• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fas

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Comparison between Doxorubicin and Anti-Fas Antibody induced poptosis in Promyelocytic Leukemia Cell Line HL-60 (전골수성 백혈병 세포주 HL-60에 대한 Doxorubicin 유발성 Apoptosis와 Anti-Fas 항체 유발성 Apoptosis의 비교)

  • 윤경식;설지연;오현정;이광수;이원규;정성철
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 1999
  • Induction of apoptosis is considered to be the underlying mechanism that accounts for the efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs. It has recently been proposed that doxorubicin (DOX) can induce apoptosis in human leukemic cells via the Fas/Fas Ligand (FasL) system. Comparison of Fas and FasL mRNA expression between drug- and anti-Fas antibody(Fas-Ab)- induced apoptosis was analyzed for examining the role of Fas/FasL system in the mediation of drug-induced apoptosis. After HL-60 cells were routinely cultured, MTT assay was performed for cytotoxicity test. Giemsa staining was carried out to monitor the apoptosis morphologically. By semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis, the expression of Fas and FasL at 4, 10, 24 hours was determined after DOX and Fas-Ab treatment. Dose-dependent cytotoxicity was induced by DOX-treatment, while Fas-Ab treatment showed the similar dose-dependent pattern but the cytotoxicity is not reached at LD$_{50}$ at 100 ng/ml concentration of Fas-Ab. In the 10ng/m1 DOX and 10ng/m1 Fas-Ab treated group, typical apoptotic cell morphology was shown such as fragmented nuclei and cell membrane budding in the Giemsa-stained slide. Fas mRNA expression was not changed significantly in the both groups. But, FasL mRNA expression was induced significantly at initial period of apoptosis. In this study, Fas/FasL interaction assumed to be involved in drug-induced apoptosis.s.

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Effects of Artemisia Capillaris Fructus on Fas-FasL-induced Apoptosis in Hepatocye (인진호(茵蔯蒿)가 Fas-FasL 매개형 간세포 Apoptosis에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Hwan;An, Joong-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Dae;Kim, Cheorl-Ho;Kim, Seon-Kang
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: Recently, it was known that the major cause of hepatitis is apoptosis reaction mediated by Fas-FasL. Since Artemisia Capillaris Fructus has long been applied to cure the jaundice in oriental medicine. Therefore, this study was carried out to examine the effect of fractions of Artemisia Capillaris Fructus on Fas-FasL-mediated apoptosis in hepatocytes. Methods: This study employed propidium iodide negative cell count assay and some the other biochemical assays. Results : This study confirms that hepatitis has been occured by apoptosis mediated by Fas-FasL in cultured hepatocyte and fractions of Artemisia Capillaris Fructus restrain apoptosis induced Fas-FasL. Conclusions : Water-extracted fraction, methanol extracts, ether-soluble fraction, and buthanol-soluble fractions of Artemisia Capillaris Fructus restrain Fas-FasL-mediated apoptosis in hepatocyte. Silica gel chromatograph of Buthanol-soluble fraction of Artemisia Capillaris Fructus restrain Fas-FasL-mediated apoptosis in hepatocyte. Artemisia Capillaris Fructus could be applied to cure hepatitis.

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Apoptosis and Expression of Fas nnd Fas Lignnd Genes in Mouse Ovary (생쥐 난소내 Fas 및 Fas Ligand의 발현과 세포자연사)

  • Yoon Jeong-Mi;Yoon Hyunsook;Yang Hyunwon;Kim Seikwang;Cho Dong Jae;Yoon Yong-Dal
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2003
  • The Fas antigen (Fas) as a cell-surface receptor protein which mediates apoptosis-inducing signals plays an important role in the immune system. Expression of Fas mRNA is detected not only in lymphoid organs but also in the nonlymphoid organs. In the ovary, most of the follicles is known to undergo atreisa through apoptosis. However, the exact mechanism of atresia was not elucidated yet. Therefore, the purposes of the present study were to investigate the expression of Fas and Fas ligand in mouse ovary and to clarify the relationship between expression of Fas and Fas ligand and atresia of follicle. The result of RT-PCR demonstrated that Fas and Fas ligand mRNA was expressed in ovary, especially granulosa cells and oocytes. The immunohistochemistry showed that the granulosa cells and oocytes in growing follicles were stained for Fas and Fas ligand, but primordial follicles were not. Furthermore, Fas and Fas ligand were intensively stained in the atretic follicles As results of TUNEL staining to detect apoptotic cells in the ovaries, the number of TUNEL-positive (apoptotic) granulosa cells and oocytes increased in the atretic follicles compared to the healthy normal follicles. These results demonstrate that there is the positive relationship between expression of Fas and Fas ligand in granulosa cells and oocyies and apoptosis of them leading to atresia of follicles. It suggests that expression of Fas and Fas ligand could be associated with atresia of follicles in mouse ovary.

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Fas/FasL expression in the hippocampus of neonatal rat brains follwing hypoxic-ischemic injury (저산소성 허혈성 손상을 받은 신생 흰쥐 뇌 해마에서 Fas와 FasL 단백 발현)

  • Chang, Young Pyo;Kim, Myeung Ju;Lee, Young Il;Im, Ik Je;Cho, Jae Ju;Kim, Jong Wan;Yeo, Sung Moon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.198-202
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : Fas is a cell surface receptor that transduces apoptotic death signals. Interaction of extracelluar domain of Fas with Fas ligand(FasL) triggers the apoptotic process in many diseases. We investigated the expression of Fas and FasL in the hippocampus of 7-day-old newborn rat brains following hypoxia-ischemia injury. Methods : The 7-days-old newborn rats were exposed to 8 percent oxygen for two hours after the ligation of right common carotid arteries. The newborn rats were killed and their brains were removed at 12, 14 and 48 hours after hypoxic-ischemic injury. The expressions of Fas and FasL of the right hippocampus were observed by western blotting and immunofluorescent staining. Results : Fas and FasL were strongly expressed in the right hippocampus ipsilateral to the ligation of the common carotid artery by western blotting at 12 hours following hypoxic-ischemic injury, and then slowly decreased. The immunofluorescent expressions of Fas and FasL strongly increased in the CA1 area of the right hippocampus at 12 and 24 hours following hypoxic-ischemic injury. The immunofluorescent expression of Fas decreased at 48 hours, but the expression of FasL persisted strongly at 48 hours following hypoxic-ischemic injury. Conclusion : The interaction of Fas with FasL on the cell surface may be involved in neuronal injury following hypoxic-ischemic injury in the developing brain.

Role of the Fas/Fas Ligand Death Receptor Pathway in Ginseng Saponin Metabolite-Induced Apoptosis in HepG2 Cells

  • Oh Seon-Hee;Yin Hu-Quan;Lee Byung-Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.402-406
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    • 2004
  • This research team found in previous studies, that the ginseng saponin metabolite IH901 induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells via a mitochondrial-mediated pathway, which resulted in the activation of caspase-9 and subsequently of caspase-3 and -8. Based on these results, the involvement of the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) death-receptor pathway, in IH901-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells, was investigated. Levels of Fas and the Fas ligand (FasL) mRNA or protein were not increased by IH901, rather they were decreased significantly at 18 h post treatment. Soluble FasL (sFasL) was detectable by immunoprecipitation analysis En the medium of HepG2 cells treated with IH901. Increased levels of sFasL were inversely correlated with the levels of FasL. Preincubation of HepG2 cells with antagonistic anti-Fas antibody showed little protective effect, if any, on IH901-induced cell death. At a $30{\mu}M$ (24 and 48 h) and $40{\mu}M$ (24 h) concentration of IH901, the cytotoxic effect of IH901 was less then $50\%$, anti-Fas antibody prevented IH901-induced cell death. However, at a $60{\mu}M$ (24 and 48 h) and $40{\mu}M$ (48 h) concentration of IH901, cell death rates were about $80\%$ or more and most of the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects of IH901 were manifested. Blocking the Fas receptor did not influence IH901-induced cell death. These results indicate that the Fas/FasL system is engaged, but not required for IH901-induced cell death, at pharmacologically significant concentrations.

The Role of Fas/FasL in Radiation Induced Apoptosis in vivo (방사선에 의한 Apoptosis에서 Fas/Fas L의 역할)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Seong, Jin-Sil
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.222-226
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The interaction of the Fas: Fas ligand has been recognized to play an important role in radiation induced apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Fas and Fas ligand mutations, in radiation-induced apoptosis in vivo. Materials and Methods: Mice with a mutation in the Fas ($C57BL/6J-Fas^{lpr}$) and its normal control (C57BL/6J) and the Fas ligand ($C3H/HeJ-Fas^{gld}$) and its normal control (C3H/HeJ), were used in this study. Eight-week old male mice were given whole body radiation. After irradiation, the mice were killed at various time intervals, and their spleens collected. Tissue sample was stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and the numbers of apoptotic cells scored. The regulating molecules of apoptosis including the p53, Bcl-2, Bax, $Bcl-X_L\;and\;Bcl-X_s$ genes were also analyzed by Western blotting. Results: With 2.5 Gy and 10 Gy of irradiation, the levels of apoptosis were lower in the $C57BL/6J-Fas^{lpr}\;and\;C3H/HeJ-Fas^{gld}$ mice than in the control mice (p<0.05). With the expression of apoptosis regulating molecules, the Bax was increased in both the C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice in response to radiation; the peak levels of Bax in the C57BL6J and C3H/HeJ were 3 and 3.3-fold higher after 8hr, respectively. However the Bax was not increased in either the $C57BL/6J-Fas^{lpr}\;or\;C3H/HeJ-Fas^{gld}$mice. The p53, Bcl-X_L,\;Bcl-X_S$and Bcl-2 showed no significant changes in the $C57BL/6J-Fas^{lpr},\;C3H/HeJ-Fas^{gld}$, C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice. Conclusion: The levels of radiation-induced apoptosis were lower in the lpr and gld, than the control mice, which seemed to be related to the level of Bax activation due to the radiation in the lpr and gld mice. This result suggests that Fas/Fas L plays an important role in radiation-induced apoptosis in vivo.

Effects of FasL Expression in Oral Squamous Cell Cancer

  • Fang, Li;Sun, Lin;Hu, Fang-Fang;Chen, Qiao-Er
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To probe the role of FasL in cell apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). Methods: The expression of Fas/FasL was assessed in 10 cases of normal oral epithelium, 38 cases of OSCC and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), and 11 cases of metastatic lymph nodes by immunohistochemistry. Apoptosis of tumor cells and TIL was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay (TUNEL). FasL-induction of T cell apoptosis was tested by co-culture assay in vitro with SCC-9 and Jurkat T cells. Results: The 10 cases of normal oral epithelium all demonstrated extensive expression of Fas, the positive rate being largely down-regulated in OSCC (21/38) (P<0.05) compared to the normal (10/10). At the same time, the positive rate of FasL significantly increased in OSCC (P<0.05) especially those with lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The positive rates of Fas in well and middle differentiated OSCC were higher than those in poor differentiated OSCC (P<0.05). The AI of tumor cells in Fas-positive OSCC was remarkably higher than that in Fas-negative OSCC (P<0.01), with a positive correlation between Fas expression and cell differentiation as well as apoptosis (r=0.68, P<0.01). The AI of tumor cells in FasL positive OSCC was remarkably lower than that in control while the AI of TIL was higher than in FasL negative OSCC (P<0.05). The AI of tumor cells reversely correlated with that of TIL (r = -0. 72, P<0.05). It was found that SCC-9 cells expressing functional FasL could induce apoptosis of Jurkat cells as demonstrated by co-culture assays. As a conclusion, it is evident that OSCC cells expressing FasL can induce apoptosis in Fas-expressing T cells. Conclusions: In progression of OSCC, expression of the Fas/FasL changes significantly. The results suggest that FasL is a mediator of immune privilege in OSCC and may serve as an marker for predicting malignant change in oral tissues.

Apoptosis in Human Corneal Epithelial cells induced by Exhausted Medium (Exhausted Medium에 의한 각막상피 세포의 세포고사 유도)

  • Kim, Jae-Min
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2000
  • To investigate exhausted-medium-induced apoptosis in human corneal epithelial(HCE) cells, this study was performed DNA gel electrophoresis, M30 CytoDEATH staining and FAS-FAS ligand ELISA. SV-40 transfected cells were grown to confluency in culture for 7days. The supernatant was harvested and filtered with $0.22{\mu}m$ filter paper. Fresh HCE cells were exposed to the filtered exhausted medium for 1~2 days. Apoptotic cells were prepared for DNA extraction and run the agarose gel for DNA ladder pattern. M30 CytoDEATH was used a tool for easy and reliable determination of very early apoptosis in HCE cells. The control and exhausted medium were assayed for soluble FAS/FAS ligand protein by ELISA. HCE cells exposed to exhausted medium showed a typical DNA ladder pattern. Sporadic M30 CytoDEATH positive cells were detected among HCE cells exposed to exhausted medium. Soluble FAS/FAS ligand levels were not elevated in the exhausted medium compared to the fresh medium control. This study suggests that possible mechanism of exhausted medium induced apoptosis does not include the FAS-FAS ligand system.

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Small Interfering RNA-Mediated Suppression of Fas Modulate Apoptosis and Proliferation in Rat Intervertebral Disc Cells

  • Park, Jong-Beom;Park, Chanjoo
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.686-693
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    • 2017
  • Study Design: In vitro cell culture model. Purpose: To investigate the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) on Fas expression, apoptosis, and proliferation in serum-deprived rat disc cells. Overview of Literature: Synthetic siRNA can trigger an RNA interference (RNAi) response in mammalian cells and precipitate the inhibition of specific gene expression. However, the potential utility of siRNA technology in downregulation of specific genes associated with disc cell apoptosis remains unclear. Methods: Rat disc cells were isolated and cultured in the presence of either 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (normal control) or 0% FBS (serum deprivation to induce apoptosis) for 48 hours. Fas expression, apoptosis, and proliferation were determined. Additionally, siRNA oligonucleotides against Fas (Fas siRNA) were transfected into rat disc cells to suppress Fas expression. Changes in Fas expression were assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and semiquantitatively analyzed using densitometry. The effect of Fas siRNA on apoptosis and proliferation of rat disc cells were also determined. Negative siRNA and transfection agent alone (Mock) were used as controls. Results: Serum deprivation increased apoptosis by 40.3% (p<0.001), decreased proliferation by 45.3% (p<0.001), and upregulated Fas expression. Additionally, Fas siRNA suppressed Fas expression in serum-deprived cultures, with 68.5% reduction at the mRNA level compared to the control cultures (p<0.001). Finally, Fas siRNA-mediated suppression of Fas expression significantly inhibited apoptosis by 9.3% and increased proliferation by 21% in serum-deprived cultures (p<0.05 for both). Conclusions: The observed dual positive effect of Fas siRNA might be a powerful therapeutic approach for disc degeneration by suppression of harmful gene expression.

Susceptibility to FAS induced apoptosis in mycoplasma contaminated HCE cells (Mycoplasma가 오염된 배양 각막상피 세포의 FAS 유도 세포고사의 민감성)

  • Kim, Jai-Min
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2007
  • The aim of the present study was to determine mechanisms of corneal epithelial cell apoptosis in vitro following exposure to anti-FAS and anti-FAS ligand antibody and during infection with mycoplasma sp.. A cultured human corneal epithelial(HCE) cell line was treated with anti-FAS antibody or anti-FAS ligand antibody for 2 and 4 days. The original cell line was found to be contaminated by mycoplasma removal agent(MRA) was used to eliminate the bacterium from the cell line. MRA($0.5{\mu}{\ell}$ tissue culture medium) was added to the cell line and incubated for 1 week. The cell line underwent multiple passages in media not contaminating MRA and cells were grown to 50-80% confluency on coverslips and stained using the Hoechst stain provided in the kit to ensure mycoplasma removal. Apoptosis experiments were performed before and after mycoplasma removal. The apoptotic index of anti-FAS and anti-FAS ligand antibody on mycoplasma contaminated cell line was studied using Hoechst 33342 staining and Annexin V-FITC and Propidium Iodide Staining. In conclusion, anti-FAS antibody induces apoptosis in HCE cells in a time and concentration-dependent mechanism. Cell lines contaminated with mycoplasma have an incresed susceptibility to FAS induced apoptosis.

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