• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fishing power index

Search Result 18, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Change of relative fishing power index from technological development in the Danish seine fishery (외끌이저인망어업에서 어로기술개발에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • JEONG, Tae-Young;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.55 no.4
    • /
    • pp.363-371
    • /
    • 2019
  • Thousands of demersal fishes inhabit in the waters around Korea and most of them are overexploited. One of reasons is technological development, which increases the efficiency of the vessels continuously. The analysis was conducted to identify the change of fishing power index to develop the vessel and gear technology that may have improved the fishing efficiency of the Danish seine fishery from 1960s to 2010s. Gross tonnage was decreased stably, but the horse power was increased annually. The length of ground rope, warp and hand rope was somewhat longer, but changed a little. Color fish finder was utilized from the mid-1960s and positioning system was used five years later. A hydraulic line hauler were introduced in the mid-1980s, and supply rate was gradually increased. Surveys on the supply and upgrading of fishing equipment utilized visiting researchers. Therefore, the relative fishing power index in the Danish seine fishery increased stably from 1.0 in 1970 to 1.0 in 1980, to 1.2 in 1990, to 1.3 in 2000 and to 1.3 in 2010. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fisheries stock management.

Change of relative fishing power index from technological development in the offshore large powered purse seine fishery (근해대형선망어업에서 어로기술개발에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • SEO, Young-Il;HWANG, Kang-Seok;CHA, Hyung-Kee;OH, Taeg-Yun;JO, Hyun-Su;KIM, Byung-Yeob;RYU, Kyong-Jin;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.53 no.1
    • /
    • pp.12-18
    • /
    • 2017
  • Lots of fishery stocks are overexploited and the overcapacity exists in Korean fishing fleets. One of the reasons is technological development, which increases the efficiency of the vessels continuously. The analysis was conducted to identify the change of fishing power index to develop the vessel and gear technology that may have improved the fishing efficiency of the offshore large powered purse seine fishery from 1960s to 2010s. Gross tonnage and horse power per fishing vessel was increased annually. Fishing gear material was changed to the knotless webbing to settle faster. Fishing equipments was modernized and supply rate was also increased. Therefore the relative fishing power index in the offshore large powered purse seine fishery increased from 0.4 in 1970 to 1.0 in 1980, to 1.5 in 2000 and to 1.6 in 2010, but the rate of increase slowed down gradually. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fishery stock management.

Change of fishing power index by technological development in the offshore squid jigging fishery (근해오징어채낚기어업에서 어로기술발달에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • OH, Taeg-Yun;SEO, Young-Il;CHA, Hyung-Kee;JO, Hyun-Su;AN, Young-Su;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.54 no.3
    • /
    • pp.224-230
    • /
    • 2018
  • Squid is one of the important fisheries resources in Korea. Therefore, squid has been designated and managed as a target species of total allowable catch (TAC) since 2007, but the catch amount is gradually decreasing. The analysis was conducted to identify the change of relative fishing power index to develop the vessel and gear technology that may have improved the fishing efficiency of the offshore squid jigging fishery from 1960s to 2010s. Gross tonnage per fishing vessel increased with the increase in size until 1990, but then gradually decreased to 41.0 tons in 2000 and 37.1 tons in 2010. The illuminating power (energy consumption) by fishing lamps increased to 180 kW in 2005 and stabilized to 120 kW in 2015. Jigging machine started to be supplied to fishing vessels from the early 1970s, and fish finders began to be supplied in the early 1980s and gradually increased. Therefore, the relative fishing power index in the offshore squid jigging fishery increased from 1.0 in 1980 to 1.1 in 1990, to 3.5 in 2000 and to 2.5 in 2010, but the increment rate slowed down gradually. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fisheries stock management.

Assessment of fishing power of common octopus (Octopus minor) trap fishery (낙지통발어업의 어획성능지수 산정)

  • An, Heui-Chun;Lee, Kyoung-Hoon;Park, Seong-Wook;Park, Chang-Doo;Shin, Jong-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.176-182
    • /
    • 2007
  • Fishing power, which means performance of fishing vessel or catchability of fishing gear, can explain using by fishing power index(FPI) to compare fishery efficiency among uniformity types of fishery that work during the fixed period in specific fishing ground. This research analyzed on their fishing power and catchability using comparing each sampled vessels of coastal trap fishery for common octopus. The results showed that they were no difference in amount of used trap and immersed time etc. in CPUE among sampled vessels, and had no correlation of catch production due to vessel's tonnage. Most vessel's FPI estimates but 3 vessels were higher than the averaged, and showed similar fishing power in general. And then, CPUE and FPI showed that 4 to 5 tonnage vessels would be superior to another, 4 tonnage vessels had also good catchability. Therefore, we estimated that 4 tonnage vessels had the most efficiency work for coastal trap fishery for common octopus.

Change of relative fishing power index from technological development in the otter trawl fishery (트롤어업에서 어로기술개발에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • JO, Hyun-Su;SEO, Young-Il;OH, Taeg-Yun;AN, Young-Su;KIM, Byung-Yeob;IM, Yeong-Gyeong;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.56 no.1
    • /
    • pp.26-36
    • /
    • 2020
  • Thousands of pelagic and demersal fishes inhabit the waters around Korea and many of them are overexploited. One of the reasons is technological development, which increases the efficiency of the vessels continuously. The analysis was conducted to identify the change of fishing power index to develop the vessel and gear technology that may have improved the fishing efficiency of the otter trawl fishery from 1960s to 2010s. Gross tonnage was decreased stably, but horse power was increased annually. The perimeter of net mouth was somewhat longer, but little changed. Color fish finder was utilized from the mid-1960s. Hydraulic net drum were introduced in the early 1990s, and supply rate was gradually increased. Surveys on the supply and upgrading of fishing equipment utilized visiting research. Therefore, the relative fishing power index in the trawl fishery increased about two to three times in the 2010s compared to the 1980s. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fisheries stock management.

Change of relative fishing power index from technological development in the offshore conger eel pot fishery (근해장어통발어업에서 어로기술발달에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • SEO, Young-Il;JEONG, Geum-cheol;CHA, Hyung-kee;JO, Hyun-Su;LEE, Yoo-Won;JANG, Choong-Sik;AN, Young-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.56 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-44
    • /
    • 2020
  • The change of fishing power index was analyzed to identify the development of the vessel and gear technology that may improve the fishing efficiency of the offshore conger eel pot fishery from 1980s to 2015. Gross tonnage per fishing vessel was rapidly increased annually. The standard of pot was maintained, but the number of pot used rapidly increased by using conger eel pot hauling devices, carrying and loading devices, main line hauler, casting devices and slide type pot. Fish finder system to identify fishing ground information and the conger eel pot hauling devices were modernized, and supply rate was also increased. Therefore, the relative fishing power index in the offshore conger eel pot fishery increased from 1.0 in 1980 to 1.3 in 1990, to 1.8 in 2000 and to 2.0 in 2015. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fisheries stock management of the offshore conger eel pot fishery.

An analysis on catch and fishing power of trammel nets by fishing ground (삼중자망에 의한 해역별 어획량 및 어획성능 비교)

  • Bae, Bong-Seong;Park, Hae-Hoon;Jeong, Eui-Cheol;An, Heui-Chun;Yang, Yong-Su;Chun, Young-Yull
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.45 no.2
    • /
    • pp.96-105
    • /
    • 2009
  • For an effective management of fisheries resources, we need fisheries informations necessary for the establishment of reasonable fishing effort and TAC distribution. We carried out fishing research using trammel nets in the coastal sea of Susan-port(Yangyang, Gangwondo, Korea) and Hupo-port(Uljin, Gyeongbukdo, Korea) and analyzed fishing power variation of the fishing gear in terms of species composition, condition and so on for both sites. A total of 29 species were caught with most dominant species of Hippoglossoides dubius followed by Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini, Lophius litulon and Alcichthys elongatus in Susan. The total number of species caught in Hupo was 37 species with most dominant species of Todarodes pacifius followed by Lophius litulon, Hexagrammos agrammus and Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini. CPUE of Susan fishing area per trammel net was 12.74 fish and 2.00kg on average, while it was 6.80 fish and 2.27kg on average for Hupo. The fishing power index for both sites was 1, placing the two fishing grounds in a same level.

Assessment of fishing power and fishing capacity of the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) gillnet fishery in the East Sea (동해안 대게 자망어업의 어획 성능 및 어획 능력 평가)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Hoon;Kim, Pyung-Kwan;Kim, Do-Hoon;An, Heui-Chun;Lee, Chun-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.48 no.1
    • /
    • pp.29-39
    • /
    • 2012
  • Currently, environment-friendly and sustainable fisheries are one of the major issues among fisheries authorities. A variety of alternative management policies and projects are going on to enhance fisheries management systems and fishery resources such as a TAC management program and a VDS (Vessel Day Scheme) management scheme for distant water fishing nations in Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) convention area. These kinds of efforts among fisheries management authorities are aimed at limiting fishing capacity or fishing power. In terms of fisheries management, Fishing capacity and fishing power have increased the importance of the impact on a fishery and level of the resources. Increased fishing capacity and fishing power have caused not only depletion of fisheries resource, but also additional fishing cost. therefore, there is a clear need for authorities to manage fishing capacity and fishing power. It is also help ensure the conservation and sustainability of the fishery resources. Because of lack of data, absolute fishing power is difficulty to measure. The notion of relative fishing power is frequently used. In this study, relative fishing power was assessed using Mastuda (1991) method for fishing power index. The raw data for assessment was based on fishermen's logbook data from sampled fishing vessels in coastal snow crab gillnet fishery. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method was used to assess fishing capacity. DEA is a linear programming methodology to measure the efficiency of a set of entities called Decision-Making Units (DMUs). It was recommended by FAO for assessing capacity in fisheries.

Change of relative fishing power index from technological development in the small yellow croaker drift gillnet fishery (참조기 유자망어업에서 어로기술개발에 따른 어획성능지수 변동)

  • SEO, Young-Il;OH, Taeg-Yun;CHA, Hyung-Kee;KIM, Byung-Yeob;JO, Hyun-Su;JEONG, Tae-Young;LEE, Yoo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.55 no.3
    • /
    • pp.198-205
    • /
    • 2019
  • The small yellow croaker (Larimichthys polyactis) is one of the representative high-class fish species in Korea. The catch of small yellow croaker in adjacent water fisheries has been continuously decreasing from 59,226 tons in 2011 to 19,271 tons in 2016. The small yellow croaker is caught by gillnet, stow net and bottom trawl, among which about 55~65% is caught by gillnet. For the sustainable use of small yellow croaker, the fishing power of small yellow croaker drift gillnet is very important. Therefore, the change of fishing power index were analyzed to identify the development of the vessel and gear technology that may have improved the fishing efficiency of the small yellow croaker drift gillnet fishery from 1960s to 2010s. Gross tonnage and horse power per fishing vessel was increased annually. The mesh size was 75.0 mm in the 1960s, but reduced to 60.6 mm in the 1980s and to 51.0 mm in the 2000s. In the 1960s, it was hauled out by manpower. However, the net hauler were modernized and supply rate was also increased since 1970. Due to the mechanization of the net hauler, the number (length) of used net gradually increased from 1.5 km in the 1960s to 7.5 km in the mid-1980s and to 15 km in 2010. Colour fish finders and positioning system were introduced and utilized from the mid-1980s. Surveys on the supply and upgrading of fishing equipment utilized visiting research. Therefore, the relative fishing power index in the small yellow croaker drift gillnet fishery increased from 1.0 in 1980 to 0.8 in 1970, to 1.1 in 1990, to 1.6 in 2000 and to 1.9 in 2010. The results are expected to contribute to reasonable fisheries stock management of the small yellow croaker drift gillnet fishery.

Estimation of fishing power and fishing capacity on coastal stow net fishery in the Korean waters (연안개량안강망 어업의 어획성능 및 어획능력 추정)

  • KIM, Pyungkwan;LEE, Kyounghoon;KIM, Dohoon;LEE, Geonho;AN, Heui-Chun;KIM, Seonghun;YANG, Yongsu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.51 no.4
    • /
    • pp.583-591
    • /
    • 2015
  • The coastal stow net (stow net hereafter) in Korea is one of the major fishing methods for yellow croaker (Larimichthys polyactis), ribbon fish (Trichiurus lepturus), and anchovy (Engraulis japonicus). In terms of energy efficiency, the stow net fishery is more competitive than towing fishing gears such as trawl gears. The fishing vessels in stow net fishery have consumed less fossil fuel and also have had less carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere. however, the stow net fishery is necessary to be regulated due to its increased output of the fleet. Therefore, it is required for fisheries authorities to manage the fishing capacity or fishing power for the assurance of fishery's sustainability. For fisheries management authorities, it is necessary to quantify data related to fishing capacity and fishing power to deploy fishery policy in a sustainable way. In terms of data for decision-making, Data envelopment analysis (DEA) method was conducted to estimate fishing capacity. Fishing power index (FPI) was also applied to calculate relative fishing power to approach the problem in a quantitative way.