• Title, Summary, Keyword: FTA

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A Study on difficulties and support measures of FTA utilization in Korean Trading Firms (무역기업의 FTA 활용 애로사항 및 지원방안에 대한 연구)

  • Chung, Jason;Jeong, Yoon Say
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.171-192
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    • 2013
  • The FTA utilization rate in Korea current, compared with the developed countries, utilization rate is low overall. In particular, in the case of Korea-ASEAN FTA, etc. remain at 30% level, improvement of FTA utilization has emerged as a matter of urgency. In addition, the proportion receiving the FTA preferential tariff trade companies have also been assessed as weak, improve the utilization ratio is in the policy issue of maximum. In this study, in order to increase the utilization of FTA trading enterprises, and analyzes were performed in reality. And to understand the FTA bottleneck matters of trade enterprises, and was also studied improvement plan consulting and education FTA utilization of trading partners. This has a purpose to provide data useful measures making to improve the utilization of FTA government. It is expected that the contribution of export expansion trade companies that take advantage of the FTA as a result of this study, enhancement of FTA policy, to strengthen the support base of FTA policy.

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Empirical Analysis on the Effects of FTAs and FTA Spillover on the Bilateral Trade using GMM, Fixed and Random Panel Model, and PPML Estimation (GMM, 패널, PPML 비교분석을 통한 FTA와 FTA파급효과 분석)

  • Lee, Soon-Cheul
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.3-18
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    • 2018
  • This paper analyzes both the FTA effects and FTA spillover effects on bilateral trade using 62 countries' panel data during the period of 2003 ~ 2013. To this end, we construct a FTA dummy variable for the effect of FTA in the model and the weighted FTA matrix interacted with export and import for the spillover effect of FTA. Gravity model is applied to the empirical analysis with GMM, fixed and random effects, and PPML estimation. As a result of the analysis, FTA variables have positive relationships with bilateral export and import. The weighted FTA matrix interacted with export and import also have positive signs on the bilateral export and import in all estimations. Thus, we conclude that various FTAs of neighbor or 3rd countries increase the bilateral export and import. We provide some implications that a country to increase the amount of trade has a trade relationship with the countries having various FTAs and for the FTA effect analysis, the three-country model is better than to the two-country model.

A Study on the Training Plans of SMEs' Origin Management Specialist for the Improvement of FTA Utilization in the Digital Convergence Era (디지털융복합시대, FTA활용도 향상을 위한 중소기업의 원산지전문인력 양성방안)

  • Han, Sang-Ok
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2016
  • Recently, FTA may go beyond the agreement of the two countries, and also FTA is tinged aspects of Mega FTA between the economic sphere, under the situation that FTA and the business model are mutually intertwined in convergence industrial environments. Since South Korea came into force in 52 countries and 15 cases of FTA, South Korea have completed FTA network with the United States, as well as ASEAN and most of OECD member countries, and South Korea is now a critical time to take advantage of the FTA to determine the South Korea's economic performance. This paper examined the previous studies of FTA utilization and analyzed practical usages and problems of SMEs' FTA utilization. Through analysis, this paper suggests that the Training Plans of SMEs' Origin Management Specialist for the Improvement of FTA Utilization is as follows: to build up the effective management system of origin supports, to enrich the origin management competency, to reinforce the operation of supporting system, and to strengthen practical capacity of Origin administrative staff. Based on the results, it is expected to provide the policy implications for the FTA utilization in the future.

A Study on Application Strategies of Korea-ASEAN FTA for Export Companies in Korea -Taking successful cases involve companies of different sizes of application of FTA as Example- (수출기업의 대아세안 FTA 활용 전략에 관한 연구 -기업 규모별 FTA 활용 성공전략 사례분석을 통해서-)

  • Do, Un-Jeong;Bae, Jung-Han
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.459-490
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    • 2012
  • The performance of FTA has a close relationship with the application of FTA by exporting companies. However, most existing literatures focus on the study of policies and economic results of FTA. Moreover, these researches based on a presupposition that exporting companies could make good use of FTA. Actually, these assumptions are clearly contrary to the reality of FTA application of exporting companies in Korea and the results are significantly differ from the performance of FTA. Based on the investigation of utilization of FTA, applied by export companies in Korea, this study tries to find out the most efficient strategies of the application of FTA. And the objective of this study is to propose some practical suggestions for export companies based on the case an alysis which will help them to improve performances of Korea-ASEAN FTA application. As the prior investigation of CEO's characters, application of FTA, and the implement of FTA, we got the fact that among lots of marketing strategies, Korea-ASEAN FTA is used extensively by large export companies. However, most of small and medium-sized export enterprises would like to choose conventional tariff, such as Lower tariffs and zero tariff as the main marketing strategies. In other words, because of lacking of human resources and infrastructure, the application of Korea-ASEAN FTA strategy is hard to achieve.

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A Comparison of Environment Clauses under Korea-China FTA and Korea-U.S. FTA (한·중 FTA 및 한·미 FTA의 환경조항 비교)

  • PAK, Myong-Sop;KIM, Sang-Man;WOO, Jung-Wouk
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.69
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    • pp.567-588
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    • 2016
  • Korea-China FTA and Korea-U.S. FTA are the most significant FTA in volume and economic effect for Korea's perspective. Developed countries have dealt with environmental issues one of the main issues in FTA negotiation, while developing countries have been reluctant to it. Both Korea-China FTA and Korea-U.S. FTA have separate environment chapter respectively. A separate environment chapter was firstly introduced in Korea-U.S. for Korea's perspective. Both environment chapters provide high level of environment protection, recognition of multilateral environmental agreements, enforcement of environmental laws, and environmental cooperation. Both environment chapters require that each party make effort to improve environmental laws and measures. Korea-China FTA provides establishment a "Committee on Environment and Trade", and Korea-U.S. FTA provides establishment a "Environment Council" to oversee the implementation of environment clauses. Korea-China FTA and Korea-U.S. FTA have very similar provisions on environment and trade, and are expected to contribute to enhancing environment protection. However, a lot of provisions are somewhat declaratory rather than mandatory. Therefore, further environmental cooperation is encouraged to achieve the goals and objectives of the environment clauses and FTA.

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FTA 협상, 농업부문의 대응 방향을 말한다

  • 배상두
    • Feed Journal
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    • v.3 no.5
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2005
  • FTA지각생으로 불리던 우리나라도 FTA추진 논의가 활발하다. 작년 2월 FTA국회 비준 이후 싱가폴, 일본, ASEAN, EFTA 등 여러나라와 FTA관련협상을 추진 중이며 싱가폴의 경우에는 작년 11월 ASEAN +3 정상회담을 계기로 양국정상이 사실상 협상타결을 선언하였다. 종전에는 대부분의 나라들이 자유무역협정(FTA), 지역무역협정(RTA), 특혜무역협정(PTA) 지역주의 등 명칭은 다양하지만 FTA로 대표되는 지역주의를 다자간 자유무역체제의 보완적인 통상정책수단으로 간주하는 경향이 있었다. 그러나, 최근에는 FTA추진이 WTO 체제를 보조하는 통상정책수단이라기 보다는 WTO로 대표되는 다자간교역질서와 병립하는 통상질서로 보는 추세가 점점 나타나고 있다. 대외의존도가 높은 우리나라도 FTA를 통하여 개방정책을 추진할 필요성은 있으나 FTA의 추진시 농업 등 취약산업의 구조조정이 문제가 될 수 있다. 이글에서는 FTA가 WTO로 대표되는 다자간 무역체제와 구분되는 특징과 최근 국제적인 FTA추진동향을 짚어보고 우리나라의 FTA추진 현황과 문제점 특히, 우리나라가 제일 먼저 추진한 한$\cdot$칠레FTA 관련한 문제점을 중심으로 설명하고 최근의 FTA추진이 우리나라 농업에 대한 영향에 대해서 간략하게 평가하고 FTA추진에 대한 대응방안을 이야기 하는 순서로 글을 전개하고자 한다.

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A Comparison of Korea and China's FTA Dispute Settlement Agreements with ASEAN (한국과 중국이 ASEAN과 체결한 FTA 분쟁해결협정 비교 고찰)

  • Choi, Song-Za
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.25-53
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    • 2013
  • With the Korea-China FTA negotiations currently on the line, the importance of research into the FTA dispute settlement system has been increasing. In this paper, a comparison of Korea and China's FTA dispute settlement agreements concluded with ASEAN is contemplated, and implications for the future of the Korea-China FTA have been suggested. The FTA dispute settlement agreements with ASEAN concluded by both Korea and China provide perspectives on both sides. This agreement with ASEAN also provides a standard for the potential Korea-China FTA agreement. Specifically, the basis of these agreements with ASEAN is the same, although there are clear distinctions, described in a more detailed manner. A problem arises when there has been no discussion on dispute settlement agreements in Korea, especially of the agreement with ASEAN, whereas the opposite is true of the China counterpart. In this paper, Chinese academic FTA dispute settlement agreement studies have been also examined.

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An Empirical Study on the FTA Performance of FTA Awareness and Applicability (FTA 인지도 및 활용도가 FTA 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증연구)

  • Kim, Tae-In;Li, Jun-Jian
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.225-251
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    • 2014
  • This study was intended to confirm a positive correlation between a understanding and utilization and performance results of the FTA in Gangwon-do. To this end, eighty-six companies(90% SMEs) which participate in both import and export were surveyed regarding their understanding and utilization of the FTA, and current performance was analyzed. The research results are as follows. First, we found a positive correlation between 1) a company's global orientation (as measured in export density as a percentage of profit) and 2) its competitiveness (as measured in annual sales), and a company's degree of utilization of FTA provisions. Second, we found that increased awareness of the provisions of Korea's FTAs was positively correlated with the degree to which companies were able to benefit financially from Korea's FTAs. Third, however, at the time of this study's completion, FTA utilization was not yet positively correlated with statistically significant performance results. Therefore, to increase the utilization and performance of FTA, the Korean government have to make a efficient business models for each industry and support the small and mid-size businesses including Gangwon province's SMEs.

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An Analysis of Research Trend on Risk Management in FTA (리스크관리 측면에서 FTA 연구동향 분석)

  • LIM, Mok-Sam;CHOI, Mi-Soo
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.78
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    • pp.119-143
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    • 2018
  • This research aims to review every important academic research on risk management in FTA and to suggest a future area for further research. This research area seems to focus on conceptual study or fact finding rather than on theory development or empirical research on causal relationship or theory testing. The National Assembly Digital Library analyzed the results of 3,576 researches on thesis and journals fromthe results of the FTA. Research on FTA is analyzed in four major themes. First, there have been previous studies on business performance such as FTA export performance and economic effect. Second, analyzed the effects of FTA in product and service. The products are classified into agricultural, marine products, manufacturing, textiles and clothing, medicinal pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and others. Services are classified into educational and cultural contents, service industry and financial industry. Third, research on the risk management of FTA Origin is broadly classified into the use of country of origin and the verification of origin, and the use of origin includes the study of rules of origin and systems of origin and management. Origin verification was divided into origin verification and origin risk management. Fourth, study on the conclusion area of the FTA, studies were conducted on areas such as Korea-US FTA, Korea-China FTA, Korea-EU FTA, Korea-Japan FTA, Korea-Chile FTA, and Korea-ASEAN FTA. Search results through the FTA, focused on analyzing the FTA area and concept research by research purpose. In addition, research methods are mainly focused on documentary survey, and research areas are concentrated on specific countries such as China and USA. This implies a necessity for a future development in that research area. Other areas for future research may include case research on actual failures in FTA, proactive risk management strategy, and integrated risk management for export companies. Risk management in FTA may help investment expansion, and that is why research on the issue matters.

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The Impacts of Korea-China FTA on the Major Industries in Daegu-Gyeongbuk Region (한·중 FTA가 대구·경북 지역 주요 산업에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Yeo, Taek-Dong;Jeong, Gun Woo
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.309-337
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    • 2015
  • Recently, Korea had virtually reached an FTA deal with China on November 10, 2014 after the 14 rounds of negotiation during past two and half years. The two countries agreed to the FTA's 22 chapters, including products, services, investment, e-commerce, finance, communication, and other trade issues, but rice and several sensitive agricultural and fisheries products were excluded from the deal. Korea and China will remove their import tariffs on more than 90 percent of all products and more than 85 percent of imports by value within 20 years once the FTA is implemented. This paper intends to analyze the impacts of Korea-China FTA on the major industries in Daegu-Gyeongbuk region. Considering the statistics on the bilateral trade between China and Daegu-Gyeongbuk region, import tariff rates of the two countries, trade specialization indices of the major industries, and the package of Korea-China FTA deal, this study investigated the sectoral effects of Korea-China FTA on the four main industries, textiles, electrical-electronics, machinery and auto parts, and steel and iron industries in that region.

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