• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fine needle aspiration cytology

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A Clinicopathologic Analysis of Neck Masses (경부 종괴의 임상 및 병리학적 고찰)

  • Km Jeong-Ho;Oh Sang-Hoon;Kim Sang-Hyo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 1997
  • A mass appearing in the anterior or lateral side of neck often can be a diagnostic challenge. Differential diagnosis of the neck mass covers a broad spectrum of diseases and the proper evaluation and management of a neck mass requires an impressive amount of anatomic and pathologic information. Because improper diagnosis and management may convert a potentially curable malignant metastasis into incurable disease, a differential diagnosis must be considered in all patients who present with a neck mass. Authors reviewed 2,148 cases of neck mass who were diagnosed by surgical resection, biopsy or aspiration during the period between October 1982 to December 1993, excluding those with thyroid and parathyroid disease. The evaluated characteristics were age, sex, site of lesion, and pathologic diagnosis. The results were as follows: Of 2,148 cases of neck mass, the overall ratio of benign to malignant tumor was 3 : 1. In 1,603 cases of benign mass lesion, the most common disease was lymphadenitis(non-specific and tuberculosis) showing 53% incidence, the second was salivary gland tumor(13%), and the third was congenital lesion(12%). The minor problems such as lipoma and sebaceous cyst were 21 %. In the age distribution of benign lesion, tuberculous lymphadenitis showed peak incidence in second decade, non-specific lymphadenitis was main disease of childhood, salivary gland tumor was peak in fourth decade, and most of congenital lesions were diagnosed at the age below 15. In 545 malignant tumors, the most common lesion was metastatic cancer to cervical lymph nodes yielding 71 % incidence(head and neck primary 52%, infraclavicular primary 42%, unknown primary 5%), the second common disease was lymphoma(19%), and the third was salivary gland cancer(9%). In the age incidence of malignant tumor, 60% of them developed in the fifth and sixth decade, head and neck primary was more common in the fifth decade than sixth, however lymphoma showed higher incidence in sixth decade. In the analysis of mass location according to lymph node level grouping(I - V), lymphadenitis developed mostly in level V nodes, the next common occurring site was level IV in tuberculous lymphadenitis and level II in non-specific lymphadenitis. The majority of metastatic cancers were found in level IV and III, and common occurring site of lymphoma was in level II and IV. Pathologic diagnosis of neck masses were made by fine needle aspiration cytology 80 cases, incisional biopsy 533 cases, excisional surgery 1,399 cases, and neck dissection 116 cases. For the proper management of neck mass, a proper diagnostic modality should be selected from imaging techniques, cytology, biopsy or neck dissection, with the consideration of patient's age, history and clinical findings. The scapel biopsy could be used freely in the inflammatory disease or inoperable metastatic cancer, but it should be reserved in the curable metastatic cancer or clinically possible malignancy.

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The Clinical Usefulness of Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Thyroid Nodules (갑상선 결절에서 초음파 유도 미세침흡인검사의 임상적 유용성)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Park, Young-Sun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2008
  • Thyroid nodules are a common disease in clinical practice. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is an accurate and safe method for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. One of the limitations of FNA is the variable rate of unsatisfactory specimens, especially in small sized, deep seated or complex cystic nodules. To overcome this problem, ultrasound-guided FNA (US-FNA) has been widely used. In this study, the clinical usefulness of US-FNA cytology in thyroid nodules was investigated. Female to male ratio was 6.58:1. The incidence of nodules were 157 (43.1%) cases on the right, 130 (35.7%) cases on the left and 9 (2.5%) cases in isthmus. Total 139 cases (38.2%) belong to less than 1cm and 225 cases (61.8%) belong to more than 1cm. As for the echo type in the nodules, solid types were 255(70.1%), cystic type 39 (10.7%) cases, and the percentage of mixed type was 19.2%. The results show that US-FNA reduces the possibility of unsatisfactory cytologic specimens and the rate of false-negative diagnosis, and improves the diagnostic accuracy in investigation thyroid nodules.

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Evaluation of the Usefulness of Differential Diagnosis of Thyroid Nodules using Elasticity Score and Strain Ratio in Elastogpraphy (탄성초음파에서 갑상샘 결절의 감별진단을 위한 탄성도 점수와 변형비의 유용성 평가)

  • Lee, Jin-Soo;Yang, Sung-Hee;Kim, changsoo;An, Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2017
  • This study evaluated the usefulness of the elasticity score and strain ratio in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant nodules in thyroid elastography. We performed a retrospective analysis based on the results of fine needle aspiration cytology. The Chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the difference between the five degrees of elasticity score and strain ratio according to the benign and malignant thyroid nodules. ROC curve analysis was used to determine the elasticity score and the best cut-off value of the strain ratio for the prediction of malignant nodules. There was a statistically significant difference (p=0.000) between the homogeneity of the elasticity score and the difference of the strain ratio between the benign and malignant nodule groups. On the ROC curve analysis, the elasticity score and the srain ratio for predicting benign and malignant nodules were determined as AUC 0.842, 0.700, cut-off value 3, 2.49 (p=0.001). Therefore, the elasticity score and strain ratio may be useful in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Myxoid Chondrosarcoma of Pleura -A Case Report- (점액양 연골 육종 1례의 세침 흡인 세포학적 소견)

  • Myong, Na-Hye;Cho, Kyung-Ja;Jang, Ja-June;Zo, Jae-Il;Shim, Young-Mog
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 1990
  • A 70-year-old female who was diagnosed as myxoid chondrosarcoma by fine needle aspiration of a pleural mass is described. She presented with left chest discomfort of 4 months' duration and aggravating dyspnea and chest pain for 2 months. Chest X-ray and CT scan revealed a large lobulated low density mass invading chest wall at the left pleural cavity and massive pleural fluid. Fine needle aspiration was done under the impression of mesothelioma or metastatic cancer. The aspirates from the mass were very cellular and composed of isolated or clustered forms of large plump cells. Abundant cytoplasm was blulsh opaque and the margin was rounded in the isolated cells, whereas clustered cells show ill-defined ceil borders and aggregating tendency. The nuclei were eccentric, round to ovoid, and had fine chromatin pattern and multiple small nucleoli. Cellular pleomorphism or mitotic figure was not definite. These findings were consistent with cytologic features of chondrosarcoma. Final diagnosis was confirmed as myxoid chondrosarcoma by mediastinoscopic biopsy and the tumor showed strong positivity for S-100 protein.

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Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Follicular Neoplasm of the Thyroid (갑상선의 여포상 종양의 흡인세포학적 소견)

  • Cho, Kyung-Ja;Jang, Ja-June
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 1993
  • The major limitation of fine needle aspiration of the thyroid is in the evaluation of follicular tumors. it may be difficult or occasionally, impossible to distinguish on a cytologic basis, between hyperplastic nodular getter, follicular adenoma and well differentiated follicular carcinoma. We reviewed cytologic presentations of 15 histologically confirmed follicular neoplasms of the thyroid. Aspiration smears of 6 follicular adenomas were cell-rich with ball-like or syncytial aggregates of monotonous follicular cells, in contrast to honeycomb-like flat sheets of adenomatous goiter Mild nuclear pleomorphism and a small visible nucleolus were noted in 2 cases, respectively. Nine cases of follicular carcinoma showed very high cellularity, irregularly shaped cell clusters, and numerous isolated tumor cells. Nuclear pleomorphism and visible nucleoli were noted in 6 and 5 cases, respectively. Another characteristic finding, entrapped endothelial cells within the ceil clusters, was noted in 7 carcinomas and 1 adenoma. The background of the smears of all follicular neoplasms was hemorrhagic, with no or scanty colloid. We confirmed that the cytologic features of follicular adenoma and carcinoma were similar in general, with subtle differences in cell morphology, but the presence of isolated tumor cells and entrapped endothelial cells was suggestive of malignancy.

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A Cytomorphologic Study of Benign and Malignant Papillary Neoplasms of the Breast (유방의 양성 및 악성 유두상 종양의 세포학적 소견의 비교 검색)

  • Lee, Ho-Jung;Gong, Gyung-Yub;Kim, Bohng-Hee;Ahn, Sei-Hyun;Park, Jeoug-Mi;Huh, Joo-Ryung;Khang, Shin-Kwang;Ro, Jae-Y.
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 1999
  • Benign and malignant papillary neoplasms of the breast may be difficult to distinguish in both cytologic and histologic preparations. To define the cytologic features of benign and malignant papillary lesions, we retrospectively reviewed 18 cases of fine needle aspirates from histologically confirmed cases of papilloma or papillary carcinoma of the breast. This study included 3 intraductal papillary carcinomas, 3 invasive papillary carcinomas, and 12 intraductal papillomas. Ail cases were evaluated for presence or absence of papillary fragments, bloody background, apocrine metaplasia, macrophages, and degree of cellularity, atypia, and single isolated columnar epithelial cells. Papillary fragments were present in all cases. The background of the smear was bloody in all 6 carcinomas, but in only 7 out of 12 papillomas. Markedly increased cellularity was present in 4 carcinomas(67%) and 7 papillomas(58%). Single cells were present in 5 carcinomas(83%) and 8 papillomas(67%). The majority of papillomas and papillary carcinomas had mild to moderate atypia, and severe atypia was noted in one case of intraductal papillary carcinoma and one case of invasive papillary carcinoma. Apocrine metaplasia was absent in all cases of papillary carcinomas, but present in 8 papillomas(57%). Macrophages were noted in 4 carcinomas and were present in all cases of papillomas. The constellation of severe atypia, bloody background, absence of apocrine metaplasia and/or macrophages were features to favor carcinoma. Malignant lesions tended to show higher cellularity and more single isolated cells. The cytologic features mentioned above would be helpful to distinguish benign from malignant papillary lesions of the breast. However, because of overlapping of cytologic features, surgical excision should be warranted in all cases on papillary lesions of the breast to further characterize the tumor.

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