• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Exposure dose

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요추 측면 검사 시 공간선량 분포와 피폭선량 (Spatial dose distribution and exposure dose during lumbar lateral test)

  • 김창규
    • 한국융합학회논문지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2014
  • 요추 측면 X선 검사 시 피폭선량을 최소화 하고 진단에 최적의 영상을 얻기 위하여 유리선량계와 공간선량 측정계를 이용하여 장기별 피폭선량과 공간선량분포를 측정 평가 하였다. X선관과 가까울수록 장기의 피폭선량이 증가하였으며 조사야를 완전히 열었을 때 피폭선량이 증가되었다. 또한 피사체와 거리가 가까울수록 산란선이 증가하였으며 200 cm 이상 거리를 두면 95% 이상의 산란선이 감소되었다. 이 결과는 향후 요추 X선 검사 시 환자의 피폭선량을 예측하고 검사 방법을 결정하는데 자료로 제시되어 의료피폭선량을 감소 하는데 중요한 기초자료로 많은 활용이 있을 것으로 기대된다.

선량 환산 관례를 이용한 생애유효선량 및 라돈피폭 위험도 예측: 대학 강의실 라돈농도 중심으로 (Prediction for the Lifetime Effective Dose and Radon Exposure Risk by using Dose Conversion Convention: Base on the Indoor Radon Concentration of Lecture Room in a University)

  • 이재승;권대철
    • 대한의용생체공학회:의공학회지
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2018
  • The indoor radon concentration was measured in the lecture room of the university and the radon concentration was converted to the amount related to the radon exposure using the dose conversion convention and compared with the reference levels for the radon concentration control. The effect of indoor radon inhalation was evaluated by estimating the life effective dose and the risk of exposure. To measure the radon concentration, measurements were made with a radon meter and a dedicated analysis Capture Ver. 5.5 program in a university lecture room from January to February 2018. The radon concentration measurement was carried out for 5 consecutive hours for 24 hours after keeping the airtight condition for 12 hours before the measurement. Radon exposure risk was calculated using the radon dose and dose conversion factor. Indoor radon concentration, radon exposure risk, and annual effective dose were found within the 95% confidence interval as the minimum and maximum boundary ranges. The radon concentration in the lecture room was $43.1-79.1Bq/m^3$, and the maximum boundary range within the 95% confidence interval was $77.7Bq/m^3$. The annual effective dose was estimated to be 0.20-0.36 mSv/y (mean 0.28 mSv/y). The life-time effective dose was estimated to be 0.66-1.18 mSv (mean $0.93{\pm}0.08mSv$). Life effective doses were estimated to be 0.88-0.99 mSv and radon exposure risk was estimated to be 12.4 out of 10.9 per 100,000. Radon concentration was measured, dose effective dose was evaluated using dose conversion convention, and degree of health hazard by indoor radon exposure was evaluated by predicting radon exposure risk using nominal hazard coefficient. It was concluded that indoor living environment could be applied to other specific exposure situations.

인터벤션에서 자동노출제어장치와 수동노출 사용 시 두께 변화에 따른 선량감소 방안 연구 (A Study on Dose Reduction Method according to Slice Thickness Change using Automatic Exposure Controller and Manual Exposure in Intervention)

  • 황준호;정구민;최지안;김현수;이경배
    • 대한방사선기술학회지:방사선기술과학
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2018
  • We aims to perform comparative analysis on the dose area and image qualities varying on the slice thickness when using Automatic Exposure Controller (AEC) and manual exposure; thus, it wants to suggest a measure to reduce exposure dose by setting the optimal examination condition for each slice thickness. The method was to set the thickness as Thin, Normal, and Heavy adult and evaluate the dose area, spatial resolution, low contrast resolution, Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Contrast to Noise Ratio (CNR) according to each slice thickness by using the AEC and the manual exposure controller. The dose area according to each slice thickness all increased both when using the AEC and the manual exposure. However, the manual exposure showed lower dose area product than the AEC. Spatial resolutions and low contrast resolutions were all observed to be higher than the evaluation standard. Also, the SNR and CNR of each thickness all increased when using the AEC. When using the manual exposure, SNR and CNR increased in all cases other than the Heavy Adult. Consequently, the Thin and Normal Adult showed dose reduction about 2 times when using the manual exposure controller, while ensuring the image quality. Heavy adult was able to maintain good image quality by using AEC.

CT 촬영 조건에 따른 PET 영상의 변화 (Change of PET Image According to CT Exposure Conditions)

  • 박재윤;김정훈;이용기
    • 한국방사선학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.473-479
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    • 2019
  • 다양한 촬영 조건의 CT 감쇠 지도가 PET 영상에 영향을 미치는지 알아보기 위하여 다양한 kVp와 mA조건에서 Uniformity phantom 영상의 신호 강도(SI; Signal Intensity)와 표준 섭취율 계수(SUV; Standardized Uptake Value)를 측정하고, CTDI (Computed Tomography Dose Index)를 통해 각 조건에 따른 피폭선량을 측정하였다. 또한 동일한 조건에서 Resolution phantom의 반치폭(FWHM; Full Width at Half Maximum)을 측정하여 CT의 kVp와 mA에 따른 PET 영상의 화질 변화에 대하여 정량적으로 알아보고자 하였다. 연구 결과, CT의 촬영 조건은 PET 영상에는 영향을 주지 않는 것으로 나타났으나, CT의 촬영 조건이 감소하게 되면 방사선 피폭이 감소하게 되지만 영상에 영향을 미치게 되므로 향후 진단이 가능한 CT 화질을 유지하면서 방사선 피폭을 최소화할 수 있는 양전자 방출 단층 촬영(PET/CT; Positron Emission Tomography / Computed Tomography)의 촬영 조건에 대한 연구가 지속적으로 되어야 할 것이다.

디지털 방사선 시스템의 노출 유형에 따른 임상 적용 시 입사표면선량 및 Entropy 비교분석을 통한 자동노출제어장치의 유용성 평가 (Evaluation of Usefulness of Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) by Comparison Analysis of Entrance Surface Dose (ESD) and Entropy in Clinical Application of Digital Radiography (DR))

  • 최지안;황준호;이경배
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.276-283
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구는 자동노출제어장치(Automatic Exposure Control, AEC)와 수동노출 이용 시 입사표면선량(Entrance Surface Dose, ESD)과 Entropy를 분석하여 자동노출제어장치의 유용성에 대해 알아보고자 하였다. 실험방법은 Skull, Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis 부위에 대하여 란도팬텀(Rando Phantom)에 반도체 선량계를 위치시켜 선량을 측정하였고, 동시에 획득한 DICOM(Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) 파일을 Matlab으로 Entropy 분석을 하였다. 그 결과 자동노출제어장치 이용 시 모든 부위의 입사표면선량이 수동노출보다 낮았고 Entropy 수치는 높았으며, paired t-test는 p<0.05로 유의한 차이가 있음을 알 수 있었다. 결론적으로 자동노출제어장치의 사용은 X선 검사 시 발생할 수 있는 불필요한 방사선량과 정보의 손실량을 줄여서 피폭선량과 영상 화질의 최적화에 기여할 수 있는 유용한 방법이 될 수 있다.

X선 촬영시 피폭선량 및 실내공간선량에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Exposure and Free Space Scattered Dose in Radiography)

  • 안봉선;이규은;선종률
    • 대한방사선기술학회지:방사선기술과학
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.26-30
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    • 1998
  • We tried to study in order to furnish the data for medical exposure dose and scattered ray in radiography. As the tables(from 1 to 3) show, we can presume, by means of a concrete numerical value, the amount of results affected by patient radiation exposure dose and somatic effect in radiography. However, there are many difficulties in the difference of exposure factor in each hospital, the accuracy of measuring by tracebility, shortage of exposure dose data especially in the area of children, and portable radiography, etc. In the radiation examination, it is considered if the gained benefit to the patient due to radiation is more than the risk of radiation, then the medical exposure is thought to be justified. Therefore, the radiotechnologists should continually make an effort to develop and study new techniques so as to reduce patient exposure dose.

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목욕시 Chloroform에 대한 흡기 및 피부 접촉 노출 (Inhalation and Dermal Exposures to Chloroform while Bathing)

  • 조완근
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 1998
  • Recently, bathes have been suspected to an Important source of indoor exposure to volatile organic compounds(VOCs). Two experiments were conducted to evaluate chloroform exposure and corresponding body burden by exposure routes while bathing. Another experiment was conducted to ekamine the chloro- form dose during dermal exposure and the chloroform decay In breath after dermal exposure. The chioroform dose was determined based on exhaled breath analysis. The ekamine breath concentration measured after normal baths (2.8 Vg/$m^3$) was approxidmately 13 tomes higher that measured prior to normal bathes (0.2 ug/$m^3$). Based on the means of the normalized post exposure chloroform breath concentration. the dermal exposure was estimated to contribute to 74% of total chloroform body burden while bathing. The Internal dose from bathing (Inhalation plus dermal) was comparable to the dose ostimated Srom dally water Ingestion. The rusk associated 10 a weekly, 30-min bath was estimated to be 1 x 10.5, while the rusk firom dally Ingestion of tap water was to be $0.5{\times}0^{-5} for 0.151 and 6.5{\times}10^{-5}$ for 2. 0 1. Chloroform breath concentration Increased gradually during the 60 minute dermal exposure. The breath decay after the dermal exposure showed two-phase mechanism, with early raped decay and the second slow decay. The mathematical model was developed to describe the relationship between water and air chloroform concentrations, with $R^2$ : 0.4 and p<0.02.

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사업장 단체검진 시 흉부촬영의 방사선피폭 최적화 및 안전에 대한 고찰 (- A Study on Safety of the Radiation Exposure Dose Optimization at Chest B-ray Examinations -)

  • 임재동;강경식
    • 대한안전경영과학회지
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2004
  • The National Health Insurance Act, the Industrial Health Act and the School Health Act require chest radiography at least once a year. In chest radiographic examination, most group examinations use indirect X-ray primarily aiming at diagnosing diseases and enhancing people's health. This study purposed to minimize radiation exposure dose by comparing it between direct and indirect chest X-ray studies. According to the result of comparing and analyzing radiation exposure dose, the average incident dose and penetrating dose were 0.929μGy and 0.179μGy respectively in direct chest X-ray and 6.807μGy and 1.337μGy in indirect chest X-ray In order to minimize radiation exposure dose at direct and indirect chest X-ray, indirect X-ray should be excluded from group examination if possible. Moreover, it is necessary to control the quality of equipment (Q/A & Q/C) systematically and to avoid using unqualified equipment in order to reduce radiation exposure dose.

C-arm을 이용한 EVAR(Endovascular Aneurysm Repair) 시술시 Lead Curtain 설치에 따른 Staff의 피폭선량 감소에 대한 연구 (The investigation of the exposure dose reduction of the Staff according to the Lead Curtain installation in EVAR(Endovascular Aneurysm Repair) surgical operation using C-arm)

  • 유인웅;정재연;이관섭
    • 대한디지털의료영상학회논문지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2012
  • In EVAR procedure using long time C-arm, we studied exposure dose reduction and effeciency through measuring surgical staff's ESD by installing lead curtain operating table next to. The height 3 the spot (50cm, 100cm, 150cm) dose was measured on 2 locations for 600sec in the X-ray radiation considering the surgical staff's movement. To install the curtains, we compared before and after the dose. As a result, it can confirm that dose of the installation former of 50cm height and after is reduced about 75% and 91% in 2 locations. In 100cm height, the reduction of the dose was a bit confirmed. There as to dose value, measured on 150cm height the installation former and after was nearly no change. This research examined the exposure dose about the radiation of the surgical staff during EVAR procedure in which the operation time is the long time. It was implemented in the object that it reduces the radiation exposure. It could confirm the certain effect of the experimental result exposure dose reduction In EVAR procedure using long time C-arm, we studied exposure dose reduction and effeciency through measuring surgical staff's ESD by installing lead curtain operating table next to. The height 3 the spot (50cm, 100cm, 150cm) dose was measured on 2 locations for 600sec in the X-ray radiation considering the surgical staff's movement. To install the curtains, we compared before and after the dose. As a result, it can confirm that dose of the installation former of 50cm height and after is reduced about 75% and 91% in 2 locations. In 100cm height, the reduction of the dose was a bit confirmed. There as to dose value, measured on 150cm height the installation former and after was nearly no change. This research examined the exposure dose about the radiation of the surgical staff during EVAR procedure in which the operation time is the long time. It was implemented in the object that it reduces the radiation exposure. It could confirm the certain effect of the experimental result exposure dose reduction.

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일반인들의 항공여객기 이용 시 우주방사선 피폭선량 비교 분석 (Analysis of Cosmic Radiation Dose of People by Abroad Travel)

  • 장동근;신상화
    • 대한방사선기술학회지:방사선기술과학
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 2018
  • Humans received an exposure dose of 2.4 mSv of natural radiation per year, of which the contribution of spacecraft accounts for about 75%. The crew of the aircraft has increased radiation exposure doses based on cosmic radiation safety management regulations There is no reference to air passengers. Therefore, in this study, we measured the radiation exposure dose received in the sky at high altitude during flight, and tried to compare the radiation exposure dose received by ordinary people during flight. We selected 20 sample specimens, including major tourist spots and the capital by continent with direct flights from Incheon International Airport. Using the CARI-6/6M model and the NAIRAS model, which are cosmic radiation prediction models provided at the National Radio Research Institute, we measured the cosmic radiation exposure dose by the selected flight and departure/arrival place. In the case of exposure dose, Beijing was the lowest at $2.87{\mu}Sv$ (NAIRAS) and $2.05{\mu}Sv$ (CARI - 6/6M), New York had the highest at $146.45{\mu}Sv$ (NAIRAS) and $79.42{\mu}Sv$ (CARI - 6/6M). We found that the route using Arctic routes at the same time and distance will receive more exposure dose than other paths. While the dose of cosmic radiation to be received during flight does not have a decisive influence on the human body, because of the greater risk of stochastic effects in the case of frequent flights and in children with high radiation sensitivity Institutional regulation should be prepared for this.