• Title/Summary/Keyword: Exercise

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An Effect of Muscle Strengthening Exercise Program on Muscle Strength, Pain, Depression, Self- efficacy, and Quality of Life of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (근력강화 운동프로그램이 퇴행성 슬관절염대상자의 근력, 통증, 우울, 자기효능감 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이미라
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.556-575
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    • 1996
  • In an attempt to investigate the effect of a muscle strengthening exercise program on muscle strength, pain, depression, self-efficacy and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis, a pre-experiment, one group pre-test & post-test design, was planned. Muscle strengthening exercise was carried out from May 22 through August 14, 1995 at isokinetic exercise room in rehabilitation department of University Hospital in Taejon. The subjects were seven female clients conveniently sampled from University Hospital located in Taejon, between 39 and 61 years of age, who had a osteoarthritis in knee. Muscle strengthening exercise program was composed of three sessions per week, one isokinetic exercise at angular velocity of 60° and 180° with Cybex isokinetic dynamometer and two resistance home exercise sessions with elastic band. Data were analyzed with frequency, percentage of change, Friedman test, Duncan test using SAS program. Results were obtained as follows : 1) Flexion and extension muscle strength at angular velocity of 60° and 180° were increased after 12weeks' exercise than those of before experiment. But exept flexion muscle strength at angular velocity of 180°(F=3.34, P=0.0261), there was no statistically significant difference among muscle strengths, which is measured every 3 weeks. 2) Pain was decreased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before experiment, and after 12weeks' exercise than that of 6weeks' exercise. There was statistically significant difference (F=4.28, P=0.0396). 3) Depression was increased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before experiment, and after 12weeks' execise than that of 6weeks' exercise. There was no statistically significant difference between before experiment and after 6weeks' exercise. But, there was statistically significant difference between after 6weeks' exercise and 12weeks' exercise(F=9.38, P=0.0035). 4) Self-efficacy was decreased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before exercise. But, it was increased after 12weeks' exercise than that of be-fore exercise and after 6weeks' exercise. But there was no statistically significant difference (F=1.46, P=0.2706). 5) Quality of life was increased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before exercise, and after 6weeks' exercise than that of 12weeks' exercise. But there was no statistically significant differ once (F=1.06, P=0.3816). Thus, the significant of muscle strengthening exercise for the improvement of muscle strength, pain, depression, is verified. But, this study was a pre-experiment with small size subjects. So, con-trolled experimental study is necessary to determine the effect of this muscle strengthening exercise program on muscle strength, pain, depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis.

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Development of a Exercise Intervention Program Based on Stage of Exercise Using the Transtheoretical Model in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨환자를 위한 운동행위 변화단계별 중재프로그램 개발 - Transtheoretical Model을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim Chun-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise using the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Method : A methodological research design was used to develop the exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise using TTM. Result: The exercise intervention program consisted of theoretical background and goals of program, assessment tool for stage of change, and an exercise intervention program based on stage of exercise. Details for the exercise and a glossary are included, Conclusion : The exercise intervention based stage of exercise can apply for DM patients who are in any stages properly.

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The effects of immune response on maximal aerobic and anaerobic exercise (급성적인 최대 유·무산소 운동이 면역반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwon-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on immune response. Fourteen university soccer players are sampled and divided into two groups -- one group of seven for aerobic exercise, the other for anaerobic exercise. The one group of aerobic exercise went through the Graded Exercise Test of Bruce protocol, using Treadmill, and were driven to be all-out ; the other of anaerobic exercise took the Wingate Test. Blood the respective periods of rest, post exercise, and recovery for ten minutes. The results are as follows. (1) The acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise don't affect monocyte and granulocyte. (2) The change in lymphocyte and NK cell resulting from the acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise shows a significant differences in the three different periods, but not significant differences between the two groups.

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A Study on Dietary Behavior and Health-Related Lifestyles according to Exorcise Habits of Female University Students in the Jeonju Area (전주 지역 여대생의 운동 습관에 따른 식습관 및 건강 관련 생활 습관에 관한 연구)

  • Rho, Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.607-614
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles, according to exercise habits, of female university students in the Jeonju area. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 285 students, and the statistical data analysis was completed using the SPSS v. 10.0 program. The results are summarized as follows. The weight, height, and BMI averages of the regular exercise and non-exercise groups were 53.05 kg, 162.46 cm, and 20.23, and 50.81 kg, 161.46 cm, and 19.48, respectively. The breakfast skipping ratio was higher in the non-exercise group than the exercise group. More than 72% of the exercise and 71% of the non-exercise group responded to regularly having lunch at the university canteens or restaurants around campus. Approximately 70% of the exercise and 71% of the non-exercise group responded to having dinner irregularly, which was mainly caused by reasons such as 'irregularity of life style' and 'appointments with friends'. The snack intake ratios of the exercise and non-exercise groups were high, but the exercise group ate more fruit, yogurt, and milk than the non-exercise group. The favorite sports of the exercise group were 'walk(jogging)', 'yoga', 'bicycle,' 'swim,' etc. In particular, 5.3% of the exercise group had ridden a bicycle to the university. More than 97% of the students were non-smokers. About 14% of the exercise and 15% of the non-exercise group rank alcohol once or twice a week. The exercise group did not show exceptional health-oriented dietary behaviors in comparison to the non-exorcise group. Therefore, an exercise-oriented nutrition education program would be beneficial to the students, in order to improve their dietary behaviors and health-related lifestyles.

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The Effect of Long-term Endurance training and Antioxidant Combined Vitamin Supplementation on blood Antioxidant Enzymes Activity, Lipid Peroxidation and Lipoprotein metabolism (장기간의 지구성 훈련시 항산화 Vitamin 복합 투여가 혈중 항산화 효소 활성도, 지질 과산화 및 지단백 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Yoo-Sub
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.100-118
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    • 2002
  • This study was to investigate the effect of long-term high intensity endurance training on the activation of antioxidation enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation and lipoprotein metabolism. 15 subjects were divided into, endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement(n=5), endurance exercise(n=5), and the control(n=5) groups. The endurance exercise groups(endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement and endurance exercise) had 12 week of endurance exercise program. The antioxidation Vitamin supplement group was taken a Vitamin C tablet with 1000mg/day and Vitamin E tablet with 671.14mg/day right after lunch. The results obtained from this study were as follows; 1. Looking at the changes of SOD, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group and endurance exercise groups showed the significantly greater decrease in the activation of SOD after 12 weeks of all-out exercise. 2. Looking at the changes of CAT, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group revealed subjects tended to increase CAT after all-out exercise although statistically non-significant. Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group showed the significantly greater increase in the activation of CAT after 12 weeks treatment for all-out exercise. 3. Looking at the changes of GPX, Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group revealed subjects tended to increase GPX for the rest and after all-out exercise although statistically non-significant. Endurance exercise+antioxidation Vitamin supplement group showed the significantly greater increase in the activation of GPX after 12 weeks treatment for all-out exercise. 4. The MDA change showed the significant decrease after 6 weeks, after 12 weeks for the all-out exercise of Endurance exercise + antioxidation Vitamin supplement group. 5. There was non-significant change in lipoprotein metabolism for the rest and after all-out exercise.

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Effects of Exercise Program for Women of Old-Old Age in Senior Citizen Halls based on Pender's Health Promotion Model (경로당 고령 여성의 운동 프로그램 개발 및 효과 검증: Pender의 건강증진모형 적용)

  • Lee, Kyoung Im;Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an exercise program developed for women of old-old age in senior citizen halls on the basis of Pender's health promotion model. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used in this study. The experimental group participated in the exercise program for 60 minutes per day, three times a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: After the program, there were significant differences in perceived barriers to exercise, exercise self-efficacy, exercise social support, exercise behavior, physical fitness, perceived health status, and depression between two groups. However, no significant difference was observed in the perceived benefits to exercise between two groups. Conclusion: The exercise program of this study was useful to enhance exercise self-efficacy, exercise social support, exercise behavior, physical fitness, and perceived health status and to reduce the perceived barriers to exercise and depression of women of old-old age. Therefore, we recommend this exercise program for the elderly care.

The Effects of Tabata Exercise and Kettle Bell Exercise on Vital Capacity, Skeletal Muscle Mass, and Endurance in Women (타바타 운동과 케틀벨 운동이 성인 여성의 폐활량과 골격근량 및 지구력에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Hoesong;Jeong, Chanjoo;Yoo, Youngdae;Jeon, Hyunju;Heo, Jaewon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Tabata exercise and Kettle bell exercise on vital capacity, skeletal muscle mass, and endurance in women. Methods : Twenty subjects participated in this study. They were divided into two group: a Tabata exercise group (n=10) and a kettle bell exercise group (n=10). Both groups performed their assigned exercise 3 times a weeks for 6 weeks. Result : There were statistically significant differences in FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEF, and VC (p<.05) between the Tabata exercise group and the kettle bell exercise group. There were also statistically significant differences in skeletal muscle mass and endurance function (p<.05) between the two groups. The Tabata exercise group demonstrated greater improvements in fitness parameters compared to those demonstrated by the kettle bell exercise group. Conclusion : The Tabata exercise group was more effective at increasing vital capacity, skeletal muscle mass, and endurance compared to the kettle bell exercise group.

The Effect of McKenzie and Mulligan Exercise Training on the Cervical Spine (맥켄지 운동과 멀리건 기법이 경추에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Chi-hyok;Kim, Ju-yoon;Jung, Su-hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 2015
  • Background: Many people are suffering from neck and shoulder pain due to muscle weakness, muscle fatigue, lack of exercise and accidents during exercise. In this study we compared the effects of McKenzie method and Mulligan technique method. Method: we randomly selected men(10) and women(10) and they are the 20s students of Busan material K college. We divided for McKenzie exercise group and Mulligan exercise group. McKenzie exercise and mulligan exercise applied cervical area three times a week for three weeks. We compared with pre-experiment and after 1~3 week through measuring the electromyography (EMG) change and neck range of motion (ROM). Results: The changes in the EMG at each exercise group, there was a statistically significant difference in each week. Although there was a significant difference after 1 week between the exercise group, the changes in the neck ROM at each exercise group there was no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: After experiment, EMG and neck ROM were increased in McKenzie exercise group and Mulligan exercise group. But Mulligan exercise group showed the change better than McKenzie exercise group in early stage. We suggest the Mulligan exercise method for recovering in early stage of neck ROM.

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The Effects of Group Exercise, Manual Therapy and Home Exercise on Pain, Range of Motion and Function in Patient with Adhesive Capsulitis

  • Kwag, Kwang Il;Seo, Eun Kyoung;Kim, Tae Yoon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of group exercise, manual therapy, and a home exercise program on VAS (visual analogue scale), ROM (range of motion) of shoulder, and functional outcome in adhesive capsulitis. Methods: The study was conducted with 45 patients. All subjects were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group exercise (n=15), manual therapy (n=15), home exercise (n=15). The subjects performed an intervention program 3 times a week for 4 weeks a total of 12 times. Outcome measurements were VAS, ROM, and Constant-Murley score outcome measures. Measurements were taken four times, at baseline, 4 weeks later, 8 weeks later, and 12 weeks later. Results: VAS, ROM of the shoulder, and functional outcomes showed improvement in all groups at the final follow-up (p<0.05). VAS and ROM showed greater improvement with group exercise and manual therapy than home exercise, however, there were no significant differences between the two groups (p>0.05). Functional outcomes showed the greatest improvement in group exercise at the final follow-up. This improvement was greater than with manual therapy or home exercise (p<0.05). Conclusion: Group exercise and manual therapy were more effective for improving pain, ROM, and function than home exercise in adhesive capsulitis. In particular, group exercise is more effective in functional recovery than other physiotherapy interventions.

The Effect of Horse-Riding Exercise on the Balance Ability in the Frail Woman Elderly People (승마 운동이 여성 노인의 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chaewoo;Lee, Insil;Kim, Hyeonsu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of horse riding exercise for the prevention of falls in the frail woman elderly people. Method : 30 subjects in H-equestrian and N-equestrian were randomly divided two group, aero-step exercise group and horse-riding exercise group. Each group carried out 40 minutes exercise three times a week for 8 weeks. TUG were measured for dynamic balance ability, and sway path of COP movement during standing were measured for evaluation of static balance ability in balance performance monitor(BPM). Result : The results were as follows, the dynamic balance scales of TUG between aero-step exercise and horse-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). The static balance scales of sway path between aero-step exercise and horse-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). Conclusion : These finding revealed that horse-riding exercise was effective on dynamic and static balance abiility of elderly people so that these exercise can be new altematives for the prevention of falls in the frail woman elderly people.