• 제목, 요약, 키워드: FLDA

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Multi-Modal Biometrics Recognition Using the Iris Recognition and Face Recognition (홍채인식과 얼굴인식을 이용한 다중생체인식)

  • You, Byoung-Jin;Go, Hyoun-Joo;Kwon, Man-Jun;Chun, Myung-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.427-430
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 기존 단일 생체인식의 단점을 보완하기 위해 다중생체인식(Multi-Modal Biometrics Recognition)기법을 연구한 것으로, 홍채영상을 이용한 홍채인식과 얼굴영상을 이용한 얼굴인식을 융합하기 위해 다양한 방법을 시도해 보았다. 이에, CBNU 홍채 영상데이터를 사용한 홍채인식은 Gabor Wavelet과 FLDA(Fuzzy Linear Discriminant Analysis)를 이용하였으며, FERET 얼굴영상데이터를 사용한 얼굴인식도 FLDA를 이용하여 패턴의 특징을 추출하고 matching에 따른 score를 각각 획득한다. 얻어진 두 score 값에 대하여 다양한 균등화과정을 사용해 보았으며, 다중생체인식 융합방법중 하나인 Weight sum rule을 적용하여 인식률을 얻었다. 또한, 단일 생체인식의 경우보다 좋은 성능을 나타냄을 확인하기 위해 FRR과 FAR등의 인식률 평가방법을 사용하였으며, 기존 단일생체인식 방법보다 좋은 성능을 보이고 있음을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Secured Authentication through Integration of Gait and Footprint for Human Identification

  • Murukesh, C.;Thanushkodi, K.;Padmanabhan, Preethi;Feroze, Naina Mohamed D.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.2118-2125
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    • 2014
  • Gait Recognition is a new technique to identify the people by the way they walk. Human gait is a spatio-temporal phenomenon that typifies the motion characteristics of an individual. The proposed method makes a simple but efficient attempt to gait recognition. For each video file, spatial silhouettes of a walker are extracted by an improved background subtraction procedure using Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM). Here GMM is used as a parametric probability density function represented as a weighted sum of Gaussian component densities. Then, the relevant features are extracted from the silhouette tracked from the given video file using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method. The Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) classifier is used in the classification of dimensional reduced image derived by the PCA method for gait recognition. Although gait images can be easily acquired, the gait recognition is affected by clothes, shoes, carrying status and specific physical condition of an individual. To overcome this problem, it is combined with footprint as a multimodal biometric system. The minutiae is extracted from the footprint and then fused with silhouette image using the Discrete Stationary Wavelet Transform (DSWT). The experimental result shows that the efficiency of proposed fusion algorithm works well and attains better result while comparing with other fusion schemes.

Real-time BCI for imagery movement and Classification for uncued EEG signal (상상 움직임에 대한 실시간 뇌전도 뇌 컴퓨터 상호작용, 큐 없는 상상 움직임에서의 뇌 신호 분류)

  • Kang, Sung-Wook;Jun, Sung-Chan
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2083-2085
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    • 2009
  • Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a communication pathway between devices (computers) and human brain. It treats brain signals in real-time basis and discriminates some information of what human brain is doing. In this work, we develop a EEG BCI system using a feature extraction such as common spatial pattern (CSP) and a classifier using Fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLDA). Two-class EEG motor imagery movement datasets with both cued and uncued are tested to verify its feasibility.

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Removing non-informative features weakening of class separability (클래스 구분력이 없는 특징 소거법)

  • Lee, Jae-Seong;Kim, Dae-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.59-62
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문에서는 불균형 및 Under-sampling된 바이오 데이터에 대하여 클래스 구분력이 없는 특징의 소거를 통해 이후 이어질 FLDA 둥 다양한 방법론올 적용할 수 있는 방법을 제안하고자 한다. 제안하는 알고리즘은 평균과 분산을 통해 클래스의 형태를 결정하는 기존 방법론의 문제점을 회피할 수 있는 방법을 제공하며, 클래스 구분력에 중점을 두어 특정을 선별하였을 경우 선별된 특정들의 상관 계수가 높은 문제를 극복할 수 있도록 한다. 이에 따라 알고리즘이 선택한 특정집합은 서로의 특징에 대해 상관계수가 낮으며, 클래스의 구분력이 높은 특정을 갖게 된다.

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Feature extraction obtained by two classes motor imagery tasks using symbolic transfer entropy (Symbolic Transfer Entropy 를 이용한 왼손/오른손 상상 움직임에서의 특징 추출)

  • Kang, Sung-Wook;Jun, Sung-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.21-22
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    • 2010
  • Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) 는 뇌 신호를 이용하여 생각으로 기계 및 컴퓨터를 제어 할 수 있는 기술이다. 뇌전도(Electroencephalography, EEG) 를 이용한 본 연구는 왼쪽/오른쪽 손 상상 움직임 실험에 대해서 특징 추출 (feature extraction)에 관�� 연구로 총 9명의 피험자로부터 얻어진 뇌 전도 데이터를 이용하여 전통적인 방법 (Common Spatial Pattern, CSP 및 Fisher Linear Discriminant, FLDA)을 이용해 구한 분류 정확도와 본 논문에서 사용 된 Symbolic transfer entropy (STE)을 통해 얻어진 특징에 대한 결과를 보여 준다. 본 연구를 통하여 STE를 통한 특징 추출 방법이 의미가 있다고 생각한다.

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Real-time BCI for imagery movement and Classification for uncued EEG signal (상상 움직임에 대한 실시간 뇌전도 뇌 컴퓨터 상호작용, 큐 없는 상상 움직임에서의 뇌 신호 분류)

  • Kang, Sung-Wook;Jun, Sung-Chan
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.642-645
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    • 2009
  • Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a communication pathway between devices (computers) and human brain. It treats brain signals in real-time basis and discriminates some information of what human brain is doing. In this work, we develop a EEG BCI system using a feature extraction such as common spatial pattern (CSP) and a classifier using Fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLDA). Two-class EEG motor imagery movement datasets with both cued and uncued are tested to verify its feasibility.

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Multi-Modal Biometrics Recognition Method of Face Recognition using Fuzzy-EBGM and Iris Recognition using Fuzzy LDA (Fuzzy-EBGM을 이용한 얼굴인식과 Fuzzy-LDA를 이용한 홍채인식의 다중생체인식 기법 연구)

  • Go Hyoun-Joo;Kwon Mann-Jun;Chun Myung-Ceun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.299-301
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 생체정보를 이용하여 개인을 인증하고 확인하기 위한 방법으로 기존 단일 생체인식 기법의 단점을 보완하기 위해 홍채와 얼굴을 이용한 다중생체인식(Multi-Modal Biometrics Recognition)기법을 연구하였다. 중국 홍채 데이터베이스 CASIA(Chinese Academy of Science)에 Gabor Wavelet과 FLDA(Fuzzy Linear Discriminant Analysis)를 사용하여 특징벡터를 획득하였으며, FERET(FERET(Face Recognition Technology) 얼굴영상데이터를 사용하여 FERET 연구에서 매우 우수한 성능을 보인 EBGM알고리듬으로 특징벡터를 획득하였다. 이로부터 얻어진 두 score 값에 대하여 다양한 균등화 과정을 시도해 보았으며, 등록자와 침입자를 구분하기 위한 Fusion Algorithm으로 Bayesian Classifier, Support vector machine, Fisher's linear discriminant를 사용하였다. 또한, 널리 사용되는 방법 중 Weighted Summation을 이용하여 다중생체인식의 성능을 비교해 보았다.

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Principal Discriminant Variate (PDV) Method for Classification of Multicollinear Data: Application to Diagnosis of Mastitic Cows Using Near-Infrared Spectra of Plasma Samples

  • Jiang, Jian-Hui;Tsenkova, Roumiana;Yu, Ru-Qin;Ozaki, Yukihiro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • pp.1244-1244
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    • 2001
  • In linear discriminant analysis there are two important properties concerning the effectiveness of discriminant function modeling. The first is the separability of the discriminant function for different classes. The separability reaches its optimum by maximizing the ratio of between-class to within-class variance. The second is the stability of the discriminant function against noises present in the measurement variables. One can optimize the stability by exploring the discriminant variates in a principal variation subspace, i. e., the directions that account for a majority of the total variation of the data. An unstable discriminant function will exhibit inflated variance in the prediction of future unclassified objects, exposed to a significantly increased risk of erroneous prediction. Therefore, an ideal discriminant function should not only separate different classes with a minimum misclassification rate for the training set, but also possess a good stability such that the prediction variance for unclassified objects can be as small as possible. In other words, an optimal classifier should find a balance between the separability and the stability. This is of special significance for multivariate spectroscopy-based classification where multicollinearity always leads to discriminant directions located in low-spread subspaces. A new regularized discriminant analysis technique, the principal discriminant variate (PDV) method, has been developed for handling effectively multicollinear data commonly encountered in multivariate spectroscopy-based classification. The motivation behind this method is to seek a sequence of discriminant directions that not only optimize the separability between different classes, but also account for a maximized variation present in the data. Three different formulations for the PDV methods are suggested, and an effective computing procedure is proposed for a PDV method. Near-infrared (NIR) spectra of blood plasma samples from mastitic and healthy cows have been used to evaluate the behavior of the PDV method in comparison with principal component analysis (PCA), discriminant partial least squares (DPLS), soft independent modeling of class analogies (SIMCA) and Fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLDA). Results obtained demonstrate that the PDV method exhibits improved stability in prediction without significant loss of separability. The NIR spectra of blood plasma samples from mastitic and healthy cows are clearly discriminated between by the PDV method. Moreover, the proposed method provides superior performance to PCA, DPLS, SIMCA and FLDA, indicating that PDV is a promising tool in discriminant analysis of spectra-characterized samples with only small compositional difference, thereby providing a useful means for spectroscopy-based clinic applications.

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PRINCIPAL DISCRIMINANT VARIATE (PDV) METHOD FOR CLASSIFICATION OF MULTICOLLINEAR DATA WITH APPLICATION TO NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRA OF COW PLASMA SAMPLES

  • Jiang, Jian-Hui;Yuqing Wu;Yu, Ru-Qin;Yukihiro Ozaki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Near Infrared Spectroscopy Conference
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    • pp.1042-1042
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    • 2001
  • In linear discriminant analysis there are two important properties concerning the effectiveness of discriminant function modeling. The first is the separability of the discriminant function for different classes. The separability reaches its optimum by maximizing the ratio of between-class to within-class variance. The second is the stability of the discriminant function against noises present in the measurement variables. One can optimize the stability by exploring the discriminant variates in a principal variation subspace, i. e., the directions that account for a majority of the total variation of the data. An unstable discriminant function will exhibit inflated variance in the prediction of future unclassified objects, exposed to a significantly increased risk of erroneous prediction. Therefore, an ideal discriminant function should not only separate different classes with a minimum misclassification rate for the training set, but also possess a good stability such that the prediction variance for unclassified objects can be as small as possible. In other words, an optimal classifier should find a balance between the separability and the stability. This is of special significance for multivariate spectroscopy-based classification where multicollinearity always leads to discriminant directions located in low-spread subspaces. A new regularized discriminant analysis technique, the principal discriminant variate (PDV) method, has been developed for handling effectively multicollinear data commonly encountered in multivariate spectroscopy-based classification. The motivation behind this method is to seek a sequence of discriminant directions that not only optimize the separability between different classes, but also account for a maximized variation present in the data. Three different formulations for the PDV methods are suggested, and an effective computing procedure is proposed for a PDV method. Near-infrared (NIR) spectra of blood plasma samples from daily monitoring of two Japanese cows have been used to evaluate the behavior of the PDV method in comparison with principal component analysis (PCA), discriminant partial least squares (DPLS), soft independent modeling of class analogies (SIMCA) and Fisher linear discriminant analysis (FLDA). Results obtained demonstrate that the PDV method exhibits improved stability in prediction without significant loss of separability. The NIR spectra of blood plasma samples from two cows are clearly discriminated between by the PDV method. Moreover, the proposed method provides superior performance to PCA, DPLS, SIMCA md FLDA, indicating that PDV is a promising tool in discriminant analysis of spectra-characterized samples with only small compositional difference.

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