• Title, Summary, Keyword: Externalization

Search Result 71, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

Comparison of Dietary Externalization in Korea and Japan -by Principal Component Analysis- (식생활 외부화에 관한 한일 비교 연구 -주성분 분석을 이용하여-)

  • Choi Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-28
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper was to clarify the actual conditions of the 'Dietary externalization' mainly by using the economic and nutrition-related data, accompanied by the economic development in Korea and Japan. 'Modernization of food style' and other modernization have taken place, among which 'Dietary externalization' in particular has recently drawn interest. At the time this paper clarified with econometric analysis whether there are differences between the two countries in term of the modernization of food style and dietary externalization trend. The trends of Dietary externalization of both Korea and Japan were studied using Principal Component Analysis method. The food subgroup were investigated based on the annual report on the household income and expenditure survey of Korea and the annual report on the family income and expenditure survey of Japan. The statistical data from both country were analyzed by SAS program. The results are as follows; 1. In Korea, the ratio of carbohydrates in the total calorie intake is quite high and animal protein is rather low compared to those in Japan. 2. Traditional food such as grains and vegetables are consumed much more in Korea than in Japan. 3. The Principal Component 1, 2 were extracted in both countries during the whole analysis period, which suggested the 'Dietary externalization' 4. Principal Component 1 has a positive factor loaded in all food items including meals outside the home and process food. In other words, it is apparent that the 'Dietary externalization' tread in Korea has a simple pattern suggesting that all externalization related items are on the rise. 5. Principal component 1, 2 which indicated the dietary externalization, were detected in Japan.

  • PDF

A Structural Relationship Among the Related Variables of Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Problems (아동의 내면화·외현화문제행동 관련변인들 간의 인과적 구조분석)

  • Moon, Dae-Geun;Moon, Soo-Back
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.49-65
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationship between the related variables of children's internalization and externalization of problems. A total of 709 elementary school students residing in Daegu City and Kyungpook province completed questionnaires which assessed family interaction functions, emotional regulation, self-control, and internalization and externalization of problems. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 19.0, and a maximum likelihood minimization function. Goodness of fit was evaluated using the SRMS, RMSEA, and its 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. The results were as follows : First, the function of family interaction, and emotional regulation had a significant direct effect on the internalization of problems. Moreover, emotional regulation, self-control and internalization of problems had a statistically substantial direct effect on the externalization of problems. Second, family interaction functions did not have a statistically significant direct on children's externalization of problems, although it may well have an indirect effect on children's externalization of problems through emotional regulation and self-control. Finally, self-control did not enjoy a direct effect on children's internalization of problems.

The Effect of Mothers Depression Trait and Children′s Negative Emotionality on the Mothers and Children′s assesment on Children`s Behavior Problems (아동의 행동문제에 대한 어머니와 아동의 평가에 영향을 미치는 어머니의 우울성향 및 아동의 부정적 정서성)

  • 김선희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.67-76
    • /
    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the consistency between rators(mother report & child self-report) of children's externalization and internalization behavior problems and to examine the effect of mother\`s depressive traits and child\`s negative emotionality on consistency between rators. Subjects were 434 children attending grades 4, 5, and 6 in Pusan and their mothers. Results of this study were as follows ; First, children reported significantly greater on behavior problems than their mothers and correlations between mother's and child's score on behavior problems was .20 (externalization behavior problems) or .27(internalization behavior problems). Second, mother's depressive traits influenced significantly the consistency between rators of externalization behavior problems. Third, child's negative emotionality influenced significantly the consistency between rators of externalization behavior problems.

  • PDF

A Sound Externalization Method for Realistic Audio Rendering in a Headphone Listening Environment (헤드폰 청취환경에서의 실감 오디오 재현을 위한 음상 외재화 기법)

  • Kim, Yong-Guk;Chun, Chan-Jun;Kim, Hong-Kook;Lee, Yong-Ju;Jang, Dae-Young;Kang, Kyeong-Ok
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
    • /
    • v.47 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this paper, a sound externalization method is proposed for out-of-the-head localization in a headphone listening environment. In order to reduce timbre distortion by the conventional methods using a measured a head-related transfer function (HRTF) or early reflections, the proposed method integrates a model-based HRTF with reverberation. In addition, for improving frontal externalization performance, techniques such as decorrelation and spectral notch filtering are included. To evaluate the performance of the proposed externalization method, subjective listening tests are conducted by using different types of sound sources such as white noise, sound effects, speech, and music. It is shown from the test results that the proposed externalization method can localize sound sources farther away from out of the head than the conventional method.

Relationship between academic stresses and internalization·externalization among adolescents : Mediating effects of self-efficacy and gender differences (청소년기 학업스트레스가 내재화·외현화에 미치는 영향 : 자기효능감의 매개역할과 성별차이)

  • Yoo, Chang min;Kahng, Sang Kyoung;Kim, Sungyong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.45 no.3
    • /
    • pp.237-262
    • /
    • 2014
  • Little is known about the relationships among adolescents'academic stress, self-efficacy, and internalization externalization. Much less is known about whether there is gender differences in the relationships. This study aims to examine (1) the effects of academic stress on internalization externalization, (2) whether self-efficacy mediates the relationships between academic stress and internalization externalization, and (3) whether there is gender difference in the relationships. For these purposes, we used Structural Equation Modeling and multi group analysis involving 2,844 middle school students participated in the Korean Youth Panel Survey. The results are as follows. First, adolescent's academic stress affected internalization externalization. Second, self-efficacy mediated the relationship between academic stress and internalization externalization. Finally, the multiple group analysis results indicated that the path coefficient between academic stress and internalization of girls was significantly greater than that of boys. Based on these results, we discussed theoretical and practical implications and suggested directions for future research on academic stress coping processes among adolescents.

Externalization of sound image in 3D sound system based on headphone

  • Youngsik Yoon;Park, Youngjin
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.51.3-51
    • /
    • 2002
  • 3D sound user often finds the results that the sound image appear to originate either inside, or close to, the head when he uses headphone-based binaural system. This phenomenon is called in-head localization(IHL). The main factors were chosen to evaluate externalization performance : individualized HRTFs, near-field HRTF characteristics and reverberation. Direct comparison was conducted among them, especially two factors\ulcorner reverberation and near-field HRTFs.

  • PDF

A Study on the Classification of Knowledge Worker Style for Knowledge Management (지식경영을 위한 지식근로자 유형 분류에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Sung-jin;Lee, Jong Hun
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-81
    • /
    • 2001
  • The aim of this study is classify knowledge work style management for knowledge management. It is based on the knowledge creation model of Nonaka by subdividing types of knowledge workers. It was designed to create a model for application to the actual environment of management. Nonaka suggested the process of socialization, externalization, combination, internalization that the knowledge of a person creates new knowledge through the interaction of implicit knowledge and explicit knowledge. This research demonstrated that knowledge worker of 16 forms by applying SECI model to the main function and the subordinate functions again. This study aims at achieving a higher outcome by applying the ability of existing knowledge worker to subdivided expert field efficiently. Suggested styles of knowledge worker in this research are classified into craftsman style, pragmatic style, combination style, developed style knowledge worker who creates knowledge by selecting socialization as the function and again by selecting externalization combination, internalization as subordinate functions. And they were classified into creation style, insight style, strategy style according to practical application worker and function which is selecting externalization as the main function and socialization as the subordinate functions. They were classified into future style, innovation style, analysis style, judgement style knowledge worker who are selecting combination as the main function and experiment style, intuition style, research style, learning style worker who are selecting internalization as the main function. They suggested the characteristics and cases of each type.

  • PDF

Externalization of corset in contemporary fashion (현대 패션에 표현된 코르셋의 외면화)

  • Yim, Eun-Hyuk
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-15
    • /
    • 2014
  • Entering the twentieth century, corsets began to disappear with the tendency of concentrating on slim bodies and youth. As corsets proceeded to be discarded, they began to be internalized as a means of controlling the body; 'muscular corset' takes hold. However, the internalized corset increasingly appears to be externalized again in contemporary fashion. This study investigates how natural body is reconstructed as socio-cultural image drawing on the relationship between the signifier and signified of corset. As for the research methodology this study conducts literature survey to investigate the internalization of corset. This study proceeds to examine the subjects of fashion collections from 1980 to 2010 and samples the outfits which represent the externalization of corset through case analysis. Through the discussion of the study, the relationship of signifier and signified in the externalization of corset is argued as follows: first, by maintaining signifier and signified of the traditional corset as underwear, aggressive eroticism of corset has been observed, second, by perceiving corset as the agency of the body, fetishism of corset dissociates the function of sexual object from corset while distorting the relationship of signifier and signified, third, through embodying the notion of muscular corset literally, the ironical representation of corset as a torturing device of female body deconstructs the traditional relation of signifier and signified of corset.

An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Information Technology on Knowledge Management Activity and Performance (정보기술이 지식경영활동과 성과에 미치는 효과에 대한 실증분석)

  • Choi, Eunsoo;Lee, Yooncheol
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.51-80
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to empirically analyze the impact that occurs when Korean organizations make practical use of various information technology tools and systems in the knowledge management process, such as sharing, learning and creating knowledge. Such a process is usually made through online and offline knowledge management activities. This paper also verifies how the externalization of tacit knowledge, and the internalization of explicit knowledge via the Internet and offline socialization activities have altered the mechanisms of knowledge transfers inside organizations. For the research, a survey was conducted on the satisfaction and usability levels of information technology, and the impact of IT usage on the results of knowledge management activities and knowledge transfers. 622 Korean organizations were surveyed, including major listed firms and public organizations. The results were examined as an online/offline integration process using SECI's Model proposed by Nonaka (1994, 1995). The analysis shows that information technology satisfaction and the usage of information technology help accelerate the pace of the knowledge flow and amplify the volume of the knowledge transfer by boosting the externalization and internalization processes-also known as knowledge management activities. However. there is no distinct correlation between information technology and socialization, an offline knowledge transferal activity. In particular, the quality of knowledge-an end result of knowledge transfer-does not improve merely by the externalization of online knowledge and instead requires the internalization of knowledge processes. Above all, the research reveals that offline socialization processes vastly contribute to the improvement of knowledge quality. This paper suggests that in order to ensure a transfer of quality knowledge, an organization or a company should focus on the use of information technology rather than the satisfaction level of information technology, and that knowledge transfers via the Internet has limitations in creating high quality of knowledge. For an organization to ensure the transfer of high-quality knowledge, the organization should not entirely hinge the transfer of knowledge online, as it is essential to have an offline method-a form of socialization such as a 'community of practice.'

  • PDF

Analysis of the Influencing Factors on KMS Quality: From the Perspective of Technology and Task Characteristics (지식경영시스템 품질 영향 요인 분석: 기술 및 과업 특성 관점에서)

  • Bong, Dongwon;Choi, Sueyoung;Lee, Heeseok
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.31-52
    • /
    • 2007
  • Since the introduction of knowledge management systems, many studies have attempted to analyze its performance and identify the success factors. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between KMS technology characteristics and its quality. This paper attempts to categorize KMS technology functions into socialization, externalization, combination and internalization and then find the relationship between these functions and KMS quality. It also attempts to investigate the moderating effect of task characteristics in this relationship. Our research frame is derived from the well known task-technology fit model and the related KMS performance studies. A survey was conducted from 157 KMS users. It is found that both externalization and combination are important for KMS quality and this quality influences the KMS performance. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the task characteristics can moderate between the KMS technology and its quality.

  • PDF