• Title/Summary/Keyword: Female adolescents

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Moderating Effects of Parental Attachment and Parental Monitoring in the Relationship between Adolescent Stress and Problem Behavior (청소년의 스트레스와 문제행동의 관계에 대한 부모애착 및 부모감독의 중재효과)

  • Ahn, Hye-Won;Lee, Jae-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2009
  • This study explored moderating effects of parental attachment andparental monitoring in the relationship between stress and problem behavior among Korean adolescents. The Korean Youth Panel Study (KYPS) was used as sample data with a total of 2,503 11th grade students involved in this study. Results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental attachment (for both male and female adolescents) and parental monitoring (for male adolescents) played the role of moderators in the relationship between stress and problem behavior. That is, good parental attachment and monitoring reduced stress inducing problem behavior for male adolescents but only parental attachment reduced stress inducing problem behavior for female adolescents. Conclusions highlighted the importance of parents' role in the prevention of adolescent problem behavior.

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A Study on Physical and Psychological Violence in Dating among Male and Female Adolescents. (고교생의 이성교제 중 신체적, 심리적 폭력사용에 대한 연구)

  • 김용미;김현옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.183-194
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamics of dating violence among male and female adolescents. Out of 1205 high school students. 90.6%(n=1092) was included for the final analysis. 120 students(11.9%) reported to have experienced physical violence with a dating partner at least once or more. The most frequently used forms of violence were pushing and grabbing. Both of aggressors and victims interpreted the violence as an expression of love and affection. Coping behavior of victims were quite passive, while aggressors tried to apologize and to make-up. Most of victims were angry about violence. while aggressors felt sorry for their behavior. 72.5% of respondents reported that the relationship remained unchanged or got better after the violence. while 26.7% answered their relationship was terminated or got worse. 157 respondents(14.4%) reported to have experienced psychological violence at least once or more. Shouting and insulting language or behavior were most frequently used. Coping behavior of victims was mostly negotiation and communication. Based on the findings of this study, suggestions were made in regard to student guidance and counseling for dating aggression.

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Development and Application of the Imaginary Audience Reduction Program for Self-Esteem Improvement of Adolescent - Focusing on the middle school girls - (청소년의 자아존중감 향상을 위한 상상적 청중 감소 프로그램 개발과 적용 - 여자중학생을 중심으로)

  • 고경남;김춘경
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.95-112
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an Imaginary Audience Reduction Program and examine the effectiveness of using the program on improving female adolescents' self-esteem. Based on the results from the study, 10-session-Imaginary audience reduction program was developed. Then the researcher conducted the Imaginary Audience Reduction Program for 72 female adolescents from 4, May 2000 to 7, July 2000 at the girls'middle school in Daegu. For examining the effectiveness of using the program, the research instruments were Self-Esteem Inventory(SEI; Coopersmith, 1967) and New Imaginary Audience Scale(NIAS; Lapsley, FitzGerald, Rice & Jackson, 1989). The research instruments used for pre-post-follow up tests. The Data were analyzed by Repeated Measure ANOVA. There were statistically significant differences in self-esteem and Imaginary audience. Results revealed that adolescents who took the Imaginary Audience Reduction Program consistently reported the improvement of their self-esteem level and the reduction of their Imaginary audience level. The implication of study findings will be discussed.

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Inferiority, Depression and Psychosomatic Symptoms in Female Adolescents: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Entrapment (청소년 여학생의 열등감, 우울 및 정신신체 증상의 관계 - 지각된 속박감(perceived entrapment)의 매개효과 -)

  • Cheon, Suk-Hee;Cha, Bo-Kyoung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This descriptive correlation study was designed to examine the relationship of inferiority to depression and psychosomatic symptoms in female adolescents. In addition, this study investigated the mediating effect of perceived entrapment in relation to inferiority and other variables. Method: Data were collected from 526 female high school students. Self-report questionnaires, which were constructed to include demographic factors, inferiority, perceived entrapment, depression and psychosomatic symptoms, were used for data collection. Results: Students with high inferiority showed significantly higher perceived entrapment, depression and psychosomatic symptoms. here were significant positive correlations among the variables. Perceived entrapment had a significant mediating effect in relation to inferiority, depression and psychosomatic symptoms. Conclusion: Further study is necessary to develop effective nursing interventions for managing inferiority and perceived entrapment in this population.

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Effects of Perceived Parenting Behaviors on Loneliness and Perceived Competence among Female High School Students (여고생이 지각한 부모 양육행동이 외로움과 역량지각에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Min-Sun;Park, Hui-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.37-53
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to recognize the effects of parenting behaviors as perceived by female high school students on their loneliness and perceived competence. The subjects of this research consisted of 301 female high school students. The data collected were analyzed by multi-regression analysis. The father and mother's behaviors, defined as inconsistency, intrusiveness, physical abuse and neglect, all- resulted in increased levels of loneliness amongst the subjects, and also negatively influenced their perceived competence. However, the parent's monitoring, reasoning and affection behaviors tended to reduced loneliness and perceived lack of competence. The father and mother's affection, when recognized as such by female adolescents, revealed itself to be a positive influence on their various areas of perceived competence. In conclusion, parenting behaviors may affect loneliness and perceived competence on the part of female adolescents during the ego-identity formation stage.

Awareness of Body Shape, Weight Control, and Eating Disorders in Female Adolescents Living in Seoul (서울에 거주하는 청소년기 여학생들의 체형인식도, 체중조절 및 식이장애 실태)

  • Kim, Yeon-Kyum;Yoon, Ki-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.232-252
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated dieting behavior, awareness of body shapes, and eating disorders in female adolescents according to age and BMI. The Eating Attitude Test for Korean Adolescents (EAT-26KA) and sociocultural standards were used to measure eating disorders and sociocultural attitudes related to appearance, respectively. In addition, the BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) scale was used to measure the correlation between disordered eating and depression. The data were collected from 390 female adolescents living in Seoul and were analyzed using SPSS15.0. The results indicated that subjects wanted to be thinner despite having a normal body weight (BMI 19.35${\pm}$2.73). They also thought of themselves as fat and with desires to be slimmer, and viewed "diet and exercise" as the best way to lose weight. About 67.4% of the respondents had tried a diet and had experienced dizziness, anorexia, and general exhaustion while dieting. Also, 5.1% of the subjects were classified as eating disorder and suffered from stress to be thin. In addition, 85.0% of the subjects with eating disorder had tried a diet due to "appearance". They thought that "being underweight" was an ideal body image and considered themselves fat, although their BMIs were in the normal range (19.94${\pm}$2.02). In terms of symptoms during dieting, many of the subjects dealing with an eating disorder felt dizzy, had low energy, and were depressed. In conclusion, we must educate young females about healthy eating and positive body image to prevent the development of adolescent eating disorders.

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Female Adolescents' Awareness of Health Harmfulness and Skinny Jeans Purchasing Behavior: Focus on the Effect of Appearance-Relative Behavior (여자 청소년들의 건강유해성 지각과 스키니 진 구매행동에 대한 연구 - 외모관련행동의 영향력을 중심으로 -)

  • Ham, Seon-Ja;Jung, Hye-Jung;Oh, Kyung-Wha
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.438-447
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    • 2012
  • This study investigates the effects of appearance-relative behaviors of adolescent female consumers on their awareness of heath harmfulness and skinny jeans purchasing behaviors and identifies the influential variables on the wearing satisfaction of skinny jeans. A survey was carried out with middle and high school female students and 386 responses were analyzed using descriptive analysis, factor analysis, a reliability test, and regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows, 1) From the results of the factor analysis on appearance-related behaviors and clothing benefits of skinny jeans for female adolescents, each of the variance assessments clearly showed factorial structures. 2) As a result of looking at the influences of appearance-relative behaviors on the clothing benefits of skinny jeans, respondents who paid more attention to their appearance tended to consider hygiene and activity comfort less important. In addition, respondents who had higher fashion concerns tended to consider aesthetic, practicability, desired trend, and activity comfort more important. 3) Respondents who had higher fashion concerns and considered activity comfort more important among skinny jeans benefits showed a higher level of satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans. However, respondents who thought aesthetic and health hygiene more important when buying skinny jeans showed a lower level of satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans. Female adolescents showed less satisfaction when wearing skinny jeans, as they perceived harmfulness about skinny jeans more.

Influence of Body Weight Perception on Weight Management Behavior among Korean Female Adolescents

  • Lee, Dae Taek;Lee, Myung Chon;Kim, Jae Ho;Cho, Jung Ho;Cha, Kwang Suk;Chandler, Steve B.
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the influence of weight perception on weight management strategies including diet and exercise in Korean female adolescents. Junior (J) and senior (S) high school girls were divided in two groups; those who had $\leq$100% (BI) and > 100% (AI) of ideal weight (J-BI, n=376, 14.8 yr, 46.1 kg; J-AI, 11=128, 15.0 yr, 57.4 kg; S-BI, n=325, 17.4 yr, 50.1 kg; and S-AI, n=133, 17.5 yr, 58.2 kg, mean values). Questionnaires to assess weight perception, desire to lose weight, body image, eating behavior, weight control strategies and physical activity (PPA) were administered J-AI(9.4 kg) and S-AI(9.8 kg) desired to lose weight more than J-BI(2.5 kg) and S-BI(3.6 kg), respectively (p < 0.001). 85% of J-AI and 93% of S-AI perceived their weight being above average and 23% of J-BI and 34% of S-BI responded similarly (p < 0.001). Body dissatisfaction index (BDI) and eating attitude (EAT26) scores were lower in J-BI(9.7, 12.0) vs. J-AI(16.4, 14.7) and S-BI(12.4, 12.4) vs. S-AI(19.5, 15.4) (p < 0.001). However, PPA was not different for J-BI vs. J-AI, and S-BI vs. S-AL Only 17, 18, 9, and 15% of J.BI, J.AI, S-BI, and S-AI, respectively, exercised regularly. PPA and BDI were only slightly correlated in J-BI(r=0.194, p < 0.005) and S-BI(r=0.220, p < 0.005). Even that the majority of Korean female adolescents perceived they were heavy and desired to lose weight, appropriate exercise and physical activities were not practiced.