• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fe-based thin film

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Opto-Electrochemical Sensing Device Based on Long-Period Grating Coated with Boron-Doped Diamond Thin Film

  • Bogdanowicz, Robert;Sobaszek, Michał;Ficek, Mateusz;Gnyba, Marcin;Ryl, Jacek;Siuzdak, Katarzyna;Bock, Wojtek J.;Smietana, Mateusz
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.705-710
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    • 2015
  • The fabrication process of thin boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond (B-NCD) microelectrodes on fused silica single mode optical fiber cladding has been investigated. The B-NCD films were deposited on the fibers using Microwave Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (MW PA CVD) at glass substrate temperature of 475 ℃. We have obtained homogenous, continuous and polycrystalline surface morphology with high sp3 content in B-NCD films and mean grain size in the range of 100-250 nm. The films deposited on the glass reference samples exhibit high refractive index (n=2.05 at λ=550 nm) and low extinction coefficient. Furthermore, cyclic voltammograms (CV) were recorded to determine the electrochemical window and reaction reversibility at the B-NCD fiber-based electrode. CV measurements in aqueous media consisting of 5 mM K3[Fe(CN)6] in 0.5 M Na2SO4 demonstrated a width of the electrochemical window up to 1.03 V and relatively fast kinetics expressed by a redox peak splitting below 500 mV. Moreover, thanks to high-n B-NCD overlay, the coated fibers can be also used for enhancing the sensitivity of long-period gratings (LPGs) induced in the fiber. The LPG is capable of measuring variations in refractive index of the surrounding liquid by tracing the shift in resonance appearing in the transmitted spectrum. Possible combined CV and LPG-based measurements are discussed in this work.

Influence of surface morphology and thickness of molecular thin films on the performance of SubPc-$C_{60}$ photovoltaic devices

  • Kim, Jin-Hyun;Gong, Hye-Jin;Yim, Sang-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.336-336
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    • 2011
  • Over the past decades, organic semiconductors have been investigated intensely for their potential in a wide range of optoelectronic device applications since the organic materials have advantages for very light, flexible and low cost device fabrications. In this study, we fabricated small-molecule organic solar cells (OSCs) based on chloro[subphthalocyaninato]boron(III) (SubPc) as an electron donor and $C_{60}$ as an electron acceptor material. Recently SubPc, a cone-shaped molecule with $14{\pi}$-electrons in its aromatic system, has attracted growing attention in small-molecule OSC applications as an electron-donating material for its greater open-circuit voltage (VOC), extinction coefficient and dielectric constant compared to conventional planar metal phthalocyanines. In spite of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) enhancement of small-molecule OSC using SubPc and $C_{60}$, however, the study on the interface between donor-acceptor heterojunction of this system is limited. In this work, SubPc thin films at various thicknesses were deposited by organic molecular beam deposition (OMBD) and the evolution of surface morphology was observed using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). We also investigated the influence of film thickness and surface morphology on the PCE of small-molecule OSC devices.

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Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and FEM Analysis on Thin Foils of Copper (구리 박막의 기계적 물성 평가 및 유한요소 해석)

  • Kim Yun-Jae;An Joong-Hyok;Park Jun-Hyub;Kim Sang-Joo;Kim Young-Jin;Lee Young-Ze
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2005
  • This paper compares of mechanical tensile properties of 6 kinds of copper foil. The beam lead made with copper foil. Different from other package type such as plastic package, Chip Size Package has a reliability problem in beam lead rather than solder joint in board level. A new tensile loading system was developed using voice-coil actuator. The new tensile loading system has a load cell with maximum capacity of 20 N and a non-contact position measuring system based on the principle of capacitance micrometry with 0.1nm resolution for displacement measurement. Strain was calculated from the measured displacement using FE analysis. The comparison of mechanical properties helps designer of package to choose copper for ensuring reliability of beam lead in early stage of semiconductor development.

Investigation of Synthesis Yield and Diameter Distribution of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Grown at Different Positions in a Horizontal CVD Chamber (수평형 CVD 장치에서 기판 위치에 따른 단일벽 탄소나노튜브의 합성 수율 및 직경 분포 고찰)

  • Jo, Sung-Il;Jeong, Goo-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.357-363
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    • 2019
  • We investigated a synthesis yield and diameter distribution of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with respect to the growth position in a horizontal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) chamber. Thin films and line-patterned Fe films (0.1 nm thickness) were prepared onto ST-cut quartz substrates as catalyst to compare the growth behavior. The line-patterned samples showed higher growth density and parallel alignment than those of the thin film catalyst samples. In addition, line density of the aligned SWNTs at central region of the chamber was 7.7 tubes/㎛ and increased to 13.9 tubes/㎛ at rear region of the CVD chamber. We expect that the enhanced amount of thermally decomposed feedstock gas may contribute to the growth yield enhancement at the rear region. In addition, the lamina flow in the chamber also contribute to the perfect alignment of the SWNTs based on the value of gas velocity, Reynold number, and Knudsen coefficient we employed.

An Electrochemical Sensor for Hydrazine Based on In Situ Grown Cobalt Hexacyanoferrate Nanostructured Film

  • Kang, Inhak;Shin, Woo-seung;Manivannan, Shanmugam;Seo, Yeji;Kim, Kyuwon
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.277-285
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    • 2016
  • There is a growing demand for simple, cost-effective, and accurate analytical tools to determine the concentrations of biological and environmental compounds. In this study, a stable electroactive thin film of cobalt hexacyanoferrate (Cohcf) was prepared as an in situ chemical precipitant using electrostatic adsorption of $Co^{2+}$ on a silicate sol-gel matrix (SSG)-modified indium tin oxide electrode pre-adsorbed with $[Fe(CN)_6]^{3-}$ ions. The modified electrode was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electrochemical techniques. Electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrazine on the modified electrode was studied. An electrochemical sensor for hydrazine was constructed on the SSG-Cohcf-modified electrode. The oxidation peak currents showed a linear relationship with the hydrazine concentration. This study provides insight into the in situ growth and stability behavior of Cohcf nanostructures and has implications for the design and development of advanced electrode materials for fuel cells and sensor applications.

Performance Improvement of All Solution Processable Organic Thin Film Transistors by Newly Approached High Vacuum Seasoning

  • Kim, Dong-Woo;Kim, Hyoung-Jin;Lee, Young-Uk;Hong, Mun-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.470-470
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    • 2012
  • Organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) backplane constitute the active elements in new generations of plastic electronic devices for flexible display. The overall OTFTs performance is largely depended on the properties and quality of each layers of device material. In solution based process of organic semiconductors (OSCs), the interface state is most impediments to preferable performance. Generally, a threshold voltage (Vth) shift is usually exhibited when organic gate insulators (OGIs) are exposed in an ambient air condition. This phenomenon was caused by the absorbed polar components (i.e. oxygen and moisture) on the interface between OGIs and Soluble OSCs during the jetting process. For eliminating the polar component at the interface of OGI, the role of high vacuum seasoning on an OGI for all solution processable OTFTs were studied. Poly 4-vinly phenols (PVPs) were the material chosen as the organic gate dielectric, with a weakness in ambient air. The high vacuum seasoning of PVP's surface showed improved performance from non-seasoning TFT; a $V_{th}$, a ${\mu}_{fe}$ and a interface charge trap density from -8V, $0.018cm^2V^{-1}s^{-1}$, $1.12{\times}10^{-12}(cm^2eV)^{-1}$ to -4.02 V, $0.021cm^2V^{-1}s^{-1}$, $6.62{\times}10^{-11}(cm^2eV)^{-1}$. These results of OTFT device show that polar components were well eliminated by the high vacuum seasoning processes.

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Regional Distribution of Isotropy Magnetic Property of Dual-type Giant Magnetoresistance-Spin Valve Multilayer (이중구조 거대자기저항-스핀밸브 박막의 자기등방성 영역분포에 관한 연구)

  • Khajidmaa, Purevdorj;Lee, Sang-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2013
  • The regional distribution of magnetic isotropy depending on the post annealing condition for the dual-type structure GMR-SV (giant magnetoresistance-spin valve) of NiFe/Cu/NiFe/IrMn/NiFe/Cu/NiFe multilayer was investigated. The rotation of in-plane ferromagnetic layer induced by controlment of the post annealing temperature inside of the vacuum chamber. The magnetoresistive curves of a dual-type IrMn based GMR-SV depending on the direction of the magnetization easy axis of the free layer and the pinned layer are measured by between $0^{\circ}$ and $360^{\circ}$ angles for the applied fields. The optimum annealing temperature having a steady and isotropy magnetic sensitivity of 1.52 %/Oe was $107^{\circ}C$ in the rotational section of $0{\sim}90^{\circ}$. By investigating the switching process of magnetization for an arbitrary measuring direction, the in-plane orthogonal magnetization for the dual-type GMR-SV multilayer can be used by a high sensitive biosensor for detection of magnetized micro-beads.

Invention of Ultralow - n SiO2 Thin Films

  • Dung, Mai Xuan;Lee, June-Key;Soun, Woo-Sik;Jeong, Hyun-Dam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.281-281
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    • 2010
  • Very low refractive index (<1.4) materials have been proved to be the key factor improving the performance of various optical components, such as reflectors, filters, photonic crystals, LEDs, and solar cell. Highly porous SiO2 are logically designed for ultralow refractive index materials because of the direct relation between porosity and index of refraction. Among them, ordered macroporous SiO2 is of potential material since their theoretically low refractive index ~1.10. However, in the conventional synthesis of ordered macroporous SiO2, the time required for the crystallization of organic nanoparticles, such as polystyrene (PS), from colloidal solution into well ordered template is typical long (several days for 1 cm substrate) due to the low interaction between particles and particle - substrate. In this study, polystyrene - polyacrylic acid (PS-AA) nanoparticles synthesized by miniemulsion polymerization method have hydrophilic polyacrylic acid tails on the surface of particles which increase the interaction between particle and with substrate giving rise to the formation of PS-AA film by simply spin - coating method. Less ordered with controlled thickness films of PS-AA on silicon wafer were successfully fabricated by changing the spinning speed or concentration of colloidal solution, as confirmed by FE-SEM. Based on these template films, a series of macroporous SiO2 films whose thicknesses varied from 300nm to ~1000nm were fabricated either by conventional sol - gel infiltration or gas phase deposition followed by thermal removal of organic template. Formations of SiO2 films consist of interconnected air balls with size ~100 nm were confirmed by FE-SEM and TEM. These highly porous SiO2 show very low refractive indices (<1.18) over a wide range of wavelength (from 200 to 1000nm) as shown by SE measurement. Refraction indices of SiO2 films at 633nm reported here are of ~1.10 which, to our best knowledge, are among the lowest values having been announced.

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MEMS-Based Micro Sensor Detecting the Nitrogen Oxide Gases (산화질소 검출용 마이크로 가스센서 제조공정)

  • Kim, Jung-Sik;Yoon, Jin-Ho;Kim, Bum-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.299-303
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    • 2013
  • In this study, a micro gas sensor for $NO_x$ was fabricated using a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology and sol-gel process. The membrane and micro heater of the sensor platform were fabricated by a standard MEMS and CMOS technology with minor changes. The sensing electrode and micro heater were designed to have a co-planar structure with a Pt thin film layer. The size of the gas sensor device was about $2mm{\times}2mm$. Indium oxide as a sensing material for the $NO_x$ gas was synthesized by a sol-gel process. The particle size of synthesized $In_2O_3$ was identified as about 50 nm by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The maximum gas sensitivity of indium oxide, as measured in terms of the relative resistance ($R_s=R_{gas}/R_{air}$), occurred at $300^{\circ}C$ with a value of 8.0 at 1 ppm $NO_2$ gas. The response and recovery times were within 60 seconds and 2 min, respectively. The sensing properties of the $NO_2$ gas showed good linear behavior with an increase of gas concentration. This study confirms that a MEMS-based gas sensor is a potential candidate as an automobile gas sensor with many advantages: small dimension, high sensitivity, short response time and low power consumption.

Analysis of C-V Characteristics of MIS Structure Based on OTFT Technology for Flexible AM-OLED (Flexible AM-OLED를 위한 OTFT 기술 기반의 MIS 구조 C-V 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Seok;Kim, Byoung-Min;Chang, Jong-Hyeon;Ju, Byeong-Kwon;Pak, Jung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.77-78
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    • 2006
  • 최근 flexible OLED의 구동에 사용하기 위한 유기박막트랜지스터(Organic Thin Film Transistor, OTFT)의 연구에서는 용매에 용해되어 spin coating이 가능한 재료의 개발에 관심을 두고 있다. 현재 pentacene으로는 아직 spin coating으로 제작할 수 있는 상용화된 제품이 없고 spin coating이 가능한 활성층 물질(active material)로 P3HT가 쓰이고 있다. 본 연구에서는 용해 가능한 P3HT 활성층 물질과 여러 종류의 용해 가능한 게이트 절연물(gate insulator, Gl)을 사용하여 안정된 소자를 구현할 수 있는 공정을 개발하는 목적으로 metal-insulator-semironductor(MIS) 소자를 제작하여 C-V 특성을 측정하고 분석하였다. 먼저 7mm${\times}$7mm 크기의 pyrex glass 시편 위에 바닥 전극으로 $1600{\AA}$ Au을 증착하고 spin coating 방식을 이용하여 PVP, PVA, PVK, BCB, Pl의 5종류의 게이트 절연층을 각각 형성하였고 그 위에 같은 방법으로 P3HT를 코팅하였다. P3HT 코팅 시 bake 공정의 유무와 spin rpm의 변화에 따른 P3HT의 두께를 측정하였다. Gl의 종류별로 주파수에 따른 capatltancc를 측정하여 비교, 분석하였다. C-V 측정 결과 PVP, PVA, PVK, BCB, Pl의 단위 면적당 capacitance 값은 각각 1.06, 2.73, 2.94, 3.43, $2.78nF/cm^2$로 측정되었다. Threshold voltage, $V_{th}$는 각각 -0.4, -0.7, -1.6, -0.1, -0.2V를 나타냈다. 주파수에 따른 capacitance 변화율을 측정한 결과 Gl 물질 모두 주파수가 높을수록 capacitance가 점점 감소하는 경향을 보였으나 1${\sim}$2nF 이내의 범위에서 작은 변화율만 나타냈다. P3HT의 두께와 bake 온도를 변화시켜 C-V 값을 측정한 결과 차이는 없었다. FE-SEM으로 관찰한 결과에서도 두께나 온도에 따른 P3HT의 표면 morphology 차이를 확인할 수 없었다. 본 연구에서 PVK와 P3HT의 조합이 수율(yield)면에서 가장 안정적이면서 $3.43\;nF/cm^2$의 가장 높은 capacitance 값을 나타내고 $V_{th}$ 값 또한 -1.6V로 가장 낮은 값을 보였다.

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