• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fish movement

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Movement Ranges and Routes of Black Rockfish Sebastes schlegeli in Summer and Autumn from Acoustic Telemetry

  • Kang Kyoung-Mi;Shin Hyeon-Ok
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.91-96
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    • 2006
  • The movement range and diurnal behavior of 17 wild black rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli) were monitored within the marine ranching area of Tongyeong from 27 July to 7 November, 2005 using acoustic telemetry. Coded transmitters were surgically implanted into the abdomen of fish. Two of ten fish released in summer moved about 2 km away from the capture point for 1 day. The others stayed within a 500-m radius of the release point for 1 week after release. The seven fish released in autumn stayed within 500 m of the release point. Most fish were more active and had a greater range of horizontal diurnal movement at night than during the day. Additionally, the range of horizontal diurnal variation was greater in summer than in autumn. While fish released in summer were more vertically active at night than during the day, those released in autumn preferred to move vertically during the day.

Design of Ocean Fishways as Eco-movement Passages (생태이동통로로서의 해양어도의 설계)

  • Jang, Kyung-Soo;Lee, Jung-Eun
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.624-627
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    • 2009
  • Design of ocean fishways as eco-movement passages for turbine structures, sluice structures and barrages of a environmentally-friendly tidal power system through which fish can pass are suggested. The ocean fishways comprise a plurality of fishways to allow fish to move between the sea-side and the lake-side of the barrages and turbine structures and sluice structures. It is demonstrated that the inventive ocean fishways are cost effective to construct and environmentally-friendly eco-movement passages for fish and benthos to move between sea-side and lake-side without passing through the turbine blades of a tidal power plant in operation.

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Generating Complex Klinokinetic Movements of 2-D Migration Circuits Using Chaotic Model of Fish Behavior

  • Kim, Yong-Hae
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.159-169
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    • 2007
  • The complex 2-dimensional movements of fish during an annual migration circuit were generated and simulated by a chaotic model of fish movement, which was expanded from a small-scale movement model. Fish migration was modeled as a neural network including stimuli, central decision-making, and output responses as variables. The input stimuli included physical stimuli (temperature, salinity, turbidity, flow), biotic factors (prey, predators, life cycle) and landmarks or navigational aids (sun, moon, weather), values of which were all normalized as ratios. By varying the amplitude and period coefficients of the klinokinesis index using chaotic equations, model results (i.e., spatial orientation patterns of migration through time) were represented as fish feeding, spawning, overwintering, and sheltering. Simulations using this model generated 2-dimesional annual movements of sea bream migration in the southern and western seas of the Korean Peninsula. This model of object-oriented and large-scale fish migration produced complicated and sensitive migratory movements by varying both the klinokinesis coefficients (e.g., the amplitude and period of the physiological month) and the angular variables within chaotic equations.

Summer Patterns and Diel Variations of Fish Movements Using Fish Trap Sampling Technique in the Juksan Weir (죽산보의 어도에서 트랩 샘플링 기법을 이용한 하절기, 일주기별 어류 이동성 평가)

  • Han, Jeong-Ho;Ko, Dae-Geun;Lim, Byung Jin;Park, Jong-Hwan;An, Kwang-Guk
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.879-891
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate seasonal patterns and diel variations of fish movements in the Juksan Weir which was constructed in 2010 at the down-stream of Yeongsan-River watershed. For this study, we monitored day-and-night movement(24 Hr cycle) and seasonal fish migration(June ~ August) patterns in 2011 along with species compositions and abundances depending on the locations of the traps within the fishway. Total number of species sampled was 14 and the total number of individuals was 1,263 with only the size-fractions(as total length) of the fish < 20 cm during the study. Seasonal analysis of fish movement in the fish way showed that highest frequency in the movement occurred in June - July, which is closely associated with a spawning peak season. The most dominant species using the fishway was Squalidus chankaensis tsuchigae, and this species turned out to be 26.9% of the total in the use rate of fishway. Daily monitoring of fish movements showed that most frequent movements occurred between 18:00 PM and 21:00 PM when the fish have a feeding time generally. The migratory fish were not found in the fishway during the study. Mean current velocity during the study $0.42{\pm}0.02ms^{-1}$(n = 42), and there were no significant statistical differences(p > 0.05) among the daily and monthly velocities in the fishway. The use rate of fish passage, in terms of fish species, was 48%, compared with total sampling of fish species(29 species) at the down-river regions during the same period, indicating a low use rate. Further continuous long-term monitoring should be conducted to evaluate the impacts of the weir construction in the river.

Simulation of fish reaction against cage net with an individual fish behaviour model (개체기반 어군행동모델을 이용한 가두리망 내의 양식 어류의 유영행동 시뮬레이션)

  • Hwang, Bo-Kyu;Shin, Hyeon-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2011
  • Simulation technique for the fish behavior was applied to estimate fish school movement in the cage net. Individual-based fish behavior model (Huth and Wessel, 1991) was evaluated in a free area to understand the characteristics for the model, and the movement in the cage net was simulated by defining the fish reaction against the displacement of cage net. As a result, the distance to the net was not considerably changed and the space among fishes in cage net was slightly decreased by reducing the net space. Swimming area was, however, significantly affected by changing the net space and the relationship between swimming area and net displacement was theoretically estimated as y=-0.21x+1.02 ($R^2$=0.96). these results leads the conclusion that individual-based model was appropriated to describe the fish school reaction in the cage net and be able to use for evaluating the influence on cultured fish.

Evaluation of the Movement Pattern of Squaliobarbus curriculus Inhabiting in the Mid-lower Part of Geum River Using Acoustic Telemetry (수중 음향 측정방식을 이용한 금강 중.하류의 눈불개 이동성 평가)

  • Yoon, Ju-Duk;Kim, Jeong-Hui;In, Dong-Su;Hwang, Eun-Ji;Yoon, Johee;Lee, Young-Joon;Chang, Kwang-Hyeon;Jang, Min-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.482-489
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    • 2012
  • Visual monitoring is hard to apply on fish because they are living in a water system. To overcome this problem, acoustic telemetry, which is effective for underwater monitoring, is often used for studying fish behaviors, such as movement distance, route and patterns. In this study, in order to monitor the movement pattern of Squaliobarbus curriculus (family Cyprinidae), we used acoustic telemetry and identified the home range and movement distances. A total of nine individuals were released at two different locations: one is at the estuary barrage (Sc1~3) and the other is at the lower part of Baekjae Weir (Sc4~9), located in Geum River. Approximately, a 70 km section from the estuary barrage was investigated. Fish, which were released at the estuary barrage, utilized up to 12.7 km upstream as home range from the release site. At the lower part of Baekjae Weir, most of the fish moved and stayed within a 7.2 km downstream area, except for Sc6, which moved 53.4 km (linear maximum distance from release site) downstream from the release site. Relatively small sized fish (Sc7~9) did not show any movement. Accumulated movement distance significantly correlated with the standard length of S. curriculus ($r_s$=0.715, p=0.03). Moreover, the standard length of moving fish was significantly larger than that of not moving fish (Mann-Whitney U test, p=0.024). Therefore, the movement distance of S. curriculus has been correlated with fish size; movement distance was increased with the standard fish length. Although the sample size of monitored fish was small, various meaningful data were collected by acoustic telemetry. Consequently, this technique could be a method available for effectively monitoring the behavior and ecology of native Korean and endemic species.

The Evaluations of Fish Survival Rate and Fish Movements using the Tagging Monitoring Approach of Passive Integrated Transponders (PIT) (수동형 전자발신장치(Passive Integrated Transponder, PIT) 모니터링 기법 적용에 따른 어종별 생존율 평가 및 어도에서 어류이동성 평가)

  • Choi, Ji-Woong;An, Kwang-Guk
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1495-1505
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate survival rate and fish movement (migration) using a tagging approach of passive integrated transponder (PIT) in Juksan Weir, which was constructed as a four major river restoration projects. For this study, survival rates of each fish species and the mobility of fish individuals were analyzed during 2 weeks by the insertion of PIT tags to various fish species in the laboratory. According to tagging tests in the laboratory, the survival rate 37.5% (30 survivals of 80 individuals) after the insertion of PIT tags. The survival rate of Carassius auratus and Hemibarbus labeo was 100% and 80% after the insertion of the tags, respectively, whereas it was only 13.3% for Zacco platypus. In the field experiments of Juksan Weir, 6 species and 157 individuals from 8 species (563 individuals) were detected in the fixed automatic data-logging system, indicating a detection rate of 27.9% in the fishway of Juksan Weir. In the meantime, some species with no or low detection rates in the fixed automatic data-logging system were turn out to be stagnant-type species, which prefer stagnant or standing water to live.

Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements in an Artificial Reef Area Using a Split-beam Echo Sounder, Side-scan and Imaging Sonars at Suyeong Man, Busan, Korea (수영만 인공어초 해역에서 소너에 의한 어군의 유영행동 추적)

  • Lee, Dae-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.273-281
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    • 2013
  • The movement patterns of fish aggregations swimming freely near artificial reefs on August 24, 2006, at Suyeong Man, Busan, Korea, were acoustically investigated and analyzed. Acoustic surveys were conducted using a 70kHz split-beam echo sounder, 330 kHz side-scan sonar and a 310 kHz imaging sonar. Algorithms for tracking the movement of fish aggregations swimming in response to artificial reefs were developed. The travel direction and the swimming speed for two aggregations of fish were estimated from the trajectory orientations of echo responses recorded by the imaging sonar.The first group was floating just above the reef structure, while remaining in the midwater column, and the second group was swimming through and around artificial reefs near the seabed. The mean swimming speed was estimated to be 0.40 m/s for the midwater fish aggregation and 0.17 m/s for the bottom aggregation close to artificial reefs. These results suggest that the swimming behavior of fish aggregations passing close to artificial reefs near the seabed displayed a slower moving pattern than fish floating just above the reef structure in the midwater column.

Design and Control of a Biomimetic Fish Robot (생체 모방 로봇 물고기의 설계와 제어에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Seung-Jae;Yang, Kyung-Sun;Lee, Jeong-Min;Yim, Chung-Hyuk;Kim, Dong-Hwan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2012
  • This paper introduces the mechanical design, fabrication, and control of a biomimetic fish robot whose driving motions resemble a real fish's flexibility and movement. This robot uses two motors create flexible movement like that of a fish. Several schemes, such as neutral buoyancy, fast underwater swimming, and direction changes, are introduced. The tail of the fish robot is made of a polymer material for flexible movement. The interior of the tail contains a joint and a wire. A sine wave command was applied to the tail to produce motion resembling a real fish swimming, and a buoy control device was installed. The up and down motion of the robot fish was controlled using this device.

Fish Passage Assessments in the Fishway of Juksan Weir Constructed in the Downstream Area of Youngsan-River Watershed (영산강수계의 죽산보에 설치된 어도에서 어류의 이동성 평가)

  • Park, Chan-Seo;An, Kwang-Guk
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1513-1522
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    • 2014
  • Fish passage asssessments were conducted in the fishway at Juksan Weir, which was constructed as a four-major rivers project in the downstream area of Youngsan-River Watershed. For the research, fish-movements/migrations were analyzed for seven times from April ~ October, 2013 using an approach of fish trap-setting. Fish fauna and compositions were analyzed in the fishway, and seasonal- and diel-movement patterns were analyzed in relation to current velocity in the fishway. Also, abundances of exotic fishes such as bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus), large-mouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), and white curcian carp (Carassius cuvieri) were monitored in the fishway. Current velocity(n = 18) in the fishway showed large variations ($0.82{\pm}0.63m/s$) depending on the location of the fish trap-setting and this physical factor influenced the fish movements. Fish movements, based on the CPUE of individuals, in the fishway was greater in slower velocity (mean: 0.36 m/s, range: 0.10~1.54 m/s) than faster velocity (mean: 1.51 m/s, range: 0.90~1.90 m/s). Seasonal analysis of fish movements showed that most frequent uses (8 speices and 591 individuals, 66.2% of the total) of the fishway occurred in spring period(i.e., June). Diel movement analysis, in the mean time, showed highest in the time period of 00:00 ~ 3:00 am (7 species and 281 individuals, 20.9% of the total). The efficient managements in the fishway at Juksan Weir are required in relation to the hydrological regime.