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Revisiting the cause of unemployment problem in Korea's labor market: The job seeker's interests-based topic analysis (취업준비생 토픽 분석을 통한 취업난 원인의 재탐색)

  • Kim, Jung-Su;Lee, Suk-Jun
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.85-116
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    • 2016
  • The present study aims to explore the causes of employment difficulty on the basis of job applicant's interest from P-E (person-environment) fit perspective. Our approach relied on a textual analytic method to reveal insights from their situational interests in a job search during the change of labor market. Thus, to investigate the type of major interests and psychological responses, user-generated texts in a social community were collected for analysis between January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2015 by crawling the online-community in regard to job seeking and sharing information and opinions. The results of topic analysis indicated user's primary interests were divided into four types: perception of vocation expectation, employment pre-preparation behaviors, perception of labor market, and job-seeking stress. Specially, job applicants put mainly concerns of monetary reward and a form of employment, rather than their work values or career exploration, thus youth job applicants expressed their psychological responses using contextualized language (e.g., slang, vulgarisms) for projecting their unstable state under uncertainty in response to environmental changes. Additionally, they have perceived activities in the restricted preparation (e.g., certification, English exam) as determinant factors for success in employment and suffered form job-seeking stress. On the basis of these findings, current unemployment matters are totally attributed to the absence of pursing the value of vocation and job in individuals, organizations, and society. Concretely, job seekers are preoccupied with occupational prestige in social aspect and have undecided vocational value. On the other hand, most companies have no perception of the importance of human resources and have overlooked the needs for proper work environment development in respect of stimulating individual motivation. The attempt in this study to reinterpret the effect of environment as for classifying job applicant's interests in reference to linguistic and psychological theories not only helps conduct a more comprehensive meaning for understanding social matters, but guides new directions for future research on job applicant's psychological factors (e.g., attitudes, motivation) using topic analysis.

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An Analysis of Validity and Satisfaction for Objectives of Small and Medium Business(SMB) Administration Subsidy the Human Resource Development Program(HRDP) and the Customized Employment Program(CEP) in Specialized High Schools (중소기업 특성화고 인력양성사업과 취업맞춤반의 성과 목표에 대한 타당도 및 만족도 분석 연구)

  • Lee, Byung Wook;Ahn, Jae Yeong;Kang, Chol Min
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.68-87
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    • 2016
  • This research conducted a survey for total 166 teachers of schools so as to analyze validity and satisfaction for performance objectives of SMB administration subsidy the HRDP and the CEP in Specialized High School. The results of research are as follows. First, teachers recognize that purpose of HRDP is to expand employment of specialized high school and provide human resource of SMB. And, they recognize that HRDP is important to improve school outcomes and makes a positive effect on the improvement of school outcomes. Second, teachers recognize that objectives of HRDP are improvement of student's understanding for SMB, improvement of teacher's understanding for SMB, improvement of SMB's understanding of school, cultivation of student's occupational view, systematization of career guiding program based on employment process, strengthening of industry-academia cooperation education, improvement of the level of student's skill, fulfillment of workplace experience and practice focusing workplace learning, training of customized human resource for SMB, improvement of student's adaptation to the workplace, improvement of employment rate for SMB, expansion of job opportunities for students with SMB, preparation of the base of connection between school and SMB, publicity of school, expansion of opportunities to cooperate between SMB and school, establishment of cooperative system among industrial association and school, introduction and operation of the employment connective model for joint education and employment, strengthening of field professionalism of teachers. However, satisfaction for the achievement of objectives of HRDP except for strengthening of industry-academia cooperation education and improvement of employment rate for SMB is relatively lower than the validity. Third, teachers in charge of human resource training business of middle and small sized company's specialized high school recognize that objectives of CEP are expansion of job opportunities for students with SMB, excavation of good-quality SMB, expansion of opportunities to cooperate between SMB and school, fulfillment of workplace learning, improvement of student's major foundation and in-depth skill, improvement of literacy, math, teamwork and communication abilities for students' job performance, improvement of student's working attitude and student's proper career exploration decision. However, satisfaction for achievement of objectives of CEP is relatively lower than the validity.

A Study on Load-carrying Capacity Design Criteria of Jack-up Rigs under Environmental Loading Conditions (환경하중을 고려한 Jack-up rig의 내하력 설계 기준에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Joo Shin;Ha, Yeon Chul;Seo, Jung Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2020
  • Jack-up drilling rigs are widely used in the offshore oil and gas exploration industry. Although originally designed for use in shallow waters, trends in the energy industry have led to a growing demand for their use in deep sea and harsh environmental conditions. To extend the operating range of jack-up units, their design must be based on reliable analysis while eliminating excessive conservatism. In current industrial practice, jack-up drilling rigs are designed using the working(or allowable) stress design (WSD) method. Recently, classifications have been developed for specific regulations based on the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) method, which emphasises the reliability of the methods. This statistical method utilises the concept of limit state design and uses factored loads and resistance factors to account for uncertainly in the loads and computed strength of the leg components in a jack-up drilling rig. The key differences between the LRFD method and the WSD method must be identified to enable appropriate use of the LRFD method for designing jack-up rigs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to compare and quantitatively investigate the differences between actual jack-up lattice leg structures, which are designed by the WSD and LRFD methods, and subject to different environmental load-to-dead-load ratios, thereby delineating the load-to-capacity ratios of rigs designed using theses methods under these different enviromental conditions. The comparative results are significantly advantageous in the leg design of jack-up rigs, and determine that the jack-up rigs designed using the WSD and LRFD methods with UC values differ by approximately 31 % with respect to the API-RP code basis. It can be observed that the LRFD design method is more advantageous to structure optimization compared to the WSD method.

Suggestion of Computational Thinking-Scientific Inquiry (CT-SI) Model through the Exploration of the Relationship Between Scientific Problem Solving Process and Computational Thinking (과학적 문제해결과정과 컴퓨팅 사고의 관련성 탐색을 통한 컴퓨팅 사고 기반 과학 탐구(CT-SI) 모형의 제안)

  • Hwang, Yohan;Mun, Kongju
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.92-111
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    • 2020
  • The 2015 revised science curriculum and NGSS (Next Generation Science Standard) suggest computational thinking as an inquiry skill or competency. Particularly, concern in computational thinking has increased since the Ministry of Education has required software education since 2014. However, there is still insufficient discussion on how to integrate computational thinking in science education. Therefore, this study aims to prepare a way to integrate computational thinking elements into scientific inquiry by analyzing the related literature. In order to achieve this goal, we summarized various definitions of the elements of computational thinking and analyzed general problem solving process and scientific inquiry process to develop and suggest the model. We also considered integrated problem solving cases from the computer science field and summarized the elements of the Computational Thinking-Scientific Inquiry (CT-SI) model. We asked scientists to explain their research process based on the elements. Based on these explanations from the scientists, we developed 'Problem-finding' CT-SI model and 'Problem solving' CT-SI model. These two models were reviewed by scientists. 'Problem-finding' model is relevant for selecting information and analyzing problems in the theoretical research. 'Problem solving' is suitable for engineering problem solving process using a general research process and engineering design. In addition, two teachers evaluated whether these models could be used in the secondary school curriculum. The models we developed in this study linked with the scientific inquiry and this will help enhance the practices of 'collecting, analyzing and interpreting data,' 'use of mathematical thinking and computer' suggested in the 2015 revised curriculum.

A study on the utilization of drones and aerial photographs for searching ruins with a focus on topographic analysis (유적탐색을 위한 드론과 항공사진의 활용방안 연구)

  • Heo, Ui-Haeng;Lee, Wal-Yeong
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.22-37
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    • 2018
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have attracted considerable attention both at home and abroad. The UAV is equipped with a camera that shoots images, which is advantageous for access to areas where archaeological investigations are not possible. Moreover, it is possible to acquire three-dimensional spatial image information by modeling the terrain through aerial photographing, and it is possible to specify the interpretation of the terrain of the survey area. In addition, if we understand the change of the terrain through comparison with past aerial photographs, it will be very helpful to grasp the existence of the ruins. The terrain modeling for searching these remains can be divided into two parts. First, we acquire the aerial photographs of the current terrain using the drone. Then, using image registration and post-processing, we complete the image-joining and terrain-modeling using past aerial photographs. The completed modeled terrain can be used to derive several analytical results. In the present terrain modeling, terrain analysis such as DSM, DTM, and altitude analysis can be performed to roughly grasp the characteristics of the change in the form, quality, and micro-topography. Past terrain modeling of aerial photographs allows us to understand the shape of landforms and micro-topography in wetlands. When verified with actual findings and overlapping data on the modelling of each terrain, it is believed that changes in hill shapes and buried Microform can be identified as helpful when used in low-flying applications. Thus, modeling data using aerial photographs is useful for identifying the reasons for the inability to carry out archaeological surveys, the existence of terrain and ruins in a wide area, and to discuss the preservation process of the ruins. Furthermore, it is possible to provide various themes, such as cadastral maps and land use maps, through comparison of past and present topographical data. However, it is certain that it will function as a new investigation methodology for the exploration of ruins in order to discover archaeological cultural properties.

A preliminary study for blue ice in Victoria Land, East Antarctica (동남극 빅토리아랜드 블루아이스 예비 연구)

  • Jang, Youngjoon;Han, Yeongcheol;Ryu, Yeongjun;Moon, Jangil;Ju, Hyeon-Tae;Yang, Ji-Woong;Lee, Hun-Gyu;Jun, Seong Joon;Lee, Joohan;Hur, Soon Do;Lee, Jong Ik;Ahn, Jinho
    • Journal of the Geological Society of Korea
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.567-580
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    • 2017
  • Because blue ice forms where ice flows up to the surface and ablates by sublimation, we may get old ice on the surface. We can also obtain large amount of ice samples for same ages on the surface because the same age ice horizontally extends on the surface and vertical age change is small. This paper reports the exploration on the blue ice at Victoria Land, East Antarctica in austral summers of 2014-2017, and preliminary results of geochemical analysis for the ice. The surface blue ice samples collected from the Elephant Moraine in 2014-2015 show scattered $CO_2$ and $CH_4$ concentrations within neighboring ice, and very low total air content of 0.03-0.04 ml/g ice, indicating alteration along the crack surfaces. The mean deuterium excess was low at -3.4‰, very likely due to isotopic alteration. On the other hand, the 10 m core collected from the Tarn Flat in 2015-2016 shows relatively constant greenhouse gas concentration levels of pre-industrial interglacials and the water isotope ratios were observed to gradually increase upward. To obtain unaltered samples at the Elephant Moraine, 15 blue ice cores including 10 m cores were drilled in 2016-2017. Furthermore, ground penetration radar (GPR) survey for stratigraphic analysis and measurement of 3-dimensional extensity of a tephra layer were conducted in the field. GPR results show the bed rock laid down to 450-800 m from the surface and we found tephra layer tilted with an angle of $20-59^{\circ}$ in the surface. For the future study, we urgently need noble gas isotope analysis for accurate ages as well as shallow or intermediate-depth drilling to obtain unaltered samples with continuous ages.

Screening of Resistance of Introduced Kimchi Cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) Germplasm from Asian areas to Plasmodiophora brassicae Isolates Collected in Korea. (배추 아시아 도입 유전자원의 국내 재배포장에서 수집한 뿌리혹병 균주에 대한 저항성 반응)

  • Jeon, Young-Ah;Lee, Ho-Sun;Rhee, Ju-Hee;Lee, Jae-Eun;Ko, Ho-Cheol;Aseefa, Awraris Derbie;Sung, Jung-Sook;Hur, On-sook;Ro, Na-young;Lee, Sok-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 2018
  • Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, is one of the most crucial disease in Kimchi cabbage. Screening disease resistant genetic resources is necessary to develop disease resistant cultivars and conduct related research. We have evaluated the development of clubroot to the 120 genetic resources of Kimchi cabbage introduced from World Vegetable Center and five Asian countries using isolate of Plasmodiophora brassicae collected in Haenam fields in Jeollanam-do Province, Rep. of Korea. This isolate was determined race 2 using differential varieties reported by Kim et al., 2016. IT100384 and IT305623 showed strong resistance, lower than disease index (DI) 1.0. IT100385, 100439, and 135407 showed moderate resistance (1.0

Screening of Disease Resistance of Introduced Lettuce Cultivars from Overseas to Fusarium Wilt(Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae) (상추 국외 도입 유전자원의 시들음병 저항성 검정)

  • Jeon, Young-Ah;Rhee, Ju-Hee;Lee, Jae-Eun;Sung, Jung-Sook;Hur, On-sook;Ro, Na-young;Lee, Sok-Young;Lee, Ho-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to get information of Fusarium wilt resistance for introduced lettuce cultivars from 12 countries. 111 developed cultivars introduced from 12 countries showed intense and broad resistance symptom. The withered rates of the 111 accessions widely ranged from 0(no symptom) to 4(completely died caused by Fusarium wilt) index. The average of pathogenicity of all evaluated accessions was $2.6{\pm}0.19$. Among them, 7 accessions including IT 294125 showed strong resistance(100 percent survival from Fusarium wilt) and 16 accessions including IT 289569, showed high level of resistance that is higher than 80% of 0 level and lower than 20 % of 3 or 4 level to young plants evaluated. Among the 16 accessions, 11 accessions were developed from U.S.A, 4 accessions from Turkey, and 1 from China. The 16 accessions consisted of 8 crisphead, 5 leaf lettuce, 2 romain type, and 1 stem type. As a result, 16 accessions which showed high level of resistance to Fusarium wilt can be possible to be used by commercial farmers and breeders. However, research related to the exploration of appropriate materials(accessions) for breeding cultivars with variable characters, good quality, high functional components, high consumer acceptability, etc. should be continued, considering pathogenicity test was conducted in young stage.

Exploration of Figurative Characteristics of Hand-Foot Coordination Movements - With Emphasis on Ballet and Korean Dance - (수족상응(手足相應) 동작의 형태학적 특징 탐색 - 발레와 한국무용을 중심으로 -)

  • Hwang, Kyu Ja;Yoo, Ji Young
    • (The) Research of the performance art and culture
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    • no.20
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    • pp.339-367
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    • 2010
  • Despite that it is relatively difficult to compare the movements in eastern and western dancing, this study approached hand-foot coordination movements, which involve lifting both an arm and a leg to stand on one foot, from a figurative point of view. In ballet, arabesque, developpe, and attitude were recognized as the example hand-foot coordination movements, and in Korean Dance, Oesawi, Gyeopsawi, and Meongseokmari of Mask Dance were classified into the hand-foot coordination movements. The figurative characteristics of these dances were approached from the aspects of racial traits, philosophies of dancing, and forms of movements. The following summarizes the findings about hand-foot coordination movements of this study. First, in relation to human physiology, eastern and western races have different traits. The forms of dancing have developed differently according to the builds and figures of dancers. Ballet is an elegant form of dancing using long legs and arms and its arabesque, developpe, and attitude movements emphasize stretching the body for an elegant and beautiful presentation. On the other hand, Korea was an agricultural society and lived closer to the land. As its people developed petite figures, its dancing movements, especially the hand-foot coordination movements, involved 'twisting' and 'walking down and up.' Second, despite that the hand-foot coordination movements are identical for east and west, ballet aims at the heaven and Korean Dance aims at the land according to the differences in the views of nature. Although the principle of hand-foot coordination movements is about aiming at the land, western philosophies and aesthetics pursue the heaven. Third, in ballet, the focus of beauty is the presentation of beautiful movements. Therefore, the hand-foot coordination movements precisely control the position and angle of arms and legs for the perfect balance of the body. On the other hand, the hand-foot coordination movements of Korean Dance are mostly rooted from natural daily movements and movements that enhance the efficiency of labor. Therefore, it is considered beautiful techniques even if the body looks rather unbalanced.

Qualitative Inquiry on Ways to Improve Science Instruction and Assessment for Raising High School Students' Positive Experiences on Science (고등학생의 과학긍정경험 향상을 위한 교수학습 및 평가 개선 방안에 대한 질적 탐구)

  • Kwak, Youngsun;Shin, Youngjoon;Kang, Hunsik;Lee, Sunghee;Lee, Il;Lee, Soo-Young;Ha, Jihoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we investigated the characteristics of students participating in Science Core high schools classes and their relevance to Positive Experiences on Science (hereinafter, PES), and factors causing PES, presented by the students of Science Core high schools. A total of 20 students and five teachers in four regions across the country participated in the in-depth interview, which were conducted with the focus group of students first, and then in-depth interviews with teachers. Based on the interview results, we explored teaching and learning experiences helpful to the PES, assessment experiences resulting in the PES, and ways to support Science Core high schools to enhance their PES. Students and teachers of Science Core high schools argued that students' participation will increase only if they engage in classes while drawing attention within the range that students can understand, students' PES such as scientific interest can be improved through experiments in which students choose topics or design their own exploration process, science competencies such as science problem solving ability and scientific thinking ability should be developed through exploratory experiment activities that fit the nature of science, etc. In addition, regarding ways to improve and support Science Core high schools to enhance PES, securing science class hours, restructuring the contents of science elective courses, and necessity of maintaining Science Core high schools are suggested. Based on the research results of science high school students' PES, ways to improve the PES of general high school students are discussed.