• Title, Summary, Keyword: Flat electrode method

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Electric Resistance Double Spot Welding Process of Dissimilar Metal Plates of Steel and Aluminum by Using Heating Dies (가열금형을 사용하는 강철과 알루미늄 이종금속판재의 전기저항 이중스폿용접)

  • Kim, T.H.;Sun, Xiaoguang;Jin, I.T.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, a double spot welding process, utilizing electric resistance heating dies, is suggested for the spot welding of dissimilar metal plates for drawing and concurrent spot welding. This double welding process has two heating methods for the fusion welding at the interfacial zone between steel and aluminum plates, such as heating method by thermal conduction of electric resistance by welding current induced to heating dies, and heating method by electric resistance between contacted surfaces of two plates by welding current induced to copper electrode. This double welding process has welding variables such as each current induced in heating dies and in copper electrode, outer diameters of heating dies, and edge shape of copper electrode. Experiments for current conditions in welding process should be demanded in order to get successful welding strength. It was known that the welding strength could be reached to the value demanded on industry fields under such welding conditions as heating dies of outer ring dia.12mm contacted on steel plate, as heating dies of outer ring dia. 14mm contacted on aluminum plate, and as copper electrode of dia. 6.0mm, and as 3 times continuous heating method by $1^{st}$ current of 11 kA(9cycle), $2^{nd}$ current 11 kA(60cycle), $3^{rd}$ current 7 kA(60cycle) applied in steel heating dies and copper electrodes, flat edge of copper electrode, for double spot welding process of dissimilar metal plates of steel and aluminum of 1.0 mm thickness.

Feasibility as radiation detectors of Flexible ITO film fabricated by roll-to-roll sputtering (롤-투-롤 스퍼터링으로 제작된 Flexible ITO Film의 방사선검출기 적용가능성 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Hun;Lee, S.H.;Jeon, S.P.;Park, G.U.;Heo, E.S.;Sung, Han-Kyu;Park, J.G.;Nam, Sang-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.374-374
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 Roll-to-Roll Sputtering 장비를 사용하여 제작된 Flexible ITO electrode 필름의 방사선 검출기로의 적용가능성을 알아보기 위해 기존의 Glass ITO electrode의 전기적 특성을 비교 평가하였다. 본 연구는 Flexible ITO electrode와 Glass ITO electrode을 하부전극으로 형성하고, 최근에 X-ray 변환체로 활발히 연구되고 있는 Powder 형태의 반도체물질인 HgI2 와 PbI2를 Binder와 일정한 비율로 혼합하여 3-Rolls-Miller를 사용하여 Powder를 일정한 미세크기로 만들고, 대면적 제작이 용이한 Screen-Printing method을 이용하여 시편을 제작하였다. 제작된 필름은 하부전극의 종류에 따른 X-ray 입사 후의 전기적신호의 차이를 측정하고, HgI2와 PbI2 중 Flexible ITO electrode와 더욱 효율적으로 반응하여 기존의 Glass ITO electrode를 대체할 수 있는 전극을 발견하여 진단용 의료영상의 왜곡 현상을 제거할 수 있는 Flexible 방사선 검출기의 제작의 초석을 제공하는 연구를 목적으로 한다. SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope) 통하여 반도체 물질의 결정구조와 크기를 알아보았고, 하부 전극의 종류에 따른 전기적 신호검출을 위해 제작된 필름의 암전류(Dark current) 와 민감도(Sensitivity)를 측정한 후, SNR (Signal -to- Noise)을 계산하여 평가하였다.

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Photoelectrochemical Characteristics at the Titanium Oxide Electrode with Light Intensity and pH of the Solution (산화 티타늄 전극의 광학농도와 pH에 따른 광전기화학적 특성)

  • Park, Seong-Yong;Cho, Byung-Won;Yun, Kyung-Suk
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 1994
  • Arc melted Ti-5Bi alloy was oxidized by thermal oxidation method. In the present study free energy efficiency(${\eta}_e$) of titanium oxide electrode(TOE) was measured as a function of light intensity and light energy. Flat-band potential of TOE was measured as a function of the light intensity and the solution pH. The ${\eta}_e$ of TOE increased with the increase of light intensity and tight energy to maximum value of 3.2% and 13%, respectively, at $0.2W/cm^2$ and 4.0eV. The ${\eta}_e$ was strongly dependent on the magnitude of the bias voltage. Maximum value was found at 0.5V bias. Photocurrent of TOE was controlled by electron-hole pair generation in depletion layer. The flat-band potential of the illuminated TOE shifted to -0.065V/decade with increasing light intensity. With the decrease of pH of electrolyte, flat-band potential shifted to anodic direction. The experimental slope was in good agreement with the Nernstian value of 0.059V/pH decade.

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TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING POWER CONSUMPTION OF PDPS IN PIONEER

  • Uchidoi, Masataka
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2004
  • We have introduced fourth generation PDPs last year. The performance of these PDPs is the highest level among TV displays. At the same time the power consumption of them has reached to the lowest level among FPDs (Flat Panel Displays). High panel luminous efficacy and low address power are necessary for the reduction of total power consumption. Following technologies have been developed and applied to the fourth generation PDPs. High panel luminous efficacy: T-shape electrode, waffle rib structure, high Xe content gas Low address power; CLEAR driving method, etc.

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Electrical characteristics of MEH-PPV thin films for light-emitting diodes (MEH-PPV를 이용한 유기전기발광소자의 전기적 특성)

  • 이상윤;이한성;김정수;이광연;김영관;신동명;손병청
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 1998
  • Organic-based electroluminescent devices have attracted lots of interests because of their possible application as large-area flat pan디 display. In this study, current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of MEH-PPV thin films was investigated using various metal as a top electrode, where MEH-PPV thin films were prepared on 170 substrate by spin coating method and various metal such as Al, Ag, In, MgIn was deposited on MEH-PPV thin films as a top electrode.

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High Luminous Efficiency Flat Light Source with Xe mixture Gas Discharge and Areal Brightness Control Method (제논 혼합가스를 이용한 고효율 면광원과 국부적 밝기 제어 방식)

  • Jung, Jae-Chul;Seo, In-Woo;Oh, Byung-Joo;Whang, Ki-Woong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2009
  • A Highly efficient Mercury-free Flat Fluorescent Lamp (MFFL) with dielectric barrier Xe gas discharge was developed for an alternative of conventional line-type Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamps (CCFLs) which shows a wide voltage margin and a stable discharge operation for diffuse glow discharge with an application of a auxiliary electrode. Electro-optic characteristics of the MFFL were examined through the changes in ambient temperature, total pressure and Xe partial pressure. the single cell is expanded into a multi-structured configuration to realize a large sized lamp by a simple repetition of the single cells, and a new driving scheme is proposed for an adaptive brightness control using dual auxiliary electrodes and bi-polar drive scheme. In addition, interesting application of this ultra high luminance flat lamp by the optimization of the gas condition and the pattern of the rear phosphor layer is suggested as a good alternative of daylight lamp source

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Improvement of Power Generation of Microbial Fuel Cells using Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) and Automatic Load Control Algorithm (최대전력점추적방법과 외부저항 제어 알고리즘을 이용한 미생물연료 전지의 전력생산 최대화)

  • Song, Young Eun;Kim, Jung Rae
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2014
  • A microbial fuel cell (MFC) and bioelectrochemical systems are novel bioprocesses which employ exoelectrogenic biofilm on electrode as a biocatalyst for electricity generation and various useful chemical production. Previous reports show that electrogenic biofilms of MFCs are time varying systems and dynamically interactive with the electrically conductive media (carbon paper as terminal electron acceptor). It has been reported that maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method can automatically control load by algorithm so that increase power generation and columbic efficiency. In this study, we developed logic based control strategy for external load resistance by using $LabVIEW^{TM}$ which increases the power production with using flat-plate MFCs and MPPT circuit board. The flat-plate MFCs inoculated with anaerobic digester sludge were stabilized with fixed external resistance from $1000{\Omega}$ to $100{\Omega}$. Automatic load control with MPPT started load from $52{\Omega}$ during 120 hours of operation. MPPT control strategy increased approximately 2.7 times of power production and power density (1.95 mW and $13.02mW/m^3$) compared to the initial values before application of MPPT (0.72 mW and $4.79mW/m^3$).

Measurement of Secondary Electron Emission Coefficient on Deposition Time of the Silicon Thin Films (실리콘박막의 증착시간에 따른 감마계수 측정법 개발)

  • Lee, Jung-Hui;Choi, Byoung-Jung;Yang, Sung-Chae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.330-331
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    • 2006
  • Recently, plasma display panels (PDPs) are highlighted for the flat type display device. Therefore, much attention has been paid to secondary electron emission coefficient of the electrode protective material of PDPs. As PDPs is developing, the concern about secondary electron emission coefficient ($\gamma$) which is related with PDPs electrode protection material is increasing continually. So the concern about the way to how to measure secondary electron emission coefficient is on the rise. At present, the way to how to measure secondary electron emission coefficient is developed by some research groups, which is giving some research part's advance help. In this research, we have studied how to measure secondary electron emission coefficient which is related with various thin films more conveniently than previous measurement method. We studied the method of measurement of secondary electron emission coefficient (${\gamma}$) of amorphous silicon films by using Paschen's curve.

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Effect of the Configuration of Contact Type Textile Electrode on the Performance of Heart Activity Signal Acquisition for Smart Healthcare (스마트 헬스케어를 위한 심장활동 신호 검출용 접촉식 직물전극의 구조가 센싱 성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hyun-Seung;Koo, Hye-Ran;Yang, Jin-Hee;Lee, Kang-Hwi;Kim, Sang-Min;Lee, Jeong-Hwan;Kwak, Hwy-Kuen;Ko, Yun-Su;Oh, Yun-Jung;Park, Su-Youn;Kim, Sin-Hye;Lee, Joo-Hyeon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of contact type textile electrode structure on heart activity signal acquisition for smart healthcare. In this study, we devised six contact type textile electrodes whose electrode size and configuration were manipulated for measuring heart activity signals using computerized embroidery. We detected heart activity signals using a modified lead II and by attaching each textile electrode to the chest band in four healthy male subjects in a standing static posture. We measured the signals four times repeatedly for all types of electrodes. The heart activity signals were sampled at 1 kHz using a BIOPAC ECG100, and the detected original signals were filtered through a band-pass filter. To compare the performance of heart activity signal acquisition among the different structures of the textile electrodes, we conducted a qualitative analysis using signal waveform and size as parameters. In addition, we performed a quantitative analysis by calculating signal power ratio (SPR) of the heart activity signals obtained through each electrode. We analyzed differences in the performance of heart activity signal acquisition of the six electrodes by performing difference and post-hoc tests using nonparametric statistic methods on the calculated SPR. The results showed a significant difference both in terms of qualitative and quantitative aspects of heart activity signals among the tested contact type textile electrodes. Regarding the configurations of the contact type textile electrodes, the three-dimensionally inflated electrode (3DIE) was found to obtain better quality signals than the flat electrode. However, regarding the electrode size, no significant difference was found in performance of heart signal acquisition for the three electrode sizes. These results suggest that the configuration method (flat/3DIE), which is one of the two requirements of a contact type textile electrode structure for heart activity signal acquisition, has a critical effect on the performance of heart activity signal acquisition for wearable healthcare. Based on the results of this study, we plan to develop a smart clothing technology that can monitor high-quality heart activity without time and space constraints by implementing a clothing platform integrated with the textile electrode and developing a performance improvement plan.

Characterization and Food Application of a Potentiometric Biosensor Measuring $\beta$-Lactam Antibiotics

  • Park, In-Seon;Kim, Dong-Kyung;Kim, Nam-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.698-706
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    • 2004
  • $\beta$-Lactam antibiotics such as penicillin G, amoxicillin, and ampicillin were determined by a potentiometric biosensor system which exploited penicillinase immobilized on Immobilon cellulose nitrate membrane and a flat-bottomed pH electrode-as the biological component and transducer. The optimum reaction buffer for maximum sensitivity was found as 2 mM of sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.2). The detection limit of the biosensor could be extended to 1 $\mu{M}$ of the analytes by increasing the enzyme loading for immobilization to 100 units/$m\ell$. The model samples spiked with each of the standard penicillins were measured for their biosensor responses and HPLC peak area, resulting in the relative responses of 82.1-103.5% and 79.5-106.1% for the biosensor method along with HPLC analysis, respectively. This result showed a good precision of the current biosensor method for screening the penicillin compounds.