• Title, Summary, Keyword: Five point likert scale

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A Randomized Clinical Trial of Local Acupoints Compared with Distal Acupoints in Chronic Neck Pain Patients (만성 경항통 환자에 대한 근위취혈과 원위취혈 침치료 효과 비교연구)

  • Kim, So-Jung;Jang, Jin-Young;Kim, Nam-Sik;Kim, Yong-Suk;Nam, Sang-Soo
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy after acupuncture on local acupoints group and distal acupoints group for chronic neck pain. Design : A randomized, crossover clinical trial. Methods : From 15st, September 2010 to October 30th, 2010. 20 patients with chronic neck pain were randomly assigned to either group A or group B. Group A received acupuncture at local acupoints then after 1 week washout period acupuncture at distal acupoints. Group B received the treatment in reverse order. To evaluating efficiency and satisfaction, visual analog scale(VAS), neck disability index(NDI), cranio-cervical flextion test(C-CFT) and five-point likert scale were measured before and after each treatment. Results : Patients in local acupoints group experienced greater improvement than distal acupoints group in VAS. Both local acupoints group and distal acupoints group showed significant improvement in NDI but not in C-CFT and the NDI score change comparison between the two groups had no significance. Local acupoints group showed more effective than distal acupoints group on five-point likert scale. Conclusions : Local acupoints is more effective than distal acupoints in controlling pain in chronic neck pain.

The Clinical Effects of Acupotomy for Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament (침도치료를 통한 후종인대 골화증에 대한 치험 1례)

  • Park, Se-Woon;Kim, Sung-Soo;Yang, Seung-Bum;Lee, Geon-Mok
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a cause of the progressive compression myelopahty or radiculopathy. More and more cases being reported in the field of western medicine, but very few cases have been reported in the field of oriental medicine. This study can make prove the effectiveness of oriental medicine about OPLL by acupotomy therpapy. Methods : A patient who is diagnosed to OPLL was participated in this study. The patient was treated by acupotomy therapy. After the treatment, patient was measured by VAS (visual analogue scale), questionnaires (NDI, J-OA score) and 5 Likert scale. Results : The results in the questionnaires (NDI, J-OA score) and VAS, ROM shows that the improving of OPLL pain and function. Conclusions : Acuptomy on OPLL was showed the effectiveness in pain and function of the patient.

Clinical Study on Immediate Response after Acupuncture on Local Acupoints and Distal Acupoints for Neck Pain Patients (경항통 환자에 대한 원위취혈 및 근위취혈의 침치료 직후 효과에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Hwi-Yong;Song, Beom-Yong;Yook, Tae-Han;Kang, Ji-Sook;Hong, Kwon-Eui
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to compare immediate response after acupuncture on Local Acupoints group and Distal Acupoints group for neck pain patients. Methods : From January 2nd 2008 to August 31th 2008, 10 neck pain patients were divided into 2 groups. One group(test I group) was taken Local Acupoints, and the other group(test II group) was taken Distal Acupoints. To check immediate response and satisfaction of needling, visual analog scale(VAS), range of motion(ROM), clinical evaluation grade and five-point likert scale were used before and after treatment. Results : Both acupuncture therapy showed immediate response and good effect on neck pain. And test I group showed more immediate response than test II group on all categories. Conclusions : Local Acupoints group can be recommended as an immediate and useful therapy to treat neck pain.

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The effects on subject satisfaction of math-clinic programs for learning support in engineering students (공과대학생들의 학습지원을 위한 수학클리닉 프로그램별 교과만족도 차이 연구)

  • Choi, Wonyoung;Kim, Sung-whan;Son, Jeong-suk
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce the math-clinic programs which offer to engineering students and to compare the subject satisfaction between participants and non-participants. Five math-clinic programs are operated and 1397 students took part in this study. As a result, the Likert-type scales of satisfaction with three programs; the exercise problems solving class, the tutoring program and the achievement tests, were 4.07, 4.05 and 3.95, respectively(5-point Likert-type scale). And we found that the participants expressed higher subject satisfactions than nonparticipations did.

Development of a Coping Scale for Families of Patients with Schizophrenia (정신분열병 환자 가족의 대처 측정도구 개발)

  • Seo, Ji Min;Byun, Eun Kyung;Park, Kyung Yeon;Kim, So Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.738-748
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a coping scale for families of patients with schizophrenia (CSFPS). Methods: Item construction was derived from literature reviews and interviews with family members and psychiatric nurses. Content validity was tested by experts. Each item was scored on a four-point Likert scale. The preliminary questionnaire was administered to 188 family members of patients with schizophrenia. The data were analyzed using item analysis, factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Cronbach's alpha. Results: From the factor analysis, 32 items in five factors were derived. The factors were named active coping strategies, avoidance coping strategies, hospital treatment-oriented coping strategies, emotional coping strategies, and suppressive coping strategies for problematic behaviors. The five factors explained 49.7% of the total variance, Cronbach's alpha of the total items was .83 and the factors ranged from .66 to .86. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that CSFPS is a reliable and valid instrument to measure coping in families of patients with schizophrenia.

Development of a Scale to Measure Self-Care for Korean Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (만성 폐쇄성 폐질환자의 자가관리측정도구 개발)

  • 전정자;김애경;최상옥;애정희;최미경;장선아
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The objective of this study was the development and validation of a scale to measure the self-care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) in Korea. Method: Self-care scale was developed based on the self-care activities patients had to carry out in order to manage their COPD. The original scale contained 34 items rated along a five-point Likert scale and was reviewed by 18 professional nurses and 10 Korean patients with COPD for content validity. Subsequently, patients with COPD were asked to complete this 23-item scale and further tests were done with the 125 useable responses. Result: Factor analysis identified eight factors-'maintaining a clean air way', 'taking medication', 'support from family', 'preventing infection', 'managing symptoms', 'breathing exercising', and 'taking in nutrition'. The internal consistency of the total scale was Cronbach's α=0.7226. These eight factors explained 60.8% of total variance. There was correlation among Korean Self-Care Scale score, administration level, and knowledge level but there was no correlation to patients' satisfaction with medical services. Conclusion: The 23 item questionnaire positively identified 8 areas defined important for COPD patients. Further studies are required to see how these can be integrated into patient education.

The Development of an Instrument for Measuring Scientific Attitudes of Elementary School children (국민학생의 과학적 태도 측정을 위한 도구 개발)

  • Chung, Wan-Ho;Hur, Myung;Yeun, Beong-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.265-271
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this survey was to develop the scale for measuring scientific attitudes. This instrument was contain 37 items of five-point Likert format. This survey is designed to measure scientific attitudes of elementary school 3-6 grade. The main results of this survey are as follows: (1) The internal consistency(reliability) was estimated using Cronbach ${\alpha}$ coefficient. The ${\alpha}$ coefficient was 0.91. (2) Male students exhibited more positive attitudes than females according to 2-Way ANOVA. (3) The interaction effect of sex and grade is not significant in level ${\alpha}=.05$. (4) The constructed scale was administered to 343 childrens in grade 3 to 6 of 8 elementary schools in Seoul and Kyeung-gi province.

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A Study of the Effects on the Korean Adolescents위 Sexual Role Identity and Attitude by the Audio-Visual Program for Sexual Education (한국청소년의 성교육을 위한 시청각프로그램이 성역할정체감 및 성태도에 미치는 효과)

  • 김영혜
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1556-1568
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    • 2000
  • The aims of this study were to identify the effects on sexual role identity and sexual attitude of the A-V programed sexual education on Oct. 1. 1997 through Sep. 30, 2000. The program was focused on the formation of the desirable sexual activity, attitude and androgyny sexual role identity of the Korean adolescents, and that was the 25 minute VTR media "Our sexuality is healthful". This study was non equivalent post-test only quasi-experimental design, and the subjects were 530 middle school boys in Busan, Korea. After the manipulation, the change of sexual role identity and sexual attitude was analysed. Outcome measures were middle school boys′ sexual role identity toward KSRI on a seven-point Likert scale and sexual attitudes toward SAS on a five-point Likert scale. The data was analysed by SPSS WIN. The results were summarized as follows : 1) The experimental group who was exposed to the A-V media produced by the author showed the higher score of androgyny sexual role identity than the control group who didn′t watch the A-V program. 2) The experimental group showed the higher rate of the androgyny than the control group, On the other hand, their rate of the masculinity turned out to be lower than the latter group. 3) The experimental group didn′t show the difference of SAS score from the control group .In conclusion, "Our sexuality is Healthful" A-V program for sexual education brought about the significant change of sexual role identity of the middle school boys, but didn′t affect their attitude toward sexual activity.

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Development of Sexual Values Scale for College Students (대학생의 성가치관 측정도구 개발)

  • Sung, Kyung Mi;Lee, So Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.98-107
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for measuring sexual values of college students. Methods: The data were collected from 308 university students for three months from March 15th to June 15th, 2016. The development of the scale was done in the following order: development of preliminary items; verification of content validity and reliability; factor analysis; and criterion validity of final items. Results: We developed a questionnaire using a five-point Likert-type scale in a self-report form containing 18 items. From the factor analysis, 18 items in three factors were finalized. The 18 items included 3 sub-scales: Cognitive (5 items); Affective (4 items); and Behavioral (9 items). The internal consistency was acceptable (Cronbach's ${\alpha}=.88$). In this study, sexual values were significantly correlated with self-concept (r=.344, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study will be useful not only for evaluating sexual values of college students but also for obtaining basic data for sex education. However, we need further studies in order to use the scale in practice and research.

A Comparative Study on the Pain and Treatment Satisfaction between Korean Medical Treatment Combined with Ultrasound Guided Soyeom Pharmacopuncture Therapy in Thoracic Paravertebral Space and Non-Guided Soyeom Pharmacopuncture Therapy on Patients with Ribs Fracture: A Retrospective Study (늑골 골절 환자에서 초음파 유도하 흉추 주위 공간(TPVS) 소염약침 치료를 시행한 한방치료군과 촉지하 소염약침 치료를 시행한 한방치료군의 통증 및 치료만족도 비교 연구: 후향적 연구)

  • Kim, Yeon Hee;Oh, Tae Young;Lee, Eun Jung;Oh, Min Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2019
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate pain reduction and treatment satisfaction of patients with rib fracrture treated with Soyeom pharmacopuncture therapy under ultrasonic guided - thoracic paravertebral space (TPVS), and also compare to the patients with non-guided pharmacoacupuncture. Methods We studied medical records of 6 patients hospitalized with rib fractures were analyzed retrospectively at department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation from March 1, 2019 to May 31, 2019, The 3 patients had performed the treatment of Soyeom pharmacopuncture therapy on TPVS under ultrasonic guidance with Korean Medicine treatment (such as herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxabustion, etc) and the other 3 patients had performed the treatment of Soyeom pharmacopuncture therapy on TPVS through non-guided. We used numeric rating scale to assess improvements in pain and the five-point likert scale was used to assess treatment satisfaction. Statistical analysis was carried out using the IBM SPSS Statistics 24 program. Results The purpose of this study is to investigate pain reduction and treatment satisfaction of patients with rib fracrture treated with Soyeom pharmacopuncture therapy under ultrasonic guided - TPVS, and also compare to the patients with non-guided pharmacoacupuncture. Conclusions After analyzing 6 studies, we could imply that the treatment of Soyeom pharmacopuncture therapy on TPVS under ultrasonic guidance could be more effective on pain reduction and improvement of treatment satisfaction with rib fracture compared to those who were treated with non-guided pharmacoacupuncture.