direction were investigated. To confirm the fault current limiting and the voltage sag suppressing characteristics of the this SFCL, the short-circuit tests for the simulated power system with the flux-lock type SFCL were carried out. The flux-lock type SFCL designed with the additive polarity winding was shown to perform more effective fault current limiting and load voltage sag suppressing operations through the fast quench occurrence right after the fault occurs and the fast recovery operation after the fault removes than the flux-lock type SFCL designed with the subtractive polarity winding.

Hysteresis Characteristics of Flux-Lock Type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (자속구속형 고온초전도 사고전류제한기의 히스테리시스 특성)

  • Lim, Sung-Hun
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2007
  • For the design to prevent the saturation of the iron core and the effective fault current limitation, the analysis for the operation of the flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) with consideration for the hysteresis characteristics of the iron core is required. In this paper, the hysteresis characteristics of the flux-lock reactor, which is an essential component of the flux-lock type SFCL, were investigated. Under normal condition, the hysteresis loss of the iron core in the flux-lock type SFCL does not happen due to its winding structure. From the equivalent circuit for the flux-lock type SFCL and the fault current limiting experiments, the hysteresis curves could be drawn. From the analysis for both the hysteresis curves and the fault current limiting characteristics due to the number of turns for the 1st and 2nd windings, the increase of the number of turns in the 2nd winding of the flux-lock type SFCL had a role to prevent the iron core from saturation.

Analysis on Fault Current Limiting Characteristics of Flux-Lock Type SFCL Using Magnetic Flux Application Circuit (자기인가회로를 이용한 자속구속형 초전도한류기의 고장전류제한 특성 분석)

  • Go, Ju-Chan;Lim, Seung-Taek;Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, the fault current limiting characteristics of the flux-lock type SFCL (superconducting fault current limiter) using magnetic application circuit were analyzed. The flux-lock type SFCL has the structure to install the magnetic application circuit, which can increase the resistance of HTSC ($high-T_C$ superconducting element comprising) the SFCL. To analyze the fault current limiting effect of the flux-lock type SFCL through the magnetic flux application circuit, the flux-lock type SFCL either with the magnetic flux circuit or without the magnetic flux circuit was constructed and the fault current limiting characteristics of the SFCL were compared each other through the short-circuit tests.

Analysis of Operational Characteristics of Separated Three-Phase Flux-Lock SFCL (삼상 분리형 자속구속형 전류제한기의 동작 특성 분석)

  • Doo, Seung-Gyu;Du, Ho-Ik;Park, Chung-Ryul;Kim, Min-Ju;Kim, Yong-Jin;Han, Byoung-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.289-289
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the operational characteristics of the separated three-phase flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL). The single-phase lock type SFCL consist of two coils, which are wound in parallel through an iron core. The high-$T_c$ superconducting(HSTC) thin film connected in series with secondary coil. The separated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL consist of three single-phase flux-lock type SFCL. In a normal condition, the SFCL is not operate. When a fault occurs, the current of a HSTC thin film exceeds its critical current by fault current, the resistance of the HSTC thin film generated. Therefore fault current was limited by SFCL. The separated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL are operated in fault condition such as the the single line-to-ground fault, the double line-to-ground fault and the triple line-to-ground fault. The experimental results, the SFCL operational characteristics was dependent on fault condition.

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Comparison of Fault Current Limiting Characteristics between the separated Three-phase Flux-lock Type SFCL and the Integrated Three-phase Flux-lock Type SFCL (분리된 삼상 자속구속형 전류제한기와 일체화된 삼상 자속구속형 전류제한기의 전류제한 특성 비교)

  • Doo, Seung-Gyu;Du, Ho-Ik;Kim, Min-Ju;Park, Chung-Ryul;Kim, Yong-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hyeok;Han, Byoung-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.689-693
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    • 2009
  • We investigate the comparison of fault current characteristics between the separates three-phase flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter(SFCL) and integrated three-phase flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter(SFCL). The single-phase flux-lock type SFCL consists of two coils. The primary coil is wound in parallel to the secondary coil on an iron core and superconducting elements are connected to secondary coil in series. Superconducting elements are used by the YBCO coated conductor. The separated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL consists of single-phase flux-phase type SFCL in each phase. But the integrated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL consists of three-phase flux-reactors wound on an iron core. Flux-reactor consists of the same turn's ratio between coil 1 and coil 2 for each single phase. To compare the current limiting characteristics of the separated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL and integrated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL, the short circuit experiments are carried out fault condition such as the single line-to-ground fault. The experimental result shows that fault current limiting characteristic of the separated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL was better than integrated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL. And the integrated three-phase flux-lock type SFCL has an effect on sound phase.

Characteristics of a Flux-Lock Type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter According to the Parallel Connection of the Superconducting Elements. (초전도 한류소자의 병렬연결에 따른 자속구속형 초전도 한류기의 특성 분석)

  • Oh, Kum-Gom;Jung, Byung-Ik;Choi, Hyo-Sang
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.198-201
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the operating characteristics of the flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter(SFCL) with the parallel connection between the primary and secondary windings which are connected with two superconducting units in series. The parallel connection for current level increase of the flux-lock type SFCL is necessary to apply the SFCL into the power system. The resistance generated in superconducting units was dependent upon the winding direction of the primary and the secondary coils, which can reduce the power burden. The resistance of the superconducting elements in the subtractive polarity winding is higher than that of the additive polarity winding. The fault current limiting effect of the subtractive polarity winding is better than that of the additive polarity winding. From this results, we confirmed that the power capacity of the flux-lock type SFCL could be increased by the parallel connection of the superconducting units.

Improvement of Current Limiting and Recovery Characteristics of Flux-Lock Type SFCL with Series Connection of Two Coils Using Its Third Coil

  • Ko, Seok-Cheol;Kim, Young-Pil;Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.472-477
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    • 2017
  • In this work, the current limiting and recovery characteristics of a flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) with series connection of two coils were effectively improved by adding a third winding into the conventional flux-lock type SFCL with series connection of two coils. To confirm the contribution of the third winding to the current limiting and recovery characteristics of this type of the SFCL, short-circuit testing was carried out with consideration of the third winding, and the effect of the third winding on the current limiting and recovery characteristics was examined by comparative analysis of the amplitude of the limited fault current and the power burden of the high-TC superconducting (HTSC) element comprising the SFCL. Through the analysis of both the limiting impedance and the operational current as the main design parameter of the SFCL, the improved current limiting and recovery characteristics of the flux-lock type SFCL using the third winding could be verified.

Analysis of Magnetic Field Application Effect on Fault Current Limiting Characteristics of a Flux-lock Type SFCL

  • Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.255-259
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    • 2008
  • The magnetic field application effect on resistance of a high-$T_c$ superconducting (HTSC) element comprising a flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) was investigated. The YBCO thin film, which was etched into a meander line using a lithography, was used as a current limiting element of the flux-lock type SFCL. To increase the magnetic field applied into HTSC element, the capacitor was connected in series with a solenoid-type magnetic field coil installed in the third winding of the flux-lock type SFCL. There was no magnetic field application effect on the resistance of HTSC element despite the application of larger magnetic field into the HTSC element when a fault happened. The resistance of HTSC element, on the contrary, started to decrease at the point of four periods from a fault instant although the amplitude of the applied magnetic field increased.

Analysis on Current Limiting Characteristics of Flux-Lock Type SFCL Using a Transformer Winding (변압기 권선을 이용한 자속구속형 초전도 전류제한기의 전류제한 특성 분석)

  • Han, Tae-Hee;Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.136-140
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    • 2011
  • The fault current limiting characteristics of the flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) using a transformer winding were investigated. The suggested flux-lock type SFCL consists of two parallel connected coils on an iron core and the transformer winding connected in series with one of two coils. In this SFCL, the high-TC superconducting (HTSC) element was connected with the secondary side of the transformer. The short-circuit experimental devices to analyze the fault current limiting characteristics of the flux-lock type SFCL using the transformer winding were constructed. Through the short-circuit tests, the flux-lock type SFCL using transformer winding was shown to perform more effective fault current limiting operation compared to the previous flux-lock type SFCL without the transformer winding from the viewpoint of the quench occurrence and the recovery time of the HTSC element.

Analysis on Current Limiting Characteristics of Double Quench Flux-Lock Type SFCL Using Its Third Winding (삼차권선을 이용한 이중퀜치 자속구속형 초전도한류기의 전류제한 특성 분석)

  • Han, Tae-Hee;Lim, Sung-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.289-293
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    • 2016
  • The flux-lock type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) connects the two parallel windings in parallel with a ferromagnetic core. We suggest that the double quench flux-lock type SFCL should add a third winding. We analyzed characteristics of the fault current and the peak current using the quench of the high-Tc superconducting element. The proposed SFCL's inductances of a primary winding and the third winding were fixed and the amplitude of inductance of the secondary winding was changed. We found that the fault current can be more effectively controlled through the analysis of the equivalent circuit and the short-circuit tests.