• Title, Summary, Keyword: Exercise

Search Result 8,716, Processing Time 0.06 seconds

The Correlation of Hip Abductor, Adductor and Abdominis, Low Limb Muscle Activation During Bridging Exercise with Hip Abductor and Adductor Contraction (고관절 내.외전근 수축을 이용한 교각 운동에서의 내.외전근과 복부 및 하지근육과의 상관관계 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.199-203
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose : Bridging exercise was used most frequently of lumbar stabilization exercise. There has been no reserch regarding the bridging exercise according to hip abductor activation or hip adductor activation. The purpose of this study is to determine correlation of hip abductor, adductor and abdominal muscles, lower limb muscle. Methods : Participants who met the criteria for this study (n=45). Participants performs bridging exercise on three types (normal bridging exercise, bridging exercise with hip abductor contraction, bridging exercise with hip adductor contraction) for evaluate correlation of each muscles. Results : There was a significant negative correlation between adductor magnus and gluteus medius, adductor magnus and rectus femoris. And there was a positive correlation between gluteus medius and rectus femoris on normal bridging exercise (p<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between adductor magnus and gluteus medius, transverse abdominis, and between gulteus medius and transverse abdominis on bridging exercise with adductor magnus activation (p<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between adductor magnus and gluteus medius, rectus femoris, and between gulteus medius and rectus femoris on bridging exercise with gluteus medius activation (p<0.05). Conclusion : When we perform bridging exercise for transverse abdominis activation and increase pressure in the abdmen, bridging exercise with hip adductor contraction is more effective than normal bridging exercise and bridging exercise with hip abductor contraction.

The effects of immune response on maximal aerobic and anaerobic exercise (급성적인 최대 유·무산소 운동이 면역반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwon-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
    • /
    • v.5 no.3
    • /
    • pp.269-275
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on immune response. Fourteen university soccer players are sampled and divided into two groups -- one group of seven for aerobic exercise, the other for anaerobic exercise. The one group of aerobic exercise went through the Graded Exercise Test of Bruce protocol, using Treadmill, and were driven to be all-out ; the other of anaerobic exercise took the Wingate Test. Blood the respective periods of rest, post exercise, and recovery for ten minutes. The results are as follows. (1) The acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise don't affect monocyte and granulocyte. (2) The change in lymphocyte and NK cell resulting from the acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise shows a significant differences in the three different periods, but not significant differences between the two groups.

  • PDF

Development of a Exercise Intervention Program Based on Stage of Exercise Using the Transtheoretical Model in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨환자를 위한 운동행위 변화단계별 중재프로그램 개발 - Transtheoretical Model을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim Chun-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.123-132
    • /
    • 2002
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise using the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Method : A methodological research design was used to develop the exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise using TTM. Result: The exercise intervention program consisted of theoretical background and goals of program, assessment tool for stage of change, and an exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise. Details for the exercise and a glossary are included, Conclusion : The exercise intervention based stage of exercise can apply for DM patients who are in any stages properly.

  • PDF

Effects of Exercise Treatment on Obesity: What Community Nutritionists Need to Know

  • Lee Kyoung-Young
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.76-89
    • /
    • 2006
  • By improving body composition, such as fat, lean body mass and total body weight, an exercise program can be an effective treatment of obesity. The effects of exercise on obesity have been confirmed via various approaches such as type, intensity, duration, frequency, and combination with diet. Combined exercise and diet is the most efficient strategy for weight loss, and exercise alone could improve metabolism irrespective of weight loss. In addition, physical activity, including exercise, is emphasized to avoid a 'yo-yo' phenomenon. Exercise increases lipolysis stimulated by such factors as catecholamine, growth hormone (GH), and hormone sensitive lipase (HSL). Moreover, changes in insulin and cortisol through exercise affect adipose tissue, which is known as not only an energy storage locale, but also as an endocrine organ. Adipocytokines secreted by adipose tissue respond to signals that modulate metabolism and inflammation. Exercise has generally shown positive effects on adipocytokines, and these effects increase in conjunction with a hypocaloric diet. However, a long duration and a high intensity of exercise could induce an inflammatory response. This review summarizes the effects of exercise on obesity treatment, which contributes to the exercise and nutritional fields, particularly of community nutritionists. (J Community Nutrition 8(2): 76-89, 2006)

The Effect of Long-term Endurance training and Antioxidant Combined Vitamin Supplementation on blood Antioxidant Enzymes Activity, Lipid Peroxidation and Lipoprotein metabolism (장기간의 지구성 훈련시 항산화 Vitamin 복합 투여가 혈중 항산화 효소 활성도, 지질 과산화 및 지단백 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Yoo-Sub
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.100-118
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was to investigate the effect of long-term high intensity endurance training on the activation of antioxidation enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation and lipoprotein metabolism. 15 subjects were divided into, endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement(n=5), endurance exercise(n=5), and the control(n=5) groups. The endurance exercise groups(endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement and endurance exercise) had 12 week of endurance exercise program. The antioxidation Vitamin supplement group was taken a Vitamin C tablet with 1000mg/day and Vitamin E tablet with 671.14mg/day right after lunch. The results obtained from this study were as follows; 1. Looking at the changes of SOD, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group and endurance exercise groups showed the significantly greater decrease in the activation of SOD after 12 weeks of all-out exercise. 2. Looking at the changes of CAT, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group revealed subjects tended to increase CAT after all-out exercise although statistically non-significant. Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group showed the significantly greater increase in the activation of CAT after 12 weeks treatment for all-out exercise. 3. Looking at the changes of GPX, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group revealed subjects tended to increase GPX for the rest and after all-out exercise although statistically non-significant. Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group showed the significantly greater increase in the activation of GPX after 12 weeks treatment for all-out exercise. 4. The MDA change showed the significant decrease after 6 weeks, after 12 weeks for the all-out exercise of Endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement group. 5. There was non-significant change in lipoprotein metabolism for the rest and after all-out exercise.

  • PDF

A Study on Dietary Behavior and Health-Related Lifestyles according to Exorcise Habits of Female University Students in the Jeonju Area (전주 지역 여대생의 운동 습관에 따른 식습관 및 건강 관련 생활 습관에 관한 연구)

  • Rho, Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.607-614
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles, according to exercise habits, of female university students in the Jeonju area. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 285 students, and the statistical data analysis was completed using the SPSS v. 10.0 program. The results are summarized as follows. The weight, height, and BMI averages of the regular exercise and non-exercise groups were 53.05 kg, 162.46 cm, and 20.23, and 50.81 kg, 161.46 cm, and 19.48, respectively. The breakfast skipping ratio was higher in the non-exercise group than the exercise group. More than 72% of the exercise and 71% of the non-exercise group responded to regularly having lunch at the university canteens or restaurants around campus. Approximately 70% of the exercise and 71% of the non-exercise group responded to having dinner irregularly, which was mainly caused by reasons such as 'irregularity of life style' and 'appointments with friends'. The snack intake ratios of the exercise and non-exercise groups were high, but the exercise group ate more fruit, yogurt, and milk than the non-exercise group. The favorite sports of the exercise group were 'walk(jogging)', 'yoga', 'bicycle,' 'swim,' etc. In particular, 5.3% of the exercise group had ridden a bicycle to the university. More than 97% of the students were non-smokers. About 14% of the exercise and 15% of the non-exercise group rank alcohol once or twice a week. The exercise group did not show exceptional health-oriented dietary behaviors in comparison to the non-exorcise group. Therefore, an exercise-oriented nutrition education program would be beneficial to the students, in order to improve their dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles.

  • PDF

The Effect of 12 Weeks Rope Skipping and Band Exercise on GH, IGF-1 and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Female Obese Middle School Students (12주간 줄넘기, 밴드운동이 비만 여중생의 GH, IGF-1 및 대사증후군 위험 인자에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Gong-Jip;Son, Won-Mok
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.587-594
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of rope skipping and band exercise on GH, IGF-1 and metabolic syndrome risk factors in female obese middle school students. Twenty female obese middle school students(%BF > 30%) were randomly assigned to a exercise group(EX, n=10) or control group(CON, n=10). The exercise group has performed rope skipping and band exercise for 12 weeks, 3time per week. Exercise intensity was increased gradually, from 40% to 70% of Heart Rate Reserve(HRR) and Rating of Perceived Exertion(RPE) 11-15. GH, IGF-1 and metabolic syndrome rist factors were GH, IGF-1 and metabolic syndrome risk factors were measured pre- and post-exercise program including rope skipping and band exercise. Levels of GH and IGF-1 were significantly increased (p<.01 and p<0.001, respectively) in exercise group after 12 weeks of exercise training. WC and TG were significantly decreased(p<.01) in exercise group after 12 weeks of training. HDL-C was significantly increased(p<.05) in exercise group after 12 weeks of training. In conclusion, rope skipping and band exercise were effective exercise program in improving GH, IGF-1 and metabolic syndrome risk factors in female obese middle school students.

The Influence of Trunk Rotation Exercise and PNF Exercise on Gait in the Individuals with Malalignment Syndrome (체간 양측성 회전 운동과 PNF 운동이 부정렬 증후군을 가진 성인의 보행에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jae-Won;No, Hyun-Jeung
    • PNF and Movement
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.49-55
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose : The aim of this study was to identify of bilateral trunk rotation(BTR) exercise and PNF exercise on gait in the individuals with malalignment syndrome. Methods : Subjects were 32 that were divided 2 groups in 20's generation. Interventions were trunk ratation exercise and PNF exercise. We used Medex for trunk rotation exercise. BTR group received exercise for three-sets (10min/set) along with stretching exercise ten-minutes, 3 times per week. PNF group took turns the D1 pattern in upper extremity and the D1 pattern in the opposite side of lower extremity for three-sets (10min/set). The measurement were force metatarsal 1 (FM 1), impulse metatarsal 1 (IM 1), force heel lat (FHL), impulse heel lat (IHL) by using footscan (RS scan). Statistical method was repeated measurement of ANOVA and p value was 0.05. Results : BTR and PNF group were significantly different in time(FM 1, IM 1, FHL, IHL). As different of right/left, BTR and PNF exercise were significantly different in FM 1, IM 1, FHL. Conclusion : BTR exercise was good exercise for malalignment but needs expensive equipment, for example, Medex. PNF exercise doesn't need expensive equipment but good method in malalignment syndrome person for gait ability. If PNF exercise is more experiment, PNF exercise could use variety for more patients.

  • PDF

Health Locus of Control, Exercise Self-efficacy, and Exercise Benefits / Barriers of Female College Students (여대생의 건강통제위와 운동 자기효능감, 운동 유익성 및 장애성)

  • Ha, Ju-Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.116-125
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between health locus of control, exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits / barriers of female college students. Methods: Convenient sampling was used to recruit participants from a University based in Pusan. Data were collected from October 15 to December 20, 2007, and participants were 322 students. The questionnaires administered consisted of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (HLOC) Scales, Exercise Self-efficacy Scale, and Exercise Benefits / Barriers Scale. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean scores for the HLOC among female students was HLOC-I: 22.24, HLOC-P: 16.82, HLOC-C: 15.16. The mean scores were exercise self-efficacy: 37.45, exercise benefit: 2.96, and exercise barriers: 2.89. The 'double external' response pattern of HLOC was the largest group in female students with significant difference in exercise benefit between response patterns of HLOC. There were significant correlations between HLOC-I, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise benefit/barriers. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that tailored health management program by pattern of HLOC should be developed to promote the exercise behavior and enhance the exercise self-efficacy and benefit for female students.

The Effects of Tabata Exercise and Kettle Bell Exercise on Vital Capacity, Skeletal Muscle Mass, and Endurance in Women (타바타 운동과 케틀벨 운동이 성인 여성의 폐활량과 골격근량 및 지구력에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Hoesong;Jeong, Chanjoo;Yoo, Youngdae;Jeon, Hyunju;Heo, Jaewon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.11-19
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Tabata exercise and Kettle bell exercise on vital capacity, skeletal muscle mass, and endurance in women. Methods : Twenty subjects participated in this study. They were divided into two group: a Tabata exercise group (n=10) and a kettle bell exercise group (n=10). Both groups performed their assigned exercise 3 times a weeks for 6 weeks. Result : There were statistically significant differences in FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEF, and VC (p<.05) between the Tabata exercise group and the kettle bell exercise group. There were also statistically significant differences in skeletal muscle mass and endurance function (p<.05) between the two groups. The Tabata exercise group demonstrated greater improvements in fitness parameters compared to those demonstrated by the kettle bell exercise group. Conclusion : The Tabata exercise group was more effective at increasing vital capacity, skeletal muscle mass, and endurance compared to the kettle bell exercise group.