• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ferricyanide/ferrocyanide solution

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Prediction of removal percentage and adsorption capacity of activated red mud for removal of cyanide by artificial neural network

  • Deihimi, Nazanin;Irannajad, Mehdi;Rezai, Bahram
    • Geosystem Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.273-281
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the activated red mud was used as a new and appropriate adsorbent for the removal of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide from aqueous solution. Predicting the removal percentage and adsorption capacity of ferro-ferricyanide by activated red mud during the adsorption process is necessary which has been done by modeling and simulation. The artificial neural network (ANN) was used to develop new models for the predictions. A back propagation algorithm model was trained to develop a predictive model. The effective variables including pH, absorbent amount, absorbent type, ionic strength, stirring rate, time, adsorbate type, and adsorbate dosage were considered as inputs of the models. The correlation coefficient value ($R^2$) and root mean square error (RMSE) values of the testing data for the removal percentage and adsorption capacity using ANN models were 0.8560, 12.5667, 0.9329, and 10.8117, respectively. The results showed that the proposed ANN models can be used to predict the removal percentage and adsorption capacity of activated red mud for the removal of ferrocyanide and ferricyanide with reasonable error.

Electrochemical Detection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Using Microelectrode Array on a DNA Chip (미소전극어레이형 DNA칩을 이용한 유전자다형의 전기화학적 검출)

  • 최용성;권영수;박대희
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 2004
  • In this study, an integrated microelectrode array was fabricated on glass slide using microfabrication technology. Probe DNAs consisting of mercaptohexyl moiety at their 5-end were spotted on the gold electrode using micropipette or DNA arrayer utilizing the affinity between gold and sulfur. Cyclic voltammetry in 5mM ferricyanide/ferrocyanide solution at 100 ㎷/s confirmed the immobilization of probe DNA on the gold electrodes. When several DNAs were detected electrochemically, there was a difference between target DNA and control DNA in the anodic peak current values. It was derived from specific binding of Hoechst 33258 to the double stranded DNA due to hybridization of target DNA. It suggested that this DNA chip could recognize the sequence specific genes. It suggested that multichannel electrochemical DNA microarray is useful to develop a portable device for clinical gene diagnostic System.

A Newly Designed Fixed Bed Redox Flow Battery Based on Zinc/Nickel System

  • Mahmoud, Safe ELdeen M.E.;Youssef, Yehia M.;Hassan, I.;Nosier, Shaaban A.
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.236-243
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    • 2017
  • A fixed-bed zinc/nickel redox flow battery (RFB) is designed and developed. The proposed cell has been established in the form of a fixed bed RFB. The zinc electrode is immersed in an aqueous NaOH solution (anolyte solution) and the nickel electrode is immersed in the catholyte solution which is a mixture of potassium ferrocyanide, potassium ferricyanide and sodium hydroxide as the supporting electrolyte. In the present work, the electrode area has been maximized to $1500cm^2$ to enforce an increase in the energy efficiency up to 77.02% at a current density $0.06mA/cm^2$ using a flow rate $35cm^3/s$, a concentration of the anolyte solution is $1.5mol\;L^{-1}$ NaOH and the catholyte solution is $1.5mol\;L^{-1}$ NaOH as a supporting electrolyte mixed with $0.2mol\;L^{-1}$ equimolar of potassium ferrocyanide and potassium ferricyanide. The outlined results from this study are described on the basis of battery performance with respect to the current density, velocity in different electrolytes conditions, energy efficiency, voltage efficiency and power of the battery.

Genomic Detection using Electrochemical Method (전기화학적 방법에 의한 유전자의 검출)

  • Choi, Yong-Sung;Lee, Kyung-Sup;Park, Dae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.560-570
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a microelectrode away DNA chip was fabricated on glass slide using photolithography technology. Several probe DNAs consisting of mercaptohexyl moiety at their 5' end were immobilized on the gold electrodes by DNA arrayer utilizing the affinity between gold and sulfu. Then target DNAs were hybridized and reacted with Hoechst 33258, which is a DNA minor groove binder and electrochemically active dye. Cyclic voltammetry in 5mA ferricyanide/ferrocyanide solution at 100 mV/s confirmed the immobilization of probe DNA on the gold electrodes. Linear sweep voltammetry or cyclic voltammetry showed a difference between target DNA and control DNA in the anodic peak current values. It was derived from Hoechst 33258 concentrated at the electrode surface through association with formed hybrid. It suggested that this DNA chip could recognize the sequence specific genes. It suggested that multichannel electrochemical DNA microarray is useful to develop a portable device for clinical gene diagnostic system.

A Study on Electrical Properties of Dendrimer (미소전극형 DNA칩 어레이를 이용한 유전자의 검출)

  • Choi, Yong-Sung;Lee, Kyung-Sup
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1324-1326
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    • 2006
  • In this study, an integrated microelectrode array was fabricated on glass slide using microfabrication technology. Probe DNAs consisting of mercaptohexyl moiety at their 5-end were spotted on the gold electrode using micropipette or DNA arrayer utilizing the affinity between gold and sulfur. Cyclic voltammetry in 5mM ferricyanide/ferrocyanide solution at 100 mV/s confirmed the immobilization of probe DNA on the gold electrodes. When several DNAs were detected electrochemically, there was a difference between target DNA and control DNA in the anodic peak current values. It was derived from specific binding of Hoechst 33258 to the double stranded DNA due to hybridization of target DNA. It suggested that this DNA chip could recognize the sequence specific genes. It suggested that multichannel electrochemical DNA microarray is useful to develop a portable device for clinical gene diagnostic system.

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Electrochemical Behavior of the Reduction of Thin Films of $Ag_3Fe(CN)_6$

  • Moon Seongbae;Moon Jung Dae
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1042-1045
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    • 1994
  • A thin film of silver ferricyanide (Ag$_3$Fe(CN)$_6$) on a platinum or gold substrates can be reduced electrochemically to the salt of silver ferrocyanide in potassium nitrate solution. The color of these films are orange and these films are shown to be electrochromic. The voltammogram is shown the asymmetry of the oxidation compared to the reduction wave under various supporting electrolytes. The standard heterogeneous electron-transfer rate for these films and bare Pt electrode were 0.49 ${\times}$ l0$^{-2}$ and 1.30 ${\times}$ l0$^{-2}$ cm/s, respectively, obtained using a rotating disc electrode. Rough D$_0$ values, evaluated from the Levich equation, for Fe(CN)$_6^{3-/4-}$ at both SF thin film and a bare Pt disc electrode were shown as 1.2l ${\times}$ l0-6 and 0.94 ${\times}$ l0$^{-6}$ cm$^2$/s, respectively. The conductivities, as determined from the slops of the i-V curves for a ca. 1 mm sample for dried SF potassium rich and deficient bulk samples pressed between graphite electrodes, were 9.34 ${\times}$ l0$^{-9}$ and 5.80 ${\times}$ l0$^{-9}$ (${\Omega}$${\cdot}$cm)$^{-1}$, respectively.

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The Effect of Nitric Oxide Donor or Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor on Oxidant Injury to Cultured Rat Lung Microvascular Endothelial Cells (산화질소 공여물과 산화질소 합성효소 길항제가 백서 폐미세혈관 내피세포 산화제 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Joon;Michael, John R.;Kim, Se-Kyu;Kim, Sung-Kyu;Lee, Won-Young;Kang, Kyung-Ho;Yoo, Se-Hwa;Chae, Yang-Seok
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.1265-1276
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    • 1998
  • Background : Nitric oxide(NO) is an endogenously produced free radical that plays an important role in regulating vascular tone, inhibition of platelet aggregation and white blood cell adhesion to endothelial cells, and host defense against infection. The highly reactive nature of NO with oxygen radicals suggests that it may either promote or reduce oxidant-induced cell injury in several biological pathways. Oxidant injury and interactions between pulmonary vascular endothelium and leukocytes are important in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury, including acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS). In ARDS, therapeutic administration of NO is a clinical condition providing exogenous NO in oxidant-induced endothelial injury. The role of exogenous NO from NO donor or the suppression of endogenous NO production was evaluated in oxidant-induced endothelial injury. Method : The oxidant injury in cultured rat lung microvascular endothelial cells(RLMVC) was induced by hydrogen peroxide generated from glucose oxidase(GO). Cell injury was evaluated by $^{51}$chromium($^{51}Cr$) release technique. NO donor, such as S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine(SNAP) or sodium nitroprusside(SNP), was added to the endothelial cells as a source of exogenous NO. Endogenous production of NO was suppressed with N-monomethyl-L-arginine(L-NMMA) which is an NO synthase inhibitor. L-NMMA was also used in increased endogenous NO production induced by combined stimulation with interferon-$\gamma$(INF-$\gamma$), tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$(TNF-$\alpha$), and lipopolysaccharide(LPS). NO generation from NO donor or from the endothelial cells was evaluated by measuring nitrite concentration. Result : $^{51}Cr$ release was $8.7{\pm}0.5%$ in GO 5 mU/ml, $14.4{\pm}2.9%$ in GO 10 mU/ml, $32.3{\pm}2.9%$ in GO 15 mU/ml, $55.5{\pm}0.3%$ in GO 20 mU/ml and $67.8{\pm}0.9%$ in GO 30 mU/ml ; it was significantly increased in GO 15 mU/ml or higher concentrations when compared with $9.6{\pm}0.7%$ in control(p < 0.05; n=6). L-NMMA(0.5 mM) did not affect the $^{51}Cr$ release by GO. Nitrite concentration was increased to $3.9{\pm}0.3\;{\mu}M$ in culture media of RLMVC treated with INF-$\gamma$ (500 U/ml), TNF-$\alpha$(150 U/ml) and LPS($1\;{\mu}g/ml$) for 24 hours ; it was significantly suppressed by the addition of L-NMMA. The presence of L-NMMA did not affect $^{51}Cr$ release induced by GO in RLMVC pretreated with INF-$\gamma$, TNF-$\alpha$ and LPS. The increase of $^{51}Cr$ release with GO(20 mU/ml) was prevented completely by adding 100 ${\mu}M$ SNAP. But the add of SNP, potassium ferrocyanate or potassium ferricyanate did not protect the oxidant injury. Nitrite accumulation was $23{\pm}1.0\;{\mu}M$ from 100 ${\mu}M$ SNAP at 4 hours in phenol red free Hanks' balanced salt solution. But nitrite was not detectable from SNP upto 1 mM The presence of SNAP did not affect the time dependent generation of hydrogen peroxide by GO in phenol red free Hanks' balanced salt solution. Conclusion : Hydrogen peroxide generated by GO causes oxidant injury in RLMVC. Exogenous NO from NO donor prevents oxidant injury, and the protective effect may be related to the ability to release NO. These results suggest that the exogenous NO may be protective on oxidant injury to the endothelium.

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