• Title, Summary, Keyword: Exercise

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Exercise Optimization Algorithm based on Context Aware Model for Ubiquitous Healthcare (유비쿼터스 헬스케어를 위한 문맥 인지 모델 기반 운동 최적화 알고리즘)

  • Lim, Jung-Eun;Choi, O-Hoon;Na, Hong-Seok;Baik, Doo-Kwon
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2007
  • To enhancing the exercise effect, exercise management systems are introduced and generally used. They create the proper exercise program through exercise prescription after determining the personal body status. When the exercise programs are created, they will consider $2weeks{\sim}3months$ period. And, existing exercise programs cannot respect with personal exercise habits or exercise period which are changing variedly. If exercise period is long, it can be caused inappropriate exercise about user current status. To solve these problems in legacy systems, this paper proposes a Context Aware Exercise Model (CAEM) to provide the exercise program considering the user context. Also, we implemented that as Intelligent Fitness Guide (IFG) System. The IFG system is selectively received necessary measurement values as input values according to user's context. If exercise kinds, frequency and strength of user are changing, that system creates the exercise program through exercise optimization algorithm and exercise knowledge base. As IFG is providing the exercise program in a real time, it can be managed the effective exercise according to user context.

An Effect of Muscle Strengthening Exercise Program on Muscle Strength, Pain, Depression, Self- efficacy, and Quality of Life of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (근력강화 운동프로그램이 퇴행성 슬관절염대상자의 근력, 통증, 우울, 자기효능감 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • 이미라
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.556-575
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    • 1996
  • In an attempt to investigate the effect of a muscle strengthening exercise program on muscle strength, pain, depression, self-efficacy and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis, a pre-experiment, one group pre-test & post-test design, was planned. Muscle strengthening exercise was carried out from May 22 through August 14, 1995 at isokinetic exercise room in rehabilitation department of University Hospital in Taejon. The subjects were seven female clients conveniently sampled from University Hospital located in Taejon, between 39 and 61 years of age, who had a osteoarthritis in knee. Muscle strengthening exercise program was composed of three sessions per week, one isokinetic exercise at angular velocity of 60° and 180° with Cybex isokinetic dynamometer and two resistance home exercise sessions with elastic band. Data were analyzed with frequency, percentage of change, Friedman test, Duncan test using SAS program. Results were obtained as follows : 1) Flexion and extension muscle strength at angular velocity of 60° and 180° were increased after 12weeks' exercise than those of before experiment. But exept flexion muscle strength at angular velocity of 180°(F=3.34, P=0.0261), there was no statistically significant difference among muscle strengths, which is measured every 3 weeks. 2) Pain was decreased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before experiment, and after 12weeks' exercise than that of 6weeks' exercise. There was statistically significant difference (F=4.28, P=0.0396). 3) Depression was increased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before experiment, and after 12weeks' execise than that of 6weeks' exercise. There was no statistically significant difference between before experiment and after 6weeks' exercise. But, there was statistically significant difference between after 6weeks' exercise and 12weeks' exercise(F=9.38, P=0.0035). 4) Self-efficacy was decreased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before exercise. But, it was increased after 12weeks' exercise than that of be-fore exercise and after 6weeks' exercise. But there was no statistically significant difference (F=1.46, P=0.2706). 5) Quality of life was increased after 6weeks' exercise than that of before exercise, and after 6weeks' exercise than that of 12weeks' exercise. But there was no statistically significant differ once (F=1.06, P=0.3816). Thus, the significant of muscle strengthening exercise for the improvement of muscle strength, pain, depression, is verified. But, this study was a pre-experiment with small size subjects. So, con-trolled experimental study is necessary to determine the effect of this muscle strengthening exercise program on muscle strength, pain, depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis.

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Effect of 12-week Exercise Programs for Posture Correction on Standing Postural Alignment in Elderly Women

  • Han, Ki Hoon;Shin, Jin Hyung;Lee, Joong Sook
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of different 12-week exercise programs for posture correction on postural alignment in elderly women. Method: The study included 36 elderly women who were randomly divided into 3 groups: Group A (core exercise, n=12), Group B (combined exercise, n=12), and Group C (Pilates exercise, n=12). Postural alignment was measured using 6 variables in frontal and sagittal planes. Two-way mixed analysis of variance was used to compare the effect of exercise program types on postural alignment and a paired t-test was used to compare differences in postural alignment after exercise. Results: The core exercise group showed statistically significant improvement (p<.05) in multiple upper and lower body postural alignment measurements. The combined exercise and Pilates exercise groups showed statistically significant improvement (p<.05) in upper body measurements alone. Conclusion: Core exercise, combined exercise, and Pilates exercise improved postural alignment in elderly woman through improvement in muscle strength and ligament flexibility around the spine and pelvis.

The Effects of Pilates Exercise Using the Three Dimensional Schroth Breathing Technique on the Physical Factors of Scoliosis Patients

  • HwangBo, Pil Neo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aims to verify the effects of Pilates exercise using the three-dimensional (3D) Schroth breathing technique on scoliosis patients in comparison with the existing Pilates exercise technique, which uses lateral breathing. Methods: The subjects were 16 scoliosis patients who went to S fitness center in Daegu, Korea. They were randomly and equally divided into a Schroth Pilates exercise group (SPEG), who performed Pilates exercise using 3D Schroth breathing, and a Pilates exercise group (PEG) who performed Pilates exercise using lateral breathing. The subjects conducted the Pilates exercise three times per week for 12 weeks. Changes in their Cobb's angle, angle of trunk rotation, and chest expansion ability were measured before and after the exercise. Results: Both groups experienced significant improvement in their Cobb's angle, angle of trunk rotation, and chest expansion ability after the exercise (p<0.05). Between-group comparison after the exercise showed that SPEG's improvement in Cobb's angle, angle of trunk rotation, and chest expansion ability were more significant than those of the PEG (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study verified that Pilates exercise using 3D Schroth breathing was more effective in improving scoliosis patients'physical condition than existing Pilates exercise. The researcher anticipates that the 3D Schroth breathing technique will be effectively utilized in other diverse intervention exercises besides Pilates exercise.

Perceived Benefits and Barriers of Exercise in Community-Dwelling Adults at a Local City in Korea (성인들이 지각하는 운동유익성 및 운동장애성에 관한 연구)

  • Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.699-709
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: This descriptive study was aimed to assess the perceived benefits/barriers of exercise in community-dwelling adults in K city in Korea, and to provide a basic data for developing an exercise program for them as a nursing intervention. Method: The study subjects were 520 adults who lived in the K city. The data were collected from February 2 to March 5, 2002. The perceived benefits/barriers of exercise were measured by the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale (EBBS). The EBBS was developed by Sechrist. Walker, & Pender (1987) and revised by Jang & Shin (1999). Results: The adults reported that the exercise benefits were moderately high and the exercise barriers were moderately low. A significant relationship was found between the reported level of exercise and the perceived benefits/barriers of exercise. Age, gender, marital status, education, residence type were significantly correlated with perceived exercise benefits/barriers (p<.05). Conclusion: Community health nurses should plan exercise programs that minimize the perceived barriers to exercise and enhance the perceived benefits of exercise. In addition, those exercise programs should be implemented in the consideration of several demographic characteristics of the clinents.

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An Analysis of Exercise Intervention Studies Published in Major Korean Nursing Journals (국내 주요 간호학회지에 발표된 운동 중재연구의 분석)

  • Choe, Myong-Ae;Jeon, Mi-Yang;Lee, Kyong-Sook;Chae, Young-Ran;Choo, Jin-A
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-81
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine exercise program and outcome variables of exercise intervention studies from 1985 to 2004 in 9 major nursing journals in Korea. Method: From 81 articles, publishing year, research design, subjects, exercise program and outcome variables were analyzed. Results: The 57 papers(70.4%) were experimental research among 81 papers. Subjects of exercise intervention studies were demonstrated that patients were 55.6% while healthy person was 44.4%. Exercise type by the subjects which demonstrated the highest proportion was dance movement for the elderly, walking for the middle aged women and aqua exercise for the arthritis. The 40 papers(49.4%) included exercise duration, frequency and time for the exercise program which demonstrated the highest proportion. Outcome variables to determine the effect of exercise intervention were demonstrated to be physical function, physiological index, psychological and emotional variables, cardiopulmonary function, body composition, physical symptoms, variables related to exercise and behavior in order. Conclusion: Half of the exercise intervention papers included exercise duration, frequency, time and intensity for the exercise program. Frequently used outcome variables to determine the effect of exercise intervention were demonstrated to be physical function, physiological index and psychological emotional variables.

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The effects of physical training on antioxidative status under exercise-induced oxidative stress

  • Choi, Eun-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.14-18
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the effect of physical training and oxidative stress on the anti oxidative activity and on plasma lipid profile. Forty eight rats were given either a physical training or no training for 4 weeks and were then subdivided into 3 groups: before-exercise (BE); during-exercise (DE); after-exercise (AE). The antioxidative activity was evaluated with the activities of catalase in plasma and superoxide dismutase (SOD), the ratio of reduced glutathione/ oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in liver. The plasma concentrations of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)) were also compared. Compared to those of non-training group. catalase activities of training group were lower before exercise but higher during and after exercise. SOD activities were higher regardless of exercise. GSH/GSSG ratio was higher before exercise but was not significantly different during exercise and even lower after exercise. There were no differences between non-training group and training group in MDA levels regardless of exercise. Compared to those of non-training group, atherosclerotic index of training group was lower after exercise and there were no significant differences before and during exercise. There were no differences between non-training group and training group in HDL-C regardless of exercise. These results suggest that moderate physical training can activate antioxidant defenses and decrease the atherosclerotic index and this beneficial effect is evident under exercise-induced oxidative stress.

Factors Influencing Exercise Compliance among Older Adults (일 지역 노인의 운동이행 영향요인 분석)

  • Ko, Young-Ji;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among perceived health status, exercise self-efficacy, social support, and exercise compliance and factors influencing exercise compliance in older adults in an area. Methods: The sample consisted of 154 older adults who attended a senior welfare center in D metropolitan city. Data were collected from the 25th to the 31th of January in 2012. Results: The mean score for perceived health status was 2.94, 911.69 for exercise self-efficacy, 46.99 for social support, and 6.83 for exercise compliance. The highest score on social support domains was emotional support, followed by self-esteem, material, and informational support. There were significant correlations between perceived health status and exercise self-efficacy, between perceived health status and exercise compliance, between exercise self-efficacy and social support, between exercise self-efficacy and exercise compliance, between emotional support and exercise compliance. Findings of multiple regression indicated that only exercise self-efficacy significantly explained exercise compliance. Conclusion: Health care providers may need to develop various intervention program to promote exercise self-efficacy in order to influence on exercise compliance and adherence among older adults.

The Effect of Horse-Riding Exercise on Pain and Body Flexibility for the Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain (승마 운동이 직장여성의 비만도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chaewoo;Lee, Insil;Kim, Hyeonsu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of horseback riding exercise for BMI(body mass index) and waist circumference in the obese women. Method : 20 subjects in Y-equestrian were randomly divided two group, horseback machine exercise(HME) group and horseback-riding exercise(HRE) group. Each group carried out 30 minutes exercise two times a week for 8 weeks. BMI were measured for body composition, and evaluation of waist circumference. Result : The results were as follows, the BMI(body mass index) between horseback machine exercise and horseback-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). The waist circumference between horseback machine exercise and horseback-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). Conclusion : These finding revealed that horseback-riding exercise was effective on BMI and waist circumrerence of obese women so that these exercise can be new altematives exercise for obesity management in the obese women.

The Effect of Horse-Riding Exercise on Pain and Body Flexibility for the Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain (승마 운동이 만성요통환자의 통증 및 체간 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chaewoo;Lee, Insil;Kim, Hyeonsu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of horse riding exercise for pain and body flexibility in the patient with chronic low back pain. Method : 26 subjects in H-equestrian were randomly divided two group, ball exercise(BE) group and horse-riding exercise(HE) group. Each group carried out 40 minutes exercise three times a week for 8 weeks. VAS were measured for pain, and evaluation of body flexibility in position with forward and backward. Result : The results were as follows, the pain scales of VAS(visual analog scale) between ball exercise and horse-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). The flexibility scales of body between ball exercise and horse-riding exercise groups in post-test, were significantly different in measures(p<.05). And there were significant in two group after exercise(p<.05). Conclusion : These finding revealed that horse-riding exercise was effective on pain and body flexibility of patient with chronic low back pain so that these exercise can be new altematives exercise for pain and body flexibility in the patient with chronic low back pain.