• Title, Summary, Keyword: Flight Route

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A study of Airline Choice Behavior of Air Freight Forwarders (화물운송주선업자의 항공사 선택행위 연구)

  • Kim, M.S.;Lee, D.S.;Yoo, K.E.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this study is to investigate freight forwarders' airline choice behaviors in the Korean air cargo transportation market. This study identifies the major factors affecting airline choice and their relative importance by analyzing the data gathered by the survey from freight forwarders in Seoul. The questionnaire of the survey is composed of two parts; the first part is to identify the significant variables of airline choice and the second part is to gather the data about airline choice using stated preference techniques. The relative importance of major variables considered in forwarders' airline choice is estimated by the logit models calibrated with stated preference data. To strength the reliability of the analysis, this study segments the market by three routes; Seoul-Los Angeles, Seoul-Amsterdam and Seoul-Hongkong. The five major variables that are considered seriously in airline choice are reliability, space availability, frequency, cost and flight schedule. The utility trade-offs between variables are estimated by the ratio analysis of coefficients of logit model of each route, and the results of ratio analysis is interpreted as reflecting the reality of market conditions.

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Modeling of Space Radiation Exposure Estimation Program for Pilots, Crew and Passengers on Commercial Flights

  • Hwang, Junga;Dokgo, Kyunghwan;Choi, Enjin;Park, Jong-Sun;Kim, Kyung-Chan;Kim, Hang-Pyo
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2014
  • There has been a rapid increase of the concern on the space radiation effect on pilots, crew and passengers at the commercial aircraft altitude (~ 10 km) recently. It is because domestic airline companies, Korean Air and Asiana Airlines have just begun operating the polar routes over the North Pole since 2006 and 2009 respectively. CARI-6 and CARI-6M are commonly used space radiation estimation programs which are provided officially by the U.S. federal aviation administration (FAA). In this paper, the route doses and the annual radiation doses for Korean pilots and cabin crew were estimated by using CARI-6M based on 2012 flight records. Also the modeling concept was developed for our own space radiation estimation program which is composed of GEANT4 and NRLMSIS00 models. The GEANT4 model is used to trace the incident particle transports in the atmosphere and the NRLMSIS00 model is used to get the background atmospheric densities of various neutral atoms at the aircraft altitude. Also presented are the results of simple integration tests of those models and the plan to include the space weather variations through the solar proton event (SPE) prediction model such as UMASEP and the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) prediction model such as Badhwar-O'Neill 2010.

The Aspects, Reasons and Outcomes of an Unmanned Air Vehicle Crash Caused By Engine Failure

  • Cuhadar, Ismet;Dursun, Mahir
    • International Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2015
  • The Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) systems are indispensable tools of air surveillance and reconnaissance nowadays. Via this systems, hazardous end risky intelligence gathering activities are handled easily. Although they are named as "Unmanned" the UAV systems are commanded by pilots/operators. So, because of weather conditions, enemy attacks etc. as well as pilot error it is possible to face with sudden Round per Minute (RPM) drops and subsequently engine cut/stop during a mission flight at high altitudes. In this case, there are some very urgent decisions to make and rapid "emergency procedure" steps to take in a very short time before Line of Sight (LOS) is lost. The time before crash and the distance to landing air base need to be calculated, the Return Home route need to be checked and the landing/crash side need to be determined. Therefore it is a vital necessity that UAV pilots have some extra qualifications like being determined, well instructed and trained, experienced apart from operating ability. Within this scope, for an education process of a UAV pilot experience sharing and lessons learned are as important as simulators even more. By means of lessons learned it is possible to find out the reasons, mistakes and prevent the likely UAV accidents. In this study it is told about a real UAV crash, experienced of the pilot, the dos and don'ts and the difficulties. Thus it is aimed to help the people who can experience the same or similar situations in future.

Design and experiment of the protocol using ASM2.0 : focusing on marine officers' mandatory reporting items (차세대 해상디지털통신기술 ASM2.0을 이용한 프로토콜 설계 및 실험 : 항해사의 의무보고 사항을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kilyong;Kim, Do-yeon;Lee, Seojeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.43-44
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    • 2015
  • AIS-ASM is a one of the study to provide a variety of maritime safety information as well as ship's position and navigational information that is their own function since 2004. This study aims to reduce the marine officer's workload through automating marine officer's mandatory reporting items using the one of the next maritime digital communication technology (ASM2.0). For this purpose, we designed and experimented of the ASM2.0 protocol through analyzing a domestic regulation about passenger flight and AIS-ASM message.

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Permission of the Claim that Prohibits Military Aircraft Operation Nearby Residential Area - Supreme Court of Japan, Judgement Heisei 27th (Gyo hi) 512, 513, decided on Dec. 8, 2016 - (군사기지 인근주민의 군용기 비행금지 청구의 허용 여부 - 최고재(最高裁) 2016. 12. 8. 선고 평성(平成) 27년(행(行ヒ)) 제512, 513호 판결 -)

  • Kwon, Chang-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.45-79
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    • 2018
  • An increase of airplanes and military aircraft operation lead to significant demanding of residential claims by people who live in nearby airports and military bases due to noise, vibration and residential damages caused by aircraft operations. In recent years, a plaintiff has filed a lawsuit against the defendant, claiming the prohibition of using claimant's possessed land as a helicopter landing route, and the Daejeon High Court was in favour of the plaintiff. Although the Supreme Court later dismissed the Appeal Court decision, it is necessary to discuss the case of setting flight prohibited zone. In Japan, the airport noise lawsuits have been filed for a long time, mainly by environmental groups. Unlike the case that admitted residential damages caused by noise, the Yokohama District Court for the first time sentenced a judgment of the prohibition of the flight. This ruling was partially changed in the appellate court and some of the plaintiffs' claims were adopted. However, the Supreme Court of Japan finally rejected such decision from appeal and district courts. Atsugi Base is an army camp jointly used by the United States and Japan, and residents, live nearby, claim that they are suffering from mental damage such as physical abnormal, insomnia, and life disturbance because of the noise from airplane taking off and landing in the base. An administrative lawsuit was therefore preceded in the Yokohama District Court. The plaintiff requested the Japan Self-Defense Forces(hereinafter 'JSDF') and US military aircraft to be prohibited operating. The court firstly held the limitation of the flight operation from 10pm to 6am, except unavoidable circumstance. The case was appealed. The Supreme Court of Japan dismissed the original judgment on the flight claim of the JSDF aircraft, canceled the first judgment, and rejected the claims of the plaintiffs. The Supreme Court ruled that the exercise of the authority of the Minister of Defense is reasonable since the JSDF aircraft is operating public flight high zone. The court agreed that noise pollution is such an issue for the residents but there are countermeasures which can be taken by concerned parties. In Korea, the residents can sue against the United States or the Republic of Korea or the Ministry of National Defense for the prohibition of the aircraft operation. However, if they claim against US government regarding to the US military flight operation, the Korean court must issue a dismissal order as its jurisdiction exemption. According to the current case law, the Korean courts do not allow a claimant to appeal for the performance of obligation or an anonymous appeal against the Minister of National Defense for prohibiting flight of military aircraft. However, if the Administrative Appeals Act is amended and obligatory performance litigation is introduced, the claim to the Minister of National Defense can be permitted. In order to judge administrative case of the military aircraft operation, trade-off between interests of the residents and difficulties of the third parties should be measured in the court, if the Act is changed and such claims are granted. In this connection, the Minister of National Defense ought to prove and illuminate the profit from the military aircraft operation and it should be significantly greater than the benefits which neighboring residents will get from the prohibiting flight of military aircraft.

Forecasting Air Freight Demand in Air forces by Time Series Analysis and Optimizing Air Routing Problem with One Depot (군 항공화물수요 시계열 추정과 수송기 최적화 노선배정)

  • Jung, Byung-Ho;Kim, Ik-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2004
  • The Korea Air Force(KAF) has operated freight flights based on the prefixed time and route schedule, which is adjusted once in a month. The major purpose of the operation of freight flights in the KAF is to distribute necessary supplies from the home air base to other air bases. The secondary purpose is to train the young pilots to get more experiences in navigation. Each freight flight starts from and returned to the home air base everyday except holidays, while it visits several other air bases to accomplish its missions. The study aims to forecast freight demand at each base by using time series analysis, and then it tried to optimize the cost of operating flights by solving vehicle routing problem. For more specifically, first, several constraints in operating cargos were defined by reviewing the Korea Air Force manuals and regulation. With such constraints, an integer programming problem was formulated for this specific routing problem allowing several visits in a tour with limitation of maximum number of visits. Then, an algorithm to solve the routing problem was developed. Second, the time series analysis method was applied to find out the freight demand at each air base from the mother air base in the next month. With the forecasted demands and the developed solution algorithm, the oprimum routes are calculated for each flight. Finally, the study compared the solved routing system by the developed algorithm with the existing routing system of the Korea Air Force. Through this comparison, the study proved that the proposed method can provide more (economically) efficient routing system than the existing system in terms of computing and monetary cost. In summary, the study suggested objective criteria for air routing plan in the KAF. It also developed the methods which could forecast properly the freight demands at each bases by using time series analysis and which could find the optimum routing which minimizes number of cargo needed. Finally, the study showed the economical savings with the optimized routing system by using real case example.

Interference Analysis of TV Signal Affected by Flights of An Airplane around KimPo International Airport Circumference (항공기 운항으로 인한 김포국제공항 주변지역의 TV 수신 장애 분석)

  • Lee, Chan-Joo;Kim, Bong-Cheol;Cho, Sung-Joon
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, we have chosen KimPo International Airport as an area for estimating the flutter interference, in order to analyze the flutter interference. The field test at 25 points around KimPo International Airport and the simulation have been performed for estimating the flutter interference. We consider the received power of a direct wave, the height of an antenna, the ERP of a transmitting point, transmit frequency, and the reflection coefficients of an airplane, the transmit/receive point coordinates as estimation functions for the flutter. From the results, we have found that the flutter interference from flights is very serious around the route of flight circumference, and often occurs when the height of an airplane is low, range from 40 to 240 m. Besides, the degree of the flutter interference can be changed according to the distance between an airplane and a transmitting point, elevation angle, and the reflection coefficients of an airplane.

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Flight Measurement and Analysis of VOR Signal Influence from the Long Distance Surrounding Obstacles (원거리 장애물이 VOR에 미치는 영향의 비행측정 및 분석)

  • Park, Hyeong-Taek;Hwang, Byong-Won
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2008
  • International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) adopted VOR(Very high frequency Omni-Range) as an international standard air navigation system in 1949 and recommended every country to make use of it in formulating air route and guiding take-off and landing of an aircraft. VOR is quite a useful navigation system so that more than 2,000 VORs have been installed all over the world including 39 in Korea: however, VOR signal could be easily affected by its circumstance like a mountainous area because it provides navigation information through AM and FM of VHF carrier. Therefore this study intends to investigate how much VOR performance is affected by its circumstances. For this purpose, the performance of the 10 VORs influenced by 24 obstacles are measured and analyzed by using an aircraft equipped with measuring instruments. This study may give us a feasible solution of problems related to the VOR siting in the future.

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Flight Measurement and Analysis for Signal Influence of CVOR and DVOR by It's Surrounding Obstacle Condition (CVOR과 DVOR의 장애물 영향 비행측정 및 비교 분석)

  • Park, Hyeong-Taek;Hwang, Byong-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.32 no.11A
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    • pp.1206-1212
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    • 2007
  • International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO) adopted VOR(Very high frequency Omni-Range) as an international standard air navigation system in 1949 and recommended every country to make use of it in formulating air route and guiding take-off and landing of an aircraft. VOR is quite a useful navigation system so that more than 2,000 VORs are currently installed all over the world including 39 in the Republic of Korea; however, VOR signal could be easily affected by its circumstance like a mountainous area because it provides navigation information to an aircraft through AM and FM of VHF carrier. There are two types of VOR which are defined according to a design methode. Therefore this study intends to investigate which type of VOR is suitable for mountainous area. For that purpose, the performance of each CVOR and DVOR is measured and analyzed by using an aircraft equipped with measuring instruments. The analyzed result will be applied and utilized in selecting the VOR type, so it could be a feasible solution of problem related to the VOR relocation due to its insufficient performance in the future.

Dynamic Object Tracking of a Quad-rotor with Image Processing and an Extended Kalman Filter (영상처리와 확장칼만필터를 이용한 쿼드로터의 동적 물체 추종)

  • Kim, Ki-jung;Yu, Ho-Yun;Lee, Jangmyung
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.641-647
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    • 2015
  • This paper proposes a new strategy for a quad-rotor to track a moving object efficiently by using image processing and an extended Kalman filter. The goal of path planning for the quad-rotor is to design an optimal path from the start point to the destination point. To lengthen the freight time of the quad-rotor, an optimal path is required to reduce the energy consumption. To track a moving object, the mark signed on the moving object has been detected by a camera mounted first on the quad-rotor. The center coordinates of the mark and its area are calculated through the blob analysis which is one type of image processing. The mark coordinates are utilized to obtain information on the motion direction and the area of the mark is utilized to recognize whether the object moves backward or forward from the camera on the quad-rotor. In addition, an extended Kalman filter has been applied to predict the direction and speed of the dynamically moving object. Through these schemes, it is aimed that the quad-rotor can track the dynamic object efficiently in terms of flight distance and time. Through the two different route freights of the quad-rotor, the performance of the proposed system has been demonstrated.