• Title, Summary, Keyword: F-18 FDG PET/CT

Search Result 296, Processing Time 0.107 seconds

Diagnostic Value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in Comparison to Bone Scintigraphy, CT and 18F-FDG PET for the Detection of Bone Metastasis

  • Liu, Ning-Bo;Zhu, Lei;Li, Ming-Huan;Sun, Xiao-Rong;Hu, Man;Huo, Zong-Wei;Xu, Wen-Gui;Yu, Jin-Ming
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.3647-3652
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic value of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT for detection of bone metastasis in comparison with the efficacies of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT, CT, $^{18}F$-FDG PET and conventional planar bone scintigraphy in a series of cancer patients. Methods: Five hundred and thirty patients who underwent both $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT and bone scintigraphy within 1 month were retrospectively analyzed. The skeletal system was classified into 10 anatomic segments and interpreted blindly and separately. For each modality, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV were calculated and the results were statistically analyzed. Results: Bone metastases were confirmed in 117 patients with 459 positive segments. On patient-based analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT were significantly higher than bone scintigraphy, CT and $^{18}F$-FDG PET (P<0.05). On segment-based analysis, the sensitivity of CT, bone scintigraphy, $^{18}F$-FDG PET and $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT were 70.4%, 89.5%, 89.1% and 97.8%, respectively (P<0.05, compared with $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT). The overall specificity and accuracy of the four modalities were 89.1%, 91.8%, 90.3%, 98.2% and 90.3%, 90.9%, 89.8%, 98.0%, respectively (P<0.05, compared with $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT). The PPV and NPV were 89.8%, 87.6%, 85.6%, 97.2% and 85.6%, 93.2%, 92.8%, 98.6%, respectively. Three hundred and twelve lesions or segments were presented as lytic or sclerotic changes on CT images at the corresponding sites of increased $^{18}F$-FDG uptake. In lytic or mixed lesions, the sensitivity of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT and $^{18}F$-FDG PET were better than bone scintigraphy, while in osteoblastic lesions bone scintigraphy had a similar performance with $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT but better than $^{18}F$-FDG PET alone. Conclusion: Our data allow the conclusion that $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT is superior to planar bone scintigraphy, CT or $^{18}F$-FDG PET in detecting bone metastasis. $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT may enhance our diagnosis of tumor bone metastasis and provide more information for cancer treatment.

Accuracy of F-18 FDG PET/CT in Preoperative Assessment of Cervical Lymph Nodes in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer: Comparison with CT/MRI (두경부 편평상피암 환자에서 수술 전 경부림프절 전이 평가에 대한 F-18 FDG PET/CT의 정확도: CT/MRI와의 비교)

  • Choi, Seung-Jin;Byun, Sung-Su;Park, Sun-Won;Kim, Young-Mo;Hyun, In-Young
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
    • /
    • v.40 no.6
    • /
    • pp.309-315
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: Accurate evaluation of cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis of head and neck squamous cell canter (SCC) is important to treatment planning. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the detection of cervical LN metastasis of head and neck SCC and performed a retrospective comparison with CT/MRI findings. Materials & Methods: Seventeen patients with pathologically proven head and neck SCC underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT and CT/MRI within 4 week before surgery. We recorded lymph node metastases according to the neck level system of imaging-based nodal classification. F-18 FDG PET/CT images were analyzed visually for assessment of regional tracer uptake in LN. We analyzed the differences in sensitivity and specificity between F-18 FDG PET/CT and CT/MRI using the Chi-square test. Results: Among the 17 patients, a total of 123 LN levels were dissected, 29 of which showed metastatic involvement. The sensitivity and specificity of F-18 FDG PET/CT for detecting cervical LN metastasis on a level-by-level basis were 69% (20/29) and 99% (93/94). The sensitivity and specificity of CT/MRI were 62% (18/29) and 96% (90/94). There was no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between F-18 FDG PET/CT and CT/MRI. Interestingly, F-18 FDG PET/CT detected double primary tumor (hepatocellular carcinoma) and rib metastasis, respectively. Conclusion: There was not statistically significant difference of diagnostic accuracy between F-18 FDG PET/CT and CT/MRI for the detection of cervical LN metastasis of head and neck SCC. The low sensitivity of F-18 FDG PET/CT was due to limited resolution for small metastatic deposits.

Evaluate Utility of Thyroid Incidentaloma Discrimination by $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT Delay Scan Images ($^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT검사에서 지연영상을 이용한 갑상선 우연종 감별의 유용성 평가)

  • Lee, Hyun-Kuk;Yang, Seoung-Oh;Song, Gi-Deok;Song, Chi-Ock;Lee, Gi-Heun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.184-191
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: To evaluate the degree of malignancy of incident thyroid lesion found in $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT findings and the usefulness of the method suggested in this study, we applicate the Delay Scan Method that differentiate a false positive benign tumor, inflammation and malignancy, as well as make the criteria of SUV. Materials and Methods: A retrograde study was conducted of 800 patients who were admitted in E hospital to receive $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT examination. One patient who was diagnosed as primary thyroid cancer and received $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT examination was excluded. The number of final patients of this study was 799, the reasons of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT examination of these patients were follow-up of old cancer or suspicious tumorous lesion in 696 and disease screening in 103. $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT image photographing was taken in Biograph-Duo made by SIEMENS, after taking normal $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT image (1 hr) and then 1 hr later we took the thyroid 1 bed-delayed image for the patients who showed abnormal thyroid $^{18}F$-FDG uptake and above 2.0 SUV for 2 minutes every 1 bed. For the patients who showed abnormal thyroid uptake and above 2.0 SUV, 1 hr later, we took a 1 bed-delayed image and then made a comparative study between measured $SUV_{max}$ of 1 hr-abnormal uptake image and that of 2 hr-delayed image. Results and Conclusion: In this $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT study among the patients who showed incidental $^{18}F$-FDG thyroidal uptake the number of thyroid incidentaloma was 5 (0.63%), all of then showed benign findings. And in the case of incidental $^{18}F$-FDG uptake in thyroid, $SUV_{max}$ variance obtained from 2 hr delayed image can be a indirect criteria in differentiating benign tumor from malignancy and decrease finding error. In the cases found thyroid incidentaloma when 1) $SUV_{max}$ of focal thyroid lesion is above 5.0 and 2) $SUV_{max}$ variance between normal $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT exam and 2 hr delayed is $1.0{\pm}0.5$, they are suspected as malignancy and confirming biopsy is to be followed. Otherwise, I also think that distinct follow-up PET or CT image study is a reasonable diagnostic method.

  • PDF

Clinical Application of F-18 FDG PET(PET/CT) in Malignancy of Unknown Origin (원발부위미상암에서 F-18 FDG PET (PET/CT)의 임상 이용)

  • Kim, Byung-Il
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
    • /
    • v.42 no.sup1
    • /
    • pp.162-165
    • /
    • 2008
  • Diagnosis of primary origin site in the management of malignancy of unknown origin (MUO) is the most important issue. According to the histopathologic subtype of primary lesion, specialized treatment can be given and survival gain is expected. F-18 FOG PET (PET/CT) has been estimated as useful in detection of primary lesion with high sensitivity and moderate specificity. F-18 FDG PET (PET/CT) study before conventional studies is also recommended because it has high diagnostic performance compared to conventional studies. Although there has few data, F-18 FDG PET (PET/CT) is expected to be useful in diagnosis of recurrence, restaging, evaluation of treatment effect, considering that PET (PET/CT) has been reported as useful in other malignancies.

False Positive of F-18 FDG-PET/CT due to Activated Charcoal Granuloma from Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy: A Case Report (복강 내 화학요법에 이용된 활성화 탄소 육아종에 의한 F-18 FDG PET/CT의 위양성 소견: 증례)

  • Lee, Se-Youl;Kim, Chan-Young;Yang, Doo-Hyun
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.291-294
    • /
    • 2006
  • F-18 FDG-PET/CT could be used to evaluate the surveillance of recurrent stomach cancer, but some cases reported as false-positives. The authors found an activated charcoal granuloma from intraperitoneal chemotherapy by using a curative resection and mitomycin C for stomach cancer. A mass behind the right colon that showed on CT 6 months after an operation in a 46-year-old male patient had no progression in size, but 36 months after the operation, an increase was seen on F-18 FDG-PET/CT, and a metastatic tumor was suspected. The tumor was resected by an explorative laparotomy and was diagnosed as being an activated charcoal granuloma based on the histologic finding. Based on this case, we should be reminded of the possibility of a false-positive on analysis of F-18 FDG-PET/CT caused by an activated charcoal granuloma in a patient who has intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

  • PDF

Clinical Application of $^{18}F-FDG$ PET and PET-CT in Adrenal Tumor (부신종양에서 $^{18}F-FDG$ PET 및 PET-CT의 임상 이용)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Hoon;Choi, Duck-Joo;Lee, Min-Kyung;Choe, Won-Sick
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
    • /
    • v.42 no.sup1
    • /
    • pp.130-133
    • /
    • 2008
  • Adrenal tumors are increasingly detected by widespread use of anatomical imaging such as a, MRI, etc. For these adrenal tumors, differentiation between malignancy and benignancy is very important. In diagnostic assessment of adrenal tumor, $^{18}F-FDG$ PET and PET-CT have been reported to have high diagnostic performance, especially, very excellent performance in evaluation of adrenal metastasis in the oncologic patient. In cases of adrenal incidentalomas, $^{18}F-FDG$ PET or PET-CT is helpful if a or chemical-shift MRI is inconclusive. $^{18}F-FDG$ PET and PET-CT may be applied to the patients with MIBG-negative pheochromocytomas. In summary, $^{18}F-FDG$ PET and PET-CT are expected to be effective diagnostic tools in the management of adrenal tumor.

Evaluate Utility of Thyroid Cancer Discrimination by 18F-FDG PET/CT Delay Scan Images (18F-FDG PET/CT검사에서 지연영상을 이용한 갑상선암 진단의 유용성 평가)

  • Lee, Hyeon-Guck;Han, Man-Seok;Kim, Yong-Kyun;Seo, Sun-Youl;Jeon, Min-Cheol;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Hong, Seong-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.2958-2965
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose : To evaluate the degree of malignancy of incident thyroid lesion found in 18F-FDG PET/CT findings and the usefulness of the method suggested in this study, we applicate the Delay Scan Method that differentiate a false positive benign tumor, inflammation and malignancy, as well as make the criteria of SUV. Materials and Methods : A retrograde study was conducted of 25 patients(1 exception) who were admitted in E hospital to receive 18F-FDG PET/CT examination until Janaary and April of 2008. 18F-FDG PET/CT image photographing was taken in Biograph-Duo made by SIEMENS, after taking normal 18F-FDG PET/CT image(1hr) and then 1hr later we took the thyroid 1 bed-delayed image for the patients who showed abnormal thyroid 18F-FDG uptake and above 2.0 SUV for 2 minutes every 1 bed. For the patients who showed abnormal thyroid uptake and above 2.0 SUV, 1hr later, we took a 1 bed-delayed image and then made a comparative study between measured maxSUV of 1hr-abnormal uptake image and that of 2hr-delayed image. Results : In this 18F-FDG PET/CT study among the patients who showed incidental 18F-FDG thyroidal uptake the number of thyroid cancer was 5(20.8%), all of then showed benign findings. a comparison of results for 18F-FDG PET/CT. the benign patient measured maxSUV in the PET/CT. image(1hr) mean value 5.06maxSUV and delay image(2hr) mean value 5.23maxSUV differences of two value is 0.19maxSUV and the malignantIt patient measured maxSUV in the PET/CT. image(1hr) mean value 9.63maxSUV and delay image(2hr) mean value 10.65maxSUV differences of two value is 10.65maxSUV in Thyroid abnormal uptake patients. Conclusion : in the case of incidental 18F-FDG uptake in thyroid, max SUV of focal thyroid lesion is above 5.0 if 18F-FDG PET/CT examine the delayed images to add, You could see that reasonable diagnostic method useful. to differentiate whether lesions of malignant.

Case Report of Prostate Cancer Patient with Only Lymph Node Involvement on F-18 FDG PET/CT

  • Jung, Hyun Jin;Kang, Sungmin
    • Kosin Medical Journal
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.391-395
    • /
    • 2018
  • We report a case of a patient with locally advanced prostate cancer who had only lymph node involvement without bone metastasis on F-18 FDG PET/CT. A 62-year-old Korean male was admitted to our hospital due to dysuria. His PSA level on admission was 79.35 ng/mL. A transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy confirmed prostate cancer and his Gleason score was 10 (5+5). F-18 FDG PET/CT demonstrated a hypermetabolic mass lesion with SUVmax 7.0 in the prostate and hypermetabolism with SUVmax 4.7 of the abdominal and pelvic lymph nodes. Tc-99m HDP bone scan showed no significant bone metastasis. The patient underwent hormonal therapy for 9 months. Follow-up F-18 FDG PET/CT showed significantly reduced size and FDG uptake in the prostate and abdominal and pelvic lymph nodes. In this case, treatment monitoring with F-18 FDG PET/CT showed decreased mass size and FDG uptake in the prostate and abdominal and pelvic lymph nodes.

Effect of Contrast-Enhanced $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT on Measurements of Whole Body Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition by Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (조영증강 $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT가 이중에너지 X-선 흡수 계측법을 이용한 골밀도 및 체성분 측정에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seong Su;Lee, Sun Do;Lee, Nam Ju;Shin, Yong Cheol;Mo, Eun Hee;Lee, Chun Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.7-11
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose : The effect of concomitant use of $^{18}F$-FDG and intravenous contrast agent (CA) on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), was rarely reported. We had investigated these potentially confounding effects. Materials and Methods : Twenty-two patients had undergone DXA before and immediately after $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT scans. Two DXA and 1 PET/CT scans had performed within one-day. $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT scans had been performed with CA in 17 patients and without CA in 5 patients. Whole body bone mineral content (BMC), whole body bone mineral density (BMD), total fat mass (TFM), and lean body mass (LBM) were measured by DXA scanner before and after the $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT scans. Results : BMC, BMD, TFM and LBM had significantly affected by $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT with CA (BMC, +13.7%, from $2061.3{\pm}393.7$ to $2343.4{\pm}373.3$; BMD, +9.3%, from $1.07{\pm}0.09$ to $1.17{\pm}0.08$; TFM, -34.1%, from $17052.1{\pm}4049.9$ to $11237.1{\pm}2990.3$; LBM, +13.6%, from $45834.5{\pm}5662.1$ to $52094.0{\pm}6335.4$). However, $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT without CA had no effect on the measurement of DXA (BMC, +2.4%, from $2197.7{\pm}391.6$ to $2251.5{\pm}380.9$; BMD, +1.8%, from $1.13{\pm}0.09$ to $1.15{\pm}0.07$; TFM, -6.8%, from $14585.6{\pm}3455.9$ to $13591.3{\pm}4351.4$; LBM, +2.2%, from $47360.5{\pm}8381.8$ to $48441.1{\pm}8488.1$). Conclusion : The measurements of DXA are affected by using CA. However, DXA scans might be unaffected by the presence of $^{18}F$-FDG administered for PET/CT.

  • PDF

Relationship Between pSUV of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT and Pathological Diagnosis in Breast Cancer (유방암에서 $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT의 pSUV와 병리학적 진단과의 연관성)

  • Kim, Mi-Young
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.305-311
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Pathological Diagnosis associated with pSUV uptake of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT. We had enrolled 39 women that underwent $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT before operative. We evaluated whether there was correlation between the pSUV of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT and prognostic factors. As a results, pSUV level increase according to tumor size but pSUV had no significant association with tumor size. pSUV of high histologic grade was higher than low histologic grade, and pSUV showed positive correlations with histologic grade. The ER and PR showed significant negative correlations with the pSUV of $^{18}F$-FDG PET/CT. Therefore, our results demonstrated that an correlation exists between pSUV and prognostic factors such as histologic grade, ER and PR.