• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fluoride Solution

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Effect of Topical Fluoride Agents on Synthetic Hydroxyapatite and Enamel (합성수산화인회석과 법랑질에 대한 불화물의 도포효과에 관한 비교연구)

  • Sang-Dae Lee;Suk-Jin Hong;Woo-Cheon Kee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to compare the anticarious effect of the different fluoride adsorbed(Naf, $NH_4F, Na_2PO_3F, SnF_2, TiF_4$) on synthetic hydroxyapatite and enamel. The amount of fluoride adsorbed in synthetic hydroxyapatite under various concentrations and pH of these fluoride solutions was measured by specific electrode. Enamel samples treated with 5 kinds of 1,000ppm fluoride solutions for 10 minutes were evaluated for fluoride uptake and enamel soubility. The results were as follows. 1. The adsorption of fluoride on synthetic hydroxyapatite increased gradually by the concentration of the fluoride solution, In 1,000ppm fluoride solution, the adsorption of fluoride on synthetic hydroxyapatite treated with NH4F and NaF solutions at pH 4.0 was relatively higher than that of other fluoride solutions. In NH4F and NaF solutions, the adsorption of fluoride on powdered enamel was higher at pH 4.0 solution than at pH 7.0 solution. 2. Fluoride uptake from NH4F solution was relatively high. But that from $Na_2PO_3F$ solution was lower than those from other fluoride solutions. 3. Fluoride solutions were significantly effective on enhancing acid resistance. $NH_4F$ solution was relatively more effective than others on enhancing acid resistance. 4. $SnF_2 and TiF_4$ solutions had the same effect on fluoride adsorption, fluoride uptake, and enamel solubility.

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A Study of the Effect of Fluoride to Dental Hard Tissue (불소가 치아 경조직에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1980
  • Caries free anterior teeth were rinsed for 10 minutes with 1%, 5% sodium fluoride and 1% stannous fluoride solution three times a day for the period of experiment. And the author measured the concentration of enamel fluoride by means of Mc Cann's Technique. And the results were as follows : 1. There were little difference of enamel fluoride concentration between the teeth treated with 5% sodium fluoride solution. 2. The enamel fluoride concentration shows a tendency of direct proportion in lower concentration of fluoride solution for the period of 10 days. 3. The Enamel fluoride concentration in the group treated with stannous fluoride solution reveals acute elevation in the 5th day of experiment but the trend was not direct proportional in the 10th day of experiment.

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EFFECTS OF FLUORIDE MOUTHRINSE ON CELL ACTIVITY OF GINGIVAL FIBROBLASTS OF CHILDREN (불소양치용액이 소아 치은 섬유아세포의 세포활성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hyun;Lee, Kwang-Hee
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.204-219
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    • 1997
  • The use of fluoride is one of the most effective methods for caries prevention. Fluoridation of public water supply has been recognized, for many years, as an effective way to reduce dental caries. The fluoride supplement has been recommended when the natural fluoride was unavailable or below the optimal range. However the mechanism of caries prevention by fluoride has not yet been clarified and it is well known that an overdose of fluoride results inacute and chronic toxicity, especially dental fluorosis. Fluoride mouthrinsing solution is widely used in dentistry due to its effectiveness in carrying anticariogenic action. Understanding the effects of fluoride mouthrinsing solution on human gingival fibroblasts will provide the safety rationale for its use during the caries preventive therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of fluoride mouthrinsing solution on the human gingival fibroblast in vitro. The human gingival fibroblasts were cultured from healthy gingiva on the extracted deciduous teeth of children. Cells were inoculated into a 24-well plate with $1{\times}10^4cells/well$ of medium at $37^{\circ}C$, 100% humidity, 5% $CO_2$ incubator for 24 hours. And the cells were counted by using the hemocytometer at each designed study. Human gingival fibroblasts were cultured in growth medium after one minute application range of 0.02%-0.2% NaF solution and 0.1% $SnF_2$ solution. The cells used in this study were between fifth to eighth passage number. The cell morphology was examined by inverted microscope and cell proliferation was measured by incorporating $[^3H]$-thymidine into DNA. DNA synthesis by human gingival fibroblasts was assessed by $[^3H]$-thymidine uptake assays while the cell activity was measured by MTT assay. Each concentrated fluoride mouthrinsing solution was estimated for its biocompatability with fibroblasts by the tissue culture technique. The results of this study were as follows : 1. It was observed that at 0.05%, 0.2% NaF mouthrinsing solution the cytoplasmic processes became globular. When 0.1% $SnF_2$ mouthrinsing solution was applied, the cytoplasmic process and cell morphology were disappeared. 2. DNA synthetic activity was reduced regardless of the concentration of the fluoride mouthrinsing solution. However, the result is statistically insignificant except 0.1% $SnF_2$ mouthrinsing solution(p<0.05). 3. Our results indicate that 0.02%, 0.05% concentrations of NaF mouthrinsing solution caused minimal cytotoxicity. But 0.2% NaF and 0.1% $SnF_2$ concentration were a significant difference between the cell activity in the experimental group and control group (p<0.05). 4. After appling 0.05% & 0.02% NaF fluoride mouthrinsing solution, cell activity was restored to the control groups level according to incubating time. The results suggest that direct exposure to fluoride solution inhibits gingival fibroblast activity. Therefore, for the most effective use of fluoride use, lowering the concentration of fluoride mouthrinsing is advisable because it maintains biocompatability and free ion in the oral fluid.

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법랑질 표면에 미치는 산성불소인산용액의 내산효과

  • ChoI, Eu-Gne
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 1974
  • The effects of enamel solubility by the varying concentration of fluoride and phosphate as well as pH of the acid fluoride-phosphate solutions were tested and compared with th 7% stannous fluoride solution. The smooth surface of the sound permanent 1st premolars were demineralized by the Buttner's method. And the phosphorus extracted from the 1st premolars were analyzed by the Fiske and Subbarow's method. Enamel smooth surfaces treated with the acid fluoride-phosphate solution and the 8% stannous fluoride solution were obserbed electron-microscopically by the Filmy Replica method. The results of this study were summarized as follows: !. The least enamel dissolution rate was observed at the acid fluoride-phosphate solution contained 1.25% fluorine, 0.5% phosphate, and pH 4. 2. The anti-cariogenic effects comparison between the acid fluoride-phosphate solution and 8% stannous fluoride, the former was higher.

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Evaluation of remineralization and acid resistance effect in fluoride varnish by Micro-computed tomography (미세전산화단층촬영술을 이용한 불소바니쉬의 재광화 및 내산성 평가)

  • Oh, Han-Na;Jeong, Seong-Soog;Lee, Hye-Jin;Youn, Hye-Jeong;Jung, Eun-Ju;Ha, Myung-Ok
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.947-953
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the remineralization and acid resistance in fluoride varnish by Micro-computed tomography (micro CT). Methods : Specimens of bovine teeth enamel were embedded in resin, polished and randomly divided into 3 groups (a control group, a NaF solution group, a fluoride varnish group). Each group has 3 specimens that was standardized according to Vickers hardness number (VHN). Specimens were immersed in demineralization solution for 72 hours. The control group had no treatment, the NaF solution group was treated by a 5% NaF solution for 4 minutes, and the fluoride varnish group was treated by a fluoride varnish for one hour. All specimens were subjected to a chemical pH cycling method for 14 days. After a chemical pH cycling method, the density were measured using micro CT. Then, specimens were immersed in each demineralization solution for 72 hours. After demineralization processed, the density were measured using micro CT. Results : 1. The density was significantly higher in the fluoride varnish and 5% NaF solution group than that of the control group after 14 days cycling (p<0.05). And the density value of the fluoride varnish group was higher than that of the 5% NaF solution, with no significant difference. 2. The differences of density after acid resistance treatment were statistically significant among 3 groups(p<0.05). Conclusions : It is suggested that fluoride varnish showed the remineralizing effect and acid resistance effect on the enamel, and micro CT could be used to evaluate the change of enamel lesion.

THE INFLUENCE OF FLUORIDE ON REMINERALIZATION OF ARTIFICIAL DENTAL CARIES (인공치아우식의 재광화에 미치는 불소의 영향)

  • Han, Won-Seop;Kum, Kee-Yeon;Lee, Chan-Young
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.161-173
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    • 1996
  • The cariostatic effect of fluoride had been established by many epidemiologic and experimental studies. But, there are still different views on the mechnism of cariostasis and remineralization, especially about the proper fluoride concentration. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the remineralization of caries lesion and influence of fluoride concentration which affect remineralization by a study based on dynamic mechanism. The subjects, sound permanent teeth without demineralization or crack, were immersed in lactic acid buffered demineralization solution for 4 days. Dental caries with surface zone and subsurface lesion were artificially produced. All specimens were immersed in lactic acid buffered remineralization solution which had fluoride concentrations of 1 ppm, 2 ppm, 3 ppm for 10days. Final conclusions were obtained by observing the specimens for every 10 days under polarized microscopy. 1. Remineralization of caries lesion as well as demineralization of enamel were produced by changing the degree of saturation of lactic acid buffer solution. 2. Remineralization of caries lesion was facillitated by fluoride ion in lactic acid buffer solution. but, remineralization of the entire caries lesion was not increased as fluoride ion concentration increased.

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The effect of fluoride-containing oral rinses on the corrosion resistance of titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)

  • Huang, Gui-Yue;Jiang, Heng Bo;Cha, Jung-Yul;Kim, Kwang-Mahn;Hwang, Chung-Ju
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.306-312
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of commercially available fluoride-containing oral rinses on the corrosion behavior of titanium alloys, which are the main components of orthodontic miniscrews. Methods: Four commercially available oral rinses (solution A, pH 4.46/260 ppm fluoride; solution B, pH 4.41/178 ppm fluoride; solution C, pH 6.30/117 ppm fluoride; and solution D, pH 4.17/3.92 ppm fluoride) were tested on titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) circular plates, and saline was used as the control. The open-circuit potential and potentiodynamic polarization of these materials were measured. Thereafter, all samples were evaluated under a field-emission scanning electron microscope. Results: Among the tested oral rinses, except solution D, the more the fluoride content was, the greater was the corrosion potential downtrend; the corrosion resistance of the titanium alloy sample was also lowered significantly (p < 0.05). Field-emission scanning electron microscopic analysis of the surface morphology of the titanium alloy samples revealed that all samples had some defects, crevices, or pitting after exposure to the oral rinses than before treatment. In particular, the samples in solution A showed the most changes. Conclusions: Commercially available oral rinses having a high fluoride concentration and a low pH may reduce the corrosion resistance of titanium alloys used in dental appliances such as orthodontic titanium miniscrews and brackets.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE LONGTERM VARIATION OF FLUORIDE CONCENTRATION IN THE STANNOUS FLUORIDE SOLUTION AND THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS ADDITIVES (불화석 용액내 불소농도의 장기변화와 첨가물의 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Choi, Yoon-Joo;Yu, Doo-Sun;Kim, Dae-Eop;Lee, Kwang-Hee
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.477-488
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    • 1996
  • The purposes of this study were to measure the solubility of the stannous fluoride experimentally, to find a method for improving the solubility of the stannous fluoride, and to observe the effect of longterm storage on the variation of the concentration of fluoride in the stannous fluoride solutions. By adding such materials as antiseptics, dye, flavor, and tastes to solution, the variation of the fluoride concentration was also observed. Ten groups of 0.4% stannous fluoride solutions to which glycerine, sodium chloride, chlorhexidine, dye, flavor, xylitol, and sorbitol were added were prepared. The measurements were carried out by direct calibration. The obtained results were as follows. 1. Effect of adding glycerine as solvent. : The solubility of stannous fluoride increased in the case of adding glycerine. By increasing the glycerine concentration, the fluoride level in stannous fluoride solution also increased. 2. Effect of adding sodium chloride and chlorhexidine. : Comparing to the case of pure water, low fluoride level was measured in case of adding sodium chloride and high fluoride level was measured in case of adding chlorhexidine. 3. Effect of adding erythrosin as dye and banna essence as flavor. : Adding erythrosin and banna essence didn't affect fluoride level. 4. Effect of adding xylitol and sorbitol. : The effects of xylitol and sorbitol were nearly the same as the effect of adding erythrosin and banna essence.

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A STUDY ON THE ELIMINATION OF FLUORIDE IN A HOT SPRING WATER

  • Lee, Hyeon-Ki;Kim, Hwan-Gi
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2006
  • The hot spring water of the north Jeonla province such as Wanggung, Jookrim, Seokjung, and Hwasim, has fluoride concentration of 3.9 mg/L, 12.7 mg/L, 1.9 mg/L, and 6.3 mg/L, respectively. These figures fairly exceed the Korean and WHO standard for potable water, which is 1.5 mg/L. Therefore, in this study, research on elimination of fluoride in a hot spring water of Jookrim region, which has the highest level of fluoride concentration level in the north Jeonla province, was carried out. In analysis of Jookrim hot spring water according to the water quality standard for potable water, pH was very high at 9.25 and the concentration of fluoride was 10 times higher than the standard at 18.2 mg/L. Other measurements were within the standard or not detected. After injecting 10g of activated carbon for elimination of fluoride, the fluoride concentration was measured at 13.5 mg/L, and when 70mL or more of alum 10 g/L solution was injected, the concentration was measured at 2.8 mg/L, and injecting 3g of lime was measured at 9 mg/L. Alum showed the best elimination performance among all individual injections. Injection of 25 mL of activated carbon and 100 mL of alum solution together reduced the fluoride concentration down to 1.3 mg/L, which is under the potable standard. Injection of lime 1g and 75 mL of alum 10 g/L solution together reduced fluoride concentration to 4.1 mg/L. From the modifying HRT, by using ion exchange resin column, the pH was stabilized when HRT was Imin and showed range of $6.7{\sim}7.8$. The fluoride concentration reduced gradually as the HRT increased, and satisfied the potable standard when HRT passed 6 min, and after 30 min HRT, the concentration of fluoride was 0.05 mg/L: almost eliminated.

A Study on the Effect of Multi-Application of Fluoride on Enamel Remineralization (불화물 복합적용이 법랑질의 재석회화에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Min-Jung;Lee, Hyang-Lim
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of multi or single application of fluoride plus 0.05% NaF solution on the remineralization of dental caries lesion. The microhardness changes of enamel surface were measured after application of fluoride and precipitation of 0.05% NaF solution on 6 groups of cow's tooth on which the artificial carious lesions were formed first. Test groups were calssified into two step application with NaF, $SnF_2$ and APF under different application time conditions plus 0.05% NaF solution(group I, II, III, IV) and single application with APF plus 0.05% NaF solution (group V) and control(0.05% NaF solution only, group IV). The obtained results were as follows. 1. Regarding microhardness change of enamel surface. microhardness increments in group I(NaF for 1 minute+APF for 3 minutes+0.05% NaF solution for 1 minute), II($SnF_2$ 1 min+APF 3 min+NaF sol.), III($SnF_2$ 2 min+APF 2 min+NaF sol.), IV(NaF 2 min+APF 2 min+NaF sol.) and V(APF 4 min+NaF sol.) were significantly greater than group VI.(P<0.05) 2. Microhardness changes of shorter application time of $SnF_2$ (group II) were significantly greater than group III. (P<0.05) 3. Microhardness changes were variable with kinds of fluoride, application sequence and application time of fluoride. but had no relation with the number of fluoride application.

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