• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fatty acids oxidation

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What is the Key Step in Muscle Fatty Acid Oxidation after Change of Plasma Free Fatty Acids Level in Rats?

  • Doh, Kyung-Oh;Suh, Sang-Dug;Kim, Jong-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to discern the critical point in skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation by changing plasma free fatty acids (FFA) level in rat. In the study, 3 key steps in lipid oxidation were examined after changing plasma FFA level by acipimox. The rates of both palmitate and palmitoylcarnitine oxidation were decreased by decrease of plasma FFA level, however, carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) 1 activity was not changed, suggesting CPT1 activity may not be involved in the fatty acid oxidation at the early phase of plasma FFA change. In the fasted rats, ${\beta}-hydroxy$ acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (${\beta}$-HAD) activity was depressed to a similar extent as palmitate oxidation by a decrease of plasma FFA level. This suggested that ${\beta}-oxidation$ might be an important process to regulate fatty acid oxidation at the early period of plasma FFA change. Citrate synthase activity was not altered by the change of plasma FFA level. In conclusion, the critical step in fatty acids oxidation of skeletal muscles by the change of plasma FFA level by acipimox in fasting rats might be the ${\beta}-oxidation$ step rather than CPT1 and TCA cycle pathways.

Investigation of cultivation and FAME composition isolated Phaeodactylum tricornutum from Youngheung island (영흥도에서 분리된 Phaeodactylum tricornutum의 증식 및 Monounsaturated fatty acid 관련 지방산 조성 분석)

  • Lee, SangMin;Cho, Yonghee;Shin, ong-Woo;Jeon, Hyonam;Ryu, YoungJin;Lim, Sang-Min;Lee, Choul-Gyun
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2014
  • Oxidation stability and cold fuid property are considered as the most important factors for determining biodiesel quality. Among the fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acid satisfy both oxidation stability and cold flow property of biodiesel quality standards. Microalgae with high monounsaturated fatty acid contents is have some benefit for producing to produce biodiesels with satisfying quality standards. In this study, monounsaturated fatty acid contents of a isolated microalga from Youngheung island was analyzed. Phaeodactylum tricornutum was isolated by streaking, and growth rate and fatty acid composition of the algae were investigated. Total FAME contents were consisted of 26% of saturated fatty acids, 43% of monounsaturated fatty acids, and 18% of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The contents of monounsaturated fatty acid were especially high in the Phaeodactylum species. This result implies that the FAMEs from P. tricornutum may contribute to improve the oxidation stability and cold flow property of biodiesel.

Antioxidative Effects of Cichorium intybus Root Extract on LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) Oxidation

  • Kim, Tae-Woong;Yang, Ki-Sook
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 2001
  • The water extract of Cichorium intybus (WECI) showed a remarkable antioxidative effect on LDL, and inhibitory effects on the production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance and the Degradation of fatty acids in LDL. Vitamin 1 and unsaturated fatty acids in LDL were protected by adding WECI from the effects of metal catalyzed LDL oxidation. From the results obtained, we conclude that LDL oxidation is inhibited in vitro by the addition of WECI, and that LDL is protected by WECI from oxidative attack, as shown by agarose gel electrohporesis.

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Effect of Cattle Breed on Meat Quality, Muscle Fiber Characteristics, Lipid Oxidation and Fatty Acids in China

  • Xie, Xiangxue;Meng, Qingxiang;Cui, Zhenliang;Ren, Liping
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.824-831
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    • 2012
  • The objective was to compare meat quality, muscle fiber characteristics, lipid oxidation and fatty acids of Limousin (LIM), Simmtental (SIM), Luxi (LX), Qinchuan (QC) and Jinnan (JN) offered the same diet in China. After finishing, eight bulls from each breed were randomly selected for slaughter at 18.5 months old. Longissimus dorsi (ld) muscle was taken from the carcass for meat quality evaluations. Breed had little effect on most of meat and fat color parameters except for Hue and $b^*$ in which QC had lower values. LIM showed higher pH (24 h) and better water holding capacity than other breeds. LIM showed the lowest dry matter content but the highest crude protein. LX and LIM had higher percentage and density of red muscle fiber than other breeds. Lipid oxidations were significantly lower in LIM than in QC, with the LX, SIM and JN having the intermediate values. Compared to other four breeds, QC provided the highest values of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), n-6 fatty acids and n-3 fatty acids. In conclusion, LIM scored better on most of meat quality characteristics; however, local breeds such as LX and QC also had better muscle fiber characteristics and better fatty acids composition.

A Sensitive Determination of Plasma Free Fatty Acids Following Tert-butyldimethylsilyl Derivatization using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Screening of Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders (지방산대사이상질환 스크리닝을 위한 TBDMS 유도체화 후 GC-MS를 이용한 혈장 중 유리지방산의 분석)

  • Yoon, Hye-Ran;Thapa, Maheshwor
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: A sensitive gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method was developed for screening of fatty acid oxidation disorders. Methods: The assay utilized a simple protein precipitation with sulfosalicylic acid followed by tert-butyl dimethylsilyl (TBDMS) derivatization of hydroxyl functional group by N-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA). Results: Calibration curves of spiked pooled plasma showed a linear relationship in the range of 0.01 ng -2 mg with correlation coefficient value greater than 0.98. Limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) were found in the range of 0.9-8.8 ng and 9-88 ng, respectively. Conclusion: The new developed method might be useful for a rapid, sensitive screening of inherited fatty acid oxidation disorders. In addition, the method expected to be one of the alternative method for screening newborns of metabolic disorders in the laboratories where expensive MS/MS is unavailable.

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Effects of Flavonoids and a-Tocopherol on the Oxidation of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids -1. Inhibition of Fish Oil Oxidation by Heating and During Storage- (n-3고도 불포화 지방산의 산화억제에 미치는 플라보노이드와 a-토코페롤의 효과 -1. 정제어유의 가열 및 저장 중 산화억제 효과-)

  • JUNG Dong-Yun;KWON Mi-Na;HONG Jeong-Hwa;BYUN Dae-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 1994
  • To evaluate the antioxidant effect of flavonoids and a-tocopherol on purified fish oil(up to $40\%$ of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids), lipid peroxidation, and fatty acids content during storage and upon heating were determined. The potential of these compounds for inhibiting and delaying both oxidation and lipoxygenase processes was also evaluated. The oxidation of fish oil was effectively inhibited by flavonoids and a-tocopherol. The antioxidizing effect of these compounds increased in proportion to their concentration. The addition of a-tocopherol and catechin-a-tocopherol mixture were prolonged induction period of lipid oxidation by 3.5 to 4 times. All other flavonoids also shown more than twice the prolonging effect. Lipoxygenase activity was decreased by catechin and a-tocopherol effectively.

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Alteration of the Fatty Acid Profile of Pork by Dietary Manipulation

  • Morel, P.C.H.;McIntosh, J.C.;Janz, J.A.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.431-437
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    • 2006
  • This work was undertaken to study the effect of dietary fat source on the fatty acid profile of pork, and to evaluate the effect of inclusion of vitamin E in pig diets on lipid oxidation of pork tissue and processed pork products. Fifty-six pigs were allocated to four treatments, that included two dietary fat sources and two levels of vitamin E inclusion. Dietary fat was derived from either tallow, a source of saturated fatty acids (SFA), or from a mixture of soybean and linseed oils, which contain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Vitamin E was included at either 0% or 0.011% of the diet. Growth and carcass characteristics were not affected by the dietary treatments. Dietary fat source affected the fatty acid profile of the longissimus muscle and subcutaneous fat tissue, with the PUFA diet resulting in significantly more polyunsaturated fatty acids in the tissues, and more favourable ratios of SFA to PUFA and C18:2 to C18:3 in terms of human health considerations. Lipid oxidation was significantly greater in tissues and processed products from PUFA-fed pigs. Inclusion of vitamin E in the diets, however, reduced the extent of lipid oxidation in the meat and meat products. Dietary manipulation of the fatty acid profile of pigs is an effective means of altering the fat composition of pork in order to provide human consumers with a healthy product. Vitamin E is effective as an antioxidant agent, particularly where processed products are concerned.

Feeding influences the oxidative stability of poultry meat treated with ozone

  • Ianni, Andrea;Grotta, Lisa;Martino, Giuseppe
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.874-880
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Ozone is considered a strong antimicrobial agent with numerous potential applications in the food industry. However, its high oxidizing potential can induce alterations in foods by acting on the unsaturated fatty acids. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ozonation on the oxidative stability of chicken breast meat obtained from animals subjected to different feeding strategies. Methods: Samples were obtained from commercial hybrid chickens (ROSS 508), some of which were nourished with a feed enriched with fats of animal origin, while the lipid source was vegetal for the remaining birds. Samples of meat belonging to both groups were treated with ozone and then analysis was performed to evaluate alterations in physical properties, lipid content, fatty acid profile, and oxidation stability. Results: Ozone induced a significant reduction in drip loss in meat samples obtained from animals nourished with vegetable fats; this nutritional strategy also produced meats leaner and richer in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, useful for the assessment of lipid oxidation, were higher in samples obtained from animals fed with vegetable fats with respect to diet based on the addition of animal fats. Conclusion: The ozone treatment improved the physical parameters of meat samples obtained from animals fed with vegetable fats, however the same samples showed a higher lipid oxidation compared to what observed in the case of the dietary intake of animal fats, probably as a consequence of the marked increase in polyunsaturated fatty acids which are more susceptible to peroxidation.

Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition and Methyl-ester Properties of Camellia and Tea Oil (동백나무와 차나무 기름의 지방산 조성 및 메틸에스테르 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Lee, Yong-Hwa;Jang, Young-Seok;Choi, In-Hu
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 2013
  • To secure raw materials of biodiesel production, the possibility of camellia (C. japonica L.) and tea (C. sinensis L.) seed oil was studied to produce biodiesel. In this research, crude oil contents and fatty acid compositions of seeds were analyzed by Solxlet and Gas chromatography (GC). The oil contents in the seeds of camellia were 69.8%~73.8%, and tea were 26.3%~29.4%. Among the fatty acids of camellia and tea oil, oleic acid was dominant. The unsaturated fatty acids accounted for 88.4% and 80.2% of the whole fatty acids of camellia and tea seed oil. Total seed oil content and fatty acid composition of tea seed were influenced by collecting date. Across maturation period, oil content of tea seed averaged 18.3% on $6^{th}$ September increasing to 27.9% by $11^{th}$ October. For largest seed yield and oil content, the optimum time to harvest tea is in middle october, and camellia is late september and thereafter. The extraction efficiency of oil from seeds by extraction methods was determined. Biodiesel were synthesized in 92.1~92.8% yields from camellia and tea oils by transesterification. The biodiesel was characterized by its physical and fuel properties including oxidation stability, iodine value and cold filter plugging point (CFPP). Oxidation stability of camellia was 8.6~8.8 hours and tea was 2.9~3.6 at $110^{\circ}C$. Camellia oil had considerably better oxidation stability and CFPP than tea oil.

Effect of Lipoxygenase on the Oxidation of Rainbow Trout Lipid in Model system (모델시스템에 있어서 무지개 송어 지방질의 산화에 대한 Lipoxygenase의 영향)

  • 김혜경;엄수현;최홍식
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 1995
  • The effect of lipoxygenase (LOX) on the oxidation and co-oxidation of lipid fraction was studied in the model system of rainbow trout. For the reaction in model system 1 g of lipid fraction and 50mL of enzyme extract(LOX, 140 unit in 50mL phosphate buffer solution at pH 7, 4)), which were obtained from rainbow trout, were homoginized in the presence of Tween 20 and kept at 23$\circ$C for 3 days. The activity of LOX was decreased to 43% of initial level during the reaction in the model system. The initial composition of rainbow trout lipid was showed to be consisted of trigliceride(TG;82%) and free fatty acid(FFA;0.1%), while this converted to 59% of TG and 20% of FIFA, respectively after reaction in model system. Change of fatty acid composition was also observed and the content of linoleic acid, one of the major fatte acids, was decreased to 13% from 54% in the content of total fatty acids after reaction. The carotenoids in rainbow trout were composed of 0.4% $\alpha$-carotene, 1.6% $\beta$ -carotene, 80% canthaxanthin, 7% lutein and 11% zeaxanthin, thus the canthaxanthin was the major component. This canthaxanthin was the most degraded carotenoid by lipoxygenase catalyzed co-oxidation during the reaction. On the other hand the tocopherol isomers found in the rainbow trout were $\alpha$ and $\beta$ -tocopherol, and $\alpha$-tocopherol had a higher degradation rate by the lipoxygenase catalyzed co-oxidation than of $\beta$-tocopherol in the reaction of model system.

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