• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fishing vessel

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A study on the collision between fishing vessel and non fishing vessel using the analysis of written verdict (재결서 분석을 통한 어선-비어선간 충돌사고에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yoo-Won;Kim, Seok-Jae;Park, Moon-Kap
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.136-143
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    • 2013
  • The analysis of the written verdicts in recent five years was conducted to obtain preventive measures of collision between fishing vessel and non fishing vessel. As a result, a collision much happened in offshore trap for fishing vessel and below 5,000 tons of small and medium class for non fishing vessel. A person involved in a marine accident occupied 68% in sixth class deck officer and small boat operator for fishing vessel and 29% in third class deck officer for non fishing vessel. 90% of the collision happened in a underway by operating state and 84% in sight of one another by visibility state. The systemic radar training was required since 47% of the collisions was occurred on the condition of radar operation in fishing vessel. The main cause of poor lookout was a intensive fishing and poor lookout on movement by radar for fishing vessel and one man watch system and no recognition of one another by radar for non fishing vessel. This result is expected to contribute for the decrease of collision.

Fishing efficiency of high capacity (360W) LED fishing lamp for squid Todarodes pacificus (대용량 (360W급) LED 집어등의 오징어 어획성능)

  • An, Young-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the fishing efficiency of an improved LED fishing lamp for squids. A total of 31 fishing operations were carried out with six-crew commercial fishing vessel Haengbok-Ho (24 tons) on which 43.2kW LED was installed, along with 14 automatic jigging machines, from October 6 to November 16, 2012. The 19 fishing vessels with Haengbok-Ho were compared with a control subject was 24 tons or 29 tons. A total illuminating power of metal halide (MH) fishing lamps in the control fishing vessel was either 84kW or 120kW. The number of automatic jigging machines in the control vessels was 8-18 and the number of crews engaged for fishing operation was 3-13. Average fuel consumption of LED fishing vessels during fishing operation was 505.1l which led to an average fuel consumption of 42.7l per hour. LED fishing vessel and MH fishing vessel caught on an average 1,946 squids and 2,439 squids, respectively, during the study period. Crews (hand line and hand reel) caught about 2.2 times the automatic jigging machines for LED fishing vessel and about 2.1 times for MH fishing vessel. Meanwhile, catches by the fishing vessels with LED in the combined total number per one line of automatic jigging machine and per crew were 86.6% of that of the control fishing vessel with MH. Also, fishing vessels with LED per automatic jigging machine achieved 71.8% of catches of that with MH fishing lamp. The catches of squids per the fishing vessel with 1W LED fishing lamp were higher by more than 135.5% of that in the fishing vessel with MH, which showed a good fishing performance even with only the use of a LED fishing lamp.

Present Status and Direction of Improvements in Fishing Vessels Buyback Program in Korea (우리나라 어선감척사업 현황과 개선방향)

  • Lee, Won-Il;Heu, Chul-Hang
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.69-81
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    • 2018
  • The fishing vessel buyback program, that is, the project of fishing vessel reduction is a complex challenge that needs to take into consideration for both fishing resource protection and industrial restructuring. By the way, the fishing vessel buyback program in Korea is still poorly fruitful and there are few applications for the project in the country. For example, the buyback program of this nation has some problems like uncertainly set goals, conflicts among targets, no flexibility in the program implementation, low participation in the project and lack in follow-up actions. To solve these problems, this study offers the following alternatives. First, it is setting up detailed targets for fishing vessel buyback. Those targets should be what can be actually driven under policy support, such as reduction in illegal fishing, decrease in an exact number of fishing vessels and decline in fishing capacity rather than what seem to be comprehensive such as protection of coastal or offshore fishery and industrial restructuring. Second, it is taking measures for the livelihood of those who would face disadvantages due to fishing vessel reduction. Those measures providing or supporting the re-education and re-employment of fishery workers and building up systems that help the workers transfer fishing to another job. Third, it is adopting the governance system that overcomes lacks in communications between the fishing vessel buyback program and improves the performance effectiveness of that program. Here, governance means that businesses and authorities concerned in the program interact and cooperate with one another in making and implementing policies related to the project of fishing vessel reduction and assessing the results of that project. Fourth, it is taking actions for fishery reorganization after the fishing vessel buyback program. Factors that can be considered as those actions include supporting fishery workers' cost of fishing vessel reduction, decreasing and modernizing fishing fleets and improving the quality of fishing equipment. In conclusion, the fishing vessel buyback program should be prepared with comprehensive actions or measures that can cope well with a variety of problems that may be arisen from it while keeping itself on the track of its original goals.

A Study on the Marking System on Fishing Vessel (어선표식제도의 적정성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Gun;Kim, Hyung-Seok
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.34-43
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    • 2012
  • In order to establish order in fishing industry by cracking down on illegal fishing vessels effectively, it is an essential requirement to identify marking such as the name of fishing vessel and a port of register more easily. Accordingly, it is quite natural that markings on fishing vessels should be marked clearly in an appropriate size on an appropriate site in order for them to be distinguished on the air such as from planes as well as on the sea. Actually, when examining marks such as the name of a vessel which are operating in the country, marks of most fishing vessels are too small as they cannot be distinguished with the naked eye even very closely. There is no coastal fishing vessel which marks the name of fishing vessel on the upper part in order to distinguish it from planes. Fishing vessel law generally which regulates the basic laws about shipbuilding regulates marks on fishing vessel, and fisheries law only regulates sign boards of fishing vessels. Problems and improvement of the marking system on fishing vessels suggested by this paper are as follows. First, in order to contribute to establish order in fishing industry, it would be desirable to tighten standards in fisheries law besides the fishing vessel law. Second, it is difficult to distinguish marks such as the name of a vessel as relevant laws allow fishers to make such marks too small. It is necessary to set the standard for marks larger than those regulated by the international treaty. Third, the relevant laws do not regulate a letter form of marks. Therefore, it becomes a factor to make small marks hard to be distinguished more. It is necessary to decide a clear letter form. Fourth, there is insufficient detailed international standards about the marking system. It is necessary to regulate a detailed standard.

A basic study on the introduction of safety management system for the costal/offshore fishing vessels in Korea (연근해어선 안전관리체제 도입에 관한 기초 연구)

  • RYU, Kyung-Jin;KIM, Hyung-seok;LEE, Yoo-Won;AN, Young-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the condition of marine accident and disaster rate of crew of Korean fishing vessels by vessel type, and checked the Australian safety management system and relevant regulation in Korea to suggest measures to build coastal/offshore fishing vessel safety management system in Korean coastal/offshore fishery. As a result, the power and production amount of Korean coastal/offshore fishing vessel is consistently decreasing while marine accident is increasing. Disaster rate of crew was higher than land industry, especially, the disaster rate of coastal/offshore fishing vessel was very high (100.0‰). Australia applies safety management system differed by vessel type and operation waters which fully considers the characteristics of pertinent vessel. The average accident rate of fishing vessels with gross tonnage over 20 tons among the Korean coastal/offshore fishing vessel was 13.6%, which was significantly higher than fishing vessels with gross tonnage below 20 tons (1.4%). Such result indicates it is urgent to implement safety management system to fishing vessel with gross tonnage over 20 tons and introduce fishing vessel safety supervisor. Establishing safety management system of coastal/offshore fishing vessel will contribute to consistent industrial development by achieving the general goal of reducing marine accident and spreading safety culture.

A study on the work in fishing convention, 2007 and the fishing vessel's accommodation facilities standards in national fishing vessel act (ILO어선원노동협약과 어선법의 어선거주설비에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Wook-Sung;Park, Moon-Gap
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.466-475
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    • 2010
  • This study intends to present a direction for the better reforming of fishers'onboard living conditions and proposals for preparing for ratification of the Work in Fishing Convention by means of making a comparison between standards on recent national fishing vessel accommodation facilities and standards on the Work in Fishing Convention and Its Recommendation, 2007, ILO. For the most part of standards on national fishing vessel accommodation facilities are somewhat insufficient to satisfy the provisions in Annex III of the Convention. Considering by items on fishing vessel accommodation facilities, the standards on insect protector, noise and vibration, heating and air conditioning, lighting, persons per sleeping room, recreational facility are not provided in national law. Headroom, separation of accommodation, sleeping room floor area, mattress size, mess room, galley and food storage are partially sufficient for the Convention. In case of sanitary facilities, national standards are not sufficient for the Convention. The other side, facilities related safety of ship and crew such as emergency escape etc., are fully sufficient for the Convention. These insufficiencies caused by different types of fishing vessel depend on originality of fishing method and practices. In the comparison between equivalent tonnage about vessel's length on convention and calculated tonnage of national existing fishing vessel, the difference are 226tons about length 24m and 501tons about length 45m. For that reason, headroom, persons per sleeping room, cabin of sicker and injured, sanitary facilities may decide to use gross tonnage in place of length (L) and the alleviating measure basis of convention. But in case of standards on sanitary facilities which are unsufficient for the Convention, specially in coastal fishing vessel length basis should be adopted with alleviating basis for less than length 24m.

A Study on the Collision between Fishing Vessel and non Fishing Vessel using Questionnaire Analysis (설문분석을 통한 어선 비어선간 충돌사고에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Moon-Kab;Jeon, Yeong-Woo;Lee, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.716-723
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    • 2013
  • The postal or group questionnaire survey was conducted to inquire into the cause of collision between fishing vessel and non-fishing vessel targeting fishing vessel personnel(FVP), non-NFVP and a person involved in a marine accident. As a result, we could verify the root cause of collision, a negligence of lookout which noted overwork for FVP and careless for non-FVP. The cause of collision by inappropriate avoid action was poor communications for FVP and non-FVP. To reduce collision, we need to be trained to take a sharp lookout, a radio communication by VHF and the collision avoidance actions by early and substantial action to keep well clear. The results are expected to contribute for the reduction of collision and victims.

Operating performance of squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination (LED와 메탈핼라이드 집어등을 겸용한 오징어채낚기 어선의 조업 성능)

  • An, Heui-Chun;Bae, Jae-Hyun;Bae, Bong-Seong;Park, Jong-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.395-403
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    • 2013
  • Fishing efficiency of the squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination was analyzed to reduce the cost for fishing operation utilizing the fishing light system for high degree of efficiency in the squid jigging fishery (one of the representative coastal and offshore fisheries in Korea). This study aims to improve the nature of existing LED lamps and to develop fan-shaped LED lights having 180W of power and ${\pm}45^{\circ}$ angle of light intensity distribution. The marine experiment for making a comparison of their fishing efficiency was tested by a 9.77 tons fishing vessel from Oct. through Dec. 2012. As a result, experimental fishing vessel showed slightly higher fishing efficiency than the average of metal halide lamp-equipped vessel and 20% energy savings. This means that the combination of LED and metal halide lamps would provide an efficient way to lower energy consumption while maintaining fishing efficiency.

Fishing efficiency by vessel capacity of Korean tuna purse seiners operating in the western and central Pacific Ocean (태평양 수역 우리나라 다랑어선망어업의 선박 역량에 따른 조업 효율성 분석)

  • LEE, Mi Kyung;LEE, Sung Il;KIM, Doo Nam;KU, Jeong Eun;KWON, Youjung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2017
  • Tuna purse seine fishery in the western and central Pacific Ocean (WCPO) has been rapidly developed since early 1980s due to massive investment of major distant water fishing nations, and catch by purse seine fishery operating in the WCPO accounts for nearly half of the world's tuna total catch. As fishing efficiency is reflected by not only improving of individual vessel's capacity but also increasing number of active vessel, it is essential to understand vessel capacity for reliable assessment result on how fishery affects stock status of target species. In this study, fishing efficiency was analyzed by main factors which are representative of vessel capacity using fishing data and vessel information related to Korean tuna purse seine fishery operating in the western and central Pacific Ocean from 1992 to 2014. It showed that fishing efficiency of vessel tends to be higher when having larger vessel tonnage, higher engine power, lower vessel age and larger length of vessel. As for fishing efficiency by set type, CPUE of associated set with floating objects was generally higher than that of free school set, and CPUE of free school set seemed to have a greater effect on engine power and vessel age compared to other factors.

A Study on the Supply Criteria for the Tax-exempted Vessel Fuel (어선 면세유류 공급기준량 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Kang Yeon-Sil;Kim Dae-hyon
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.89-117
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    • 2005
  • Currently, the tax - exempted vessel fuel is provided for commercial fishing in order to increase the competitive power of fishery production thorough the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives. The National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives should predict the exact amount of fuel consumption for fishing every year to request the fuel from the government. Unfortunately, there is no sophisticated model to predict the tax - exempted vessel fuel consumption. In 2003, the consumption of the tax- exempted vessel fuel was only $25.1\%$ of the estimation amount by the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives. This causes an inefficiency in the petroleum management. Moreover, we need some data such as the annual average fishing hours, fishing days and fishing behavior to adopt a new policy regarding fishing. Up to now, the data have been obtained by survey with response in the fishery field. In the most case, we have a small number of data because we spend so much time and money consuming for collecting fishing data. As a result, the level of confidence of the data is associated with the sample size and normally low. In order to achieve more accurate data, we need to develope an efficient method for collecting fishing data. In this research, we proposed a new method to predict the tax- exempted vessel fuel consumption more exactly. The prediction results from the proposed method has been compared with the results from the current method. According to the results in this research, the method proposed here produced much better accuracy than the current method. In addition, we also proposed in the paper for collecting fishing data of the annual average fishing hours using the tax - exempted vessel fuel consumption and the gasoline consumption of vessel engine. The fishing data obtained by using the method proposed in this research could be much more efficient and accurate because it doesn't need to estimate from survey sample data.

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