• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fairness

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A Study on Supply Chain Orientation and the Relationship between Trade Fairness, Social Capital and Win-Win Cooperation Supply Chain (공급사슬지향성과 거래공정성, 사회적 자본과 상생협력 공급사슬 간의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Chan Kwon;Park, Sung Min
    • Journal of the Korean society of supply chain management
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.31-45
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    • 2017
  • This study mainly aims to find out securing trade fairness according to supply chain orientation and the overall relationship between the establishment of social capital and win-win cooperation supply chain. For this, hypotheses between these research items were established and tested. The results are as follows. First, strategic supply chain orientation and structural supply chain orientation have a positive effect on process fairness, interaction fairness, and distribution fairness, which are the three factors of trade fairness. Process fairness, interaction fairness, and distribution fairness have a positive effect on social capital, and social capital was found to have a positive effect on win-win cooperation supply chain. The implications of this study are summarized as follows. First, this study suggested the importance of supply chain orientation to individual businesses. Second, enhancing supply chain orientation can ensure or guarantee trade fairness between businesses. Third, raising the level of trade fairness makes it possible to build social capital, which is an available resource in the supply chain relationship structure. Finally, it is suggested that securing social capital can finally help build and operate win-win cooperation supply chain.

The influence of Airline's flexible fare policy on consumer's perceiving price fairness: about a moderating role of airline service (항공사의 유동적 요금 정책이 승객의 가격공정성 지각에 미치는 영향 -항공서비스 혜택의 조절적 역할을 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Hee-Joong;Lee, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.83-95
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    • 2011
  • This research is the ever first trial to demonstrate how consumer perceives price fairness of airfare. That, I did research on airline's flexible price changes and its effects on consumer's perceiving price fairness, proved the causality between before and after of airline service experience and examined the interest in moderating role of airline service. In addition to this, you also can see a markdown can have effects on consumer's perceiving price fairness. The main results are: Perceived price fairness before experience airline service had positive effects on perceiving price as fair. Since the direction of perceived price fairness coincides with in the context of the consumer's experience, so the preliminarily evaluated fairness had positive effects on the post fairness acceptance. With the second result, when you see consumer's perceived price fairness beforehand service experience has effects on post service experience in perceiving price fairness, you see the activation of a markdown, in-flight service, after-flight service as moderating roles as they strengthen the tie between the two perception modes and exhibited interaction with the price fairness beforehand service experience the independent variable. As the last one, a markdown of airfare had positive influence on consumer in perceiving price fairness. So, even if he/she becomes aware of overcharging, he/she will not pursue price being unfair. With these results, you can tell a markdown of airline service could have positive influence on both new and established consumers in the aspect of perceiving price fairness.

Efficient MAC Protocol for Achieving Fairness in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks under the DCF (Wireless Ad-hoc 망의 DCF환경에서 Fairness 구현을 위한 효과적인 MAC 프로토콜)

  • 임희선;박승권
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.29 no.8A
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    • pp.928-936
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    • 2004
  • This paper proposes simple and effective Contention Window (CW) adjusting algorithm to solve the fairness problem of the IEEE 802.11 under the Distributed Coordination Function (DCF). This adjusting algorithm can support variable packet length as well as both RTS/CTS access method and hidden nodes. Simulation results show that fairness problem can be very severe in the original MAC protocol of the wireless network. In case of implement our algorithm, fair sharing was enlarged prominently and the fairness sharing was improved about maximum 30%.

Enhanced Throughput and QoS Fairness for Two-Hop IEEE 802.16j Relay Networks

  • Kim, Sang-Won;Sung, Won-Jin;Jang, Ju-Wook
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.32-42
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    • 2011
  • Frequency reuse among relay stations (RSs) in a down-link access zone is widely adopted for throughput enhancement in IEEE 802.16j relay networks. Since the areas covered by the RSs or the base station (BS) may overlap, some mobile stations (MSs) at the border between two neighboring transmitting stations (RS or BS) using an identical frequency band may suffer severe interference or outage. This co-channel interference within the cell degrades the quality of service (QoS) fairness among the MSs as well as the system throughput. Exclusive use of a frequency band division (orthogonal resource allocation) among RSs can solve this problem but would cause degradation of the system throughput. We observe a trade-off between system throughput and QoS fairness in the previously reported schemes based on frequency reuse. In this paper, we propose a new frequency reuse scheme that achieves high system throughput with a high fairness level in QoS, positioning our scheme far above the trade-off curve formed by previous schemes. We claim that our scheme is beneficial for applications in which a high QoS level is required even for the MSs at the border. Exploiting the features of a directional antenna in the BS, we create a new zone in the frame structure. In the new zone, the RSs can serve the subordinate MSs at the border and prone to interference. In a 3-RS topology, where the RSs are located at points $120^{\circ}$ apart from one another, the throughput and Jain fairness index are 10.64 Mbps and 0.62, respectively. On the other hand, the throughput for the previously reported overlapped and orthogonal allocation schemes is 8.22 Mbps (fairness: 0.48) and 3.99 Mbps (fairness: 0.80), respectively. For a 6-RS topology, our scheme achieves a throughput of 18.38 Mbps with a fairness of 0.68; however, previous schemes with frequency reuse factors of 1, 2, 3, and 6 achieve a throughput of 15.24 Mbps (fairness: 0.53), 12.42 Mbps (fairness: 0.71),8.84 Mbps (fairness: 0.88), and 4.57 Mbps (fairness: 0.88), respectively.

A Study on Antecedents and Consequences of Franchise System Fairness (프랜차이즈 시스템 공정성의 선행요인과 결과요인에 관한 구조방정식 모형분석)

  • Ha, Se-Na;Kim, Sang-Deok
    • Journal of Distribution Research
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.35-60
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this research is to find out antecedents and consequences that would affect franchisee's fairness in a franchise system. The factors of antecedents include support, reward and communication, and those of consequences consist of commitment and profit. With a survey of the 120 stores of N franchise, the country's outstanding food service company, the results of structural equation model show that support and reward in its headquarters scheme had an effect on distributive fairness in franchisee's fairness sense, but did not influence procedural fairness. However, communication affected both distributive fairness and procedural fairness. On the other hand, distributive fairness and procedural fairness impacted relationship of a franchise system and commitment in variables. And only distributive fairness influenced profit.

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The Influence of a Cook's Understanding of Organizational Fairness on Job Satisfaction and Business Performance at Family Restaurants (패밀리레스토랑 조리사의 조직공정성인지가 직무만족 및 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Tae-Hwan;Choi, Bong-Im
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of a cook's understanding about organizational fairness on job satisfaction and business performance at family restaurants in Seoul. Frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis, and SEM were applied to analyze the data. First, a confirmatory reliability analysis indicated that organizational fairness, job satisfaction, and business performance were sufficient to be used in this investigation. Organizational fairness, job satisfaction and business performance had generally significant relationships by implementing SEM. According to the results, distributive fairness (p< 0.001), procedural fairness (p< 0.05) and interactive fairness (p< 0.05) had positive influence on cook's job satisfaction. Job satisfaction had a positive influence on financial (p< 0.05) and non-financial performance (p< 0.001). Therefore, for the purposes of food-service companies' continuous increases in business performance and competition are generally necessary to suitably manage the fairness of various policies such as job stability, promotions, impartial distribution of salary, bonus and welfare work, and internal marketing.

Antecedents and Consequences of Supplier's fairness perception (중소공급업체 공정성 지각의 선행요인과 결과요인)

  • Kim, Do-Heon;Kim, Sang-Deok
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2011
  • The object of this research is to examine the factors leading to intercompany win-win by finding the antecedents and consequences that affect a supplier's fairness perception. We assume that the antecedent factors of a supplier's fairness perception are vertical coordination, cooperation support, information sharing, and legalistic plea. We assume that the consequential factors of a supplier's fairness perception are supply chain dependence and supply chain flexibility. The object industry is an electronic parts manufacturing company. We tested our model by using the SPSS 17.0 and the LISREL 8.5. For measurement validation, we verified by using a confirmatory factor analysis and a reliability analysis. For hypothesis analysis, we did a path analysis with the LISREL 8.5. By checking the modification index and expecting parameter changes, we modified the model. First, the buyer's vertical coordination had a positive effect on the supplier's distributive fairness perception and procedural fairness perception. Second, the buyer's cooperation support had no effect on the supplier's distributive fairness perception and procedural fairness perception: we suppose that the buyer's requests were burdensome, although they cooperated with the supplier. Third, the buyer's information sharing had a positive effect on distributive fairness perception but had no direct effect on procedural fairness perception. Fourth, the buyer's legalistic plea had a negative effect on the supplier's distributive fairness perception. and a negative effect on the supplier's procedural fairness perception at a 0.1 significance level. Fifth, although procedural fairness perception had no direct effect on supply chain dependence, fairness perception had an effect on supply chain dependence and supply chain flexibility both directly and indirectly.

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A Study of Resistance to Change by Organizational Politics and Fairness in The Split-offs Firms (분할 기업에서 조직정치지각과 공정성에 따른 변화저항 연구)

  • Kim, Sung Gun;Jung, Byoungho;Kim, Joongwha
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.55-67
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    • 2018
  • The organizational politics strengthened resistance to change. This study explores how the organizational political perception and fairness in split firms affect resistance to change. The analysis showed that the boss's and colleague's politics is minimized by its distributional fairness and procedural fairness. The organizational politics strengthened resistance to change. Additionally, mediating effects of fairness were analyzed. As a result, it was revealed that the perception of organized politics by bosses and that colleagues' perception of organizational politics affected resistance to change based on distributional fairness. However, it was shown that procedural fairness had no mediating roles between organizational politics and change resistance. There is a need to pay keen attention to distributional fairness to minimize the resistance to changes of organizational members at the split. If distributional fairness is not secure, Members will be a political behavior.

Effects of B2B Transaction fairness Between Travel Agencies on Travel Franchisee's Relationship-orientation and Performance (여행사간 B2B 거래공정성이 가맹여행사의 관계지향성과 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.404-414
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    • 2012
  • B2B2C distribution channel between travel agencies, the travel franchiser's fairness become a big issue. So this study examines the effects of B2B transaction fairness between travel agencies on relationship-orientation and travel franchisee's performance. The research results are as follows: First, the most influential factor on the franchisee's performance was found as relationship-orientation factor. Second, among the 3 variable factors of B2B transaction fairness, the most influential factor on the franchisee's relationship-orientation was found as interactional fairness. And procedural fairness was found as next. Third, distributive fairness and interactional fairness were found to have a significant effect on franchisee's financial performance. And distributive fairness and procedural fairness were found to have a significant effect on franchisee's non-financial competency. Conclusively, excellent employees of travel franchiser' are the most valuable factors in B2B2C transactions due to the nature of the travel industry where human services are valued above everything else.

Structural Relationship between Salesperson's Perceived Evaluation Fairness and Job Performance in the Financial Market (금융시장에서 영업사원의 지각된 평가 공정성과 직무성과 간의 구조적 관계)

  • Lee, Jun-Seop;Kim, Ji-Young;Lee, Han-Geun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - Salesperson perceptions of the fairness and accuracy of a performance evaluation system were examined by managerial and professional employees of large organization. The performance evaluation process is central to many personal decisions such as attitude for job and sales performance. This study investigates the relationship between perceived evaluation fairness, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and sales performance. The main purpose of this study is to develop and empirically test a comprehensive model of salespersons' perceived evaluation fairness on sales performance. For this purpose, we identified the structural relationship between perceived evaluation fairness, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and sales performance. Also we investigate the mediating effects on job satisfaction and organizational commitment between perceived evaluation fairness and sales performance. Research design, data, and methodology - To empirically test these relationships, data were collected by in-depth interviews from sales managers and questionnaire surveys from 300 salespersons who work for sales area (credit card company, insurance company). Demographically, the overall sample was 91.6% female, 77.9% 30s and 40s, and 34% college educated, with an average tenure with their present organizations of 4 years. The questionnaire was composed of total 20 items dealing with frequency, quality, and consequences of perceived evaluation fairness, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and sales performance. To test the research hypotheses, collected data analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structure equation model (SEM). Results - Through extensive and rigorous literature review process of related literature(Perceived evaluation fairness, Job satisfaction, Organizational commitment, Sales performance), research model and research hypothesis was set up. This study obtains the following research results. First, perceived evaluation fairness has a positive effect on job satisfaction, whereas the effects of perceived evaluation fairness on organizational commitment and sales performance did not show statistically significant result. Second, job satisfaction and organizational commitment have complete mediating roles to the relationship between perceived evaluation fairness and organizational commitment, and relationship between perceived evaluation fairness and sales performance. Conclusions - Based on the results, salespersons' perceived evaluation fairness is one of the key independent variable for making high job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and sales performance. Finally the theoretical, managerial implication and research limitations are mentioned in the discussion.