• Title, Summary, Keyword: Film Badge Dosimeter

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A Study on the Measurement of the Personal Exposure Dose by Film Badge Dosimeter (필름배지선량계에 의한 개인피폭선량 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Woon-Kwan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.37-50
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    • 1994
  • The experimental evaluation of exposure conversion formula using the relationship between optical photo-density, exposure dose and the quality of radiation characteristics of radiation energy to X-ray and ${\gamma}-rays$. The film badge dosimeter is analysed by exposure conversion formula which evaluate image fading characteristics for development time and directional characteristics for incident beam angle. In conclusion, exposure conversion formula evaluated of this study is satisfied with quality decision criterion of the film badge dosimeter.

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Performance Analysis of Electronic Personal Dosimeter(EPD) for External Radiation Dosimetry (전자개인선량계(EPD)의 외부피폭방사선량 평가 성능분석)

  • Lee, Byoung-Il;Kim, Taejin;Lim, Young-Khi
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2015
  • As performance of electronic personal dosimeter (EPD) used for auxiliary personal dosimeter in nuclear power plants (NPPs) has been being continuously improved, we investigated application cases in Korea and other countries and also tested it in NPPs to assess the performance of EPD for external radiation dosimetry. Result of performance tests done in domestic NPPs was similar to those obtained by IAEA in cooperation with EURADOS (IAEA-TECDOC-1564). In addition, EPD/TLD dose ratio has shown similar tendency of EPD/Film-badge dose ratio from the research by the Japan Atomic Power Company (JAPC) and EPD provided more conservative value than TLD or Film-badge. Although some EPD's failures have been discussed, EPD has shown continuous improvement according to the report of Institute of Nuclear Power Operation (INPO) and data from domestic NPPs. In conclusion, It is considered that the general performance of EPD is adequate for external radiation dosimetry compared with that of TLD, providing appropriate performance checking procedure and alternative measures for functional failure.

The Relationship of Overdensity to Overexposure Each Film/screen Systems in Chest Radiography (흉부 X선사진 농도로부터 표면선량을 산출하는 방법)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Joon, Huo;Hayashi, Taro;Ishida, Yuji;Sakurai, Tatsuya
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 1999
  • This study is to calculate the exposed radiation dose using Bit method, NDD calculation method and monogram method without dosimeter. In addition, we can calculate the radiation dose from x-ray film density as a film badge. The authors examined the entrance skin dose from $2{\sim}3$ intercostal chest x-ray film density. We also studied the relationship between film density and equivalent dose in the each screen film system under the different radiation quality and the poor geometry condition of grid ratio. As results, we established the deductive method to define the entrance skindose from chest x-ray film density. The error range was found in the range $-13%{\sim}+l7%$ for between deductive entrance skindose and the $2{\sim}3$ intercostal chest x-ray film density to actual detective radiation dose with dosimeter.

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Comparison on the Dosimetry of TLD and OSLD Used in Nuclear Medicine (광자극발광선량계와 열형광선량계를 이용한 핵의학과 선량 측정비교)

  • Lee, Wang-Hui;Kim, Sung-Chul;Ahn, Sung-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2012
  • For the dosimetry of the radiation workers, film badge, Thermo Luminescent Dosimeter (TLD), and glass dosimeter are being used and recently, there is a growing trend of using Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeter (OSLD) in the world. However, OSLD is only being applied some of the field in Korea and there has been almost no study made related to OSLD. Thus, the accumulated radiation dose of TLD and OSLD that have been most frequently used in the field was compared in the radiation workers of nuclear medicine and their working areasfor 3 months. As a result, the average surface dose showed 0.85 mSv difference with 1.27 mSv for TLD and 2.12 mSv for OSLD while having 0.73 mSv difference for the average depth dose with 1.33 mSv for TLD and 2.06 mSv for OSLD. The surface dose and depth dose of OSLD showed statistically significant result with higher measurement (p<0.05).

Usefulness of wearing pocket dosimeter in nuclear medicine (핵의학 영상검사에서 Pocket dosimeter 착용의 유용성 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Bin;Lee, Eun-Ji;Kim, Kun-Jae
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim of study is to find accuracy of pocket dosimeter in measuring exposed dose in compared with survey meter and to compare exposed dose according as Nuclear medicine exams. Materials and Method: First, radiation dose to point source(185 MBq,370 MBq, ${\ldots}$, 1665 MBq, 1850 MBq) were measured in using a pocket dosimeter and a survey meter. Second, radiation dose to 12 patients injected $^{18}F$-FDG 370 MBq were measured in using a pocket dosimeter and a survey meter. Third, radiation dose to 10 patients injected $^{99m}Tc$-DPD 925 MBq were measured in using a pocket dosimeter and a surveymeter. Result: The average is $70.12{\pm}39.36{\mu}Sv/h$ in measurement of point source with Surveymeter and $5{\pm}3.06{\mu}Sv$ in measurement of point source with Pocket dosimeter. The average is $25.04{\pm}6.16{\mu}Sv/h$ in measurement of PET/CT patients with Surveymeter and $2.41{\pm}0.51{\mu}Sv$ in measurement of PET/CT with Pocket dosimeter. The average is $8.58{\pm}0.96{\mu}Sv/h$ in measurement of Bone Scan patients with Surveymeter and $1{\mu}Sv$ in measurement of Bone Scan patients with Pocket dosimeter. Significant difference found between Survey meter value and Pocket dosimeter value in all experimentation (p<0.001). Conclusion: Accoring to rusult Wearing Pocket dosimeter is usefulnee in manerage of exposed dose in nucler medicine exams.

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Domestic Intercomparison Study for the Performance of Personnel Dosimeters (개인선량계 성능의 국내 상호비교)

  • Kim, Jang-Lyul;Chang, Si-Young;Kim, Bong-Hwan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 1996
  • The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute(KAERI) conducted a intercomparison study for personnel dosimetry services in Korea to enhance the accuracy and precision of the dosimetry system. Nine types of dosimeters(6 TLD, 3 film badge) from 7 institutions took part in this intercomparison study. Each participant submitted 30 dosimeters including transit control for irradiations. Both TLDs and film badges were irradiated with Cs-137 gamma, Sr/Y-90 beta and 4 X-ray beams in ISO wide series. Four dosimeters were irradiated on phantom with same dose equivalent for each field category. The delivered dose equivalent was in the range of $0.1{\sim}10mSv$. The participants assessed the results of their dosimeter readings in terms of the ICRU operational quantities for personal monitoring, Hp(10) and Hp(0.07). Most participants except 1 dosimeter estimated the delivered dose equivalent with biases less than ${\pm}25%$ for Cs-137 and Sr/Y-90. But for X-rays, the biases exceeded ${\pm}35%$ in some cases bacause the dose evaluation algorithm was based on the ANSI N13.11 X-ray fields which are different from those given by ISO.

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Survery on Business of the Departments of Radiology in Health Centers (보건소(保健所)의 방사선과(放射線科) 업무(業務)에 관한 조사연구(調査硏究))

  • Choi, Jong-Hak;Jeon, Man-Jin;Huh, Joon;Park, Sung-Ock
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 1985
  • We serveyed the actual condition of business of the departments of radiology of 45 health conters (except 3) in the area of Seoul, Kyungki and Inchon from March, 1984 to November, 1984. The results are summarized as follows : 1. T.O. of the radiologic technologist is three persons in each health center of Seoul area, and one person in each one of Kyungki and Inchon area. P.O. is 2-5 persons in Seoul area, 1-2 persons in Kyungki or Inchon area. 2. The number of all the radiologic technologists employed now is 75 persons, and among all of them, when analized by position class 7th is 54.7%, class 8th 28.0%, class 9th is 13.3%, and class 6th is 2.7%, and by sex, female is 68.0%, male is 32.0%, by educational background, for the most part, junior college graduates come to 73.3%, by age group 60% of them is in their twenties, 16.0% is in their thirties and forties, 8.0% is in their fifties, and by career after certificate 60% have the career of 1-5 years, 13.3% have the one of 6-7 years or mor than 21 years, and 6.7% have the one of 11-15 years of 16-20 years. 3. All the diagnostic x-ray equipment being kept is 62, and among them flxing equipment is 71.0%, portable equipment is 29.0% and by rating of X-ray equipment, maximum tube current 100 mA is 46.8%, maximum KV 100KVP is 72.6%, the most part. 4. Photofluorographic camera and hood are equipped in every health center. While, as to the radiographic cassettes, $14{\times}14"$ cassetts are equipped in every health center, but cassettes of other sizes are in half of them. 5. Bucky's table is equipped in 11.9% health centers, the automatic processor is in 21.4%, the photofluorographic film changer is 9.5%, the grid is 73.8%, the protective apron is in 88.1%, and the protective glove is in 57.1% health centers. 6. The number of the people who got the x-ray examination for one year (by the year 1989) is the most, 1,000-6,000 in direct radiography of the chest, or 15,0001-45,000 in the health centers of Seoul area, 5,000-20,000 in Kyungki and Inchon area in photofluorography of the chest. Moreover, other radiographies are being taken extremely limitedly in all health centers. 7. In processing types of x-ray film, automatic processing is used in 9 health centers (21.4%), manual tank processing is in 30 (71.4%), and manual tray processing in 3 (7.2%). 8. As for collimation of x-ray exposure field, "continual using restricted by a subject size" has the most part, 78.6% "restricted using at every radiography" has 19%, and the case of "never considered" has 2.4% response. 9. As for the dosimeter used for radiation control, film badge (35.7%) and pocket dosimeter (26.2%) are used, and in 38.1% health centers the dosimeter is not equipped at all. Consideration of the previous radiation exposure is being done in only one health center. 10. Reading of radiographs is mainly depended on the radiologists electively (45.2%) or on the genral practitioners(45.2%).

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