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A Study of the Red Blind and Gabjang on the Playacting Stage at the Royal Palace under King Sunjo -Focusing on Repairs and Installation- (순조 궁중연희 내연 무대의 주렴(朱簾), 갑장(甲帳)에 관한 연구 -수리(修理)·배설(排設) 부분을 중심으로-)

  • Seok, Jin-Young;Han, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2017
  • Royal banquets under the reign of King Sunjo saw developments in the playacting stage, which exhibited characteristics unique to the transitionary period between Jeongjo and Gojong this period established the framework of the Joseon Dynasty's playacting stage construction. Starting with the Jagyeongjeon-Hall banquet and continuing into the Year of the Golden Rat banquet, the next-day banquet by the Crown Prince demonstrates a renewed format, with the stage also changing accordingly. This change was substantiated by more assertive use of the Red Blind and gabjang. Previously, the Red Blind has been installed in the palace hall and around the royal courtyard, to form three sides, but as next-day banquets became more frequent under Sunjo, the Red Blind developed and came to be installed in accordance with the hierarchy within the royal family. In the Year of the Golden Rat banquet, the Red Blind was lifted and the throne of the crown prince was situated in the palace hall. In the banquet of the following year, however, the Red Blind was let down and the crown prince's throne was placed outside, in palace court yard. This seems to have been a gesture to reorient the crown prince's political standing and restore Sunjo's sovereignty the following year. Hence, the installation of the Red Blind developed in accordance with the royal hierarchy and ranks under Sunjo's reign. The gabjang provided the second layer of protection for the playacting stage. The hongjeongju gabjang surrounded the stage in multiple layers and served as a partition. The gabjang from the Year of the Golden Bull banquet, in particular, boasted a unique installation, where it dangled from both sides of the royal palace's facade. Hongjeongju gabjang, lapis lazuli gabjang, red gabjang, and yellow curtains were installed in the stated order to reflect Sunjo's 40th birthday as well as the 30-year anniversary of his coronation. The Red Blind and gabjang from Sunjo's years were positioned in creative ways to reinstate the royal authority, and demonstrated many improvements from those of Jeongjo's reign.

A study on the Changes in form and spatial uses of Urban Hanok in Bukchon, Seoul (서울 북촌한옥의 변화양상에 관한 연구 - 북촌 가꾸기 사업에 따른 2002~2007 한옥 대수선 사례를 대상으로 -)

  • Song, In-Ho;Kim, Young-Soo;Cho, Eun-Joo
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.47-63
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    • 2009
  • This study focused on changes in form and spatial uses of Urban Hanok in Bukchon, Seoul. There are 10 representative cases which have been renovated through the policy of 'Preservation & Regeneration of Bukchon' by Seoul metropolitan government and other experts. Changes in form and spatial uses of Urban Hanok in Buckon are as follows. First, Changes of scale. Trough removing extension parts, facade of renovated Hanoks are 'transformed' into recovering their identity. Using basements or lofts, intensive application of spaces is transformation which promotes the vitality of Hanoks. Second, changes of space organization. As Hanok changes its function from residence to commercial or cultural use, il a1so changes space character or reorganizes space organization. It is important that deciding function of Hanok has to adjust its scale and organization. Third, changes of construction performance. Through introducing new material and constructing method, performance of wall has been changed respecting its wooden structure and interior-exterior figure. However, technical studies must back it up not to destroy its value of eco-friendly architecture. Fourth, changes of facility systems, like floor heating system. They changes floor level of Hanok equally, and then sections of Hanok have became simple. Furthermore, inserting new facility space, such as boiler room, stand-up kitchen, bathroom and toilet, organization of space also changed. It is necessary that wise alternative proposal through the method of transformation or mutation must be presented. These four changes can be classification into method of 'transformation' and 'mutation'. Changes of scale are method of transformation and changes of space organization are method of mutation. Also, while changes of construction performance are mutation, changes of facility systems are transformation. Recently, as price of lots have been increased, a lot of Hanoks have been commercialized. Thc commercial energy threat 'the identity of Bukchon as residential area'. From now on, to operate 'identity' and 'vitality' complementary, it is necessary to make up for the preservation policy of Hanok and consolidate renovating standards of Hanok which correspond to character of particular region and building usage.

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An Analysis on the Methods of Block Design Elements and their Trends in the Apartment Housing Design Competitions of Sejong City (공동주거단지 주동계획 요소에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung Jin;Kim, Young Suk;Kim, Sang Jin;Cho, Jung Geon;Baek, Ki Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1450-1460
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    • 2015
  • This study is to analyze various methods of block design elements applied in the recent apartment housing design competitions for Sejong city. It is expected to find the new design trend and good design characteristics of apartment building forms to use as the basic data of apartment housing design, because it is a case study on the ambitious design competition of the city that many major architectural firms in Korea entered and eager to propose new ideas. The results of this study are following : (1) The forms of slab block are classified into 8 types(the best applying one is ㄱ type). The forms of point block are classified into 9 types(the best applying ones are ㅁ, L and - type). (2) For the shapes of core, the forms of opposite core are classified into 6 types, the forms of parallel core are 3 types. (3) The forms of roof are classified into 4 types. The flat type is applied to 95 percent of the total cases. (4) The shapes of block mass are classified into 5 types(the best applying ones are general and void type), facade forms are 3 types(the best applying one is horizontal division type).

Current on the Heat Loss in Greenhouses during Winter Season - Case Study Based on Gyeongnam Area - (동절기 온실의 열 손실에 관한 실태조사 - 경남지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Im, Jae Un;Yun, Sung Wook;Kim, Hyeon Tae;Yoon, Yong Cheol
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2013
  • An experiment was conducted to study incidences of heat loss in greenhouse in Gyeongnam province using thermal imaging camera in order to determine ways minimizing greenhouse heat loss. Measurements of this work showed that temperature differences between two experiment zones before and after installation of thermal curtains were about $2.0{\sim}3.0^{\circ}C$ and $1.0{\sim}2.0^{\circ}C$ respectively. There was a high correlation between the temperature data measured using a thermal imaging camera and a temperature sensor. There was no serious difference among areas, but between places on the first and second floor with thermal curtains for heat insulation, there was a relatively larger heat loss on the first floor than the second floor. Then in general the greenhouse types had no particular bearing on this matter, there was a relatively large heat loss in the parts of side wall window, the gaps and the parts folded of horizontal thermal curtains, the gutter parts, and the gaps of thermal curtain in the side wall window and facade back side for heat insulation, aren't completely sealed. It was found that there was a substantial heat loss due to infiltration through cracks on covering material, doors, ventilating openings, roof gables and floors, in particular.

Research and Development of Interactive Exhibition Contents for 'Sound Light' Exhibition Space in Science Museum (과학관 '소리 빛' 전시공간, 체험형 인터랙션 전시 콘텐츠 연구 개발)

  • Kim, Tae-Wook;Park, Nam-Ki
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2020
  • Based on the basic concepts and roles of the Science Museum, the research and development of the "Sound Light" interaction exhibition contents and experience exhibition space aimed at providing the exhibition, education and experience of scientific principle directly related to daily life will be implemented in the "Sound Light" exhibition space of the Gwangju National Science Museum. The scope of the research is to define the conditions and elements of the museum's hands-on exhibition by examining the case and status of the existing science museum's experience-type content prior research, and research and development of experience-type exhibition scenarios and contents for children based on them. The results of this research and development content are firstly developed with the theme of light and sound as interactive hologram experience content. Second, by multi-faceted media facade through projection mapping by multiple projectors, visual wide and spectacular screen composition and animation are realized. Third, visitors-oriented exhibitions and experiences that can interact with visitors by moving various colors and sounds together. Finally, interactive content is provided through hologram interfaces through hologram screens to encourage active participation of many visitors in viewing rather than simply delivering exhibition information and to promote revisiting the exhibition. Through a series of studies, it was possible to research and develop contents and experience exhibition spaces with theme park characteristics, which are the trend of science museums.

A Case Study on the Improvement of the Beauty of Photovoltaic Generator : Focusing on the case of installation on the vertical side wall of a building (태양광 발전기의 심미성 향상을 위한 사례분석 연구 : 건물 수직 측벽에 설치되는 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun;Park, Ji-Hoon;Nam, Won-Suk;Jang, Jung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2020
  • This study sets the solar power system installed and applied to the vertical side wall among the photovoltaic systems in the building as the scope of the research. The theoretical background was considered through literature research as a research method, and the current status, trends and characteristics of solar generator design installed and applied to domestic and foreign vertical side walls were then investigated and analyzed cases. As a result, the importance and necessity of photovoltaic generators, potential for power generation and growth were identified, and positive factors and directions were found for improving aestheticity. Based on this point, we would like to propose expected effects that can be applied to photovoltaic system design installed and applied to vertical side walls in the future, and confirm the direction and significance of the improvement of aesthetic quality of the proposal for development of thin film solar cell design technology using green facade design.

Basic Study on the Building Principles of Structure in Mireuksaji Stone Pagoda (미륵사지서탑 축조의 구조 원리에 관한 기초 연구 6~7세기 전반 목탑과의 비교분석을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Eun Kyung
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.86-109
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    • 2009
  • Mireuksa Temple was founded during the reign of King Mu of Baekje(AD 600-641). The circumstance of the construction of this temple is documented in "Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms (Samgukyusa)". The pagoda named stone pagoda at Mireuksaji temple stands outside the main sanctuary of the western area. The south and west sides of the stone pagoda have completely collapsed, leaving only the eastern facade of six of its levels intact. Through the recent discovery of sarira reliquary we can see that the erection of this pagoda was in 639. So owing to accumulation of excavation results about Baekje temple site and vigorous academic exchange, it is possible that architecture of western pagoda at Mireuksaji temple can be understood in connection with the architectural development of wooden pagoda from 6th to early 7th century in East Asia. So this study is on the consideration of building of this pagoda putting first structure of upper part and cross-shaped space in 1st floor. It was considered that the material characteristics as stone could be applied to the temple pagoda architecture of large scale. The results are as follows. First, it had been built in recognition that the outer and inner part of pagoda should be separated. As it is the expression of structural system in temple pagoda architecture of large scale at that time. In pagoda there was a self-erected structure and the members of outer part of it were constructed additionally. Second, in Mireuksaji stone pagoda there is central column with stones. With inner part of pagoda it can be regarded as mixed structural system that constitutes central contral column and inner structural part. And it could be a kind of middle step to more developed structure of whole as wooden pagodas in Japan. Third, as the sarira reliquary was in central column on the first floor, the cross-shaped space could be made. The formation of this space was so on the natural meaning of sarira that the concept as memorial service of graves could be apllied to the pagoda. The style of tomb in Baekje was expressed to the space of 1st floor in pagoda where Sarira had been mstalled. That was not only effective presentation of symbolic space but also easier method in the use of same material.

Properties of Components for the Dapogye of Hipped and Gable Roof Wooden Buildings (합각지붕 사찰 주불전의 규모에 따른 기둥 및 처마부 관계분석 연구)

  • Go, Jung-Ju;Lee, Jeong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.3192-3202
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    • 2014
  • This study has its purposes on analyzing specific features of the elements according to scales of 32 main buddhist sancta among wooden temples with gable roof that are nationally designated as cultural assets, and analyzing influences and proportional relations between main and submaterials, so that it could be basic and objective data for restore and repair cultural assets in the future. Results of the study are following. First of all, the average plane proportion of doritong (facade) and yangtong (side) in 3-room building is about 1.31:1, while it is 1.70:1 in 5-room building. Secondly, as a result of analyzing the locational proportion and thickness of pillars at each location, floor room turned out to have wider space between pillars than that of edge room or side room in both cases of 3 and 5-room buildings. In the mean time, for the average thickness of the pillars in 3-room building, it was 491mm for corner pillars, 433mm for general pillars in cases of 3-room building, while it was 595 and 511mm respectively in cases of 5-room building. The reason why corner pillars are 60~80mm thicker than general ones in average, is determined to considered structural stability and optical illusion. For the third, as a result of analyzing the influences on pillar thickness, eaves projection and eaves height according to the scale(dimension) of buildings, 3-room buildings have outstanding correlation as its scale(dimension) goes bigger, while 5-room ones are not very much influenced by its scale(dimension). For the fourth, as a result of the relation between pillars and eaves, both of 3 and 5-room buildings have longer-projected and higher eaves as their pillars go taller; especially height of eaves turns out to have very close relation between length of pillars. In addition to that, both of 3 and 5-room buildings have much projected eaves as the eaves go higher.