• Title/Summary/Keyword: Flora

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Fossil Plants from the Early Cretaceous Hasandong Formation ofChilgok Area, Korea

  • Kim, Jong-Heon;Nam, Kye-Soo;Lee, Seong-Bok;Jeon, Yeong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.295-308
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    • 2016
  • Nine species of fossil plants were described based on the new material collected from the Hasandong Formation. They are as follows: Thallites yabei, Onychiopsis elongata, Cladophlebis denticulata, C. shinshuensis, C. (Eboracia ?) lobifolia, C. (Klukia ?) koraiensis, Brachyphyllum japonicum, Elatocladus tennerima, and Taeniopteris ? sp. cf. T. auriculata. The floristic composition of the Hasandong flora is very similar to that of the Nakdong flora. This means that both floras might have flourished under subtropical warm arid climate. This flora contains both the Tetori-type and Ryoseki-type floras. It is considered that the Hasandong flora is a member of the Mixed-type floras that existed in eastern Eurasia during the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous time.

Integrated Korean Flora Database: A versatile web-based database for dissecting flora investigations with climate data

  • Yeon, Jihun;Kim, Yongsung;Kim, Hyejeong;Kim, Juhyun;Park, Jongsun
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • 2018.10a
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    • pp.32-32
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    • 2018
  • Flora investigations in Korea have been conducted by many researchers for diverse purposes. Accumulated flora investigation data has not been utilized efficiently because there is no accessible database for comparison. To overcome this shortcoming, we constructed web-based database of flora investigation, named as the Integrated Korean Flora Database (IKFD; http://www.floradb.net/intro.php). Until now, 284 flora references (263 papers, 14 reports and books, and 7 unpublished papers written in between 1962 and 2017) were digitalized into the database. From 134,711 records, 4,301 species belonging to 228 families and 1,079 genera were identified via mapping with two major Korean plant species lists. Polygon areas originated from references were used for distribution of plant species, identifying precise distribution area. It will be a better index to show plant ecological characteristics. Collected micro-climate data provided by Korea Meteorology Administration were also integrated in IFKD for understanding correlation between distribution of plants and micro-climate. Cold hardiness zone which has been utilized for classifying climate zones. 12 out of 26 zones identified based on micro-climate data in Korea were mapped with distribution of plants. More than half species were appeared in zone 6a, 6b, 7a, and 7b. Taken together with these results, IKFD will be a fundamental platform for understanding plants in Korea flora investigation as well as a new standard for classifying distribution of plants. Moreover, Biodiversity Observation Database (BODB; http://www.biodiversitydb.info/intro.php) which integrates plant distribution data was also integrated for further studies.

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Study on Intestinal Flora and IgA Concentration Analysis in Newborn Mice by Stress and Diet in Pregnant Mice to Investigate the Effect of Taedok on the Intestinal Flora (태독이 장내 세균총에 미치는 영향을 규명하기 위한 임신쥐의 스트레스 및 식이에 따른 신생쥐의 장내 세균총 및 IgA 농도 분석 시험)

  • Jeong, Jieun;Choi, Yoomin;Jeong, Minjeong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.96-111
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    • 2021
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to look for pathological mechanism of disease development caused by Taedok, by studying whether stress and diet in pregnant ICR mice affect the intestinal flora and IgA (Immunoglobulin A) concentration. Methods The mice were divided into 4 groups (n=5 per group) based on the concept of Taedok: the control group (G1), stress group (G2), capsaicin diet group (G3), high fat diet group (G4). We collected and analyzed intestinal flora from maternal feces and cecal flora from neonatal mice by group. Then, IgA concentration in the maternal feces and sIgA (secretory Immunoglobulin A) concentration in the cecal contents of newborn mice were analyzed. In addition, serum corticosterone was analyzed before and after stress application. Results Changes in maternal intestinal flora and neonatal mice cecal flora by stress and diet were observed. There were no significant changes in the IgA concentration in maternal feces and the sIgA concentration in the cecal contents of neonatal mice. No significant changes compared to the control group were observed between groups before and after applying stress. However, when comparing within one subject, a significant increase was confirmed after stress application in the stress group (G2). Conclusions Based on the results, we observed stress and diet in pregnant mice affect the intestinal flora of maternal and neonatal. We were able to interpret the pathological mechanism of Taedok based on the principle of interaction between mother and newborn intestinal flora.

Identification of the bacterial composition in the rockworm gut and biofloc-fed adult gut flora beneficial for integrated multitrophic aquaculture

  • Jung, Hyun Yi;Kim, Chang Hoon;Kim, Joong Kyun
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.297-310
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    • 2021
  • The rockworm gut flora was identified at each growth stage to elucidate the composition of the bacterial community. The source material was Marphysa sanguinea fed regular feed and fed biofloc at the adult stage in parallel. The systematic bacterial community composition was determined based on the next-generation sequencing method, and alpha diversity and beta diversity were conducted to access the species diversity within and between the bacterial communities, respectively. The composition of the gut flora changed considerably as the rockworms developed. The shift in the gut flora was confirmed at the phylum, family, and genera level of the bacterial communities. The Vibrio species associated with high rockworm mortality occupied 7.7% of the gut flora at the larval stage; however, they disappeared in the healthy adult gut. Moreover, different gut flora was observed between adults fed regular feed and those fed biofloc. Specifically in the biofloc-fed adult gut, several immune relevant and water-purifying bacteria were detected. The biofloc-fed adult gut flora could decompose and mineralize organic sediment, and thus be effectively utilized for integrated multitrophic aquaculture. The Venn diagram revealed that only two bacterial species were shared throughout all growth stages, and the biofloc-fed adults exhibited the highest diversity within the bacterial community.

Integrated Korean Flora Database: A Versatile Web-based Database for Dissecting Flora Investigations

  • Yeon, Jihun;Kim, Yongsung;Kim, Hyejeong;Kim, Juhyun;Park, Jongsun
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • 2018.04a
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    • pp.16-16
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    • 2018
  • Flora investigations have been conducted by many researchers for a long time in Korea. Even though large amount of investigation data has been accumulated, there is no accurate statistics or database because most of data were published in a printed form. We developed a web-based database of flora investigation, named as the Integrated Korean Flora Database (http://www.floradb.net/) to understand distribution patterns and habitats of plants in Korea. Till now, 480 published paper, 356 thesis, 76 reports and books, and 8 unpublished papers written in between 1962 and 2017 were collected and their species lists from 280 papers were parsed into the database. From 124,105 records, 3,100 species belonging to 206 families and 965 genera were identified via comparing with two major Korean plant species lists. 55 endangered species, 159 endemic species, and 367 rare species were identified. The most frequently surveyed species were Commelina communis in herbaceous and Rosa multiflora in woody plants. Microclimate data provided by Korea Meteorological Administration were also integrated and analyzed to assign cold hardness zones for each species. By comparing minimum temperature (<2%) acquired from automated weather stations (AWS) near by plant species, 6a to 10b zones (7b is the most frequent zone) were identified. Integrated Korean Flora Database will be a fundamental platform of korea flora investigation as well as a new standard for classifying distribution of plants based on accurate microclimate data. Moreover, it can also provide evidences of investigated plant species, such as specimen and/or pictures with connecting to the InfoBoss Cyber Herbarium (http://herbarium.infoboss. co.kr/) and Biodiversity Observation Datbase (BODB; http://www.biodiversitydb.org/).

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Comparative floristic diversity of Southwest Primorye and neighboring areas of the Russian Far East

  • Kozhevnikov, Andrey Evhenijevicz;Kozhevnikova, Zoya Vitalijevna;Lee, Byoung Yoon;Kwak, Myounghai
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2017
  • Southwest Primorye is located in the southern most part of the Russian Far East. The flora of this area is one of the most thoroughly studied and contains 1,530 species of vascular plants, belonging to 622 genera and 154 families, representing 55.6% of the flora of the Primorsky Territory. The flora native to Southwest Primorye encompasses 1,356 species from 547 genera and 148 families. Adventitious plants are represented by 174 species from 127 genera and 37 families. Among other areas of the Russian Far East, only Southwest Primorye has flora in common with the Korean Peninsula, which contains plant species in the subtropical and tropical latitudes: Mitrasacme indica Wight, Halosciastrum melanotilingia [Boissieu] M. Pimen. et V. Tichomirov, Streptolirion volubile Edgew., Lipocarpha microcephala [R. Br.] Kunth, Pueraria lobata [Willd.] Ohwi, Belamcanda chinensis [L.] DC., Zoysia japonica Steud., Deinostema violacea [Maxim.] Yamazaki and Parthenocissus tricuspidata [Siebold et Zucc.] Planch. Most of the flora is represented by the species restricted to Southwest Primorye (seven endemic species) or the Korean Peninsula (seven hemiendemic species). A total of 50.2% of the 10 largest families are nemoral (preboreal) floras, located in the transitional zone of the boreal and nemoral floras. In terms of the structure of the ranked taxonomic spectrum of the largest families, the flora of Southwest Primorye is more similar to that of Northeast China with influence of the Korean flora.

Classification of Protected Flora through Delphi Method (전문가 델파이 조사를 통한 천연기념물 식물 유형 개발)

  • Son, Ji Won;Shin, Jin Ho;Lee, Jae Jin;Kim, Do Hee
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.218-227
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    • 2016
  • Protected Flora are natural heritage that involve a wide variety of valuable natural values and cultural values. Over time, "Cultural Properties Preservation Law" has been changing the definition and the criteria of Protected Flora. In addition to the academic value and the rarity of the plant, historical, ethnic and landscape values have become increasingly important. For that reason the declaration and management processes of the Protected Flora need to be improved. However, the current statute has focused on the morphological characteristics of the plants which have a limit to encompass various values of the plant. It also does not correspond to the definition of Protected Flora and its declaration criteria stated on the "Cultural Properties Preservation Law." For this reason, the main purpose of this study is to develop new types of Protected Flora so that various Protected Flora can be discovered in the future.

vrFlora: Interactive and Intelligent Media Contents in Smart Home Environments (vrFlora : 스마트 홈 환경에서의 상호 작용 지향 지능형 미디어 콘텐츠)

  • Oh, Se-Jin;Ha, Tae-Jin;Woo, Woon-Tack
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2006.02a
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문에서는 홈 환경에서의 사용자의 컨텍스트에 따라 지능적으로 반응하는 미디어 콘텐츠인 vrFlora 을 소개한다. 이는 사용자의 정적인 프로파일 및 간단한 조작 정보 등을 이용하여 사용자의 명시적인 컨텍스트를 인지한다. 그리고 인지된 컨텍스트에 따라 vrFlora 의 자체적인 동기, 즉 감정과 욕구을 자율적으로 변화시키며 이에 따라 자발적인 반응을 표현한다. 더 나아가 사용자에 따라 동기의 변화 정도를 차별화 함으로써, 사용자에 따른 개인화된 반응을 나타낸다. 제안한 시스템의 유용성을 평가하기 위하여 스마트홈 환경을 위한 테스트 베드인 ubiHome 에 vrFlora 를 구현하였다. 그리고 사용자로 하여금 이를 자연스럽게 경험해 볼 수 있도록 하였다. 이를 통해 미래형 홈 환경에서의 지능형 미디어 콘텐츠에 대한 응용 가능성을 제시한다.

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기후적 질서로 본 오대산 선식물상

  • 정영호
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 1961
  • The moss flora and it's geoecological study were made on Mt. Odae which is situated in the easterm part(37$^{\circ}$43'N. Lat., 128$^{\circ}$30' E. Long) of Korea. The total number ofmosses collected on Mt. Odae in the autumn of 1960 is 50 species, 1 varieties and 1 subspecies, belonging to 23 families. For climate index, Warmth index and Humidity index were calculaterd on Mt. Odae. From the result, it was known that the climate of Mt. Odae is Humid temperate climate and that it's vegetation zone is Deciduous broad-leaf forest zone. Moss Quotient of this mountain is 1.21 and it indicates that the plant climate of Mt. Odae is Hemicryptophytic climate. The moss flora of this mountain was discussed from the pnytogeographical point of view. The flora consists of the following elements: Holarctic element : 20 species (38.5%) North Pacific element: 1 (1.9%) Cosmopolian element: 6 (11.6%) Tropical element: 1 (1.9%) East Asiatic element: 12 (23.05%) Korean-Japan element: 12 (23.05%) Coefficient of closeness was also calculated between the moss flora of Mt. Odae and that of Mt. Sulak and Mt. Kwanak. It was known, therefore, that the flora relation between Mt. Odae and the Mt. Sulak was closer than that between Mt. Odae and Mt. Kwanak.

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Effect of Coal Fly Ash on Changes of Microbial Flora during the Household Garbage Composting (수분조절제로 석탄회를 첨가한 음식쓰레기 퇴비화과정 중 미생물상의 변동)

  • Seong, Soon-Hee;Kim, Woo-Sung;Seo, Jeoung-Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.291-294
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of microbial flora of using coal fly ash as humidity conditioner during the household garbage composting.The summarized results of microbial flora were as follows:There was no difference of t he seasonal fluctuation of mesophilic and themophilic microorganisms.The population of thermophilic actinomycetes was rapidly increased in winter,but not much changed in spring and summer.Thermophilic and mesophilic fungal flora were increased at the same time,but the population of thermophilic fungal flora was smaller than that of mesophilic. The population of bacteria, actinomycestes and fungi showed not much difference.

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