• Title, Summary, Keyword: Finding Knowledge

Search Result 510, Processing Time 0.051 seconds

Problem Finding and Creativity (문제발견과 창의성)

  • Hah, Juhyun
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2006
  • The previous empirical research suggests that problem finding is more important than problem solving in the creative process. Problem finding is increasingly recognized in theories of creativity. In spite of the importance of problem finding, there is little research to explain problem finding in Korea. This article reviews the research about problem finding and examines the nature of problem finding, the type of problems, the relation of problem finding and problem solving, the relation of problem finding and creativity, and the serendipity. Finally, theoretical and educational implications are discussed.

  • PDF

The Personal Information Management Practices of the Graduates of the Department of Information Studies at Kuwait University

  • AlRukaibani, Bashaer;Chaudhry, Abdus Sattar
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-42
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study examined activities involving the finding, organizing, managing, and re-finding of information by knowledge workers in Kuwait. This research also conducted a review of the tools needed for effective personal information management (PIM) and assessed perceptions about improving PIM through Internet use. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews conducted among 26 graduates of the Department of Information Studies at Kuwait University. These participants are currently employed in different sectors engaged in a variety of information-related activities. This study's findings indicated that participants gathered different types of information from a variety of sources. This information was stored using several devices and services, including desktop computers, shared drives, clouds, bookmarked websites, e-mail correspondence, and favorites lists. Participants organized information in personal folders according to categories such as subject/topic, time, project, document type, and geographical region. Preferred methods for information re-finding included searching by keyword and browsing through folders. Interviewees reported problems of information overload, fragmentation, and anxiety. Most were active in social media via mobile device, while some of them used Siri or Ask Google to retrieve information. Tools used for PIM included calendars, tasks, schedules, e-mail management tools, clouds, and social networking tools. Participants reported that the Internet helped with personal information management practices, but that some privacy issues arose in this context.

A Methodology for Representation of Clinical Data in Oriental Medicine (한의학의 증상표현을 위한 방법론)

  • Park Kyung Mo;Park Jong Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.16 no.5
    • /
    • pp.845-850
    • /
    • 2002
  • This paper suggest a methodology for representation of findings which can be called as signs and symptoms. A finding consists of unit signs and unit symptoms, and moreover findings which appear in one individual patient have so many different relationship each other. So, it is nat appropriate to list all of possible findings as medical standard or to fill findings as independent things in paper for medical record. We try to distinguish finding item from finding list, and suggest the methodology by which we can make finding list from finding items. That is, we suggest finding item[Concept], value types, relationship, logical operator, and syntax as a component of representation. And by using urinary symptom, we make the example for representation methodology. Finally, we mention the background knowledge, brief research process of related area.

An Analysis of High School Students' Activity on Problem-finding in III-structured Scientific Problem Situation (낮게 구조화된 과학적 문제 상황에서 고등학생들의 문제발견 활동 분석)

  • Ryu, Si-Kyung;Park, Jong-Seok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.765-774
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest an instructional direction for improving scientific problem-finding ability. For this purpose, the present study made an in-depth analysis about activity on problem finding tasks of high school students in an ill-structured scientific problem situation. Subjects were divided into two groups (cooperative and individual) and two kinds of problem finding tasks were administered to two groups. Results indicated that a cooperative activity on problem finding happened to a series of steps exploring problem situation, expressing knowledge and experience, discussing provisional problems, creating various problems and selecting the best problem. Besides, a cooperative activity on problem finding depended heavily on prior knowledge and experience, and in the meantime, various scientific concepts turned out to naturally be expressed. As for the problems found out during a cooperative activity, their scores in creativity factors, including the degree of agreement in original problem selection came out to be on the whole, as excellent. In addition, the types of the problems found out in open problem situation showed that they were more various than those found out in closed problem situation. Subjects perceived that activity on problem finding had positive influence on scientific concept and science process skills. Findings of this study have the following educational implications: First, it is needed to prepare for educational environment that enables students to explore various knowledge and information. Second, the offering of various opportunities is needed to enlarge the scope of scientific knowledge and experience. Third, it is needed to prepare for a study atmosphere that lets students express their knowledge and experiences freely.

Gender Differences Between the Relative Contributions of Variables to Problem Finding in Ill-structured and Moderately Structured Problem Situation (구조화 정도가 다른 문제 상황에서 문제발견에 대한 제 변인의 상대적 기여도에서의 남녀 차이)

  • Lee, Hye Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.171-187
    • /
    • 2007
  • The 166 elementary school students of this study were divided into four groups by gender and degree of structure in problem situations. Written instruments ascertained intelligence, conceptual knowledge, science process skills, divergent thinking, intrinsic/extrinsic motivation, personality traits, and home environment. Results were that male students scored higher on problem finding in the ill-structured than in the moderately structured problem situation. In the ill-structured problem situation, personality traits, conceptual knowledge, and intrinsic motivation contributed to the scores of male students and home environment and conceptual knowledge contributed to the scores of female students. In the moderately structured problem situation, personality traits and intrinsic motivation contributed to the scores of all students, but science process skills contributed to the scores of female students only.

  • PDF

Correlation between Knowledge level and Space Perception Ability of Pre-service Elementary School Teacher on 'Earth and Space' of Elementary Science (초등과학의 '지구와 우주' 영역에서 초등예비교사의 지식수준과 공간지각 능력과의 관계)

  • Lee, Yong-Seob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.252-260
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is find out the correlation of level of knowledge of pre-service elementary teacher with space perception ability on 'Earth and Space' of elementary science. During the second semester of 2013, for 15 weeks, the classes were conducted for 3 hours per week and we find out knowledge Understanding degree and select terms offered by 5th grade science courses 'The solar system and the stars', 'Earth and Moon', 'change of seasons' section and measured space perception ability degree of pre-service elementary school teacher with a questionnaire. We analyzed the correlation of understanding level of knowledge in the field of astronomy of pre-service elementary school teacher with space perception ability. The results of the study are presented as follows. First, pre-service elementary school teacher showed a low level of knowledge understanding as it goes the upper grades about upper concept in 'The solar system and the stars', 'Earth and Moon', 'change of seasons' section' of astronomy area of elementary science 'Earth and space sector'. The pre-service elementary school teachers needs to acquire knowledge of astronomy area in elementary school curriculum. Second, pre-service elementary school teacher showed that there are differences individually in 'finding solid body' of sub-element of space perception ability. This shows that 'finding solid body' factor is associated with space perception ability. Third, in the section of 'The earth and the Universe' for elementary education, 'Reflection' and 'Finding solid body' which are low-level components of space perception ability were verified that have a corelationship with general grades in the astronomy conception test.

An Analysis of Elementary Teachers' Knowledge of Fraction (초등교사의 분수 지식 실태 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-Euk
    • The Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.44 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-85
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study investigated elementary teachers' subject matter knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge of fractions. The subject for data collection were 12 in-service elementary teachers and data were collected through written test problems. The finding imply that most elementary teachers understand fraction construct as part-whole, show low level of understanding of operator, ratio, and measurement constructions and word problem posing, using models, and developing the algorithms to divide fractions. The research results indicates that experienced teachers possess poor knowledge of fractions against novice teachers.

  • PDF

The Readiness of the University Hospital Employees for the Knowledge-based Management (대학병원 근로자의 지식경영 준비도에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Young-Joon;Yang, Dong-Hyun;Shin, Kyong-Joo
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-40
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study purports to investigate the readiness of the university hospital employees in the knowledge-based management. Data were collected from 550 employees including administrative, nursing, and technical staff of 9 university hospitals located in Seoul and Kyunggi Province through the self-administered questionnaires. The response rate was 79% and 425 questionnaires were used as final data and analyzed using 2 test, t-test, and ANOVA. The main findings of the study are as follows. 1) It seems that most employees of the study hospitals have basic knowledge on the concept of knowledge-based management. This finding implies that the implementation of the knowledge-based management in Korean university hospitals will not likely to face strong resistance from their employees. 2) The results show that Korean hospital employees are still not so accustomed to using e-mail as the main communication tool. This finding suggests that it is necessary to use various communication tools which include electronic data interchange, teleconference, and cyber chatting for facilitating the knowledge-based management in Korean university hospitals. 3) It is desirable to appoint a chief knowledge officer(CKO) for operating knowledge-based management system effectively. 4) A reward system for employees who show a distinguished performance in the creation and sharing of new knowledge should be established. Knowledge mileage system, selection of the best knowledge employee and team will be a good example of the effective reward system. 5) The participation and support from the chief executive officers (CEO) of the hospitals is an important factor for successful knowledge-based management. Furthermore, to make physicians actively participate in the knowledge-based management is another important factor for obtaining valuable outputs from the system. 6) It is found that the knowledge and skills of the hospitals employees on the information technology (IT) are not sufficient for making knowledge-based management more popular. This implies that it is very important to select IT-oriented employees and educate them continuously on the knowledge-based management.

  • PDF

A Study on the Comparisons of Future Knowledge Utilizing Difference Predicted by Chaos of Knowledge of Korean University Students (한국 대학생의 지식혼돈에 따른 미래의 지식활용 차이 예측의 시계열적 비교 분석)

  • Oh, Sang-young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.131-140
    • /
    • 2019
  • The development of the knowledge information system is increasing the symptoms that people refuse to remember. There is also a growing debate about whether to remember knowledge. This study investigated the preference of memorizing knowledge and finding knowledge. We predicted the use, effect, and expectation of ease of use of knowledge utilization that will appear in the future among preference groups. We analyzed whether there is a difference between the predicted expectations of knowledge utilization in the future. The first study was conducted in October 2014. This is the second study. We studied what changes were made in comparison with the first study. As a result, it was found that 1) there is no difference in broadening the diversity of knowledge utilization at future time, 2) expectation of the effect of knowledge utilization, and 3) ease of continuous knowledge creation. The results of this study suggest that it is important to provide a basis for discussing whether it is good to remember knowledge.