• Title/Summary/Keyword: Female adolescents

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The Study on Predictors of Depression for Korean Female Adolescents (여고생의 우울에 영향을 주는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyun-Sook;Koo, Hyun-Young;Jang, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.715-723
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were 1) to compare the contribution of demographic-behavioral variables and psychological variables in explaining the variance of depression, 2) identify the most important predictors of depression for Korean female adolescents. Method: The participants were 840 female adolescents. Data was collected through self-report questionnaires, which were constructed to include demographic-behavioral factors, self-esteem, hostility, hopelessness, and depression. Data was analyzed using the SPSS program. Result: Female adolescents' demographic-behavioral variables explained 17% of the variance in depression, and perceived physical health status, history of physical abuse, smoking, satisfaction of body weight, parental alcohol abuse, parental divorce, and history of suicidal attempt were the significant predictors of depression for female adolescents. Psychological variables explained 50% of the variance in depression, and self-esteem, hostility, and hopelessness were the significant predictors of depression for female adolescents. The significant predictors of depression among female adolescents' demographic-behavioral variables and psychological variables were self-esteem, hostility, hopelessness, perceived physical health status, parental alcohol problem, and history of physical abuse, explaining 52% of the variance in depression. Conclusion: In order to reduce depression in female adolescents, it is necessary to design an intervention program that emphasizes improving self-esteem while reducing hostility and hopelessness.

The Effect of Personality Style and Emotion Dysregulation on Female Adolescents' Eating Attitude : A Comparison between Different Body Mass Index(BMI) Groups (여자 청소년의 성격양식과 정서조절곤란이 섭식태도에 미치는 영향 : 신체질량지수(BMI) 집단별 차이를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Han Bee;Kim, Jung Min
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.55-70
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of personality style and emotional dysregulation on female adolescents' eating attitude, and the mediating effect of emotional dysregulation on the relationship between personality style and eating attitude. For this research, questionnaires on personality style, emotional dysregulation and eating attitude were administered to 1370 female high school students based in Seoul. Among 1370 questionnaires collected, 1239 were selected and statistically analyzed by frequency analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS Win 21.0. The main findings of the study are as follows: First, according to female adolescents' BMI, the level of their eating attitude differed significantly. Second, according to female adolescents' BMI, female adolescents' personality style and emotional dysregulation were found to affect their eating attitude significantly. Third, emotional dysregulation had a mediating effect on the relationship between female adolescents' personality style and eating attitude. To be more specific, for the normal weight group of female adolescents, emotional dysregulation was found to have a partial mediating effect on the relationship between sociotropy and eating attitude, and a full mediating effect on the relationship between autonomy and eating attitude. On the contrary, for the overweight and obese groups of female adolescents, emotional dysregulation was found to have a full mediating effect on the relationship between sociotropy and eating attitude, and a partial mediating effect on the relationship between autonomy and eating attitude. The results of the study show the ways in which personality and emotional traits contribute to female adolescents' eating attitude according to their BMI, and provide useful information for treatment of adolescents' eating disorder in clinical settings.

Stages of Change, Processes of Change, and Decisional Balance for Weight Control Associated with Body Mass Index in Female Adolescents (여자 청소년의 체질량지수에 따른 체중조절행위 변화단계, 변화과정과 의사결정균형 비교)

  • Chae, Sun-Mi
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare variables related to weight control between normal weight and overweight/obese female adolescents. Methods: This study is a supplementary analysis using a total of 293 female adolescents in Seoul. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires on the topics of stages of change, processes of change, and the decisional balance pertaining to weight control. Body weight and height were also measured. Results: There was a significant difference in the stages of change between the normal weight and overweight/obese groups. Of 12 processes of change, 9 processes were significantly higher in the overweight/obese group than in the normal weight groups. Also, female adolescents who were overweight or obese had significantly higher pros and eating efficacy scores comparing to those in the normal weight group. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that overweight/obese female adolescents, especially those in the action stage need supports to continue their weight control behaviors. In addition, a weight control program for female adolescents should emphasize their participation in physical activities in addition to their dietary control efforts.

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Ego-resilience and Stress Coping Styles of Male and Female Adolescents (남녀청소년의 자아탄력성과 스트레스 대처방식)

  • Park, Yeon-Seong;Hyun, Eun-Min
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.221-234
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    • 2009
  • This study focused on the relationship between ego- resilience and stress coping styles of male and female adolescents. The study also tried to identify differences in stress coping styles based on sexual differences and the level of ego- resilience in adolescents. Ego-resilience showed a positive correlation to problem-focused and social support seeking coping styles and a negative correlation to emotion-focused coping style for both male and female adolescents. Canonical Correlation analysis revealed that self-confidence among four sub-domains of ego-resilience made the most outstanding contributions in predicting stress coping styles of female adolescents. The self-confident female adolescents tended to use the problem-focused coping style. For male adolescents, the optimistic attitude among four sub-domains of ego-resilience was the most significant factor in predicting emotion-focused coping style. Female adolescents tended to use more varied coping strategies than male adolescents in stressful situations. The group of adolescents who had a higher level of ego-resilience reported more problem-focused and social support- seeking coping styles in stressful situations. Conversely the group of adolescents with lower level of ego-resilience tended to use emotion-focused coping strategy. The results of this study have important implications for theory, research, and practice. Development of ego-resilience in adolescents based on sexual differences was an important task for their effective coping strategies.

Development of multi-dimensional body image scale for malaysian female adolescents

  • Chin, Yit Siew;Taib, Mohd Nasir Mohd;Shariff, Zalilah Mohd;Khor, Geok Lin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2008
  • The present study was conducted to develop a Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents. Data were collected among 328 female adolescents from a secondary school in Kuantan district, state of Pahang, Malaysia by using a self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The self-administered questionnaire comprised multiple measures of body image, Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26; Gamer & Garfinkel, 1979) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965). The 152 items from selected multiple measures of body image were examined through factor analysis and for internal consistency. Correlations between Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale and body mass index (BMI), risk of eating disorders and self-esteem were assessed for construct validity. A seven factor model of a 62-item Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents with construct validity and good internal consistency was developed. The scale encompasses 1) preoccupation with thinness and dieting behavior, 2) appearance and body satisfaction, 3) body importance, 4) muscle increasing behavior, 5) extreme dieting behavior, 6) appearance importance, and 7) perception of size and shape dimensions. Besides, a multidimensional body image composite score was proposed to screen negative body image risk in female adolescents. The result found body image was correlated with BMI, risk of eating disorders and self-esteem in female adolescents. In short, the present study supports a multi-dimensional concept for body image and provides a new insight into its multi-dimensionality in Malaysian female adolescents with preliminary validity and reliability of the scale. The Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale can be used to identify female adolescents who are potentially at risk of developing body image disturbance through future intervention programs.

Female Adolescents' Sexual Assertiveness Types: Q Methodology (여성 청소년의 성적 자기주장 유형: Q 방법론 적용)

  • Kim, Hye Jin
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.272-283
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the type of sexual assertiveness of female adolescents. Methods: A Q methodology which provided a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each type was used. Thirty-three female high school students classified 40 selected Q statements into 9 points standard. The collected data was analyzed by using the PC-QUNAL program. Results: Four types of sexual assertiveness manifested by female adolescents were identified: Type 1: Self-normative line-drawing type, Type 2: Pleasure-seeking negotiation type, Type 3: Passive relationship maintenance type, Type 4: future-oriented satisfaction-delay type. Conclusion: This study is meaningful because it provides empirical information necessary for the development of theories by verifying integrated attributes related to the female adolescents' sexual assertiveness. Results also induced the measuring tools and succeeding studies, and presented educational material for sex education that is tailored to the developmental level and characteristics of female adolescents.

The Effects of Social Instrumentality of Appearance on Body Satisfaction and Appearance Management Behaviors of Female Adolescents (외모의 사회적 유용성이 여자 청소년의 신체만족도와 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.163-177
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate female adolescents' attitude toward the social instrumentality of appearance and to examine the effects of the attitude toward the social instrumentality of appearance on female adolescents' body satisfaction and appearance management behaviors. The subjects for this study were 435 female middle school and high school students in Daejeon and Chungnam province. The research method was a survey and the measuring instruments were a self-administrated questionnaire with 4 parts (social instrumentality of appearance, body satisfaction, appearance management behaviors, and subjects' demographics attributions). The data were analyzed by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, cluster analysis, ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, using SPSS statistical program. The results were as follows. Three dimensions (the utility of interpersonal relationship, sexual partnership and social achievement) were emerged on social instrumentality of appearance, and female adolescents were divided into 2 groups(unreceptive group and receptive group) by social instrumentality of appearance. Social instrumentality of appearance had significant effects on female adolescents' body satisfaction and appearance management behaviors. The group who had receptive attitude toward the social instrumentality of appearance was showed the lower body satisfaction and more positive attitude to perform appearance management behaviors including clothing and accessories management, fitness, skin and hair care, and plastic surgery than unreceptive group.

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Factors Affecting HPV(Human Papilloma Virus) Vaccination Intentions of Female Adolescents and their Mothers (여성 청소년과 그 어머니의 사람유두종바이러스 예방접종의도 영향요인)

  • Lee, Miyeon;Kim, Suhee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.33-46
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    • 2022
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the intention of HPV vaccination in 12-year-old female adolescents and their mothers. Method: A descriptive study was conducted with 64 HPV-unvaccinated female adolescents and their mothers in W city, Republic of Korea. Data collection was conducted from October to November in 2019. The data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 24.0 Program. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test, independent t-test, χ2-test and logistic regression analysis were conducted. Result: According to the results, 57.8% and 62.5% of female adolescents and mothers had the intentions of HPV vaccination, respectively. In the logistic regression analysis for the factors affecting female adolescents' and mothers' HPV vaccination intentions, there was no significant factor in female adolescents. In the case of mothers, the significant factors were cervical cancer knowledge and perceived disability. Conclusion: In order to increase the HPV vaccination rate, educational programs are needed to provide knowledge of cervical cancer. A variety of intervention strategies should be developed to decrease the perceived disability of HPV vaccination health beliefs.

Prediction on the Negative Outcomes of Anger in Female Adolescents (청년기 여성의 분노 결과 예측모형)

  • 박영주;한금선;신현정;강현철;천숙희;문소현;이영식;김헌수
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.172-181
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was designed to construct a structural model for explaining negative outcomes of anger in female adolescents. Methods: Data was collected by questionnaires from 199 female adolescents ina female high school in Seoul. Data analysis was done with SAS for descriptive statistics and a PC-LISREL Program for Covariance structural analysis. Results: The fit of the hypothetical model to the data was moderate, thus it was modified by excluding 7 paths and adding free parameters to it. The modified model withthe paths showed a good fit to the empirical data($x^2$ =5.62, p=.69, GFl=.99, AGFl=.97, NFI=.99, NNFI=l.01, RMSR=.02, RMSEA=.00). Trait anger, state anger, and psychosocial problems were found to have a significant direct effect on psychosomatic symptoms. State anger, psychosocial problems, and learning behaviorswere found to have direct effects on depression of female adolescents. Conclusion: The derived modelis considered appropriate for explaining and predicting negative outcomes of anger in female adolescents. Therefore, it can effectively be used as a reference model for further studies and is a suggested direction in nursing practice.

Perception of Breast Health amongst Malaysian Female Adolescents

  • Che, Chong Chin;Coomarasamy, Jeya Devi;Suppayah, Balakrishnan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7175-7180
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    • 2014
  • Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Malaysia, about one in 19 women being at risk. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and practice of breast self-examination (BSE), as well as knowledge of risk factors for breast cancer amongst female adolescents in Malaysia. Subsequently, relationships between demographic characteristics and knowledge level of BSE, risk factors for breast cancer and BSE practice were assessed. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional survey was conducted using a sample of 500 Malaysian adolescents from the age of 15 to 19 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of BSE, knowledge of risk factors for breast cancer and BSE practices. Results: The findings of this study indicated that female adolescents in Malaysia demonstrated an inadequate knowledge level of BSE and risk factors for breast cancer. Only 27.8% of female adolescents performed BSE regularly. BSE practice, knowledge of BSE and knowledge of risk factors for breast cancer showed significant positive relationships. Conclusions: The study highlighted the importance of planning and implementing breast health education programs for female students in secondary schools in Malaysia. It will also provide the health care providers an avenue to stress on the importance of imparting breast health education to adolescents.