• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fatigue life and damage

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A Model for Fatigue Life In CFRP Laminates with Impact Damage (충격손상을 가진 CFRP 적층복합재료의 피로수명예측모델)

  • Gang, Gi-Won;Kim, Jeong-Gyu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.2828-2835
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents the fatigue behavior of composite materials with impact-induced damage. The impact damage parameter is proposed to evaluate the effect of impact damage on fatigue life. Subsequently, a new model is developed to predict the fatigue life of impacted composite materials. Also, a stochastic model is proposed to describe the variation of fatigue life due to the material nonhomogeneity. For these models, the fatigue tests were performed on the unimpacted and impacted composite materials, The effect of impact damage on fatigue life can be characterized by the impact damage parameter. Additionally, the results by the present fatigue life prediction model agree will with experimental results regardless of applied impact energy. Also, the variation of fatigue life can be described by the present stochastic model and is reduced with applied impact energy.

Fatigue Characteristics in CFRP Laminates with Impact Damage (충격손상 CFRP 적층복합재료의 피로특성)

  • Kang, Ki-Weon;Kim, Jung-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.225-230
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents the fatigue behavior of composite materials with impact-induced damage. The impact damage parameter is proposed to evaluate the effect of impact damage on fatigue life. Subsequently, a new model is developed to predict the fatigue life of impacted composite materials. Also, a stochastic model is proposed to describe the variation of fatigue life due to the material nonhomogeneity. For these models, the fatigue tests were performed on the unimpacted and impacted composite materials. The effect of impact damage on fatigue life can be characterized by the impact damage parameter. Additionally, the results by the present fatigue life prediction model agree well with experimental results regardless of applied impact energy. Also, the variation of fatigue life can be described by the present stochastic model and is reduced with applied impact energy.

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Numerical Analysis Model for Fatigue Life Prediction of Welded Structures (용접구조물의 피로수명예측을 위한 수치해석모델)

  • Lee, Chi-Seung;Lee, Jae-Myung
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the numerical analysis model for fatigue life prediction of welded structures are presented. In order to evaluate the structural degradation of welded structures due to fatigue loading, continuum damage mechanics approach is applied. Damage evolution equation of welded structures under arbitrary fatigue loading is constructed as a unified plasticity-damage theory. Moreover, by integration of damage evolution equation regarding to stress amplitude and number of cycles, the simplified fatigue life prediction model is derived. The proposed model is compared with fatigue test results of T-joint welded structures to obtain its validation and usefulness. It is confirmed that the predicted fatigue life of T-joint welded structures are coincided well with the fatigue test results.

Study on Fatigue Damage Model and Multi-Stress Level Fatigue Life Prediction of Composite Materials (II) -Fatigue Damage Model using Reference Modulus- (복합재료의 피로손상 모형 및 다응력 수위 피로수명 예측 연구 (II) - 참고계수를 이용한 피로 손상 모형 -)

  • 이창수;황운봉;한경섭
    • Composites Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 1999
  • During fatigue loading of composite materials, damage accumulation can be monitored by measuring their material properties. In this study, fatigue modulus is used as the damage index. Fatigue life of composite materials may be predicted analytically using damage models which are based on fatigue modulus and resultant strain. Damage models are propesed as funtions of applied stress level, number of fatigue cycle and fatigue life. The predicted life was comparable to the experimental result obtained using E-glass fiber reinforced epoxy resin materials and pultruded glass fiber reinforce polyester composites under two-stress level fatigue loading.

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Strength and Fatigue Analysis of Universal Joint (유니버설조인트의 강도 및 피로 해석)

  • Cho, Jae-Ung;Han, Moon-Sik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.427-433
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    • 2011
  • Chassis part in automotive body is affected by fatigue load at driving on the ground. Universal joint on this part is influenced extremely by the fatigue load. Fatigue life, damage and natural frequency are analyzed at universal joint under nonuniform fatigue load. The york part at universal joint is shown with the maximum equivalent stress and displacement of 60.755 MPa and 0.21086 mm as strength analysis. The possible life in use in case of 'SAE bracket' is the shortest among the fatigue loading lives of 'SAE bracket', 'SAE transmission' and 'Sine Wave'. The damage at loading life of 'SAE transmission' is the least among 3 types. The frequency of damage in case of 'Sine Wave' is 0.7 with the least among 3 fatigue loading life types but this case brings the most possible damage as 80% at the average stress of 0. Natural vibration at this model is analyzed with the orders of 1'st to 5'th and maximum frequency is shown as 701.73 Hz at 5'th order. As the result of this study is applied by the universal joint on chassis part, the prevention on fatigue damage in automotive body and its durability are predicted.

A Probabilistic Analysis for Fatigue Cumulative Damage and Fatigue Life in CFRP Composites Containing a Circular Hole (원공을 가진 CFRP 복합재료의 피로누적손상 및 피로수명에 대한 확률적 해석)

  • 김정규;김도식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.1915-1926
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    • 1995
  • The Fatigue characteristics of 8-harness satin woven CFRP composites with a circular hole are experimentally investigated under constant amplitude tension-tension loading. It is found in this study that the fatigue damage accumulation behavior is very random and history-independent, and the fatigue cumulative damage is linearly related with the mean number of cycles to a specified damage state. From these results, it is known that the fatigue characteristics of CFRP composites satisfy the basic assumptions of Markov chain theory and the parameter of Markov chain model can be determined only by mean and variance of fatigue lives. The predicted distribution of the fatigue cumulative damage using Markov chain model shows a good agreement with the test results. For the fatigue life distribution, Markov chain model makes similar accuracy to 2-parameter Weibull distribution function.

Fatigue Life Prediction of Stainless Steel Using Acoustic Emission (음향방출법을 이용한 스테인레스강 피로수명 예측)

  • Kim, Y.H.;Jung, C.K.;Yang, Y.C.;Han, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2001
  • The feasibility of the acoustic emission technique in predicting the residual fatigue life of STS304 stainless steel is presented. Acoustic emission was continuously monitored during the fatigue tests. Considerable acoustic emission occurred during the first few cycles. Acoustic Emission increased rapidly at about 90% of the fatigue life, clear and ample warning of impending fatigue failure was observed. Fatigue damage accumulation was evaluated in terms of an AE cumulative counts. The AE cumulative counts may be taken as an indicator of fatigue cumulative damage. Fatigue damages corresponding to 20, 40, 60 and 80% of the total life were induced at a cyclic stress amplitude. The specimens with and without fatigue damage were subjected to tensile tests. In tensile tests, the total cumulative counts were reduced with increasing fatigue damage. It was observed that the residual tensile strength of material did not change significantly with prior cyclic loading damages.

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Fatigue Life Prediction of FRP Composites under Uniaxial Tension and Pure Torsion Loadings (인장-비틀림 하중에 의한 섬유강화 복합재료의 피로수명 예측)

  • Park Sung-Oan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2004
  • A fatigue damage accumulation model based on the continuum damage mechanics theory was developed where modulus decay ratios in tension and shear were used as indicators for damage variables D. In the model, the damage variables are considered to be second-order tensors. Then, the maximum principal damage variable, $D^*$ is introduced. According to the similarity to the principal stress, $D^*$ is obtained as the maximum eigen value of damage tensor [D]. Under proportional tension and torsion loadings, fatigue lives were satisfactorily predicted at any combined stress ratios using the present model in which the Fatigue characteristics only under uniaxial tension and pure torsion loadings were needed. Fatigue life prediction under uniaxial tension and pure torsion loadings, was performed based on the damage mechanics using boundary element method.

Fatigue Life Prediction of Weldment with Damage Mechanics (손상역학을 이용한 용접부의 피로수명예측)

  • Chung, Heung-Jin;Yoo, Byoung-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.60-64
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    • 2008
  • According to previous research, welding-induced stress in steel structures can significantly affect the fatigue behaviour; it produces initial damage of weldiug part of structure locally and residual stresses reduce the fatigue strength after welding precess. In this study, through continuum damage mechanics, we can estimate the weldiug damage using the stress and strain history during welding process and the effect of welding residual stress for assessment of fatigue life. The variation of welding-induced stresses and strains need be traced precisely in advance for a reliable weldiug damage assessment. In this study, a damage and fatigue analysis techniques for steel structures with welding-induced residual stress are presented. First, We calculate the history of temperature according with welding process. And residual stress with a welding thermal history was evaluated by non-linear thermal stress analysis. Secondly, welding damage and fatigue life are estimated with kinetic damage law.

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Fatigue Life Prediction of CFRP using Fatigue Progressive Damage Model (피로누적손상을 이용한 직조 CFRP의 피로수명 예측)

  • Jang, Jae-Wook;Cho, Je-Hyoung;Oh, Dong-Jin;Kim, Myung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.248-254
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    • 2015
  • The strength and fatigue life of Satin and Twill-woven CF/epoxy composite(CFRP) have been investigated. Damage mechanism fatigue method has been used to assess fatigue damage accumulation. It is based on measured residual stiffness and residual strength of carbon-fiber reinforced plastic(CFRP) laminates under cyclic loading. Fatigue damage evolution in composite laminates and predict fatigue life of the laminates were simulated by finite element analysis(FEA) method. The stress analysis was carried out in MSC patran/Nastran. A modified Hashin's failure criterion di rmfjapplied to predict the failure of the experimental data of fatigue life but a Ye-delamination criterion was ignored because of 2D modeling. Almost linear stiffness and strength degradation were observed during most of the fatigue process. These stress distribution data were adopted in the simulation to simulate fatigue behavior and estimate life of the laminates. From the results, the predicted fatigue life is more conservatively estimated than the experimental results.