• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fe-based thin film

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Photoluminescence properties of N-doped and nominally undoped p-type ZnO thin films

  • Jin, Hu-Jie;Jeong, Yun-Hwan;Park, Choon-Bae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.65-66
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    • 2008
  • The realization and origin of p-type ZnO are main issue for photoelectronic devices based on ZnO material. N-doped and nominally undoped p-type ZnO films were achieved on silicon (100) and homo-buffer layers by RF magnetron sputtering and post in-situ annealing. The undoped film shows high hole mobility of 1201 $cm^2V^{-1}s^{-1}$ and low resistivity of $0.0454\Omega{\cdot}cm$ with hole concentration of $1.145\times10^{17}cm^{-3}$. The photoluminescence(PL) spectra show the emissions related to FE, DAP and defects of $V_{Zn}$, $V_O$, $Zn_O$, $O_i$ and $O_{Zn}$.

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Nonvolatile Ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE) Memory Transistors Based on Inkjet-Printed Organic Semiconductor

  • Jung, Soon-Won;Na, Bock Soon;Baeg, Kang-Jun;Kim, Minseok;Yoon, Sung-Min;Kim, Juhwan;Kim, Dong-Yu;You, In-Kyu
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.734-737
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    • 2013
  • Nonvolatile ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) memory based on an organic thin-film transistor with inkjet-printed dodecyl-substituted thienylenevinylene-thiophene copolymer (PC12TV12T) as the active layer is developed. The memory window is 4.5 V with a gate voltage sweep of -12.5 V to 12.5 V. The field effect mobility, on/off ratio, and gate leakage current are 0.1 $cm^2/Vs$, $10^5$, and $10^{-10}$ A, respectively. Although the retention behaviors should be improved and optimized, the obtained characteristics are very promising for future flexible electronics.

Effect of Li-Incorporation on the Properties of ZnO Thin Films Deposited by Ultrasonic-Assisted Spray Pyrolysis Deposition Method (초음파 분무 열분해법에 의해 성장된 ZnO 박막의 특성에 미치는 Li 첨가의 영향)

  • Han, In Sub;Park, Il-Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2018
  • Li-incorporated ZnO thin films were deposited by using ultrasonic-assisted spray pyrolysis deposition (SPD) system. To investigate the effect of Li-incorporation on the performance of ZnO thin films, the structural, electrical, and optical properites of the ZnO thin films were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emssion scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Hall effect measurement, and UV-Vis spectrophotometry with variation of the Li concentraion in the ZnO sources. Without incorporation of Li element, the ZnO surface showed large spiral domains. As the Li content increases, the size of spiral domains decreased gradually, and finally formed mixed small grain and one-dimensional nanorod-like structures on the surface. This morphological evolution was explained based on an anti-surfactant effect of Li atoms on the ZnO growth surface. In addition, the Li-incorporation changed the optical and electrical properties of the ZnO thin films by modifying the crystalline defect structures by doping effects.

BiFeO3-based Lead-free Piezoelectric Ceramics (비스무스 페라이트계 무연 압전 세라믹스)

  • Choi, Jin-Hong;Kim, Hyun-Ah;Han, Seung-Ho;Kang, Hyung-Won;Lee, Hyeung-Gyu;Kim, Jeong-Seog;Cheon, Chae-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.692-701
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    • 2012
  • Recently, many lead-free piezoelectric materials have been investigated for the replacement of existing Pb-based piezoelectric ceramics because of globally increasing environmental interest. There has been remarkable improvement in piezoelectric properties of some lead-free ceramics such as $(Bi,Na)TiO_3-(Bi,K)TiO_3-BaTiO_3$, $(Na,K)NbO_3-LiSbO_3$, and so on. However, no one still has comparable piezoelectric properties to lead-based materials. Therefore, new lead-free piezoelectric ceramics are required. $BiFeO_3$ has a rhombohedrally distorted perovskite structure at room temperature and a very high Curie temperature ($T_C$= 1,100 K). And a very large electric polarization of 50 ~ 60 ${\mu}C/cm^2$ has been reported both in epitaxial thin film and single crystal $BiFeO_3$. Therefore, a high piezoelectric effect is expected also in a $BiFeO_3$ ceramics. The recent research activities on $BiFeO_3$ or $BiFeO_3$-based solid solutions are reviewed in this article.

Preparation and Characterization of a Sn-Anode Fabricated by Organic-Electroplating for Rechargeable Thin-Film Batteries (유기용매 전해조를 이용한 리튬이차박막전지용 Sn 음극의 제조)

  • Kim, Dong-Hun;Doh, Chil-Hoon;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Lee, Duck-Jun;Ha, Kyeong-Hwa;Jin, Bong-Soo;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Moon, Seong-In;Hwang, Young-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.284-288
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    • 2008
  • Sn-thin film as high capacitive anode for thin film lithium-ion battery was prepared by organic-electrolyte electroplating using Sn(II) acetate. Electrolytic solution including $Li^+$ and $Sn^{2+}$ had 3 reduction peaks at cyclic voltammogram. Current peak at $2.0{\sim}2.5\;V$ region correspond to the electroplating of Sn on Ni substrate. This potential value is lower than 2.91 V vs. $Li^+/Li^{\circ}$, of the standard reduction potential of $Sn^{2+}$ under aqueous media. It is the result of high overpotential caused by high resistive organic electrolytic solution and low $Sn^{2+}$ concentration. Physical and electrochemical properties were evaluated using by XRD, FE-SEM, cyclic voltammogram and galvanostatic charge-discharge test. Crystallinity of electroplated Sn-anode on a Ni substrate could be increased through heat treatment at $150^{\circ}C$ for 2 h. Cyclic voltammogram shows reversible electrochemical reaction of reduction(alloying) and oxidation(de-alloying) at 0.25 V and 0.75 V, respectively. Thickness of Sn-thin film, which was calculated based on electrochemical capacity, was $7.35{\mu}m$. And reversible capacity of this cell was $400{\mu}Ah/cm^2$.

Optical and mechanical properties of silicate film using a water glass (물유리를 이용한 실리카계 박막의 광학적 및 기계적 특성)

  • Lee, K.M.;Lim, Y.M.;Hwang, K.S.
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 2000
  • We prepared $SiO_2-Na_2O-R_mO_n$ thin films based on economics of water glass and investigated optical, mechanical properties of product thin films. Coating sol stabilized with 1 N HCl and 1 N $NH_4OH$, was fabricated by using water glass and calcium nitrate, and aluminum nitrate as starting materials. As-coated films on stainless steel, Si wafer and soda-lime-silica glass by spinning were finally annealed at 500, 750 and $900^{\circ}C$. Micro hardness and nitrogen content in film surface of annealed films were measured by Knoop hardness tester and EDX, respectively. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) and UV-VIS spectroscopy were adopted to analyze surface morphology and thickness and reflectance of our films.

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Evaluations of Si based ternary anode materials by using RF/DC magnetron sputtering for lithium ion batteries

  • Hwang, Chang-Muk;Park, Jong-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.302-303
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    • 2010
  • Generally, the high energy lithium ion batteries depend intimately on the high capacity of electrode materials. For anode materials, the capacity of commercial graphite is unlike to increase much further due to its lower theoretical capacity of 372 mAhg-1. To improve upon graphite-based negative electrode materials for Li-ion rechargeable batteries, alternative anode materials with higher capacity are needed. Therefore, some metal anodes with high theoretic capacity, such as Si, Sn, Ge, Al, and Sb have been studied extensively. This work focuses on ternary Si-M1-M2 composite system, where M1 is Ge that alloys with Li, which has good cyclability and high specific capacity and M2 is Mo that does not alloy with Li. The Si shows the highest gravimetric capacity (up to 4000mAhg-1 for Li21Si5). Although Si is the most promising of the next generation anodes, it undergoes a large volume change during lithium insertion and extraction. It results in pulverization of the Si and loss of electrical contact between the Si and the current collector during the lithiation and delithiation. Thus, its capacity fades rapidly during cycling. Si thin film is more resistant to fracture than bulk Si because the film is firmly attached to the substrate. Thus, Si film could achieve good cycleability as well as high capacity. To improve the cycle performance of Si, Suzuki et al. prepared two components active (Si)-active(Sn, like Ge) elements film by vacuum deposition, where Sn particles dispersed homogeneously in the Si matrix. This film showed excellent rate capability than pure Si thin film. In this work, second element, Ge shows also high capacity (about 2500mAhg-1 for Li21Ge5) and has good cyclability although it undergoes a large volume change likewise Si. But only Ge does not use the anode due to its costs. Therefore, the electrode should be consisted of moderately Ge contents. Third element, Mo is an element that does not alloys with Li such as Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, V, Zr. In our previous research work, we have fabricated Si-Mo (active-inactive elements) composite negative electrodes by using RF/DC magnetron sputtering method. The electrodes showed excellent cycle characteristics. The Mo-silicide (inert matrix) dispersed homogeneously in the Si matrix and prevents the active material from aggregating. However, the thicker film than $3\;{\mu}m$ with high Mo contents showed poor cycling performance, which was attributed to the internal stress related to thickness. In order to deal with the large volume expansion of Si anode, great efforts were paid on material design. One of the effective ways is to find suitably three-elements (Si-Ge-Mo) contents. In this study, the Si based composites of 45~65 Si at.% and 23~43 Ge at.%, and 12~32 Mo at.% are evaluated the electrochemical characteristics and cycle performances as an anode. Results from six different compositions of Si-Ge-Mo are presented compared to only the Si and Ge negative electrodes.

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Switching Dynamics Analysis by Various Models of Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 Ferroelectric Thin Films (Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 강유전체 박막의 다양한 분극 스위칭 모델에 의한 동역학 분석)

  • Ahn, Seung-Eon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2020
  • Recent discoveries of ferroelectric properties in ultrathin doped hafnium oxide (HfO2) have led to the expectation that HfO2 could overcome the shortcomings of perovskite materials and be applied to electron devices such as Fe-Random access memory (RAM), ferroelectric tunnel junction (FTJ) and negative capacitance field effect transistor (NC-FET) device. As research on hafnium oxide ferroelectrics accelerates, several models to analyze the polarization switching characteristics of hafnium oxide ferroelectrics have been proposed from the domain or energy point of view. However, there is still a lack of in-depth consideration of models that can fully express the polarization switching properties of ferroelectrics. In this paper, a Zr-doped HfO2 thin film based metal-ferroelectric-metal (MFM) capacitor was implemented and the polarization switching dynamics, along with the ferroelectric characteristics, of the device were analyzed. In addition, a study was conducted to propose an applicable model of HfO2-based MFM capacitors by applying various ferroelectric switching characteristics models.

Fabrication of Bismuth- and Aluminum-Substituted Dysprosium Iron Garnet Films for Magneto-Optic Recording by Pyrolysis and Their Magnetic and Magneto-Optic Properties

  • Cho, Jae-Kyong
    • The Korean Journal of Ceramics
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.91-95
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    • 1995
  • Polycrystalline bismuth- and aluminum- substituted dysporsium and yttrium iron garnet (Bi2R3-xAlyFe5-yO12, R=Dy or Y, $0\leqx\leq3, \; 0\leqy\leq3$) films have been prepared by pyrolysis. The crystallization temperatures, the solubility limit of bismuth ions into the garnet phase, and magnetic and magneto-optic properties of the films have been investigated as a function of bismuth and aluminum concentration. It was found that the crystallization temperatures as a function of bismuth and aluminum concentration. It was found that the crystallization temperatures of these films rapidly decreased as bismuth concentration. It was found that the crystallization temperatures of these films rapidly decreased as bismuth concentration (x) increased up to x=1.5 and then remained temperatures of these films rapidly decreased as bismuth concentration (x) increased up to x=1.5 and then remained unchanged at x>1.5, whereas, showed no changes as aluminum concentration (y) increased up to y=1.0 and then gradually increased at y>1.0. The solubility limit of bismuth ions was x=1.8 when y=0 but increased to x=2.3 when y=1.0. It was demonstrated that the magnetic and magneto-optic properties of the dysprosium iron garnet films could be tailored by bismuth and aluminum substitution suitable for magneto-optic recording as follows. The saturation magnetization and coercivity data obtained for the films indicated that the film composition at which the magnetic compensation temperature became room temperature was y=1.2 when x=1.0. Near this composition the coercivity and the squareness of the magnetic hysteresis loop of the films were several kOe and unit, respectively. The Curie temperatures of the films increased with the increase of x but decreaed with the increase of y, and was 150-$250^{\circ}C$ when x=1.0 and y=0.6-1.4. The Faraday rotation at 633 nm of the films increased as x increased but decreased as y increased, and was 1 deg/$\mu\textrm{m}$ when x=1.0 and y=1.0. Based on the data obtained, the appropriate film composition for magneto-optic recording was estimated as near x=1.0 and y=1.0 or $BiDy_2AlFe_4O_{12}$.

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Development of Ultra-Thin TiO2 Coated WO3 Inverse Opal Photoelectrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (염료감응형 태양전지로의 응용을 위한 얇은 TiO2가 코팅 된 WO3 역오팔 광전극의 개발)

  • Arunachalam, Maheswari;Kwag, Seoui;Lee, Inho;Kim, Chung Soo;Lee, Sang-Kwon;Kang, Soon Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we prepare pure $WO_3$ inverse opal(IO) film with a thickness of approximately $3{\mu}m$ by electrodeposition, and an ultra-thin $TiO_2$ layer having a thickness of 2 nm is deposited on $WO_3$ IO film by atomic layer deposition. Both sets of photoelectrochemical properties are evaluated after developing dye-sensitized solar cells(DSSCs). In addition, morphological, crystalline and optical properties of the developed films are evaluated through field-emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM), High-resolution transmission electron microscopy(HR-TEM), X-ray diffraction(XRD) and UV/visible/infrared spectrophotometry. In particular, pure $WO_3$ IO based DSSCs show low $V_{OC}$, $J_{SC}$ and fill factor of 0.25 V, $0.89mA/cm^2$ and 18.9 %, achieving an efficiency of 0.04 %, whereas the $TiO_2/WO_3$ IO based DSSCs exhibit $V_{OC}$, $J_{SC}$ and fill factor of 0.57 V, $1.18mA/cm^2$ and 50.1 %, revealing an overall conversion efficiency of 0.34 %, probably attributable to the high dye adsorption and suppressed charge recombination reaction.