• Title/Summary/Keyword: Floristic regional indicator plants

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A Floristic Study of Baengnyeongdo (Isl.) in Korea (백령도 지역의 관속식물상)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Nam, Gi-Heum;Kim, Sun-Yu;Kim, Jin-Seok;Choi, Ji-Eun;Lee, Byoung Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.178-213
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the flora of Baengnyeongdo (Isl.). The vascular plants which were collected in 5 times (from Aug. 2011 and Nov. 2012) were identified as 732 taxa in total, including 124 families, 411 genera, 647 species, 8 subspecies, 68 varieties, 7 forms and 2 hybrids. 193 of these taxa were first records for the region. In the flora of this area, the endangered plants designated and protected by the wildlife protection law, the Ministry of Environment, Korea were counted to two taxa. Korean endemics plants numbered 8 taxa, and 78 taxa of specially designated floristic regional indicator plants by the Ministry of Environment. And rare plants were identified as 20 taxa. Based on the list of southern and northern limit of distribution plants, 30 taxa and 43 taxa of halophytes were recorded in the investigated area. The naturalized plants were identified as 92 taxa, and their naturalization ratio were found to be 12.5%, respectively.

Vascular Plants of Major Sites in Bukhansan National Park -A Case Study on Bukhansan Dulegil, Jingwan-dong Wetland, Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji- (북한산국립공원 주요지역의 관속식물상 -북한산 둘레길, 진관내동 습지, 북한동 철거지를 대상으로-)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Han, Yun-Hee;Cho, Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-51
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    • 2012
  • The vascular plants in Bukhansan Dulegil, Jingwan-dong Wetland and Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji were listed 432 taxa (8.9% of all 4,881 taxa of vascular plants); 95 families, 274 genera, 345 species, 2 subspecies, 69 varieties and 16 forms. Divided into woody plants were 145 taxa (33.6%) and herbaceous plants were 287 taxa (66.4%). The Bukhansan Dulegil were listed (Myeongsang-gil 159 taxa, Huingureum-gil 227 taxa, Wooyiryeong-gil 216 taxa, Banghakdong-gil 139 taxa, Boru-gil 199 taxa), Jingwan-dong Wetland were listed 147 taxa and Bukhan-dong Cheolgeoji were listed 129 taxa. Based on the list of rare plants by Korea Forest Service and Korea National Arboretum were Viola albida Palibin (Violaceae), Iris minutiaurea Makino (Iridaceae) and Korea National Arboretum were endemic plants, Philadelphus schrenkii Rupr. var. schrenkii (Saxifragaceae), Weigela subsessilis L.H. Bailey (Caprifoliaceae). Based on the list of floristic regional indicator plants by Korean Ministry of Environment were total 22 taxa; Wisteria floribunda DC. for. floribunda in class IV, 3 taxa (Betula davurica Pall., Mukdenia rossii Koidz., Glechoma grandis Kuprian., etc.) in class III, 5 taxa (Acer triflorum Kom., Viola orientalis W. Becker, Heloniopsis koreana Fuse & Al., etc.) in class II and 13 taxa (Camptosorus sibiricus Rupr., Clematis patens C. Morren & Decne., Cirsium pendulum Fisch. ex DC., etc.) in class I. Based on the list of naturalized plants, 16 families, 35 genera, 37 species, 3 varieties, 1 form, total 41 taxa (Rumex crispus L., Abutilon theophrasti Medicus, Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. etc.), naturalization rate was 9.5% of all 432 taxa of vascular plants and urbanization index was 13.3% of all 309 taxa of naturalized plants. Ecosystem disturbing wild plants were 5 taxa; Rumex acetocella L., Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Ambrosia trifida L. var. trifida, Eupatorium rugosum Houtt., Aster pilosus Willd.

Characteristics Type of Vascular Plants in Jeokjabong, Bogil Island(Jeonnam) (보길도(전남) 적자봉 일대의 관속식물상 유형별 특성)

  • Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Beon, Mu-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.25-40
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    • 2011
  • The vascular plants in Jeokjabong, Bogil Island were listed 350 taxa composed of 89 families, 233 genera, 309 species, 1 subspecies, 36 varieties and 4 forms. Divided into woody plants were 142 taxa (40.6%) and herbaceous plants were 208 taxa (59.4%). Based on the list of rare and endangered species by Korea Forest Service and Korea National Arboretum, 3 taxa were recorded; Celtis choseniana, Asarum maculatum, Rubus sorbifolius, and endemic plants, 10 taxa were recorded; Asarum maculatum, Cephalotaxus koreana, Carpinus coreana, Celtis choseniana, Lespedeza maritima, Indigofera koreana, Dendropanax morbifera, Ligustrum quihoui var. latifolium, Weigela subsessilis, Carex okamotoi, and plant species subject to permission for taking abroad, 4 taxa were recorded; Celtis choseniana, Asarum maculatum, Vaccinium oldhami, Carex okamotoi. Based on the list of floristic regional indicator plants by Korean Ministry of Environment were total 64 taxa (18.3% of all 350 taxa of vascular plants); Ligustrum quihoui var. latifolium in class IV, 19 taxa (Stauntonia hexaphylla, Cinnamomum japonicum, Zanthoxylum ailanthoides, Daphniphyllum macropodum, Centella asiatica, Verbena officinalis, Mitchella undulata, etc.) in class III, 5 taxa (Potentilla dickinsii, Ostericum melanotilingia, Sanicula rubriflora, Caryopteris incana, Teucrium veronicoides) in class II and 39 taxa (Gleichenia dichotoma, Cyrtomium fortunei, Aphananthe aspera, Rubus hirsutus, Meliosma myriantha, Hedera rhombea, Ainsliaea apiculata, etc.) in class I. Based on the list of naturalized plants, 5 families, 17 genera, 20 taxa (Phytolacca americana, Lepidium virginicum, Robinia pseudo-acacia, Verbesina alternifolia, Lolium perenne, etc.) and naturalization rate was 5.7% of all 350 taxa of vascular plants. Hereafter natural ecosystem into disturbance on naturalized plants and legal protection species and rare and endangered species distribute in the Bogil Island, precision investigation after management counterplan of the monitoring a point of view be required.

Flora of Gwanmae Island (관매도의 식물상)

  • Sun, Eun-Mi;Son, Hyun-Deok;Park, Han-Su;Im, Hyoung-Tak
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.109-133
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    • 2022
  • We investigated the flora of Gwanmae island and discussed important vascular plants found on the island. We made plant list using voucher specimens collected from Gwanmae island from 2016 to 2021 and deposited in CNU. There are 500 taxa in Gwanmae island, comprising 103 families, 307 genera, 461 species, 4 subspecies, 32 varieties and 3 forms. Eight endemic plants of Korea were found including Saussurea polylepis Nakai. There are 15 red list plants designated by Ministry of Environment including Cleisostoma scolopendrifolium (Makino) Garay and Woodwardia japonica (L. f.) Sm. There are total 126 taxa of floristic regional indicator plants including 4 taxa of level V such as Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miq., 4 taxa of level IV such as Wisteria japonica Siebold & Zucc., 45 taxa of level III such as Rubus trifidus Thunb., 16 taxa of level II such as Glehnia littoralis F. Schmidt and 56 taxa of level I such as Carpesium glossophyllum Maxim. There are 32 invasive plants including Cerastium glomeratum Thuill.

Floristic study of Jogyesan Mt. (조계산의 식물상)

  • SUN, Eun-Mi;CHOI, Seung-Man;KIM, Byeol-Ah;SON, Hyun-Deok;HONG, Hang-Hwa;IM, Hyoung-Tak
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.331-356
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    • 2018
  • We investigated the flora of Jogyesan Mt. and discussed important vascular plants found on this mountain. In total, 16 separate field trips (20 days overall) were completed from 2013 to 2017. There are 577 taxa on Mt. Jogyesan, consisting of 115 families, 333 genera, 520 species, 8 subspecies, 45 varieties, and 4 forms. Eighteen endemic plants of Korea were found on Jogyesan Mt., including Carex okamotoi Ohwi, Coreanomecon hylomeconoides Nakai, and Stewartia koreana Nakai ex Rehder. There are 80 taxa of floristic regional indicator plants in total, including level V such as Adenophora palustris Kom. and level IV such as Dryopteris championii (Benth.) C. Chr. ex Ching, Gastrodia elata Blume, Lindera sericea (Siebold & Zucc.) Blume and Corylopsis glabrescens var. gotoana (Makino) T. Yamanaka. There also are 24 taxa of naturalized plants, including Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.

A Flora of Vascular Plants in Mt. Munsusan, Bonghwa

  • Lee, Hye Jeong;Byeon, Jun Gi;Heo, Tae Im;Kim, Ji Dong;Park, Byeong Joo;Lee, Dong Hyuk;Lee, Jun Woo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.633-660
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    • 2021
  • This study was carried out to elucidate the distribution of vascular plants and their usefulness of Mt. Munsusan (1,205 m) in Bonghwa County, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. The vascular plants that were investigated in 2 years (2019 ~ 2020) with 15 times consisted a total of 571 taxa; 94 families, 310 genera, 496 species, 4 subspecies, 63 varieties and 8 formas. For the Korean endemic plants, 17 taxa were recorded and 3 taxa of Vulnerable Species (VU) and 9 taxa of Least Concerned species (LC) categorized by the Korean Forest Service as rare plants were investigated in this region. Furthermore, IV, III degrees of floristic regional indicator plants designated by the Korean Ministry of Environment included 8 taxa and 27 taxa, respectively. Among them, edible, medicinal, ornamental, feed/composting, industrial plants were 391 taxa, 359 taxa, 301 taxa, 241 taxa, 217 taxa, respectively. In addition, 25 taxa of naturalized plants were observed.

Floristic Study of Mt. Mudeung (무등산 지역의 식물상)

  • Hong, Hang-Hwa;Jang, Jeong-Won;Sun, Eun-Mi;Kim, Byeol-Ah;Kim, Sang-Jun;Seo, Seung-Ryong;Im, Hyoung-Tak
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.121-153
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    • 2013
  • We investigated the flora of Mudeung-san (Mt.) located in Gwangju-gwangyeoksi, Hwasun-gun and Damyang-gun and discussed the vascular plants found there. 22 days separate fild trips were completed from March of 2009 to November 2011. As a result, we identified the distribution of 816 taxa in Mudeung-san (Mt.), comprising 123 families, 441 genera, 668 species, 5 subspecies, 121 varieties and 18 forms. There are a total 111 taxa of floristic regional indicator plants. The floristic regional indicator plants are as follows; nine taxa of level V such as Gastrodia elata Blume, six taxa of level IV such as Hylomecon hylomeconoides T. Lee, 21 taxa of level III such as Stewartia korena Nakai, 18 taxa of level II, and 66 taxa of level I. In addition, two critically endangered species (CR), Galeola septentrionalis Rchb.f. and Paeonia obovata Maxim., two endangered species (EN), Dryopteris cycadina (Franch. & Sav.) C.Chr. and Jeffersonia dubia Benth., and eight vulnerable species (VU), such as Lilium callosum Siebold & Zucc, were found in the investigated area. Also, 14 endermic plants of Korea, such as Salix koriyanagi Kimura and Aconitium chiisanense Nakai, were found.

Flora of Mt. Cheonma (Gyeonggi-do Prov.) (천마산(경기도)의 식물상)

  • Ha, Young-Ho;Yoon, Chang-Young;Kim, Sang-Chul;Kim, Joo-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.90-109
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to investigate the flora of Mt. Cheonma (Namyangju-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea), including Korean endemic, rare and endangered plants. To support the biodiversity and usefulness of this investigation, we checked the red list plants, floristic regional indicator plants, climate change adaptation target plants and naturalized plants, and compared composition of plant species in Mt. Cheonma with nearby mountains. Totally, we performed 22 field investigations from April 2012 to October 2014. The number of vascular plants in this region is 433 taxa and comprised of 94 families, 266 genera, 378 species, 2 subspecies, 46 varieties, and 7 forms. Among them, there are 13 endemic plants designated by Korean Forest Service, whereas only 10 taxa are endemic species by Korean Ministry of Environment (KME). According to the IUCN criteria, there are 12 rare and endangered plants composed of 9 Least Concerned (LC), 2 Vulnerable species (VU), and one Endangered species (EN) found by Korea National Arboretum (KNA). Meanwhile, 8 taxa including 7 Least Concerned (LC) were found in Red List of KME. The floristic regional indicator plants designated by KME were 49 taxa. In addition, there are 14 taxa in The Adaptable to Climate Change Plant List designated by KNA, while only 19 taxa are naturalized plants. Generally, there are 190 common taxa in Gwangju Mountains area, and only 51 taxa are distributed in Mt. Cheonma.

Floristic study of Mt. Cheongtae area (Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon-do) (청태산 지역(강원도 평창군)의 식물상)

  • Ji, Seong-Jin;Jung, Su-Young;Chang, Chin;Jang, Jeong-Won;Lee, Cheol-Ho;Yang, Jong-Cheol;Park, Myung-Soon;Chung, Gyu-Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.415-428
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    • 2011
  • The vascular flora in the Mt. Cheongtae area, located Pyeongchang-gun in Gangwon-do, were surveyed 14 times from April of 2008 to October of 2011. The result of this survey revealed 663 taxa in total, comprising 89 families, 342 genera, 577 species, 6 subspecies, 73 varieties and 7 forms. In the flora of this area, 19 taxa were Korean endemic plants and 24 taxa were rare and endangered plants of Korea. The floristic regional indicator plants found in this area were 136 taxa comprising 4 taxa of grade V, 16 taxa of grade IV, 31 taxa of grade III, 41 taxa of grade II and 44 taxa of grade I. Naturalized plants in Korea numbered37 taxa. In addition, 485 taxa were categorized by usage into 8 groups, as follows: 240 edible, 8 fiber, 177 medical, 60 ornamental, 245 pasturing, 2 industrial, 12 dyeing and 16 timer plants.

Floristic study of Imja-do (Isl.) (임자도 지역의 식물상)

  • Hong, Haeng-Hwa;Son, Hyun-Deok;In, Seokyoung;Im, Hyoung-Tak
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.429-439
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    • 2011
  • We investigated the flora of Imja-do(Isl.), an island of the Shinan archipelago, located in Imja-myeon, Shinan-gun, Jollanamo-do and discussed the vascular plants found there. Twenty-four separate field trips (100days) were completed from August of 1997 to October of 2009. As a result, we identified the distribution of 526 taxa in Imja-do(Isl.), comprising 112 families, 331 genera, 463 species, 1 subspecies, 60 varieties, and 2 forms. There are a total of 78 taxa of floristic regional indicator plants and one taxon of level II endangered species, Millettia japonica, as designated by the Korean Ministry of the Environment. The floristic regional indicator plants are as follows; four taxa of level V such as Utricularia bifida, two taxa of level IV such as Cladium chinense, 14 taxa of level III such as Aletris spicata, three taxa of level II, and 55 taxa of level I. In addition, one endangered species (EN), Nymphoides coreana, five vulnerable species (VU),such as Ilex cornuta, and three near-threatened species (NT) such as Utricula riaracemosa, were found in the investigated area. The plants of Imja-do(Isl.) are classified into four types based on the plant geographical origin, as follows: 1) boreal plants advancing southward in a glacial period, 2) temperate plants spreading eastward from the Himalayas and China to Japan passing through the south coast of Korea, 3) subtropical plants, and 4) indigenously developed endemic species of the warm-temperate region of East Asia.