• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fermented sea tangle

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Alcohol Metabolizing Activity of Fermented Sea Tangle Juice (Lactobacillilus brevis를 이용한 다시마 발효물의 알코올 분해 활성)

  • Kang, Young-Mi;Lee, Bae-Jin;Kim, Jin-Su
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2010
  • Alcohol metabolizing activity of fermented sea tangle juice (FSYJ) using Lactobacillilus brevis BJ20 were evaluated by measuring relative alcohol dehydrogenease (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activities. According to the results of MTI assay. the fermented sea tangle juice by Lactobacillilus brevis BJ20 appeared safe in the cytotocxity. The relative ADH activity of FSTJ showed 124% at 10 mg/mL, which increased with increasing concentration. The relative ALDH activity showed, however, insignificant difference (P>0.05) between concentrations of FSTJ up to 50 mg/mL. These results suggested that fermented sea tangle juice by L. brevis BJ20 could be used as a potential material for metabolizing alcohol.

Moisture Sorption Characteristics of Lactobacillus brevis-fermented Sea Tangle Saccharina japonica, Mekabu Fucoidan, and These Mixture Powders (발효 다시마(Saccharina japonica) 분말, 미역귀 후코이단 분말 및 이들 혼합분말의 수분 흡습 특성)

  • Lee, Changheon;Sim, Jin Ha;Kim, Jin Hyeon;Yu, Daeung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.107-110
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    • 2021
  • The goal of this study was to investigate moisture sorption characteristics of Lactobacillus brevis-fermented sea tangle Saccharina japonica, Mekabu fucoidan, and these mixture powders. Moisture sorption isotherms of powders were determined at 37℃ using the static gravimetric technique in a water activity (aw) range of 0.11-0.93. Equilibrium moisture content (Xeq) values of the fermented sea tangle powder were almost 3 times when aw<0.7 and increased upto almost 4 times when aw<0.9 higher than mekabu fucoidan powder. In these reason, to improve strong hygroscopic nature of the fermented sea tangle powder, fermented sea tangle and mekabu fucoidan powders were dissolved as ratios of 7:3, 5:5, and 3:7 (w/w) in a distilled water and then freeze dried. Xeq values of mixture powders were around average value of sum of both powders at all aw ranges. All moisture sorption isotherms of powders exhibited typical J-shaped type III. Xeq of mixture powders increased with increasing aw and decreased as increasing proportion of mekabu fucoidan powder. The Peleg model was found to accurately describe moisture sorption isotherms of powders. The results can be used to understand hygroscopic nature of powders, improve shelf life, and retain quality across postharvest processing.

Effect of Yeast Fermentation on the Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Activity of Sea Tangle Water Extract (다시마 추출액의 항산화 및 항염증 활성에 대한 효모 발효의 영향)

  • Eom, Sung-Hwan;Lee, Bae-Jin;Kim, Young-Mog
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2010
  • To examine the effective use of seaweeds, sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) was extracted with water and the resultant extracts were fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Four strains of S. cerevisiae were cultured in aqueous extracts from sea tangle. S. cerevisiae SC-2, which was isolated from a traditional Korean fermented food (Meju), was selected for further study based on the results of a sensory evaluation. No significant differences in proximate compositions, such as moisture, crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash, of the sea tangle extracts before and after fermentation were observed. The reducing sugar decreased as the fermentation period increased, and the contents of some free amino acids were also affected by S. cerevisiae SC-2 fermentation. However, the content of glutamic acid, which is a major taste compound in sea tangle extract, was not affected by fermentation for up to 36 hr by the SC-2 strain. To determine the antioxidant activity of fermented sea tangle extract (fermented for 36 hr by SC-2 strain), the radical scavenging activities of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide, and nitric oxide were investigated and xanthin oxidase inhibition assay was performed. The antioxidant activity increased by 8 to 35%. The greatest enhancement of antioxidant activity was seen in the superoxide radical scavenging assay with $100\;{\mu}g/mL$ of raw and fermented sea tangle extract. The anti-inflammatory activity of fermented sea tangle extract was also enhanced. The fermented sea tangle extract showed 34.2% inhibitory activity against nitric oxide synthesis versus 11.9% for raw sea tangle extract at $100\;{\mu}g/mL$ concentration. These results suggest that fermented aqueous extracts from sea tangle are a useful resources.

Memory-improving Effects of Fermented Sea Tangle Saccharina japonica in Normal Mice (정상 동물모델에서 다시마(Saccharina japonica) 발효물의 기억력 개선 효과)

  • Ryu, Jehkwang;Jo, Young-Hong;Chang, Seong-Jun;Lee, Bae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2016
  • Marine organisms are sources of many bioactive compounds, such as essential fatty acids, essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals, making them useful candidates for the production of safe bioactive substances. They also synthesize glutamic acid, which can be used to produce γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS), via fermentation with Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20. This study investigated the degree to which fermented sea tangle (FST) inhibits enzymes such as acetylcholine esterase (AChE) and prolyl endopeptidase (PEP) and affects memory of normal mice using the T-maze test. FST inhibited more than 90% of AChE at 1 mg/mL and 50% of PEP at 8 mg/mL. Oral FST (100 mg/kg) significantly improved performance of normal mice on the T-maze. Therefore, sea tangle fermented with L. brevis BJ20 effectively contributes to memory improvement and might be a useful functional food ingredient.

Effects of γ-aminobutyric acid-enriched fermented sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) on brain derived neurotrophic factor-related muscle growth and lipolysis in middle aged women

  • Choi, Wook-chul;Reid, Storm N.S.;Ryu, Je-kwang;Kim, Yunsook;Jo, Young-Hong;Jeon, Byeong Hwan
    • ALGAE
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.175-187
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    • 2016
  • This study evaluated the effects of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-enriched fermented sea tangle (GFST), as a functional food, on brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-related muscle growth and lipolysis, in a sarcopenic obesity high-risk group. Twenty-one middle-aged women (53-63 y) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study. Participants ingested either 1,000 mg of GFST (n = 10) or a sucrose placebo (CON) (n = 11) everyday, for 8 weeks. Subjects were asked to abstain from any regular exercise. Fasting venous blood samples, body composition and muscular strength were measured before and after supplementation period. Collectively, we demonstrated that GFST significantly decreased total fat mass and triglyceride in body composition, as well as significantly increasing serum BDNF (p < 0.001), angiotensin converting enzyme (p < 0.001), human growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels (p < 0.05 and p < 0.05, respectively) accompanied by increased total lean mass (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the reported improvements in total work, knee extension and flexion at 60° s−1 (p < 0.05), and peak torque normalized to body weight of knee flexion at 60° s−1 (p < 0.05), support an ergogenic effect of GABA associated with increased growth factor levels. The use of GFST, as a functional food ingredient, to elicit anti-obesity effects and stimulate the release of muscle-related growth factors with increasing serum BDNF levels may provide a protective intervention for age-related degeneration such as sarcopenic obesity.

Effect of Fermented Sea Tangle on the Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Jeong, Jae-Jun;Yang, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Bae-Jin;Cho, Young-Su
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.791-795
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    • 2011
  • Sea tangle, a kind of brown seaweed, was fermented with Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20. The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content in fermented sea tangle (FST) was 5.56% (w/w) and GABA in total free amino acid of FST was 49.5%. The effect of FST on the enzyme activities and mRNA protein expression of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) involved in alcohol metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. Yeast was cultured in YPD medium supplemented with different concentrations of FST powder [0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.0% (w/v)] for 18 h. FST had no cytotoxic effect on the yeast growth. The highest activities and protein expressions of ADH and ALDH from the cell-free extracts of S. cerevisiae were evident with the 0.4% and 0.8% (w/v) FST-supplemented concentrations, respectively. The highest concentrations of GABA as well as minerals (Zn, Ca, and Mg) were found in the cell-free extracts of S. cerevisiae cultured in medium supplemented with 0.4% (w/v) FST. The levels of GABA, Zn, Ca, and Mg in S. cerevisiae were strongly correlated with the enzyme activities of ADH and ALDH in yeast. These results indicate that FST can enhance the enzyme activities and protein expression of ADH and ALDH in S. cerevisiae.

Stress Relaxation and Sleep Induction Effect of Fermented Sea Tangle Saccharina japonica and Oyster Crassostrea gigas Powder (굴(Crassostrea gigas)·다시마(Saccharina japonica) 발효 분말의 스트레스 완화 및 수면 유도 효과)

  • Woo, Nam-Sik;Seo, Yong Bae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.702-707
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    • 2013
  • Sleep is an essential biological process of which the underlying regulatory mechanisms involve numerous anatomical structures and biochemical substances that can be compromised by stress and the immune system. Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system (CNS). It is well established that activation of $GABA_A$ receptors promotes sleep. L. brevis BJ20 fermentation of sea tangle and oysters resulted in stress reduction and sleep inducing effects. This is the first study to report that GABA has the ability to induce sleep related hormones in mice; therefore, it has potential use as a natural sleep aid. These results suggested that sea tangle and oysters fermented by L. brevis BJ20 can be used as potential agents for stress reduction and sleep promotion.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Gruel Containing Saccharina japonica Powder (다시마(Saccharina japonica) 분말을 첨가한 죽의 품질특성 및 항산화 효과)

  • Lee, Yeon-Ji;Kim, Won-Suk;Lee, Bae-Jin;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Yong-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2017
  • Saccharina japonica is a type of seaweed rich in dietary fiber, iodine, calcium, and selenium. We investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of gruel made with S. japonica powder, and identified the best ratio of powder to gruel to maximize its health effects. The gruel was prepared with rice, glutinous rice, GABA (${\gamma}-aminobutyric$ acid)-enriched sea tangle fermented in lactic acid (0.3%), and various amounts (0-10% gruel volume) of S. japonica powder. The pH, color, viscosity, spreadability, antioxidant activities, and sensory evaluation of the gruel were investigated. Spreadability and pH decreased, whereas viscosity and antioxidant activities increased, with increasing powder content. In addition, color lightness decreased significantly, whereas redness and yellowness increased. In sensory tests, color, aroma, and texture were rated highest for gruel with 5% powder. On the other hand, flavor and overall acceptability were considered optimal in gruel with 7% powder.

Effects of γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)-Enriched Sea Tangle Laminaria japonica Extract on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammation in Mouse Macrophage (RAW 264.7) Cells

  • Choi, Ji-Il;Yun, In-Hye;Jung, Yeounjoong;Lee, Eun-Hye;Nam, Taek-Jeong;Kim, Young-Mog
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.293-297
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    • 2012
  • ${\gamma}$-Aminobutyric acid-enriched sea tangle extract was obtained from the fermentation of Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20. The fermented sea tangle extract (FST) was separated into three fractions by molecular weight: FST I (greater than 10 kDa), FST II (1-10 kDa), and FST III (less than 1 kDa). The anti-inflammatory characteristics of the FST fractions were investigated by measuring the production of nitric oxide (NO) and the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse macrophage (RAW 264.7) cells. Both NO production and iNOS expression levels were significantly inhibited by FST treatments in a dose-dependent manner. FST III was the most effective inhibitor of processes. This demonstrates that the effect of FST on LPS-induced inflammation might be closely correlated with the inhibition of inflammatory cytokine expression.

Effects of Lactobacillus brevis BJ20 Fermentation on the Antioxidant and Antiinflammatory Activities of Sea Tangle Saccharina japonica and oyster Crassostrea gigas (Lactobacillus brevis BJ20를 이용한 굴(Crassostrea gigas).다시마(Saccharina japonica) 발효 분말의 항산화 및 항염증 활성 효과)

  • Kang, Young Mi;Woo, Nam-Sik;Seo, Yong Bae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 2013
  • Inordinate stress causes disorders of various systems in humans and activates defense mechanisms to maintain homeostasis in the body. Sleep is a vital, highly organized process regulated by complex systems of neuronal networks and neurotransmitters. Sleep is an essential biological process whose underlying regulating involves numerous anatomical structures and biochemical substances that can be compromised by stress and by the immune system. Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system, and activation of GABAA receptors is known to favor sleep. This study was conducted to evaluate the possible application of Lactobacillus brevis BJ20 fermentation to improve the functional qualities of sea tangle Saccharina japonica and oyster Crassostrea gigas. Antioxidant activity was determined by assaying levels of radical scavenging activity against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and superoxide. L. brevis BJ20 fermentation of sea tangle and oyster enhanced both antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities. These results suggested that L. brevis BJ20 fermented sea tangle and oyster could be used for alleviation of stress and to promote sleep.