• Title, Summary, Keyword: Facade

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A Survey on the Residents' Perception and the State of Facade Greenery of Residential Buildings in Metropolitan -A Case Study of Seoul- (대도시 주거용 건물의 벽면녹화에 대한 인식도 및 실태 조사 -서울특별시를 중심으로-)

  • 이은희;김용아
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper is to promote the usage of facade greenery in order to improve the quality of life in cities and to improve their ecological worth. It is necessary to find out what people think about facade greenery, what problems they think, they might encounter and to promote the use of facade greenery. The survey was grouped according to three housing types; family house, tenement house and apartment. We distributed questionnaires individually to 140 people in each of the three housing types. All 420 people answered. The major questions in the questionnaire relate to the following issues: opinions about facade greenery, opinions regarding reasons to install facade greenery and expected problems, favourite plants, and to provide an analysis of the current usage of facade greenery. The results of this study show that most people like facade greenery and revealed that there was a significant difference in the kinds of responses from the three types of housing. The most important factor to affect respondents' positive preference for facade greenery is that it provides opportunities to experience nature near the housing and the improvement of the aesthetic appeal of facades for those living in apartment housing. Negative responses were based on the inhabitation of insects, and the difficulties in maintaining facade greenery. The favourite plants are parthenocissus and climbing rose. Generally people were lacking in an understanding of the ecological value of facade greenery. Most of the respondents indicated a liking for facade greenery and so the situation is now suitable to promote it.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Interface Design at the Facade of Parking Garage (주차건물 파사드의 인터페이스 디자인 표현 특성 연구)

  • Moon, Eun-Mi
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2011
  • This study applies the 'interface' as the concept to interpret the facade design of parking garages. This study investigates the characteristics of interface design in the parking garages to improve design qualities of parking garages as a daily living space as well as a public space in today's city. The facade of parking garage is an interface between the urban streets and the parking space. Three concepts of interface and design in parking garage are defined. The concept of interface is explained as a boundary surface which activates communication and interaction. In facade design of parking garage, three main concepts of interface design are screen, communication and mobility. Through the investigation of the examples, this study summarizes the characteristics of the facade design of parking garage as follow; first, the facade of parking garage is designed as a screen which represents immateriality by specially selected and arranged surface materials. The screen facade is designed as one homogeneous surface as well as an irregular pattern with operable louvers. Second, the facade of parking garage is designed as a communication media to deliver direct information. The representation of natural or artificial characteristics at the local areas is to communicate with the people in the community. Third, the facade of parking garage is represented mobility which a car symbolizes. It emphasizes various movements and visual changes by movements. People can experience the visual changes of the building facade as they walk or drive. The visual changes of the facade are caused by natural elements such as wind and light as well as an optical illusion.

Aesthetic Characteristics in Interactive Media Facade (인터렉티브 미디어 파사드에 나타나는 미학적 특징)

  • Kim, Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.658-666
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    • 2016
  • The term 'Media Facade' is an integrated information-Conveying Medium that turns the inside and outside of a building into a new meaningful space by converging with design, motion pictures and IT technology. Media Facade is not only associated with the exterior of a building but presents new experiences th the visitors in all available spaces where screens can be installed. Moreover, interactive Media Facade has expanded the former one-way communication to a two-way one bringing more sense of realism for the spectators and increasing attraction and participation. In this study, I explored the aesthetic characteristics of interactive Media Facade and analyzed pertinent cases; and based on domestic and overseas cases, I contemplated upon the future objectives of interactive Media Facade in Korea.

A Study on the Visual Concentration and EEG Concentration on Cafe Facade (카페 파사드의 선호도에 따른 시각적 주의집중 및 뇌파 주의집중도 분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Hee;Lee, Jeong-Ho
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.60-69
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    • 2016
  • This experimental study measures the emotional and physiological responses of customers as to cafe facade design. It is done through eye-tracking and EEG response experiments. Specifically, their visual concentration and EEG concentration are analyzed in line with their facade preferences. The findings are as follows. First, the correlation between their facade preferences and visual concentration on facades is as follows: Highly preferable facades have a lower visual concentration frequency than the less preferable facades. Second, an analysis of $12{\times}12$ lattice division of facades shows that all facades have a high visual concentration for signs. The exceptions are F(6), F(7), F(8), and F(10). There is no correlation between the facade preferences and visual concentration behaviors for particular facade elements. Third, an analysis of prefrontal lobe's facade concentration shows that there is no correlation between the preferences and EEG concentration. However, there are big differences in the prefrontal lobe activity of 12 subjects depending on the facade. In particular, nine of them (3, 9, 13, 14, 15, 28, 36, 38, 43) show an activated prefrontal lobe as to the highly preferable facades-F(1), F(2), F(3), and F(4). However, such activation is not detected on the less preferable facades-F(9), F(10), F(11), and F(12).

Investigation of Arthropod Communities of Facade Greenery Zones in Seoul (서울시내 벽면녹화에 따른 절지동물상 조사)

  • Lee, Eun-Heui;Chang, Ha-Kyung;Jin, Young-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.74-83
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    • 2000
  • Facade Greenery requires little earth and, because it grows vertically, it provides a lot of bio-mass. Facade greenery cannot replace areas such as parks, but it can act as a supplement, particularly in providing a greater degree of nature in our cities. The purpose of this paper is to promote the spread of facade greenery in order to improve the ecological worth of cities. But there is no basic data about fauna in Facade Greenery Zones. Thus for the first time this research investigates what kind of invertebrate communities exist in Facade Greenery Zones. To study the fauna in a facade greenery zone, three sites (Ewha-dong, Kongnung-dong, Daechi-dong) have been selected as representative facade greenery zones in Seoul and 9 plots ($0.5m{\times}0.5m$) were set up. Thirty seven species in 28 families in 10 orders were observed at Ewha-dong, 27 Species in 14 Families in 9 Orders were found at Kongnung-dong, 34 Species in 17 Families 10 in Orders were observed at Daechi-dong. From the investigations (October 3, 1998 and August 25, 1999), a high species diversity in facade greenery zones was proved with low dominance indices, and high diversity indices of the investigated sites. This study shows that facade greenery zone may be habitable space for invertebrates.

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A Study on Perceptual Characteristics of Facade Design and Composition Elements of Cafe Space (카페공간의 구성요소와 파사드디자인의 지각특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Gae-Young
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2013
  • This study has analysed the composition elements in a cafe space where visual transfer-elements are filled and the perceptual characteristics of facade designs with the purpose of drawing any important elements to advertisement and their related items for uniqueness of designs. For the analysis of the perception process shown in the consecutive situations of observing and visiting cafes, the cafe facade was grouped and stereotyped for the analysis of perceptual characteristics and significant composition elements for better designing of cafes through survey with representative facades as subjects. The conclusions from this study are the followings. First, for the uniqueness specific to cafes to be integrated into facade, memory was chosen first as the most significant advertisement factor followed by interest as with male and attention as with female. The memory has much to do with furniture and finishing material of Clause (4), Chapter 4.1 and the types having effects on perception of Clause (1) and the atmosphere having effect on that of Clause (2) were found to be major factors to attention and interest. Second, it was found out that women preferred horizontally stable partition and men clearly divided facades. The factor of shape was observed first among the constituents of facade followed by color. There was no difference with 'shape' between men and women and color was found to be a space constituent having a lot of effects on women. Third, the memory of experience from visiting a cafe was very likely to offer the motivation of visiting it again, on which furniture had the most effect followed by finishing material and color. Such elevation elements as facade and logo were found not to have effect on the memory or the re-visit. Any intention of visiting again seemed to be influenced by such comprehensive images as atmosphere rather than by any concrete facade, furniture, or appliance. From the above viewpoint, facade design should have any uniqueness or impressive feature as well as the effect of making passers-by drop in and attracting them into the shop. The analysis of attributes of facade constituents revealed that the abstract images in addition to the configuration of facade had much to do with interest or behavior.

A Study on the Characteristics of Display in a Department - Focusing on the Facade of high stores - (백화점 디스플레이 특성에 관한 연구 - 명품매장 Facade를 중심으로 -)

  • 유현아;이성훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.131-134
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    • 2003
  • Today the trend of department Is increasing stores to satisfy consumers to enjoy shopping comfortably and purchase desire. Specially, high stores focus on the sale environment improvement for consumers's pattern such as different corporate images, new life style and value system. However, nowadays Internet shopping mall is generalized, so consumer can purchase high brad more comfortably. Therefore, department store have to show high brand image through new interior production in departments. Specially, the importance of department store's facade is realized to link of company sales promotion of stores. Because the purpose of department store is sale, so the role of facade display is very important. Specially, facade in department stores contains many various concepts connotative logics, so this is more important than other space. Facade shows product images and connects consumer's purchase desire. Therefore the purpose of this study to find out the characteristics of high stores in departments and to help facade design of department stores.

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Analysis of Performance of Building Integrated PV System into Cold Facade (건물일체형 Cold Facade PV 시스템의 성능 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Il;Kang, Gi-Hwan;Park, Kyung-Eun;Yu, Gwon-Jong;Suh, Seung-Jik
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1104-1105
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents the assesment of experimented data and estimated data for electrical and thermal performance evaluation of building integrated photovoltaic(BIPV) system of cold facade type. BIPV module is used to estimate the dependence of module temperature on irradiance, ambient temperature and indoor temperature. The module temperature of no free ventilated facade PV system is higher than cold facade PV system about 13.4$^{\circ}C$. By the results on simulation, the reduction of electrical power loss is 9.57% into cold facade according to free ventilation. The annual averaged PR of BIPV system into cold facade is about 73.1%.

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Unit Module Construction Method for Freeform Facade (비정형 파사드의 유닛 모듈 시공 공법 개발)

  • Kim, Sung-Jin;Park, Sung-Jin;Park, Young-Mi;Ryu, Han-Guk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.220-221
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    • 2013
  • Exterior walls are designed and constructed through design focused exterior wall system. Nowadays, freeform facade design has been changing according to material, form and function of the exterior wall system. Especially, curtain wall facade system is designed and manufactured using solar shading faces. However, the traditional method have a lot of difficulties in the currently performing technology for curtain wall facade. It is important to make the freeform facade components that integrated as a surface of freeform buildings. Therefore it is necessary to develop unit module construction method for freeform facade.

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Pedagogical Issues of Performance Oriented Digital Design - Focused on Kinetic Facade Design - (성능지향적 디지털 설계의 교육방법론 연구 - 키네틱 파사드 설계과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Do-Jin;Kim, Sung-Ah
    • Journal of KIBIM
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2015
  • Existing pedagogical issues of digital design including BIM have been focused not on potential of Digital Design but on skills of BIM or digital modeling tool. Kinetic facade can move or change material state to react surrounding environment conditions. It is a suitable design object for teaching principle of Performance Oriented Digital Design. Variables of movements affect multi-criteria of performances of kinetic facade, so different design approach from fixed facade design should be explored. Kinetic facade design process is proposed to study pedagogical issues of Performance Oriented Digital Design in this paper. Through Kinetic facade design process, students can understand conditions, variables, and performances of digital design.