• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fat Type

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Study on Somatotype Analysis and Somatotype Discrimination of the Children's Upper Body (유아 상반신에 대한 체형분석 및 체형판별에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Young-Ju;Hong, Jung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.787-795
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    • 2003
  • This research studied several somatotypes for children's upper bodies in order to suggest the basic data of bodice patterns of children's clothing. By extracting the component factors from the children's bodices, they were classified into several somatotypes to recognize an individual body type. Three hundred and fifty eight children's wears were estimated as research objects to analyze their somatotypes for the 44 items representing upper bodies through anthropometric measurement and photometric measurement. The results are as follows : 1. Seven factors were extracted as a result of factor analysis. 2. Data were classified into three types as a result of cluster analysis : Type 1 was characterized as low fat body, small skeleton size, and forward belly ; type 2 as high fat body, normal hight, backward shoulder, and the lowered shoulders ; type 3 as medium fat body, tall height, somewhat crouching back, and the rising shoulders. 3. As a results of the discrimination analysis for the three types, the highly discriminated items were height, width of bosom, front center length. weight, width of waist or the length of waist. One could discriminate one's own body type by obtaining the classification function from these five items.

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Acquired Partial Lipodystrophy (Barraquer-Simons Syndrome): Early Cosmetic Intervention with Autologous Fat

  • Rho, Nark-Kyoung;Kim, Won-Serk
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.610-613
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    • 2018
  • Barraquer-Simons syndrome is a rare acquired lipodystrophy characterized by gradually symmetric subcutaneous fat loss in a craniocaudal distribution, often associated with hypocomplementemia and nephropathies. Facial cosmetic treatment in this disorder has not been fully described in the literature. We present a patient with Barraquer-Simons syndrome with emphasis on early cosmetic intervention with autologous fat grafting and its long-term efficacy. At the follow-up 37 months after the last fat grafting, preservation of the grafted fat was noted while lipodystrophy progressed in the trunk regions. Autologous fat grafting is suggested for the correction of facial dysmorphism in this type of lipodystrophy.

Body-fat Suppressive Effects of Capsaicin through $\beta$-adrenergic Stimulation in Rats Fed a High-fat Diet (고지방식이를 섭취시킨 흰쥐에서 $\beta$-adrenergic 활성의 증가에 의한 Capsaicin의 체지방 감소효과)

  • 주종재
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.533-539
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    • 1999
  • The effects of capsaicin, a pungent principle of hot red pepper, on body fat gain, balance serum lipid values were investigated in rats fed a high-fat(30%) diet. Administration of capsaicin by dietary administration caused a complete cessation of increased in body weight and fat gain induced by the high-fat diet. However, energy intake and body protein gain were not affected by capsaicin. Therefore, the suppression of body fat gain by capsaicn was believed due to an increased in energy expenditure. Simultaneous administration of capsaicin and a $\beta$-adrenergic blocker, propranolo, resulted in the inhibition of changes in body fat gain by capsaicin without remained unchanged, indicating an increase in the number of mitochondria in brown adipose tissue. Therefore, it appears that capsaicin possesses potent body fat suppressive effects mediated by $\beta$-adrenergic stimulation in which brown adipose tissue may be involved. On the other hand, capsaicin had no effects on serum triglyceride, total cholesterol or HDL-cholesterol levels. These results are in contrast to those reported by other investigators. Perhaps expression of the effects of capsaicin on plasma lipids is a rather complicated process, dependent on the type of diet administered, fat content of the diet, period and route of capsaicin administration, and species and strain of animals used.

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Influence of Dietary Fat Source on Growth Performance Responses and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks

  • Poorghasemi, Mohammadreza;Seidavi, Alireza;Qotbi, Ali Ahmad Alaw;Laudadio, Vito;Tufarelli, Vincenzo
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.705-710
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of three different fat sources and their combination on growth performance, carcass traits and intestinal measurements of broiler chickens reared to 42 d of age. Two hundred day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to one of five treatments with four replicates of 10 chicks based on a completely randomized design. The dietary treatments consisted of 4% added fat from three different sources and their combination as follows: T, diet containing 4% tallow; CO, diet containing 4% canola oil; SFO, diet containing 4% sunflower oil; TCO, diet containing 2% tallow+2% canola oil; TSFO, diet containing 2% tallow+2% sunflower oil. Dietary fat type affected significantly BW and gain as well as feed efficiency in birds fed the TCO diets compared with those fed the other diets. Dietary fat type also modified meat yield, resulting in a higher breast and drumstick yields in the birds fed TCO and TSFO diets, respectively. Most of internal organ relative weights and small intestine measurements were not influenced by dietary treatments, except for the abdominal fat pad weight that was lower in birds fed SFO and for small intestinal length that was influenced by fat source. Results from the current study suggested that the supplementation with a combination of vegetable and animal fat sources in broiler diet supported positively growth performance and carcass parameters.

Salicornia herbacea Prevents High Fat Diet-Induced Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipidemia in ICR Mice

  • Park Sang-Hyun;Ko Sung-Kwon;Choi Jin-Gyu;Chung Sung-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.256-264
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    • 2006
  • Salicornia herbacea L. (Chenopodiaceae) has been used as a seasoned vegetable by living in coastal areas. S. herbacea (SH) has been demonstrated to stimulate cytokine production, nitric oxide release, and to show anti-oxidative effect. In a series of investigations to develop potential anti-diabetic and/or anti-hyperlipidemic agents from Korean indigenous plants, 50% ethanol extract of Salicornia herbacea was found to prevent the onset of the hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia induced by high fat diet in ICR mice. At 6 week old, the ICR mice were randomly divided into five groups; two control and three treatment groups. The control mice were to receive either a regular diet (RD) or high-fat diet (HFD), and the treatment groups were fed a high fat diet with either 350 mg/kg, 700 mg/kg of SH (SH350 and SH700) or 250 mg/kg of met-formin (MT250) for a 10-week period. SH not only reduced body weight but also corrected associated hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in a dose dependent manner. SH exerted beneficial effects on the plasma glucose and lipid homeostasis possibly ascribed to its specific effects on lipogenesis related genes (SREBP1a, FAS, GAPT), and PEPCK, glucose 6-phosphatase gene expressions in liver. Ethanol extract of S. herbacea has potential as a preventive agent for type 2 diabetes (and possibly hyperlipidemia) and deserves future clinical trial.

A Study on the Classification of Elderly Male's Body Type (노년남성의 체형분류에 관한 연구)

  • 김수현;이정란
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.624-634
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to classify body types of elderly male aged between 60 and 80. 40 direct items and 22 indexes were measured. The result were as follows. First. through the factor analysis of indexes, 8 factors were extracted upon factor scores, 4 clusters represented characteristics of elderly male's body type. Type 1 indicates flat and bend-forward type. Type 2 indicates fat and bend-forward type. Type 3 indicates lean-back type and is a little bit fat and the waist is round. Type 4 indicates a straight type in which the chest and the hip are developed. Second, drop was needed to discriminate elderly male's body type. 3 types of drop were extracted. The body type with big drop is Y type in which the drop distance is between 14 and 22cm. The body type with standard drop is A type in which the drop distance is between 6 and 14cm. The body type with small drop is B type in which the drop distance is between -4 and 6cm. Third, when the types of appearance rate were combined, 7 body types of elderly male showed high appearance rate; A1, B1, A2, B2, A3, A4, B4. According to the above result, flat and bended-forward type with drop A was dominant body type of elderly male.

Physicochemical, Textural, and Sensory Properties of Low-fat/reduced-salt Sausages as Affected by Salt Levels and Different Type and Level of Milk Proteins

  • Lee, Hong-Chul;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.36-42
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to develop low-fat/reduced-salt sausages (LFRSS; <3% fat and <1.5% salt) containing milk protein (whey protein concentrate, WPC, or sodium caseinate, SC) that showed the similar cooking yield and textural characteristics to those of regular-fat/salt sausage control (RFC; 20% fat and 1.5% salt) or low-fat sausage control (LFC; <3% fat and 1.5% salt). Low-fat sausages (LFS) were formulated with a 2.5% fat replacer (konjac flour:carrageenan:soy protein isolate=1:1:3) and various salt levels (0.75, 1.0, 1.25, and 1.5%). LFS had differences in color and expressible moisture (EM, %) values as compared to those of RFC. A minimum salt level of 1% and addition of nonmeat proteins were required to manufacture LFRSS that have similar characteristics to those of RFC. However, LFS with 2% milk proteins reduced the hardness and gumminess as compared to LFC. These results indicated that 1% milk protein in combined with 1% salt was a proper level for manufacturing of LFRSS.

Effects of Low Fat Diet and Saturated Fat Supplementation on the Immune Status of BALB/c Mouse (저지방식이와 포화지방 첨가 식이가 BALB/c 마우스의 면역기능에 미치는 영향)

  • 박진순
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.578-585
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    • 1993
  • This study was performed to investigate effects of low fat diet and saturated fat supplementation on the function of the immune system. Forty male BALB/c mice average-weighing 15g were divided into two dietary groups: 0.7% safflower oil group and 4.3% beef tallow & 0.7% safflower oil group. Results are as follows; 1) Food intake, body weight, organ weight, agglutination test, differential white cell count and histological examination of spleen were not different in two dietary groups during the experimental period. 2) Delayed-type hypersensitive test of the mice fed 4.3% beef tallow & 0.7% safflower oil was significantly higher than that of the mice fed 0.7% safflower oil ($\alpha$=0.05). 3) Plaque forming cell was significantly reduced at 10th week compared to 7th week in both groups($\alpha$=0.05). Although there was no significant difference between two groups. 0.7% safflower oil groups showed slightly higher plaque forming cell than 4.3% beef tallow & 0.7% safflower oil group.

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Measurement of Subcutaneous Fat Thickness of the Korean by A-Mode Type Ultrasonic Instrument (A-mode 식 초음파기를 이용한 한국인의 피하지방 측정)

  • Hwang, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.308-313
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    • 1991
  • This study attempted to measure subcutaneous fat thickness by the use of ultrasonic wave in age and sex matched Korean subjects, and to observe correlation between fat thick-ness and physical indices. In male, fat thickness of suprailiac area showed the highest value of $9.40{\sim}9.51mm$ and then subscapular was $6.60{\sim}6.84mm$, femoral was $6.48{\sim}7.04mm$ and triceps regions was $3.48{\sim}3.69mm$. In female, femoral subcutaneous fat thickness was the higher. $11.85{\sim}12.15mm$and then suprailiac was $8.79{\sim}9.87mm$ subscapular was $6.20{\sim}6.91mm$ and triceps fat thickness was $4.80{\sim}4.93mm$. In male, fat thickness of triceps and relative body weight(RBW). body mass index(BMI), triceps or $R\ddot{o}hrer$ index were positively correlated. Correlations between suprailiac and weight, relative body weight(RBW). body mass index(BMT), $R\ddot{o}hrer$ index or subscapular were positively significant. In female. there were positive correlations between fat thickness of femoral and RBW, BMI, or $R\ddot{o}hrer$ index. And there were no positive correlations in other parts of the body.

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A Comparison of the Results from Somatotype Evaluation with Different Evaluation Tools

  • Choi, Wan-Suk;Choi, Jung-Hyun;Cho, Mi-Suk;Moon, Ok-Kon;Park, Joo-Hyun;Chung, Hyung-Kuk;Lee, Suk-Hee;Lee, Jung-Sook;Min, Kyung-Ok
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2010
  • Supposing that somatotype evaluation results would have significant differences between the public group with less amounts of exercises and the special group with intensive exercises for three to four times a day, this study aimed at comparing the mutual consistency between the results determined by somatotype evaluation tools such as visually calculated index(VCI), R$\ddot{o}$hrer's Index(RI) and Body Mass Index(BMI). The public, taekwondo players and judo players groups were composed of fifty persons, taekwondo players and judo players passed through VCI determination, respectively. Their height and weight were examined and analyzed with somatotype evaluation tools. Comparison of somatotype dispersion of RI and VCI showed that most women were determined by VCI as lean type but were determined by RI as normal type. And that women were determined by VCI as fat type but were determined by RI as normal type. Therefore both men and women showed significant differences in VCI and RI. Comparison of somatotype dispersion of VCI and BMI showed that both men and women were overestimated or underestimated by VCI rather than by BMI. Comparison of somatotype dispersion of RI and BMI showed that men were less determined by BMI as lean type compared with women; both men and women less determined by BMI rather than by RI as normal type; and both men and women, in particular, were more determined by BMI as fat type but men were more determined by BMI rather than by RI as fat type. Total somatotype consistency by tools showed that VCI has the greatest possibility of determining the public group, compared with other groups as lean type and that the consistency of the three tools were relatively higher for the taekwondo players and judo players groups, compared with the public.

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