• Title, Summary, Keyword: Eye muscle area

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Correlation Analysis between the Breeding Value of Carcass Traits in Hanwoo (Korean Brown Cattle), Bos Taurus, L. and Spot Intensity on Two-dimensional Gel Electrophoresis

  • Seo, Kang Seok;Shen, Y.N.;Salces, A.J.;Yoon, D.H.;Lee, H.G.;Kim, S.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1404-1408
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    • 2006
  • In order to investigate the genetic marker associated with economic performance in Hanwoo (Korean Brown Cattle), proteomic approach was used. Breeding values were estimated from performance tested steers. The top 20 and bottom 19 steers based on carcass weight (CW), eye muscle area (EMA), backfat thickness (BF) and marbling score (MS) evaluation for one progeny testing period was used. Meat samples dissected from longissimus dorsi muscles were taken from the slaughter house and analyzed for two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. A total of 102 significant spots out of total 146 on each gel were detected and compared with the reference gel (synthetic gel) to be evaluated. Four candidate spots for marbling score were identified: 205, 84, 204 and 198. The study confirmed the relationship between breeding values of economic traits of Hanwoo cattle and spot intensity.

Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation on Growth Performance, Fatty Acid Composition of Longissimus Muscle and Carcass Characteristics in Hanwoo Steers (Fish Oil의 첨가가 한우 거세우의 육성성적, 배최장근의 지방산 조성 및 도체특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, B.K.;Shin, J.S.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2007
  • Twenty Hanwoo steers (average body weight=440.8±32.4kg) were used to investigate the effects of fish oil supplementation on growth performance, fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle and carcass characteristics. The experiment was done with two treatment groups; FO-0, without fish oil and FO-3, supplemented with 3% fish oil. Total gain and average daily gain (ADG) of steers were similar between two groups. Fish oil supplementation had no effects on contents of protein, ether extract and ash in longissimus muscle. Contents of isoleucine and glycine in longissimus muscle were decreased by fish oil supplementation (p<0.05), but content of cystein was increased by fish oil supplementation (p<0.05). Fish oil supplementation decreased contents of myristic acid and eicosenoic acid in longissimus muscle (p<0.05), but increased contents of oleic acid and arachidonic acid in longissimus muscle (p<0.05). Contents of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in longissimus muscle were increased by fish oil supplementation p<0.05). Carcass weight, back fat thickness, rib-eye area, yield index and yield grade were similar between two groups. Meat color was improved by fish oil supplementation (p<0.05), Ratio of quality grade ‘1 or over’ increased by fish oil supplementation. Therefore, the present study indicating that fish oil supplementation had positive effects on content of oleic acids in relation to flavor of beef, contents of EPA and DHA in relation to human health and ratio of quality grade ‘1 or over’.

Traumatic Displacement of the Globe into the Maxillary Sinus: Case Report (외상성 상악동 안구탈출의 치험례: 증례보고)

  • Lim, Chan Soo;Kang, Dong Hee
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.524-527
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Globe displacement due to a blowout fracture is a rare clinical phenomenon. The authors present reduction of a globe displacement to the maxillary sinus due to trauma suffered in a fall and the reconstruction of a large defect left in the medial and inferior orbit. Methods: A 39-year-old male patient was unable to open his left eye after being struck on the periorbital area by a metal edge. Laceration was not noted in that area but we were unable to observe the intraorbital globe. A facial computed tomography (CT) scan showed that the globe was displaced through the maxillary sinus. A transconjunctival approach was used to access the infraorbital margin and the globe entrapped in the inferior margin of the orbit was successfully reduced. A large defect in the medial and inferior orbit was reconstructed using a graft from the iliac bone. Results: In 5 months after the operation, no atrophy of the globe was seen. Both sides retained a similar shape. A satisfactory functionality outcome in terms of improved extraocular muscle movement, and a satisfactory aesthetical outcome were achieved. Conclusion: The authors report the reduction of a globe displaced to the maxillary sinus following a fall and the reconstruction of the large defect left in the medial and inferior orbit.

Estimation of Genetic Correlations for the Growth and Carcass Traits in Hanwoo (한우의 성장형질과 도체형질에 대한 유전상관 추정)

  • Park, C.J.;Park, Y.I.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.685-692
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to estimate the genetic correlations for the carcass and growth traits of Hanwoo bulls measured at 12 and 18 months of age on the basis of the data form 1,823 heads of Hanwoo bulls raised at the Livestock Improvement Main Center from 1991 to 1998. Genetic correlations were estimated with multiple trait animal model using MTDFREML. The genetic correlations of the body weight at 12 months with average daily gain during 6${\sim}$12 months and with the body length were 0.76 and 0.79, respectively. The genetic correlations of the body weight at 18 months with average daily gain during 6${\sim}$18 months and with the body length were 0.86 and 0.82, respectively. The genetic correlations of the carcass weight with dressing percent, eye muscle area, backfat thickness and carcass length were 0.39, 0.37, 0.44 and 0.63, respectively. And estimate of 0.36 was obtained for the genetic correlation between backfat thickness and marbling score. The high and positive genetic correlations of 0.71 and 0.96 were estimated for the carcass weight with the body weights at 12 and 18 months. The genetic correlations of the carcass weight with body lengths at 12 and 18 months were 0.63 and 0.75, respectively. Positive genetic correlations were estimated for the dressing percentage with the body weight, average daily gain, body length, thurls width and chest girth. Low genetic correlations were estimated between eye muscle area and the growth traits ranging from -0.07 to 0.32. Dressing percentage was low correlated genetically with the growth traits except for the chest girth at 18 months. The genetic correlation between marbling score and chest girth at 18 months estimated was 0.25.

Genetic Parameter Estimation on the Growth and Carcass Traits in Hanwoo(Korean Cattle) (한우의 성장 및 도체형질에 대한 유전모수 추정)

  • ;;Salces, Agapita J
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.759-766
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate the genetic correlations among the traits used to select young bulls and proven bulls in Hanwoo Performance and Progeny Test Program in Korea. For the estimation of heritabilities and correlations among the growth traits of bulls and carcass traits of progeny steers, 2,532 records of performance tested bull calves and 1,819 records of progeny tested steers were collected from Livestock Improvement Main Center (LIMC), National Agricultural Cooperative Federation (NACF). Fixed effects of mixed model for each traits were selected by using stepwise regression analysis and prior values of variance components were estimated by MTDFREML. The prior values of variance components were estimated with pairwise 2 traits model followed by single trait analysis. The estimated heritability of backfat thickness(BF), dressing percentage(DP), loin-eye muscle area(LMA), marbling score(MS) and weight at 12 months(WT12) was 0.51, 0.32, 0.27, 0.33, 0.50 and 0.26, respectively. Genetic correlation of WT12 of bull calves with backfat thickness, carcass weight and loin-eye muscle area of steers was positive correlation as 0.05, 0.35 and 0.21, respectively. However genetic correlation of WT12 with DP and MS showed negative correlation as 󰠏0.09 and 󰠏0.27, respectively and these negative genetic correlations implies that bulls that may be superior in carcass traits can be lost at the first step of selection and current selection method should be modified to solve this problem.

Multiple Regression Analysis to Estimate the Unit Price of Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) Beef

  • Eum, Seung-Hoon;Park, Hu-Rak;Seo, Jakyeom;Cho, Seong-Keun;Hur, Sun-Jin;Kim, Byeong-Woo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.663-669
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    • 2017
  • This study were estimated the contribution of carcass traits to unit price, to analyze the marbling score as a categorical variable rather than a numerical variable, and to develop an optimal model that also includes the holiday effect and the raising period. The data for this study were acquired from the Quality Evaluation of the Korea Institute for Animal Products, and consisted of the trading records of 1,613,699 heads at 12 wholesale markets from 2010 to 2014. The unit price of a cow was estimated from the following parameters: -52.50 Won/mm, $8.93Won/cm^2$, 7.20 Won/kg, and -1.04 Won/day for backfat thickness, eye muscle area, carcass weight, and raising period, respectively. Parameters for the dummy variables of marbling scores varied from 0 to 8328.74 Won/kg, which means that each marbling score grade had a different price value. The unit price of a steer was estimated from the following parameters: - 92.12 Won/mm, $20.22Won/cm^2$, 1.30 Won/kg, and -1.72 Won/day for backfat thickness, eye muscle area, carcass weights, and raising period, respectively. Parameters for dummy variables of marbling scores varied from 0 to 7338.80 Won/kg, which means that the grades of each marbling score had different price values. The unit price of sales during traditional holidays was significantly higher (827.71 Won/kg for cows, and 645.15 Won/kg for steers) than during non-holidays.We conclude that the use of categorical values for marbling scores would be needed to evaluate the price of Hanwoo beef using multiple regression analysis based on carcass traits and environmental factors.

Genetic and phenotypic relationships of live body measurement traits and carcass traits in crossbred pigs of Korea

  • Do, Chang-Hee;Park, Chan-Hyuk;Wasana, Nidarshani;Choi, Jae-Gwan;Park, Su-Bong;Kim, Si-Dong;Cho, Gyu-Ho;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2014
  • This study presents the estimates of heritabilities of body measurement traits and carcass traits, and genetic and phenotypic correlations of those traits for crossbred pigs in Korea. Body and ultrasound (A mode: Piglog 105) measurements in 221 pigs including body weight, length, height and width, three back fat thickness at the points of 4th, 14th rib and chine bone, eye muscle area and lean meat percent were collected at the ages of 70, 145 and 180 days and then slaughtered to measure carcass weight, back fat, belly, collar butt, spare rib, picnic shoulder, hind leg, loin, tenderloin, lean meat yield and intramuscular rough fat content in loin. Genetic analysis was done using a multi-trait animal model. Heritabilties of the body measurements were ranged from 0.331 to 0.559 and three measurements of back fat thickness were also high as range varying from 0.402 to 0.475 for the ages of 145 and 180 days. However, eye muscle area was moderate (0.296) at the age of 180 days. Heritabilities of retail cut yields were also high as ranged from 0.387 to 0.474 and of IMF content in loin was 0.499. Heritabilities of the cut percent traits were ranged from 0.249 to 0.488. Important positive genetic and phenotypic correlations were noted for all carcass yield traits (0.298 to 0.875 and 0.432 to 0.922, respectively). IMF showed low negative genetic correlations with carcass yield traits, such as carcass weight, picnic shoulder, hind leg, loin, tenderloin and lean meat yield whereas low positive genetic correlations with back fat, belly, collar butt and spare rib. Loin, tenderloin and lean meat percent showed negative genetic correlations with carcass weight, back fat thickness, collar butt, spare rib and picnic shoulder percent. The four body measurements at the ages of 70, 145 and 180 days had positive genetic correlations with belly, shoulder butt, spare rib, picnic shoulder and hind leg percent, but negative genetic correlations were shown with loin and tenderloin percent except body measurements at 70 days. The results suggest that carcass yield are negatively correlated with intramuscular fat content, which is a major factor deciding pork quality and the yield of loin and tenderloin are not increased as much as increase in body size. However, the proportions of belly and collar butt are increased with the body size. In conclusion, selection strategy should be designed according to the preference on composition of carcass in each country.

Effects of Lacquer (Rhus verniciflua) Meal on Carcass Traits, Fatty Acid Composition and Meat Quality of Finishing Pigs

  • Song, C.H.;Choi, J.Y.;Yoon, S.Y.;Yang, Y.X.;Shinde, P.L.;Kwon, I.K.;Kang, S.M.;Lee, S.K.;Chae, B.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.1207-1213
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    • 2008
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding different levels of lacquer (Rhus verniciflua Stokes) meal on the growth performance, carcass traits, fatty acid profile and meat quality of longissmuss dorsi (LD) muscle in finishing pigs. Pigs (n = 117; Landrace$\times$Yorkshire$\times$Duroc; initial body weight $80{\pm}0.4kg$) were allotted to three dietary treatments and fed lacquer at 0, 2 and 4% of the diet for five weeks. Inclusion of lacquer meal in the diets of pigs had no influence on their growth performance, carcass yield, loin eye area and fat free lean; however, pigs fed lacquer diets had lower backfat (linear, p = 0.006; quadratic, p = 0.004). Pigs fed increasing levels of lacquer meal had lower moisture (linear, p<0.001; quadratic, p = 0.008), crude fat (linear, p<0.001) and crude protein (linear, p<0.001; quadratic, p = 0.002) in LD muscle. The LD muscle of pigs fed lacquer meal had lower pH (linear and quadratic, p<0.05) at 6, 8 and 10 days, and linearly lower thio-barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, p<0.01) at 8 and 10 days and water holding capacity (WHC, p<0.05) at 3, 6, 8 and 10 days. The fatty acid composition of LD muscle revealed linearly lower stearic (p = 0.034) and total saturated fatty acid (p = 0.049) with increasing dietary lacquer meal levels. In general, higher lightness, redness and yellowness values were observed in LD muscle of pigs fed 2% lacquer meal on day 0 and subsequently on 3, 6, 8 and 10 days of refrigerated storage. The results of the current study suggest that lacquer meal can be incorporated up to 4% in the diet of finishing pigs without any adverse effects on performance; moreover, improvements in the meat quality during refrigerated storage can be obtained by inclusion of lacquer meal in the diet of finishing pigs.

Changes in growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat properties of late fattening Hanwoo steers according to supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine

  • Ahn, Jun-Sang;Kwon, Eung-Gi;Shin, Jong-Suh;Kim, Min-Ji;Son, Gi-Hwal;Choi, Chang-Six;Lee, Chang-Woo;Park, Joong-Kook;Park, Byung-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.671-682
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of rumen-protected methionine and lysine (RPML) on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat properties of Hanwoo steers. Fourteen late fattening steers were randomly assigned to either the control (commercial concentrate + rice straw) or the treatment (commercial concentrate + rice straw + 20 g of RPML/head/day) group. The average daily gain (ADG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were not different between the treatment and control group. The rib eye area was slightly but not significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group. The back fat thickness decreased with the RPML supplementation, although not significantly, and the appearance of yield C grade was lower in the treatment group than in the control group. The marbling score was similar between the control and treatment groups. The supplementation of RPML had no effect on the physicochemical compositions, myoglobin values, Commission Internationale de $l^{\prime}{\acute{E}}clairage$ (CIE) color values, fatty acid composition, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values in the longissimus muscle. Thus, the supplementation of RPML does not any negative effects on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat properties of late fattening Hanwoo steers.

Correction of Lower Eyelid Retraction with Autogenous Hard Palate Mucosa: 2 Case Report (자가 경구개점막 이식을 이용한 하안검 퇴축의 교정: 2례 보고)

  • Kim, Jino;Seul, Chul Hwan;Roh, Tae Suk;Yoo, Woon Min
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.499-502
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: Grave's disease is an autoimmune disease with chronic and systemic features. It affects the orbital fat and muscle bringing about defect in extrinsic eye motility, diplopia, optic nerve defect and lid retraction. In patients with lagopthalmos and resulting facial deformity, treatment can be done by rectus muscle recession or filling with various material. Autogenous auricular cartilage graft is often used and synthetic material such as synthetic acellular dermis, polyethylene meshs are also used for filling of the depressed area. Nevertheless, autogenous auricular cartilage grafts are difficult to utilize and synthetic materials sometimes result in protrusion or infection. Therefore, hard palate mucosa was considered as an alternative. We report two cases of patients with lower eyelid retraction corrected with autogenous hard palate mucosa. Methods: We performed this operation in two patients of Graves' ophthalmopathy. The capsulopalpebral fascia was incised and elevated through an incision on the conjunctiva. Then, the harvested hard palate mucosa was sutured to the inferior border of the tarsus and covered with the conjunctiva. Results: The lower eyelid retraction was corrected successfully. No hypertrophy or deformation of the transplanted hard palate mucosa was noted 6 months after the surgery. Conclusions: From the results above, we may conclude that the hard palate mucosa serves as an ideal spacer for the curvature and the inner lining in lower lid retraction. Hard palate mucosa is as sturdy as the autogenous cartilage but is much easier to utilize. It can be also used for lid retraction after lower lid aesthetic surgeries or traumas.