• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fish egg

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Effect of Substitution of Groundnut with Soybean Meal at Varying Fish Meal and Protein Levels on Performance and Egg Quality of Layer Chickens

  • Naulia, Uma;Singh, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.1617-1621
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    • 2002
  • Two hundred and sixteen single comb white egg layers of the White Leghorn hens of 24 weeks of age were randomly allocated to 12 groups with three replications of six hens in each. Hens were fed in a factorial arrangement 2${\times}3{\times}$2, on diets containing either 16 or 18% crude protein with 0, 3 or 6% fish meal, replacing groundnut meal with soybean meal. Soybean meal incorporation improved (p<0.05) egg production, feed intake, feed conversion efficiency and egg weights. Egg quality traits of specific gravity, shape index, albumen index, yolk index and shell thickness remained unchanged. Laying performance was significantly (p<0.05) better at 18% than on 16% dietary protein level. Use of fish meal linearly improved egg production and feed conversion efficiency on diets supplemented with groundnut meal and fish meal incorporation showed quadratic improvement on feed conversion efficiency with SBM diets at 16% dietary protein level. Therefore, use of soybean meal as substitute of groundnut meal is recommended in layer diets, at 16% dietary protein level and fish meal incorporation could be beneficial for layers.

A Comparative Study on the Ultrastructures of the Egg Envelope in Fertilized Eggs of Fishes, Characidae, Three Species (카라신과 어류 3종의 수정란 난막 미세구조에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Heui;Reu, Dong-Suck;Deung, Young-Kun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.277-291
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    • 1996
  • The structures of the egg envelope in fertilized eggs of three species of characidae, head and tail light fish (Hemigrammus ocellifer), black tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi), and buenos aires tetra (Hemigrammus caudovittatus) were studied using light and electron microscopes. The fertilized eggs in all species were colorless, transparent, spherical and non-floted type. The egg envelopes have a single micropyle resembling the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. The micropyle was surrounded by protruded lines of the egg envelope in a radiated form. Egg envelopes of fertilized eggs in both head and tail light fish and buenos aires tetra consisted of three distinct layers; an outer layer, a middle layer and an inner layer. And that of blacktetra consisted of two layers; an outer layer and an inner layer. Also, an outer layers of both head and tail light fish and black tetra were adhesive types but, in that of buenous aires tetra was non-adhesive type. An outer surface of egg envelope in black tetra was arranged by pores regularly. In that of head and tail light fish and buenos aires tetra have a rough side. An inner layer of egg envelope in fertilized eggs consisted of lamellae alternating with interlamellae of lower electron density; an inner layer of fertilized eggs in head and tail light fish consisted of three layers, that of black tetra was four layers, and that of buenos aires tetra was five layers.

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Comparative Ultrastructure of the Fertilized Egg Envelope in Three Species, Cyprinidae, Teleost (경골어류 잉어과 3종의 수정란 난막 미세구조 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Heui;Reu, Dong-Suck;Deung, Young-Kun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.237-253
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    • 1998
  • The structures of the fertilizedegg envelope in threespecies of cyprinidae, leoparddanio (Brachydanio frankei), cherry barb (Barbustitteya) and white cloudmountain fish (Tanichthys albonubes) were investigated by light and electron microscopy. The fertilized eggs of all three species have colorless, transparent, spherical and non-floted type. The egg envelopes have a single micropylewhich is thought to the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. Also, an outer layersof both cherry barband white cloud mountain fish areadhesive types, but in that of leoparddanio has non-adhesivetype. In leopard danio, an outer surface ofegg envelope is covered by mushroom-likestructure, that of cherry barb is arranged by button-like structure, and that of white cloud mountain fish isarranged by rod-likestructure. Inboth leopard danioand cherrybarb, the eggenvelopes consist of three distinct layers; an outer layer, a middle layer and an inner layer, and that of white cloud mountain fish hastwo layers. An innerlayer of egg envelopein leopard danio consist of 10 layers, cherry barb has 8 layers, and white cloud mountain fish has $5\sim6$ layers.

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Morphological Development of Eggs, Larvae and Juveniles of the Far Eastern Catfish, Silurus asotus in Korea (Pisces: Siluridae)

  • Mun, Seong Jun;Yim, Hu Sun;Han, Kyeong Ho;Park, Jae Min
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.399-406
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate egg development and larvae morphological development of catfish and to provide basic data to clarify the genetic relationship with Siluriformes fish. The mother fish that was used in this study was caught in the stream of Nakdong River in Uiseong-gun, Gyeongbuk. The temperature range of the breeding was $23.0-25.0^{\circ}C$ (mean $24.0{\pm}1.0^{\circ}C$) and egg size was 1.62-1.70 mm (mean $1.66{\pm}0.05$, n=30). Eggs of catfish began hatching at 54 hours and 40 minutes after fertilization. Immediately after hatching, the total length of larvae was 3.60-3.65 mm (mean $3.62{\pm}0.03$, n=5) and had an egg yolk without swimming ability. On the third day after hatching, the larvae at the medium stage was 8.00-8.65 mm (mean $8.32{\pm}0.45$) in total length, and two pairs of whiskers formed around the mouth were elongated. On the 12th day after hatching, the larvae at the juvenile stage was 16.5-17.0 mm (mean $16.7{\pm}0.35$) in total length, and the stem of each fin was in the range, and the juvenile at this period was morphologically similar to the mother fish.

An Experimental Device for Measuring Egg Density and Adaptation under Laboratory Conditions (어류 수정란(egg) 밀도 측정 장치 개발 및 적용)

  • Park, Jong Won;Jung, Hae Kun;Park, Joo Myun;Park, Heum-Gi;Lee, Chung Il
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.797-802
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    • 2018
  • Information about the density of fish eggs is important to understand the vertical distribution of eggs and survival in early stage, in particular change in egg density is one of major issue in fisheries. This paper describes a practical application of an experimental system for measurement of the fish egg density under laboratory conditions. The device can control the temperature range in each water column, and make different densities at each layer. The density of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) eggs have ranged from 1,018.49 to $1,020.93kg/m^3$ and were aggregated around the density of $1,020kg/m^3$. The results show that the device is applicable for measuring the fish egg density under laboratory conditions.

Hatching Rate and Larval Viability of Cultured Marine Fish Exposed to Water-soluble Fraction of Kuwait Crude Oil during Egg Development (난발생중 원유의 수용성 성분에 노출된 해산 양식어류 수정란의 부화율 및 자어의 생존능력)

  • 이갑현;장영진;강덕영
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1999
  • Exposure experiments during the egg development were conducted to assess the influences of 5 different concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of water-soluble fraction (WSF) of Kuwait crude oil on the eggs and larvae of black seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli), red seabream (Pagrus major) and olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). All experiments were triplicated. Hatching time and hatching rate were examined on the eggs. The median lethal time ($LT_{50}$), morphological abnormality and swimming activity (swimming frequency and speed) of larvae were also investigated. The time and rate of egg hatching were not significantly influenced by WSF on the eggs of the fishes. The larvae exposed to WSF during the egg development were also not significantly influenced on the $LT_{50}$ and swimming activity. But the higher morphological abnormalities of notochord were observed from the larvae in 100% WSF exposure.

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Efficacy of Egg Yolk Immunoglobulin (IgY) against Edwardsiella tarda Infection (계란난황항체의 Edwardsiella tarda에 대한 효능)

  • Kim, Young-Dae;Oh, Myung-Joo;Jung, Sung-Ju
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.218-223
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    • 2006
  • The present study evaluated effect of egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) from the hen immunized with Edwardsiella tarda. The purification of anti-E. tarda IgY was performed by polyethylene glycol (PEG). Purified IgY had heavy chain of 64 kDa and light chain of 27 kDa size. The IgY was instable against olive flounders digestive factors and artificially modulated pH 2 and 3. Nevertheless, some activity of IgY appeared in intestine. IgY was orally administered with viable E. tarda to the olive flounders and the efficacy of protection against E. tarda infection was evaluated. Orally administered IgY at a dose of 20 mg/fish delayed infection period of E. tarda cannulated at $10^{6{\sim}8}CFU/fish$ to small size (30~40 g) and middle size (110~120 g) flounder. Moreover, orally administered IgY at dose of 20 mg/fish inhibited the penetration of E. tarda cannulated at $10^8CFU/fish$ into the liver, kidney, spleen and gill via intestine. The fish orally administered with IgY showed increased survival rate. These results suggest that egg yolk containing anti-E. tarda IgY is effective in preventing edwardsiellosis.

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Effects of Size and Degree of Abdomen Inflation of the Mother Fish on Ovulation Induction of Red Spotted Grouper, Epinephelus akaara

  • Park, Jong Youn;Cho, Jae Kwon;Choi, Young Jae;Han, Kyeong Ho;Hong, Chang Gi
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.369-378
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    • 2018
  • We determined the morphologic characteristics (body weight and degree of abdomen inflation) of the red spotted grouper, Epinephelus akaara, mother fish producing healthy eggs. Experimental fish were chosen from fish reared in a sea cage. The fish were divided into four size groups by body weight: 400~600, 600~800, 800~1,000, and 1,000~1,200 g and four stages (I~IV) of the degree of abdomen inflation. After hormone treatment, we observed the amount of ovulation-induced eggs, and rates of buoyancy, fertilization, embryonic survival, and hatching. As a result, mother fish with a body weight of 600 g or more spawned, and the fertilization rate, embryonic survival rate, and hatching rate were high in the 800~1,000 g range, thus showing effective ovulation induction. As a result of dividing the degree of abdomen inflation based on the anal fin of the mother fish into I-IV stages and determining hormone treatment time, the GSI was $0.9{\pm}0.2%$ at stage I, $2.3{\pm}0.2%$ at stage II, $5.6{\pm0.2%$ at stage III, and $7.9{\pm}0.9%$ at stage IV. The flotation rate and hatching rate were highest at stage III, and the fertilization rate and embryonic survival rate were highest at stage IV. Therefore, in terms of egg quality, the amount of eggs collected per mother fish, maturation, and histology were different depending on the degree of abdomen inflation. At stage III, where the abdomen inflation degree of the mother fish was based on the basal part of the dorsal fin relative to the height of the anal fin was 1, the egg quality was highest.

Egg Development and Larvae and Juveniles Morphology of Carp, Cyprinus carpio in Korean

  • Park, Jae Min;Mun, Seong Jun;Yim, Hu Sun;Han, Kyeong Ho
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to observe egg and larvae morphological development of carp to obtain basic data for resource conservation and taxonomic research. Brood carp used in the research (total length 67.3-75.5 cm, average $71.0{\pm}3.45cm$) were bred in a circular rearing aquarium ($600{\times}300{\times}100cm$) using a running water system from January to July, 2015. Breeding water temperature was maintained at $23.0-25.0^{\circ}C$(average $24.0^{\circ}C$). Fertilized carp eggs were translucent and globular, and their size was 1.75-1.89 mm (average $1.82{\pm}0.06mm$). Blastoderms formed 10 min after fertilization and reached the two-cell stage 30 min after fertilization. Then, the embryo turned dark and exhibited melanophores, and blood started flowing from the heart across the egg yolk at 42 hrs and 50 min after fertilization. Hatching began 70 hrs and 26 min after fertilization larvae emerged through the egg membrane, starting from the head. The length of prelarvae immediately after hatching was 5.23-5.38 mm (average $5.31{\pm}0.11mm$) the mouth and anus were closed, and the pectoral fin was formed. Postlarvae at 18 days after hatching had a total length of 11.9-13.9 mm (average $12.9{\pm}1.40mm$), separate anal fin and back membranes, and fin ray. Juveniles fish at 35 days after hatching had a total length of 29.9-30.2 mm (average $30.1{\pm}0.13mm$), with the body covered with scales, and the same number of fin rays, color, and shape as their broodstork.

Morphological Development of Egg, Larvae and Juvenile in Korean shinner, Coreoleuciscus splendidus from the Ungcheon-Stream of Korea

  • Park, Jae-Min;Cho, Seong-Jang;Jo, Hye-In;Han, Kyeong-Ho
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the development of Coreoleuciscus splendidus egg and larvae morphology in the Ungcheon-stream. C. splendidus eggs were round and ranged in size from 1.86-2.01 mm (mean $1.91{\pm}0.14mm$). Immediately after hatching, the larvae had egg yolk in the abdomen with a total length of 5.27-6.63 mm (mean $5.95{\pm}0.96mm$). On the 10 days after hatching, the latter was 8.44-8.65 mm (mean $8.54{\pm}0.14mm$) in total length, and 5 dorsal fin rays were formed in dorsal fin and 8 caudal fin soft rays were formed in caudal fin. At 88 days after hatching, total length was 26.2-25.7 mm (mean $25.9{\pm}0.35mm$), and scales were formed throughout the body. The fin rays of each part were iii.7 in dorsal fin and iii.6 in anal fin, and finally the external form was the same as the adult fish.