• Title, Summary, Keyword: Five point likert scale

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New Employees' Dietary Attitudes, Nutrition Knowledge, and Food Preferences in Gyeonggi Area (경기지역 사회초년 직장인의 식생활 태도, 영양지식 및 식품 기호도)

  • Jun, Miran;Rhie, Seung Gyo
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluates nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors and food group acceptability based on a sample of 514 of new employees in Gyeonggi area. Among the respondents, 70.6% of male, and their age was 30.7 Most were college graduates (94.9%) and unmarried (86.3%). Based on the BMI males tended to be overweight, whereas females, normal. In terms of health consciousness based on five-point Likert-type scale, the average score for the health status was 4.18 indicating good health, and health attention was 4.88 indicating high health attention. Dietary behaviors were evaluated using five-point Likert-type scale. According to the results, the total score for regular diet based on 5 items was 9.6; that for a balanced diet based on 7 items was 22.2; and that for practical diet action based on 8 items was 22.3. That is, the respondents were on an irregular diet but tried to balanced diet through appropriate diet action. Food acceptability was evaluated using a five-point Likert scale ranging from "strongly dislike(1)" to "strongly like(5)". The score of meat group was 3.67; that for the fish 3.43; and that for the vegetable group was 2.86. Females were slightly more like to accept fruits 3.60 than males 3.48;(p<0.05). The total score for nutrition knowledge based on 35 items was 20.5. A balanced diet was correlated with egg acceptability (p<0.01); energy-related knowledge with confectionery preferences (p<0.05); and vitamin knowledge, with snack affinity (p<0.05). Health attention was negatively correlated with seafood preferences for male(p<0.05) and with snacks for females(p<0.05). The respondents were strongly interested in and aware of their health, but this did not lead to their food preferences. These results suggests that dietary habits can lead to nutritional balance for maintaining the health of employees.

A simulation comparison on the analysing methods of Likert type data (모의실험에 의한 리커트형 설문분석 방법의 비교)

  • Kim, Hyun Chul;Choi, Seung Kyoung;Choi, Dong Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2016
  • Even though Likert type data is ordinal scale, many researchers who regard Likert type data as interval scale adapt as parametric methods. In this research, simulations have been used to find out a proper analysis of Likert type data. The locations and response distributions of five point Likert type data samples having diverse distribution have been evaluated. In estimating samples' locations, we considered parametric method and non-parametric method, which are t-test and Mann-Whitney test respectively. In addition, to test response distribution, we employed Chi-squared test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. In this study, we assessed the performance of the four aforementioned methods by comparing Type I error ratio and statistical power.

Measuring Effects of Quality Improvement through the Development of Critical Pathway for Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (당일 감마나이프수술 환자의 표준진료지침 개발을 통한 질 향상 효과 측정)

  • Kim, Moo Seong;Ha, So Young;Bae, Yoon Hyuk;Jung, Yong Tae;Kim, Sung Tae;Lee, Won Hee;Go, Yeon Joo
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : A protocol called "critical pathway" was developed to standardize the management of hospital patients the day after they underwent gamma knife radiosurgery. The quality of improvement in patient outcomes was evaluated. Methods : Critical pathway was developed, according to the regulations of the I hospital, by analyzing the medical records of 22 inpatients who underwent gamma knife surgery within the period from January to April 2011 on the day of the surgery. The study included a group of 22 patients admitted to the hospital the day after they underwent gamma knife radiosurgery, between July and September 2011. The control group included 22 patients who had surgery employing the same method within the period from May to June 2011. To measure the effects on quality improvement, the average length of stay, the execution rate of the hospital discharge notice system, daily hospital revenue, and the satisfaction of the patients and the medical team were assessed. The patient questionnaire employed a four-point Likert scale while the medical-staff questionnaire employed a five-point Likert scale. Result : The average length of stay was significantly shorter in the study group compared to the control group (2.3 days vs. 3.8 days, P<0.05). The execution rate of the hospital discharge notice system was higher in the study group (100% vs. 72%) than in the control group. Daily hospital revenues were higher by 264,178 Korean won in the study group when compared to the control group. The study group showed greater satisfaction of patients compared to the control group based on a four-point Likert scale (P<0.05). The study group showed greater satisfaction in medical team compared to the control group based on a five-point Likert scale (P<0.05). Conclusion : The development and implementation of a critical pathway protocol for hospital admission the day after gamma knife radiosurgery is an effective care process that improves the clinical quality.

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Three Case Reports of Avascular Necrosis of Femur Head Have Treated by Acupotomy (침도요법을 통한 대퇴골두 무혈성 괴사환자 3명에 대한 증례보고)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Park, Se-Woon;Moon, Hyo;Lee, Geon-Mok
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effect of acupotomy for patient with avascular necrosis(AVN) of femur head. Methods : Three patient who had been diagnosed as AVN participated in this study. The patient treated by acupotomy therapy. After the treatment, the patient was measured by visual analogue scale(VAS), Harris hip score and five likert scale Results : The patient informed the researcher of reduced pain and improved range of movement after the conduct of acupotomy therapy. The efficacy of acupotomy treatment was reaffirmed by the results of the VAS, physical examination (ROM, Patrcik sign), Harris hip score. Conclusions : Acupotomy therapy on AVN of femur head shows the efficacy in reducing pain and improving movement.

A Clinical Study Comparing the Effects of Supine JS Cervical Therapy and Muscle Release/Strengthening Technique on the Patients with Acute Neck Pain Caused by Traffic Accidents: A Retrospective Study (교통사고로 유발된 급성 경항통 환자에 대한 앙와위 경추 JS 신연 교정기법과 근육 이완/강화기법의 효과 비교: 후향적 연구)

  • Park, Jeong-Wook;Gu, Ji-Hyang;Ha, Hyun-Ju;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2020
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of supine JS cervical therapy and muscle release/strengthening technique in patients with acute neck pain caused by traffic accidents. Methods We studied 42 patients with acute neck pain caused by traffic accidents from July 1, 2019 to November 30, 2019. The study was conducted as a retrospective study which analyzes the patient's medical records. 21 patients (group A) had received supine JS cervical therapy and 21 patients (group B) had received muscle release/strengthening technique. We used the neck disability index (NDI) and visual analog scale (VAS) to evaluate improvements in symptoms and pain, and used the five point Likert scale to evaluate patient's satisfaction with chuna manual therapy. In each group, we compared the NDI and VAS of hospitalization day to those of 5 days later. Then we compared the NDI, VAS variation and five point Likert scale between the groups. Statistical analysis was conducted using the IBM SPSS for windows 25.0. Result Both group A and group B showed a statistically significant decrease in the NDI and VAS on the 5th day of hospitalization. In group A, there was a statistically significant decrease in the NDI compared to group B. The VAS and Five Point Likert Scale decrease was greater in group A than in group B, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion We found that using supine JS cervical therapy may be more effective than muscle release/strengthening technique in acute stage after traffic accidents.

The First Stage of Developing the Adolescent Friendship Social Capital Scale

  • Xu, Leilei
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.29-43
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the study was to generate the candidate items for the Adolescent Friendship Social Capital Scale. Both inductive and deductive approaches were used to generate the scale items. Halpern's conceptual map of social capital served as the theoretical basis of this scale, and guided the development of items. Semi-structured interviews with adolescents in Sydney, Melbourne and Beijing generated the initial pool of scale items. Twenty-six items were generated for the Adolescent Friendship Social Capital Scale. The items are organised in four theoretical constructs: Bonding Networks, Bridging Norms, Bridging Sanctions, and Linking Networks. Each item is a short statement followed by a five-point Likert scale anchored by 1= "Strongly disagree" and 5= "Strongly agree". The scale has several advantages over previous measures of adolescent friendship networks and friendship social capital. The scale has a strong and clear theoretical structure, the scale items demonstrate initial construct and content validity, and the format of the scale enables the collection of continuous data. However, in order to ensure the validity and reliability of the scale, another two stages of research need to be conducted in the future: scale development and scale evaluation.

Validation of a Diagnostic Model for Core Competencies at the Higher Education Institute in Korea

  • Kim, Sung-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a model for diagnosing core competencies at the higher education level. Based on literature reviews, a potential model for core competencies at university was suggested. A tool for validating the model was composed of 24 items, which were delivered to 226 professors and administrative staffs, 730 students, and 134 graduates & external industrial experts. Five constructs (core competencies) were extracted from the data collected among professors and administrative staff responding to the importance of the items. The results of importance and performance surveys on core competencies with students were respectively 3.28 to 3.66 and 2.68 to 3.28 (4-point Likert scale). Statistical differences between importance level and performance level were found in all the sub-categories of core competencies. Borich priority determination formula and Locus for Focus Model were used for the determination of the priority of needs. Importance survey among graduates and external experts showed that the mean of each items ranged from 2.80 to 3.76 (4-point Likert scale). The overall results of the analyses suggest that the final model is appropriate for measuring the core competencies.

Relationship of Nurses' Perception of the Joint Commission International Hospital Accreditation, Nursing Performance, Self-concept and Retention Intention (간호사의 국제의료기관평가에 대한 인식, 간호업무성과, 자아개념 및 재직의도 간의 관계)

  • Kwon, Eun Kyung;Lee, Eun Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationships of perception of JCI (Joint Commission International) hospital accreditation, nursing performance, self-concept and retention intention in nurses. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from 199 JCI-accredited nurses in general hospitals located in Gyeonggi Province. Data collection was done in May 2015 and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}^{\prime}s$ test, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: The scores for perception, and nursing performance were (on a five-point Likert scale) 3.34, 3.78 respectively, and self-concept and retention intention were (on a eight-point Likert scale) 5.40 and 5.21 respectively. Nurses' perception, nursing performance, self-concept, and retention intention showed significant differences depending on age, marital status, education, department, work experience, position, Korean accreditation, and JCI accreditation. A positive correlation was observed between perception, nursing performance, self-concept, and retention intention. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that enhancing positive perception and good nursing performance can produce good self-concept and retention intention.

Managing quality attributes using customer satisfaction coefficient

  • Song, Hae-geun;Kim, Gwang-pil
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.157-167
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    • 2017
  • The two-way quality theory has been widely used as a method for classifying quality attributes for several decades. In particular, the Kano model that classifies attributes into not just conventional one-dimensional but must-be and attractive has gained popularity due to its applicability and ease of use. However, the wordings of the five alternatives in the Kano's questionnaire has been criticised for unclear meanings. This study proposes a new two-way model to classify attributes using 5-point Likert scale alternatives. For this, the current paper investigated a case of TV sets to examine how the proposed model works in comparison with the Kano model. The application results of the proposed model are different from the original one. The two-way model classifies quality attributes in more detail such as the "one-dimensional with an attractive tendency" attribute, which has a greater influence on satisfaction than dissatisfaction, the opposite "one-dimensional with a must-be tendency" attribute, and "highly one-dimensional" and "less one-dimensional" attributes. In this study, a potential satisfaction coefficient (PSC), a potential dissatisfaction coefficient (PDC), and an average potential coefficient (APC) to manage quality attributes are proposed and discussed for their utilization.