• Title, Summary, Keyword: Exercise

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The Effect of Lumbar Muscle Strengthening Exercise Types on Balance and Walking Ability of Elderly

  • Choi, Yoo-Rim;Kim, Jong-Woo;Hwang, Byeong-Jun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of stabilization, resistance exercise, and combined exercise for lumbar on balance and walking ability of elderly. This study selected 22 subjects of over 65 years old elderly women who satisfy the study condition from A, B and C Senior Citizen's Center, in Daegu. The subjects were divided into groups; 7 for resistance exercise group, 8 for stabilization exercise group, and 7 for combined exercise group(resistance and stabilization exercise). The exercises were conducted for 60min a day, three times a week for 12 weeks. Balance and walking ability were checked before the exercise, 6 weeks later, and 12 weeks later. First, all lumbar muscle strengthening exercises were effective for static balance which changed according to exercising period. In dynamic balance, the resistance exercise group showed significant improvement in sit to stand. Stabilization exercise group showed significant improvement in all factors. The combined exercise group showed significant improvement in sit to stand and timed up and go. There was no difference between the exercise types. Second, the resistance exercise group showed significant change in Cadence which changed according to exercising period. The combined exercise group showed significant improvement in all factors. Between the exercise types, combined exercise was a bit more effective than resistance exercise. According to the result of 12 weeks of lumbar muscle exercise, combined exercise is considered to be the most effective exercise to prevent fall as it helps balance and walking ability slightly more than other exercises. Therefore, this study can understand the risk factors for fall accidents that frequently occur among elderly and adopt the combined exercise to prevent fall which in turn will prevent secondary problems occur from fall accidents and improve quality of life of elderly.

Comparison of the Effects of Danjeon Breathing and Walking to Blood Lipids, Physical Symptoms and Hemoglobin in Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 혈중 지질농도, 신체증상, 헤모글로빈에 미치는 단전호흡운동과 걷기운동의 효과 비교)

  • Hyun, Kyung-Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research was to compare the effects of Danjeon Breathing exercise and walking exercise on blood lipids, physical symptoms and hemoglobin of middle-aged women to determine which of these two exercises was more beneficial. Methods: The Danjeon breathing exercise group(20) took health management counseling and performed an eighty-minute Danjeon breathing exercise three times a week for 12 weeks while the walking exercise group(25) took health management counseling and performed a walking exercise seven hours per week for 12 weeks. The control group(20) received only health management counseling. The groups were homogeneous on age, religion, marital status, education, profession, monthly income per household, menopause, smoking, drinking, fat intake and cholesterol intake. Likewise, the groups were homogeneous on total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol,atherogenic index, hemoglobin and physical symptoms. The collected data were analyzed by using the SPSS PC program and $x^2$-test, ANOVA, repeated measures of ANOVA and LSD. Results: 1. Total cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were lower than that of the control group. 2. HDL- cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 3. Atherogenic index of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than that of the control group, but atherogenic index of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. 4. Hemoglobin of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 5. Physical symptom score of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than those of the walking exercise group and the control group, but Physical symptom score of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. Conclusion: Danjeon breathing exercise and walking exercise are effective for decreasing total cholesterol of middle-aged women. Danjeon breathing exercise is more effective for decreasing atherogenic index and physical symptoms of middle-aged women than walking exercise.

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Comparison of Aerobic Exercise and Combination Exercise Program on Overall Physical Fitness and Mental Health in 20 Aged Subjects with Obesity

  • Lee, Eun-Sang;Kim, Gyeong-Tae;Lee, Seung-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of aerobic exercise and combination exercise on physical fitness, body composition, and depression and to observe the relationship between obesity and depression. METHODS: A total of 40 obese people were divided into an aerobic exercise group ($n_1$=20) and a combination exercise group ($n_2$=20) that was performed swiss ball exercise and aerobic exercise. Each group exercised three times per week for eight weeks. Outcome measures were basic physical fitness, body composition, and depression. RESULTS: After completion of the exercise, there was a significant difference in overall physical fitness factors of percentage body fat (%body fat), strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance in the combination exercise group (p<.05). Strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular endurance were more improved in the combination exercise group than aerobic exercise group (p<.05). However, changes of %body fat and psychological factor between the two groups were not significant. CONCLUSION: Combination exercise program has an effect on the solution of obesity in physical development and strength. Therefore, it seems to that use with better perform both aerobic exercise and Swiss ball exercise. In addition, the Swiss ball exercise, which is an easy, convenient and economical self-exercise that can be done at home, is recommended due to its positive effects on physical establishment and fitness.

Factors Influencing Exercise Behavior of the Male Manual Worker and Office Worker based on Health Promotion Model (남성 생산직과 사무직 근로자의 운동행위에 영향을 미치는 요인: Pender의 건강증진 모형을 활용)

  • Yang, SeungKyoung;Ha, Yeongmi;Jung, Mi-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.235-244
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing exercise behaviors of the male manual workers and office workers based on health promotion model by examining the relationships among them, and then to provide basic information for developing exercise program. Methods: The 97 laborers and 99 officiers were collected from two worksites. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression. Results: Male laborers' exercise behavior was significantly influenced by exercise self-efficacy, exercise social support and exercise experience over 3 months, and these factors explained 50.2% of the total variance. Male officiers' exercise behavior was significantly influenced by exercise self-efficacy, subjective health status, perceived exercise barriers and exercise social support, and they explained 47.3% of the total variance. Conclusions: Based on the findings that exercise self-efficacy and exercise social support commonly influence exercise behavior of male laborers and officiers, there is a need to develop an exercise program to improve exercise self-efficacy and exercise social support.

The effects of different exercise type for maximal exercise on RPP and blood lactate (운동형태에 따른 최대 운동이 심근 산소소비량과 혈중 젖산 농도의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Seong;Kim, Sung-Soo;Jang, Kyung-Mo
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different exercise types including isokinetic, isometric, and istonic exercise of same exercise intensity on cardiopulmonary function and blood lactate level. The subjects of this study included 17 males college students. Each subjects after pretraining measurement performed isokinetic, isometric and isotonic exercise of 1 week interval using Cybex 6000 System. KBI-C and YSI 1500 were used to measure changes in cardiopulmonary function and blood lactate level respectively. First, comparing changes in RPP relative to exercise type, isokinetic group showed significant difference between before exercise ($7.08{\pm}1.12mg/kg/min$) and post exercise ($18.98{\pm}1.75mg/kg/min$). Isometric group showed that significant difference between before exercise($7.89{\pm}0.98mg/kg/min$) and post exercise($20.22{\pm}2.41mg/kg/min$). Isotonic group showed significant difference between before exercise ($8.14{\pm}0.11mg/kg/min$) and post exercise ($19.84{\pm}2.30\;mg/kg/min$). Second, comparing changes in blood lactate level relative to exercise type, isokineic group showed significant difference between before exercise ($2.99{\pm}0.65mmol$) and post exercise ($6.55{\pm}6.55mmol$). Isometric group showed significant difference between before exercise($1.71{\pm}5.48mmol$) and post exercise ($5.48{\pm}1.97mmol$). Isotonic group showed significant difference between before exercise($1.16{\pm}0.48mmol$) and post exercise($5.21{\pm}1.28mmol$). The results of this study indicate significant differences RPP in isometric exercise and significant differences blood lactate in isotonic exercise.

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A Study on Exercise Behavior, Exercise Environment and Social Support of Middle-Aged Women (중년 여성의 운동행위, 운동환경 및 사회적 지지에 관한 연구)

  • Choe, Myoung-Ae;Hah, Yang-Sook;Kim, Keum-Soon;Yi, Myung-Sun;Choi, Jung-An
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify exercise environments and social support associated with exercise behaviors in middle-aged women. Method: Subjects were 207 women aged between 41 and 59 yr in an urban community. The research instruments utilized in this study were exercise stages, exercise environments, exercise partners and social support scale. Subjects were given a self-report questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the SPSS Win program. Result: The subjects were in the stages of precontemplation (3.4%), contemplation (25.1%), preparation (40.6%), action (5.8%), and maintenance (25.1%). Subjects who engaged in regular exercise were 30.9%. The mean score of the exercise environment was 6.34. The mean score of social support was 21.28, and 65.7% of subjects had exercise partners. The score of the exercise environment was significantly associated with the exercise stage (p=.01). The number of exercise partners of regular exercise groups was significantly greater than that of non-regular exercise groups (p=.00). The score of social support of regular exercise groups was significantly greater than that of non-regular exercise groups (p=.00). The score of social support was significantly associated with the exercise stage (p=.00). Conclusion: Exercise environments and social support need to be considered in planning exercise programs to improve exercise behavior among middle-aged women.

Effects of Resistance and Resistance & Stabilization Exercises on the Strength of Lumbar and Lower Limbs of the Elderly

  • Choi, Seok Joo;Kim, Jong Woo;Hwang, Byeong Jun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.611-617
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effective lumbar area exercise program to prevent falls of the elderly by dividing 14 female elders over 65 living in Daegu into two groups such as resistance exercise group and resistance & stabilization exercise group, and applying a 60 minute exercise program three times a week for 12 weeks. The followings are the results. First, both of resistance exercise and resistance & stabilization exercise brought improvement of lumbar strength and there was no significant difference between two groups. Second, there was no significant difference in lower limb strength in resistance exercise group but resistance & stabilization exercise group showed significant increase in lower limb flexor strength. To make a summary of the above results, it can be said that 12 weeks' resistance & stabilization exercise is effective to the lumbar strength and lower limb strength of the elderly. Accordingly, if combining resistance exercise and stabilization exercise appropriately, we can build a successful preventive program which even the elderly who cannot perform resistance exercise easily can follow.

Effects of Regular Endurance Exercise or Acute-exercise and Rest on the Levels of Lipids, Carnitines and Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase-I in rats

  • Cha, Youn-Soo;Kim, Hyoung-Yon;Soh, Ju-Ryoun;oh, Suk-Heung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.434-439
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    • 2001
  • The effects of regular endurance exercise, or acute-exercise and rest on the levels of lipids, carnitines and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-I) were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were exercise trained on a treadmill for 60 min per day for 60 days (long-term trained, LT), or non-trained for 59 days (NT) and exercised for 60 min on the 60th day. In NT rats, the levels of serum nonesterified carnitine (NEC), acidsoluble acylcarnitine (ASAC), and total carnitine (TONE) increased significantly during the post-exercise recovery period (PERP). In LT rats, ASAC, and TCNE, which increased right after the 60 min running session decreased to the levels of pre-exercise during the PERP. The levels of skeletal muscle ASAC in NT rats, which increased significantly by the acute-exercise, decreased to the pre-exercise levels during the PERP. However, the ASAC level in LT rats reached its peak at 4 h after running for 60 min. Liver triglyceride (TG) and total lipids (TL), which increased by the acute-exercise, decreased to the pre-exercise levels during the PERP in both NT and LT rats. CPT-I activity in NT rats increased significantly after 1 h of a 60-min exercise and slowly decreased to pre-exercise levels during the PERP. However, the CPT-I activity in LT rats, which increased significantly by the 60 min exercise, decreased slowly and reached its pre-exercise level within 8 h of the PERP. Northern blot analysis showed that the changes of CPT-I activities during the PERP coincided with changes in CPT-I mRNA levels. This study shows that both regular endurance exercise, and acute-exercise and rest, can influence differently the levels of carnitines, lipids and CPT-I in rats. The results suggest that regular endurance exercise, rather than the acute-exercise, can change effectively the distributions of carnitines, lipids and CPT-I in rats during exercise and rest.

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Exercise Pattern and Influencing Factor of Exercise Barrier in Patients with Osteoarthritis (골관절염 환자의 운동양상과 운동장애 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jong-Im;Kim, In-Ja;Kang, Hyun-Sook;Bae, Sang-Chul;Lee, Eun-Ok
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2002
  • Exercise is an important strategy for health promotion in patients having osteoarthritis. But, lots of patients with osteoarthritis were underexercised. Exercise pattern and influencing factors of exercise barrier are not well-known. To address this issue, we studied the exercise pattern and influencing factors of exercise barrier in patients with osteoarthritis. The subjects of the study were 463 adult osteoarthritis (Mean age = 61.63 years) who had diagnosed osteoarthritis by rheumatologist. Data were gathered from May 1999 to February 2000 using a questionnaire and exercise barrier(Sallis et al, 1989), exercise pattern(Lee et al., 2000), physical status by WOMAC(Bellamy, 1989), socail support(Sallis et al., 1989), fatigue and pain using graphic rating scale, depression by CES-D(Radloff,1977). Data were analyzed with the SPSS win 6.0 using frequency, ANOVA, Stepwise multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows; 1) 56.4% of sample was 'do not exercise at all', 'longer rest than exercise', was 15.9%, 'longer exercise than rest' was 7.2%, 'exercise regularly' was 20.5%. 2) Social support (F=10.349, p=0.000) and exercise barrier(F=4.455, p=0.004) were showed significantly difference by exercise pattern. 3) Influencing factors of exercise barrier were depression and social support. Thoses explained 13.3% of exercise barrier. In conclusion, half of osteoarthritis patient did not do exercise and it was shown that depression and social support were major influencing factors to exercise barrier. The results of this study can be applied to develop the health promoting educational program for patients with osteoarthritis.

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The effects of patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation & swiss ball exercise on static balance (고유수용성신경근촉진법 운동과 스위스 볼 운동을 적용 했을 때 정적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Won-Jye;Jeon, Jae-Keun;Lee, Woo-Young;Kim, Ki-Bum;Ju, Hye-Mi;Park, So-Hee;Byun, Ju-Hyung;Son, Kyung-Hyun;Kim, Bong-Hwan
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of study was to determine effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss ball exercise and Swiss ball exercise on balance in the 40 students from H university. Method : There were two experimental conditions. There were two difference groups in the experimental conditions, which had to perform different exercise tasks: Swiss ball exercise group (n=20) and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation exercise with Swiss ball exercise group(n=20). The experimental group received Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation exercise for 20minutes and Swiss Ball exercise for 40minutes, 3 times a week for 4weeks. While another experimental group received Swiss Ball exercise for 40minutes, 3 times a week for 4weeks. In order to evaluation effects of the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise and Swiss Ball exercise in the two different experimental group, subjects was measured by static balance. Statistical analysis was the paired t-test to compare the differences within groups and the SPSS to analyze the differences between groups. Results : The result of this study were as follows: The static balance was higher for the two different experimental group in post-exercise than in pre-exercise(P<0.5). Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise experimental group was significant difference better then another experimental group(P<0.5). Conclusion : The Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise can result in improved static balance better then Swiss Ball exercise.

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