• Title, Summary, Keyword: Financial feedback

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The Effects of Accounting-Based Performance Feedback and Market-Based Performance Feedback on Technological Search (회계기준 및 시장기준 성과피드백이 기술탐색에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung-Hee;Park, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2011
  • This paper examines how multiple performance feedbacks influence firm's technological search, using two types of indicators : accounting-based performance and market-based performance. Also we investigate how CEO's attention shift depends on firm specific factors such as firm size and outsider ownership. For empirical analysis, we utilized financial data on 675 manufacturing firms in Korea during the period between 1998 and 2009. The results show that technological search based on accounting-based performance feedback is moderated by focal firm's size. However, as outsider ownership increases, technological search increases in response to market-based performance feedback.

A Dynamic Analysis on Value Chain Model of E-Commerce - The Case of Online Book Market - (전자상거래의 가치사슬모형에 관한 동태적 분석 - 온라인 서점시장을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee Young-Chan;Seo Chang-Gab
    • Proceedings of the Korea Association of Information Systems Conference
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    • pp.316-335
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    • 2004
  • This paper builds a system dynamics model analyzing first mover effect and growth strategy of online retailer, a major segment of B2C e-commerce. The dynamic model in this paper is calibrated to the online book market and Yes24.com as major test cases. The model consists of eight key value chain sectors. Five of these(Users, Site Operations, Human Resources, Financial Accounting, and Fundraising) are internal to the company, and three others(Market, Financial Market, and Relative Performance) are external to the company. With the model, this paper suggests research propositions representing positive feedback loops and negative feedback loops that lead to corporate growth and limits to growth according to dynamic causal relationships among eight key value chain sectors, and simulate these propositions.

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Strategies to Improve Use of Medicines (의약품의 적정 사용을 위한 전략)

  • Park, Sylvia
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.93-112
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    • 2006
  • This study reviewed published studies on interventions used by hospitals, health insurance programs, or governments to improve use of medicines in foreign countries. Interventions to improve use of medicines are classified into two categories: 1) information strategies-dissemination of educational materials, group education, one-to-one educational outreach, drug utilization review, and feedback; 2) managerial strategies- formularies, prior authorization, and financial incentives. Dissemination of educational materials, which is a common intervention, was unsuccessful in changing physicians' prescribing behaviors. Problem-based small group education was more likely to change behaviors than didactic large group education. One-to-one educational outreach(academic detailing) was among the most effective strategies used to change prescribing behaviors. Prospective drug utilization review (DUR) program was more successful in improving use of medicines than retrospective DUR program. Feedback intervention has been reported to be ineffective to change behaviors. Formularies are frequently used to control medication use by most health insurance programs. Financial incentives provide physicians economic incentives according to appropriateness of prescribing. However, few published studies have assessed the efficacy of formularies or financial incentives. Prior authorization requires physicians to get authorization from health insurers before prescribing a certain group of drugs which is usually of high costs or risk. There is no magic bullet for quality use of medicines. Multifaceted interventions that help to predispose, enable, and reinforce desired behaviors are more likely to be successful.

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The Role of Control Transparency and Outcome Feedback on Security Protection in Online Banking (계좌 이용 과정과 결과의 투명성이 온라인 뱅킹 이용자의 보안 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Un-Kon;Choi, Ji Eun;Lee, Ho Geun
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.75-97
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    • 2012
  • Fostering trusting belief in financial transactions is a challenging task in Internet banking services. Authenticated Certificate had been regarded as an effective method to guarantee the trusting belief for online transactions. However, previous research claimed that this method has some loopholes for such abusers as hackers, who intend to attack the financial accounts of innocent transactors in Internet. Two types of methods have been suggested as alternatives for securing user identification and activity in online financial services. Control transparency uses information over the transaction process to verify and to control the transactions. Outcome feedback, which refers to the specific information about exchange outcomes, provides information over final transaction results. By using these two methods, financial service providers can send signals to involved parties about the robustness of their security mechanisms. These two methods-control transparency and outcome feedback-have been widely used in the IS field to enhance the quality of IS services. In this research, we intend to verify that these two methods can also be used to reduce risks and to increase the security protections in online banking services. The purpose of this paper is to empirically test the effects of the control transparency and the outcome feedback on the risk perceptions in Internet banking services. Our assumption is that these two methods-control transparency and outcome feedback-can reduce perceived risks involved with online financial transactions, while increasing perceived trust over financial service providers. These changes in user attitudes can increase the level of user satisfactions, which may lead to the increased user loyalty as well as users' willingness to pay for the financial transactions. Previous research in IS suggested that the increased level of transparency on the process and the result of transactions can enhance the information quality and decision quality of IS users. Transparency helps IS users to acquire the information needed to control the transaction counterpart and thus to complete transaction successfully. It is also argued that transparency can reduce the perceived transaction risks in IS usage. Many IS researchers also argued that the trust can be generated by the institutional mechanisms. Trusting belief refers to the truster's belief for the trustee to have attributes for being beneficial to the truster. Institution-based trust plays an important role to enhance the probability of achieving a successful outcome. When a transactor regards the conditions crucial for the transaction success, he or she considers the condition providers as trustful, and thus eventually trust the others involved with such condition providers. In this process, transparency helps the transactor complete the transaction successfully. Through the investigation of these studies, we expect that the control transparency and outcome feedback can reduce the risk perception on transaction and enhance the trust with the service provider. Based on a theoretical framework of transparency and institution-based trust, we propose and test a research model by evaluating research hypotheses. We have conducted a laboratory experiment in order to validate our research model. Since the transparency artifact(control transparency and outcome feedback) is not yet adopted in online banking services, the general survey method could not be employed to verify our research model. We collected data from 138 experiment subjects who had experiences with online banking services. PLS is used to analyze the experiment data. The measurement model confirms that our data set has appropriate convergent and discriminant validity. The results of testing the structural model indicate that control transparency significantly enhances the trust and significantly reduces the risk perception of online banking users. The result also suggested that the outcome feedback significantly enhances the trust of users. We have found that the reduced risk and the increased trust level significantly improve the level of service satisfaction. The increased satisfaction finally leads to the increased loyalty and willingness to pay for the financial services.

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A Study on Decisive Factors Impacting Business Profits of Regional Medical Centers (지방의료원의 경영수익성과에 영향을 미치는 결정요인에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Woo;Kim, Young-Jong;Kim, Yong-Ha;Kim, Kwang-Hwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.315-325
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    • 2014
  • This study is investigates decisive factors impacting business profits of regional medical centers by utilizing their environmental characteristics to provide useful basic data to seek for a method to establish financial soundness and profitability. The research objects are medical treatment record and management indicators of 31 regional medical centers for the past three years from 2010 through 2012. The method of analysis are ANOVA and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results revealed the debt and management ratio in the profit rate of total medical liabilities and net worth, current balance in the medical profit on medical revenue, and hospital bed turnover rate, emergency hospitalization rate, rate of labor cost, and rate of material cost in the business profits as the decisive factors. It is recommended to identify financial feedback and establish diversified management strategies through accurate management analysis to secure financial soundness and profitability in medical centers.

A Study on the Effect of Learning Activities and Feedback Seeking Behavior toward the End Users' Faithful Appropriation of Information Security System (조직내 최종사용자의 합목적적인 정보보호 시스템 사용 내재화와 학습, 피드백 추구 행동 연구)

  • Kim, Min Woong;Cheong, Ki Ju
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.117-146
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    • 2016
  • Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine factors and mechanism inducing end users' faithful appropriation of information security behavior through the information security system. This study is also trying to find out the role of Employees' adaptive activities like learning and feedback seeking behavior for the information security in organizations. Design/methodology/approach An empirical study was carried out with a sample of employees working in the financial service company. Employees(n = 268) completed a written questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. Findings Results indicated that employees' learning activities and feedback seeking behavior fully mediated the effect of major information security factors toward end users' faithfulness of appropriation of information security systems. In order to increase the level of employees information security behavior in accordance with security guideline, organizations should facilitate interactions that support the feedback seeking process between employees on information security awareness and behavior. Additionally, organizations may reinforce these behaviors by periodical training and adopting bounty hunter systems.

A Study on the Effect of National Anti-Smoking Policies in Korea

  • Suh, Mee-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.111-127
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    • 2003
  • The government of Korea enacted the National Health Promotion Act in 1995, and set aside funds for national health promotion, endeavoring to reduce the smoking rate of its citizens. Consequently, smoking rates in all age groups of both sexes were lowered during the period of 1999-2003 when legal backing and financial support for no-smoking policies from the national health promotion funds were provided. The decrease in the smoking rate is attributed to the combined effort of the fact that enactment of related acts, their implementation, financial support, and education and publicity 'campaigns on no smoking. However, at the current pace of decreasing the smoking rates, it will be difficult to achieve the Health and Welfare Ministry's smoking rate goal of30% among adult males by 2013. Thus, related acts should be reshaped, corresponding support should be increased, and financial support should also be provided to implement comprehensive no-smoking policies. Also, budgets should also be alloted to establish a system of providing feedback on the monitoring and evaluation of both short-term and long-term no-smoking business planning and implementation.

A Structural Analysis between Financial Regulations and Security Industry through the Systems Thinking (시스템 사고를 통한 금융 규제와 보안 산업의 구조 분석)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ha
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.31-50
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research is to understand a structural relationship between financial regulations and security industry based on the systems thinking perspective using causal loop analysis. As a result, the positive regulations on security technology against finance security incidents shrink the autonomy of the security industry and will deteriorate the competitiveness of the security industry through the unknown feedback loop. The conclusion provides the direction that policy makers understand causal loop diagram related current regulations and open enough to the consideration of the negative regulations.

Convergence Service Design Using Delphi Technique : Financial Service Robot for Introduction to Bank Branches (Delphi를 활용한 융합 서비스 설계에 관한 연구 : 은행지점 도입용 금융 서비스 로봇 사례)

  • Song, Young-gue;Lee, Jungwoo;Han, Chang Hee
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2020
  • This study applies the Delphi method to design services with convergence characteristics in the financial sector. In designing a service robot for practical deployment that can support and replace bank teller, the opinions and judgments of various expert groups were extracted and a consensus process was made through feedback. A total of six dimensions and thirty service elements were derived over three rounds. Coefficient of Variation and content validity were used to verify the suitability and reliability of the selected service elements. As a result, the essential service element of robots was interaction with customers, followed by basic and professional financial services. Based on these service factors, we proposed two types of service models. support mode to assist employees during business hours and alternative mode on behalf of employees outside business hours. It is hoped that this study will use the Delphi technique in the design of IT convergence services.

On Building A Dynamic BSC Model for Strategic Performance Measurement (성과측정의 전략적 활용을 위한 동적균형모형 구축 방법)

  • 박상현;이준철;이정화;김동호;김상욱
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.69-92
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    • 2001
  • The Managing and measuring performance have long been a popular topic in business. Traditions of financially-oriented managing and measuring performance have provided managers with relatively objective and scientific results of measuring performance until now. But today the value of organization is influenced more by intangible assets than tangible assets. Nobody thus believes that the performance and the value of organization can be measured by financial indicators only. In this background, numerous researches have been conducted to find alternatives to measuring the value of organization's intangible assets. One of the remarkable achievements would be "Balanced Score Card (BSC), "which covers three sectors of indicators, each from customer relations, internal process innovations, and learning and human resource development, in addition to traditional financial indicators. Unfortunately, even BSC, let alone others, fails to accomodate all performance indicators as a holistic system. Namely, performance measuring techniques including BCS, at present, fail to reflect the dynamic features in their model - i.e., the casual relations and the interactions between the indicators, and there is no way of taking into account the impact of delayed feedback which flows from introduction of new policy and legislative changes, etc. Therefore, this paper attempts to devise a means for adding dynamic features to BSC, by introducing the system dynamics concept, with a focus on the effect of casual relations and feedback structure.

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